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Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage

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3 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Takuma Isshiki, Keishi Sugino, Kyoko Gocho, Kenta Furuya, Hiroshige Shimizu, Muneyuki Sekiya, Takanori Ohata, Tomohiro Wada, Kazutoshi Isobe, Susumu Sakamoto, Yujiro Takai, Sakae Homma
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is clinically characterized by arterial or venous thrombosis; however, non-thromboembolic lung manifestations, such as diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH), have also been previously reported. DAH is relatively common in APS patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, although it is rare in primary APS. We encountered a 78-year-old man who presented with hemoptysis and dyspnea. Chest CT showed diffuse ground-glass opacity with pulmonary thromboembolism. He was successfully treated with corticosteroids and heparin; however, DAH recurred after the corticosteroid treatment was stopped...
2015: Internal Medicine
Moo Suk Park
Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a life-threatening and medical emergency that can be caused by numerous disorders and presents with hemoptysis, anemia, and diffuse alveolar infiltrates. Early bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage is usually required to confirm the diagnosis and rule out infection. Most cases of DAH are caused by capillaritis associated with systemic autoimmune diseases such as anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis, anti-glomerular basement membrane disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus, but DAH may also result from coagulation disorders, drugs, inhaled toxins, or transplantation...
April 2013: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Octavian C Ioachimescu, James K Stoller
Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage is an acute, life-threatening event, and repeated episodes can lead to organizing pneumonia, collagen deposition in small airways, and, ultimately, fibrosis. Among the many conditions it can accompany are Wegener granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis, Goodpasture syndrome, connective tissue disorders, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, infectious or toxic exposures, and neoplastic conditions. Its many causes and presentations pose an important challenge to the clinician.
April 2008: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
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