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mental illness and childhood development

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7 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Grant D. Nelson, PhD Professor & Clinician of Health Psychology & Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24391605/a-comparison-of-neuroimaging-findings-in-childhood-onset-schizophrenia-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Danielle A Baribeau, Evdokia Anagnostou
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and childhood onset schizophrenia (COS) are pediatric neurodevelopmental disorders associated with significant morbidity. Both conditions are thought to share an underlying genetic architecture. A comparison of neuroimaging findings across ASD and COS with a focus on altered neurodevelopmental trajectories can shed light on potential clinical biomarkers and may highlight an underlying etiopathogenesis. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the medical literature was conducted to summarize neuroimaging data with respect to both conditions in terms of structural imaging (including volumetric analysis, cortical thickness and morphology, and region of interest studies), white matter analysis (include volumetric analysis and diffusion tensor imaging) and functional connectivity...
December 20, 2013: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24350950/use-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-autism
#2
Anders Hviid, Mads Melbye, Björn Pasternak
BACKGROUND: Studies have raised concern about an association between the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy and an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders in the offspring. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of all singleton live births in Denmark from 1996 through 2005 (626,875 births), with follow-up through 2009. Using Danish population registries, we linked information on maternal use of SSRIs before and during pregnancy, autism spectrum disorders diagnosed in the offspring, and a range of potential confounders...
December 19, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23982148/childhood-maltreatment-and-psychopathology-a-case-for-ecophenotypic-variants-as-clinically-and-neurobiologically-distinct-subtypes
#3
REVIEW
Martin H Teicher, Jacqueline A Samson
OBJECTIVE: Childhood maltreatment increases risk for psychopathology. For some highly prevalent disorders (major depression, substance abuse, anxiety disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder) a substantial subset of individuals have a history of maltreatment and a substantial subset do not. The authors examined the evidence to assess whether those with a history of maltreatment represent a clinically and biologically distinct subtype. METHOD: The authors reviewed the literature on maltreatment as a risk factor for these disorders and on the clinical differences between individuals with and without a history of maltreatment who share the same diagnoses...
October 2013: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23382067/when-mom-has-a-mental-illness-role-reversal-and-psychosocial-adjustment-among-emerging-adults
#4
Kristen M Abraham, Catherine H Stein
OBJECTIVE: Guided by a life course perspective, the present study examined whether aspects of the emerging adult-mother relationship, specifically affection, felt obligation, role reversal, and reciprocity, mediated the association between having a mother with mental illness and poorer psychological adjustment. METHOD: Emerging adults with mothers with mental illness (n = 52) and emerging adults without mothers with mental illness (n = 64) were recruited from institutes of higher education and responded to an online self-report questionnaire...
June 2013: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23210975/using-family-history-and-health-risk-behaviors-to-determine-predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-in-central-american-immigrant-mothers
#5
Ann H Maradiegue, Debra E Lyon, Melanie F Meyers
In this study, depressive symptomatology in Central American immigrant mothers with adolescent daughters living in the USA was explored. Using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Short Scale, the Family History Scale, an Acculturation Scale, and the core section of the Youth Conduct Disorder scale from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 101 Central American mothers were analyzed to identify predictors of depressive symptoms. Over one-third of the participants had depressive symptoms...
June 2013: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22275849/pharmacotherapy-for-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Ian Kodish, Carol Rockhill, Chris Varley
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health diagnoses in youth, and carry risks for ongoing impairments and subsequent development of other psychiatric comorbidities into adulthood. This article discusses considerations for assessment and treatment of anxiety disorders in youth, with a focus on the evidence base of pharmacologic treatment and important clinical considerations to optimize care. We then briefly describe the impact of anxiety on neuronal elements of fear circuitry to highlight how treatments may ameliorate impairments through enhanced plasticity Overall, pharmacotherapy for anxiety disorders is effective in improving clinical symptoms, particularly in combination with psychotherapy...
2011: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16415467/the-use-of-antidepressants-to-treat-depression-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
REVIEW
Amy H Cheung, Graham J Emslie, Taryn L Mayes
The dramatic increase over the past 10 years in the amount of available clinical research on the use of antidepressants to treat major depression in children and adolescents has substantially improved our knowledge of the safety and efficacy of these medications in the pediatric population. Many questions remain, however, that highlight the need to continue research in this patient population rather than relying on the extrapolation of data from trials involving adults. In this article, we review the current state of research into antidepressant therapy for major depression in children and adolescents...
January 17, 2006: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
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