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Dermatologia gral

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34 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Rosa Izu Dermatologist. Associated Professor of Dermatology. Medicine. Basque Country University
Myungsoo Jun, Noo Ri Lee, Won-Soo Lee
Alopecia areata (AA) affects anagen hair follicles, resulting in non-scarring hair loss. Since introduced by Huang et al., superficial cryotherapy has been accepted as a considerable primary therapeutic modality for AA. The aim of this study was to objectively clarify the therapeutic efficacy and safety of superficial hypothermic cryotherapy for treatment of AA. Medical records of 353 patients from 1993 to 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the response to the superficial cryotherapy, patients were categorized into four groups: "marked", "partial", "poor" and "no recovery"...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Benjamin Farahnik, Bernice Kwong, Jenny Murase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Leigh A Nattkemper, Maria-Estela Martinez-Escala, Ari B Gelman, Elisha M Singer, Alain H Rook, Joan Guitart, Gil Yosipovitch
Approximately 88% of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) patients are affected by pruritus that responds poorly to current antipruritic therapies. Interleukin (IL)-31, a Th2 cytokine, has been found to be increased in the serum of CTCL patients and to correlate with itch severity. This study investigated the role of IL-31 and its receptors (IL-31 receptor-alpha [IL-31RA] and OSMRβ) in the skin of CTCL patients with mild versus moderate/severe pruritus. Expression levels of IL-31, IL-31RA, and OSMRβ in the skin were measured using immunohistochemistry and correlated to pruritus severity and disease stage...
March 22, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Carina M Woodruff, Abbas M Charlie, Kieron S Leslie
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory disease of apocrine gland-bearing skin. Although immunologic derangements, genetic predisposition, obesity, and smoking are likely important factors, the pathogenesis of the disease and the effect of available treatments on disease course have not been fully elucidated. In the absence of proper treatment, chronic inflammation results in diffuse scarring and a wide array of complications, including the development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. This severe and chronic disease can have detrimental effects on self-esteem and quality of life...
December 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Elena Campione, Evelin Jasmine Paternò, Gaetana Costanza, Laura Diluvio, Isabella Carboni, Daniele Marino, Cartesio Favalli, Sergio Chimenti, Luca Bianchi, Augusto Orlandi
BACKGROUND: Distal and lateral onychomycoses are the most frequent forms of onychomycosis, causing subungual hyperkeratosis that usually limits local penetration of antimycotic drugs. Tazarotene exerts anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating activities toward both infective agents and damaged keratinocytes. Given the well-documented efficacy of tazarotene on hyperkeratotic nail psoriasis, we investigated its therapeutic use in onychomycosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We designed a preliminary open clinical trial in patients affected by distal and lateral subungual onychomycosis of the toenails and verified the fungistatic activity of tazarotene in vitro...
2015: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
D Piccolo, D Di Marcantonio, G Crisman, G Cannarozzo, M Sannino, A Chiricozzi, S Chimenti
According to the literature, intense pulsed light (IPL) represents a versatile tool in the treatment of some dermatological conditions (i.e., pigmentation disorders, hair removal, and acne), due to its wide range of wavelengths. The authors herein report on 58 unconventional but effective uses of IPL in several cutaneous diseases, such as rosacea (10 cases), port-wine stain (PWS) (10 cases), disseminated porokeratosis (10 cases), pilonidal cyst (3 cases), seborrheic keratosis (10 cases), hypertrophic scar (5 cases) and keloid scar (5 cases), Becker's nevus (2 cases), hidradenitis suppurativa (2 cases), and sarcoidosis (1 case)...
2014: BioMed Research International
Miroslav Blumenberg
Recent years witnessed the birth of bioinformatics technologies, which greatly advanced biological research. These 'omics' technologies address comprehensively the entire genome, transcriptome, proteome, microbiome etc. A large impetus in development of bioinformatics was the introduction of DNA microarrays for transcriptional profiling. Because of its accessibility, skin was among the first organs analyzed using DNA microarrays, and dermatology among the first medical disciplines to embrace the approach. Here, DNA microarray methodologies and their application in dermatology and skin biology are reviewed...
August 2012: Current Genomics
Kamran Ghoreschi, Massimo Gadina
Cytokines are key mediators of the development and homeostasis of haematopoietic cells, critical for host defense, but also for the development of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Blocking cytokines activity by interfering with the ligand-receptor association has been successfully employed to treat several immune disorders. A subgroup of cytokines signals through receptors requiring the association with a family of cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinases known as Janus kinases (Jaks)...
January 2014: Experimental Dermatology
Amir Feily
Although skin is the largest organ of the body, there are no standardized reproducible methods for assessing severity of many skin diseases. Due to lack of consensus, methods of assessment and inexistence of precise scoring system, there is no application for vitiligo estimation in real practice. In this paper the author describes VETI score as a new treatment evaluation criteria and severity assessment method for vitiligo. This new tool, as does the PASI score in psoriasis, may be able to produce a constant and reproducible number and to help clinical research on vitiligo patients...
October 2014: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Holger A Haenssle, Andreas Blum, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Juergen Kreusch, Wilhelm Stolz, Giuseppe Argenziano, Iris Zalaudek, Franziska Brehmer
Pigmented and non-pigmented nail alterations are a frequent challenge for dermatologists. A profound knowledge of clinical and dermatoscopic features of nail disorders is crucial because a range of differential diagnoses and even potentially life-threatening diseases are possible underlying causes. Nail matrix melanocytes of unaffected individuals are in a dormant state, and, therefore, fingernails and toenails physiologically are non-pigmented. The formation of continuous, longitudinal pigmented streaks (longitudinal melanonychia) may either be caused by a benign activation of matrix melanocytes (e...
October 2014: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
S J Blake, M W L Teng
The dysregulation of inflammatory cytokines can cause a variety of diseases, such as autoimmunity and cancer. Since their identification in 2005, Th17 cells and its signature cytokine IL-17, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and inflammatory associated cancers such as colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Recently, IL-22 a Th17 related cytokine has been shown to be pathogenic in psoriasis and RA. In this review, we will summarize the biological functions of IL-17 and IL-22, their role in autoimmune diseases and briefly review results from clinical trials targeting IL-17 or its receptor for the treatment of autoimmune diseases...
October 2014: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Makoto Sugaya
Chemokines are small molecules that induce chemotaxis and activation of certain subsets of leukocytes. The expression patterns of chemokines and chemokine receptors are specific to certain organs and cells. Therefore, chemokines are important to elucidate the mechanism of organ-specific human diseases. CCL17 expressed by Langerhans cells, blood endothelial cells, and fibroblasts plays a key role in attracting Th2 cells and tumor cells of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and mycosis fungoides/Sézary syndrome into the skin, developing various Th2-type inflammatory skin diseases as well as cutaneous lymphoma...
April 2015: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
Sarita Nibhoria, Kanwardeep Kaur Tiwana, Manmeet Kaur, Sumir Kumar
Cutaneous metastases from internal malignancies are uncommon and occur in 0.6%-10.4% of all patients with cancer. In most cases, cutaneous metastases develop after the initial diagnosis of the primary internal malignancy and late in the course of the disease. Skin tumors are infrequent in Asian population and cutaneous metastases are quite rare. Cutaneous metastases carry a poor prognosis with average survival of few months. In the present five-year study 1924 malignant tumors were screened which included only nine cases of cutaneous metastatic deposits...
2014: Journal of Skin Cancer
J M Hernánz, M Sánchez-Regaña, R Izu, V Mendiola, C García-Calvo
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of disease severity is considered essential in the optimal management of psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics and therapeutic profile of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis in Spain and to assess the impact of the disease on the patients' quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional study carried out in 90 dermatology units in Spain in 2009. We included 442 patients diagnosed with moderate to severe psoriasis who had started treatment with systemic agents, phototherapy, and/or topical treatments between 2004 and 2006...
December 2012: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Masaki Uchiyama, Yoshihiko Mitsuhashi, Yukari Okubo, Ryoji Tsuboi
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis (EPF), first described by Ofuji et al. in 1970, is a rare dermatosis characterized by pruritic papules and pustules on circinate erythematous plaques with eosinophilic infiltration in and around the hair follicle. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report three cases of EPF that showed no macroscopic pustules during the total observation period. Histopathological examination revealed eosinophilic infiltration in and around the hair follicle in the lower dermis and subcutis...
January 2012: International Journal of Dermatology
C B Archer, S N Cohen, S E Baron
This article discusses the effects of acne (sometimes referred to as acne vulgaris), how to diagnose it confidently and how to distinguish it from rosacea, and the options available for treatment, especially in primary care. We also suggest when referral to dermatology should be considered, and try to anticipate some frequently asked questions.
May 2012: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
E Nicolaidou, A Mikrova, C Antoniou, A D Katsambas
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare but aggressive neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin with a rising incidence and a high mortality rate. It occurs primarily in sun-exposed skin of older individuals. It is characterized by a high rate of local recurrence, regional lymph node metastases and distant metastases, occurring even after prompt treatment. Many controversies exist regarding its pathogenesis and optimal management. The discovery of Merkel cell polyomavirus has been a major breakthrough in understanding the aetiology of the disease...
January 2012: British Journal of Dermatology
Joseph J Carter, Matthew D Daugherty, Xiaojie Qi, Anjali Bheda-Malge, Gregory C Wipf, Kristin Robinson, Ann Roman, Harmit S Malik, Denise A Galloway
Many viruses use overprinting (alternate reading frame utilization) as a means to increase protein diversity in genomes severely constrained by size. However, the evolutionary steps that facilitate the de novo generation of a novel protein within an ancestral ORF have remained poorly characterized. Here, we describe the identification of an overprinting gene, expressed from an Alternate frame of the Large T Open reading frame (ALTO) in the early region of Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV), the causative agent of most Merkel cell carcinomas...
July 30, 2013: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Isabel Prieto Muñoz, Jose Pardo Masferrer, Jesús Olivera Vegas, Maria Susana Medina Montalvo, Raquel Jover Díaz, Ana Maria Pérez Casas
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare primary cutaneous carcinoma of the skin who has high aggressiveness, high risk of locoregional and distant spread, a mortality rate considerably higher than that of cutaneous melanoma and a poor survival. Its incidence has increased during the past twenty years. The studies published from 2008 to early 2012 have introduced interesting changes in the understanding of its epidemiology, pathogenesis and consequently in the diagnostic codes and the therapeutic approach. Early and detailed nodal diagnosis with posterior multidisciplinary decision is mandatory...
August 2013: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Yuan Chang, Patrick S Moore
Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV) is the first polyomavirus directly linked to human cancer, and its recent discovery helps to explain many of the enigmatic features of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). MCV is clonally integrated into MCC tumor cells, which then require continued MCV oncoprotein expression to survive. The integrated viral genomes have a tumor-specific pattern of tumor antigen gene mutation that incapacitates viral DNA replication. This human cancer virus provides a new model in which a common, mostly harmless member of the human viral flora can initiate cancer if it acquires a precise set of mutations in a host with specific susceptibility factors, such as age and immune suppression...
2012: Annual Review of Pathology
2014-10-18 12:24:10
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