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SonoKids ABD general

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23 papers 0 to 25 followers
Samuele Naviglio, Maria Valentina Abate, Matteo Chinello, Alessandro Ventura
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of a febrile patient with acute abdominal pain represents a frequent yet possibly challenging situation in the emergency department (ED). Splenic infarction is an uncommon complication of infectious mononucleosis, and may have a wide range of clinical presentations, from dramatic to more subtle. Its pathogenesis is still incompletely understood, yet it may be associated with the occurrence of transient prothrombotic factors. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 14-year-old boy who presented with fever, sore throat, left upper quadrant abdominal pain, and splenomegaly, with no history of recent trauma...
January 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Vincenza di Giacomo, Margherita Trinci, Giulia van der Byl, Vincenzo Davide Catania, Alessandro Calisti, Vittorio Miele
The purpose of this article is to review ultrasonographic appearance of the most common causes of non-traumatic acute abdominal pain in pediatric patients and to understand the applications and limitations of this technique giving a practical approach showing different clinical cases. A pictorial review of cases was made presenting the most common causes of neonatal and pediatric non-traumatic acute abdominal pain; sonographic features are discussed. Ultrasound in conjunction with Color Doppler imaging is a valuable tool in the evaluation of neonatal and pediatric non-traumatic acute abdominal pain; causes of acute abdomen in children could vary depending on the ages of the children...
December 2015: Journal of Ultrasound
Jiro Hata
In this paper, abdominal ultrasound examination as a point-of-care examination (POCUS) is discussed. POCUS is very useful in various clinical situations, especially for the diagnosis of critically ill patients with non-specific symptoms. In patients with an unknown fever origin, POCUS can detect unexpected infection foci such as liver abscesses. Pseudomembranous colitis, which is one of the important causes of fever during/after the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and sometimes difficult to diagnose or even suspect as the cause of fever, can also be diagnosed with POCUS...
June 2015: Rinsho Byori. the Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology
Tanja Kaneko, Wolfgang Heinz
Diagnostic ultrasound is without doubt the imaging technique of choice in patients with acute abdominal pain. Point-of-care ultrasound examinations can help to reduce the number of possible differential diagnoses by exclusion or - as a best case scenario - show us directly the correct diagnosis. Hence patients can benefit from a very early appropriate therapeutic approach. This article illustrates where and how we should "look". After focusing on basic technical settings, typical pathological sonomorphologic changes in patients with some of the most important illnesses are characterized (e...
October 2015: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Shane Arishenkoff, Christopher Eddy, J Mark Roberts, Luke Chen, Silvia Chang, Parvathy Nair, Rose Hatala, Kevin W Eva, Graydon S Meneilly
OBJECTIVES: Easily palpable splenomegaly can be identified on physical examination, but it is difficult to detect lesser degrees of splenomegaly. Rapid bedside assessment can be conducted with hand-carried ultrasound. We performed this study to determine whether medical residents could reliably assess spleen size using hand-carried ultrasound after a brief educational intervention. METHODS: Postgraduate year 1 internal medicine residents were shown a brief (45-minute) presentation on ultrasound basics, the use of hand-carried ultrasound, and principles of splenic ultrasound imaging...
December 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Andrew P J Olson, Bernard Trappey, Michael Wagner, Michael Newman, L James Nixon, Daniel Schnobrich
BACKGROUND: It is important to detect splenomegaly as it can have important diagnostic implications. Previous studies, however, have shown that the traditional physical examination is limited in its ability to rule in or rule out splenomegaly. OBJECTIVE: To determine if performing point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) in addition to the traditional physical examination improves the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing splenomegaly. METHODS: This was a prospective trial of diagnostic accuracy...
December 2015: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Roaa S Jamjoom, Yousef Etoom, Tanya Solano, Marie-Pier Desjardins, Jason W Fischer
The use of point-of-care ultrasound in the pediatric emergency department is evolving beyond conventional applications as users become more expert with the technology. In this case series, we describe the potential utility of recognizing abnormal anatomy to impact care in the context of possible cancer in pediatric patients. We describe 4 patients with Langerhans histiocytosis, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, and rhabdomyosarcoma, in which point-of-care ultrasound was used to facilitate the diagnoses.
August 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
E Dickman, M O Tessaro, A C Arroyo, L E Haines, J P Marshall
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care ultrasonography is increasingly utilized across a wide variety of physician specialties. This imaging modality can be used to evaluate patients rapidly and accurately for a wide variety of pathologic conditions. METHODS: A literature search was performed for articles focused on clinician-performed ultrasonography for the diagnosis of appendicitis, gallbladder disease, small bowel obstruction, intussusception, and several types of renal pathology...
October 2015: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Alice Chao, Laleh Gharahbaghian, Phillips Perera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Svein Ødegaard, Lars B Nesje, Trygve Hausken, Odd Helge Gilja
Ultrasonography (US) is a safe and available real-time, high-resolution imaging method, which during the last decades has been increasingly integrated as a clinical tool in gastroenterology. New US applications have emerged with enforced data software and new technical solutions, including strain evaluation, three-dimensional imaging and use of ultrasound contrast agents. Specific gastroenterologic applications have been developed by combining US with other diagnostic or therapeutic methods, such as endoscopy, manometry, puncture needles, diathermy and stents...
June 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Seyyed Abbas Hasani, Marzieh Fathi, Marzieh Daadpey, Mohammad Amin Zare, Nader Tavakoli, Saeed Abbasi
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal pain is a common complaint in the emergency department and accurate diagnosis of its etiology may affect the patient's outcome. METHOD: Patients with abdominal pain underwent ultrasound study first by trained emergency physicians and then by radiologists blinded to emergency physician's results. RESULT: Emergency physician who performed bedside ultrasound had 78% diagnostic accuracy. Emergency physicians showed better results in diagnosing some entities (abdominal aortic aneurysm and renal stones) than the others (acute appendicitis, cholelithiasis, and cholecystitis)...
May 2015: Clinical Imaging
Derek Muradali, Deborah R Goldberg
The potential use of ultrasonography (US) in evaluating gut disease has been underappreciated in most diagnostic imaging departments in North America. The impression that US has a questionable role in bowel assessment is related to the operator-dependent nature of the modality, the technical challenges of performing bowel US examinations, and the lack of familiarity of radiologists and technologists with the US appearances of normal and abnormal bowel. However, with development of technical experience by the sonographer and integration of a clinical focus at patient evaluation, US can become a powerful tool for bowel assessment...
January 2015: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
D'Artagnan Francois Hinds, Elisa M Aponte, Michael Secko, Ninfa Mehta
Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas are rare, benign congenital tumors that often present with vague symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. We report a case of a 4-year-old patient who presented to the emergency department with nonspecific abdominal pain. Her diagnosis of intra-abdominal cystic lymphangioma was facilitated by point-of-care ultrasonography.
January 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Christine Riguzzi, Lia Losonczy, Nathan Teismann, Andrew A Herring, Arun Nagdev
Abdominal angioedema is a less recognized type of angioedema, which can occur in patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE). The clinical signs may range from subtle, diffuse abdominal pain and nausea, to overt peritonitis. We describe two cases of abdominal angioedema in patients with known HAE that were diagnosed in the emergency department by point-of-care (POC) ultrasound. In each case, the patient presented with isolated abdominal complaints and no signs of oropharyngeal edema. Findings on POC ultrasound included intraperitoneal free fluid and bowel wall edema...
November 2014: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Matthew Roche, Fatmir Maloku, Tarek Ezzat Abdel-Aziz
A 22-year-old woman presented with a 3-day history of worsening epigastric pain, non-productive cough and vomiting. On examination she was pale and had abdominal tenderness predominant in the right upper quadrant. Abdominal ultrasound excluded the presence of gall stones, but was unable to rule out free fluid in the abdomen. CT demonstrated extensive high-density ascites; however, no source of bleeding could be demonstrated. Clinically the patient's condition deteriorated, and an exploratory laparotomy was performed...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Brian D Johnson, Barry C Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
R Wunsch, C Wunsch
Acute abdominal pain in childhood is a frequent reason for a medical consultation. The main diseases that lead to the clinical situation of acute abdomen show a significant age dependency. It is reasonable to group such ailments into three age categories: (1) the neonatal and infant period, (2) toddlerhood to kindergarten and (3) school age children. The task of the pediatric radiological examination is the differential diagnostic correlation of symptoms to the respective diseases. In children ultrasound is the appropriate method of choice...
September 2014: Der Radiologe
Fortunata Civitelli, Giovanni Di Nardo, Salvatore Oliva, Federica Nuti, Federica Ferrari, Anna Dilillo, Franca Viola, Nadia Pallotta, Salvatore Cucchiara, Marina Aloi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of colonic ultrasonography (US) in assessing the extent and activity of disease in pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) and to compare US findings with clinical and endoscopic features. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive pediatric patients (n = 60) with a diagnosis of UC and suspected disease flare-up were prospectively enrolled; of these, 50 patients were eligible for the study. All underwent clinical evaluation, bowel US with color Doppler examination and colonoscopy...
July 2014: Journal of Pediatrics
M E Sellars, A Deganello, P S Sidhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Manon L W Ziech, Thalia Z Hummel, Anne M J B Smets, Rutger A J Nievelstein, Cristina Lavini, Matthan W A Caan, Aart J Nederveen, Joris J T H Roelofs, Shandra Bipat, Marc A Benninga, Angelika Kindermann, Jaap Stoker
BACKGROUND: Endoscopy is currently the primary diagnostic technique for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of US and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI for diagnosing inflammatory bowel disease and for distinguishing Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis in comparison to a reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive children with suspected IBD underwent diagnostic workup including ileocolonoscopy and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy as the reference standard, abdominal US, and MR enterography and colonography at 3 T...
November 2014: Pediatric Radiology
2014-07-09 17:15:35
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