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SonoKids PROC regio ANE

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6 papers 0 to 25 followers
Mihaela Visoiu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Effective analgesia is necessary for optimal recovery after surgery, but children often do not attain adequate postoperative pain control. This review examines the current trends in paediatric regional anaesthesia. RECENT FINDINGS: Better pain assessment and therapeutic regimens are needed for our patients. Trunk blocks such as paravertebral, transversus abdominis plane, rectus sheath and ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric are becoming a popular means of providing analgesia for thoracic and abdominal procedures...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Lydia Sahlani, Laura Thompson, Amar Vira, Ashish R Panchal
The widespread availability of ultrasound (US) technology has increased its use for point of care applications in many health care settings. Focused (point of care) US is defined as the act of bringing US evaluation to the bedside for real-time performance. These images are collected immediately by the practitioner, allowing for direct integration into the physician's medical decision-making process. The real-time bedside diagnostic ability of US becomes a key tool for the management of patients. The purpose of this review is to (1) provide a general description of the use of focused US for bedside procedures; (2) specify the indications and common techniques used in bedside US procedures; and (3) describe the techniques used for each bedside intervention...
April 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Tania Villar, Susana Pacreu, Maite Zalbidea, Antonio Montes
The interscalene block (ISB) of the brachial plexus is a common technique for anaesthesia and the treatment of postoperative pain in shoulder surgery. Despite the well-known advantages of this technique, it is not without risks that need to be identified and taken into account. The most frequent complications associated with it are of a neurological nature and most are transient. It has been shown that the use of nerve stimulation does not guarantee a safe block. Ultrasound guidance now makes it possible to visualise potentially dangerous structures, thus allowing us to reduce the risk of associated complications...
July 2015: Injury
Michael Gottlieb, Karen Cosby
BACKGROUND: Hematoma blocks of the radius can provide excellent analgesia for simple distal radius fractures. However, the landmark-based approach can be difficult, and ultrasound guidance may improve success of the block and analgesia during reduction. There is limited literature describing the ultrasound-guided approach, and prior case descriptions have not involved comminuted fractures or concomitant ulnar styloid fractures. OBJECTIVES: This report reviews the technique of the ultrasound-guided hematoma block for distal radius fractures and introduces a second step, which can be used in the case of concomitant distal ulna fractures...
March 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
A Schnabel, B Middendorf, M G Boschin, A Gottschalk, H Van Aken, P K Zahn, E M Pogatzki-Zahn
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve catheters (PNC) play an important role in postoperative pain treatment following major extremity surgery. There are several trials reported in the literature which investigated the efficacy and safety of ultrasound (US) and nerve stimulator (NS) guided PNC placement; however, most of these trials were only small and focused mainly on anesthesiologist-related indicators of block success (e.g. block onset time and procedure time) but not primarily on patient-related outcome data including postoperative pain during movement...
November 2014: Der Anaesthesist
Steve Roberts
The benefits of regional anesthesia are well documented. The downsides of such techniques have been a significant failure rate and a potential for serious complications. Nearly, all regional blocks were first described as essentially 'blind' techniques. The development of high-resolution portable ultrasound (US) has made the use of US for regional anesthesia possible. Improved understanding of sonographic anatomy should lessen both the failure rate and the possibility of incurring serious complications. Natural caution has dictated that only a selection of blocks used in adults has been commonly used in pediatric practice, but with the aid of US, the repertoire of blocks for infants and children may be widened...
November 2006: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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