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SonoKids ABD biliary

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14 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935564/accuracy-of-surgeon-performed-ultrasound-in-detecting-gallstones-a-validation-study
#1
Camilla Gustafsson, Andrea McNicholas, Anders Sondén, Staffan Törngren, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson, Anna Lindelius
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic gallstone disease is a common diagnosis in patients with abdominal pain. Ultrasound is considered the gold standard method to identify gallstones. Today the examination may be performed bedside by the treating clinician. Bedside ultrasound could provide a safe and time-saving diagnostic resource for surgeons evaluating patients with suspected symptomatic gallstones; however, large validation studies of the accuracy and reliability are lacking. The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the accuracy of surgeon-performed ultrasound for the detection of gallstones...
July 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26574703/does-ultrasongraphy-predict-intraoperative-findings-at-cholecystectomy-an-institutional-review
#2
Shannon Stogryn, Jennifer Metcalfe, Ashley Vergis, Krista Hardy
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography (US) is the mainstay of biliary tract imaging, but few recent studies have tested its ability to diagnose acute cholecystitis (AC). Our objective was to determine how well a US diagnosis of AC correlates with the intraoperative diagnosis. We hypothesize that US underestimates this diagnosis, potentially leading to unexpected findings in the operating room (OR). METHODS: This retrospective review included all patients admitted to the acute care surgical service of a tertiary hospital in 2011 with suspected biliary pathology who underwent US and subsequent cholecystectomy...
February 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26550068/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-in-acute-cholecystitis-case-vignette-and-review-of-the-technique
#3
Pablo A Blanco, Juan J Do Pico
Acute cholecystitis is a frequent condition. Although cholecystectomy is the indicated treatment of this entity, it cannot be performed in some high-risk surgery patients, such as critically ill or those with multiple comorbidities. In these non-uncommon scenarios, percutaneous cholecystostomy is the recommended alternative treatment, which allows immediate decompression and drainage of the acutely inflamed gallbladder and thus reducing the patient's symptoms and the systemic inflammatory response. Ultrasound is the imaging method of choice to guide the percutaneous cholecystostomy procedure due to its real-time guidance, lack of ionizing radiation and portability, avoiding the need to transfer unhealthy patients to the radiology department...
December 2015: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26537391/update-on-bedside-ultrasound-us-diagnosis-of-acute-cholecystitis-ac
#4
Maria Francesca Zenobii, Esterita Accogli, Andrea Domanico, Vincenzo Arienti
Acute cholecystitis (AC) represents a principal cause of morbidity worldwide and is one of the most frequent reasons for hospitalization due to gastroenteric tract diseases. AC should be suspected in presence of clinical signs and of gallstones on an imaging study. Upper abdominal US represents the first diagnostic imaging step in the case of suspected AC. Computed tomography (CT) with intravenous contrast (IV) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium contrast and technetium hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (Tc-HIDA) can be employed to exclude complications...
March 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265970/choledochal-cyst-mimicking-gallbladder-with-stones-in-a-six-year-old-with-right-sided-abdominal-pain
#5
Rachna Subramony, Nat Kittisarapong, Isabel Barata, Matthew Nelson
Choledochal cysts are rare but serious bile duct abnormalities are found in young children, usually during the first year of life.1 They require urgent surgical intervention due to the risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma.2 Clinicians should consider this diagnosis and perform a point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) when a child presents to the emergency department (ED) with findings of jaundice, abdominal pain, and the presence of an abdominal mass. We present the case of a six-year-old child presenting only with abdominal pain upon arrival to our ED and was ultimately diagnosed by POCUS to have a choledochal cyst...
July 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26078199/contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-to-diagnose-complicated-acute-cholecystitis
#6
Elisabetta Sagrini, Anna Pecorelli, Irene Pettinari, Alessandro Cucchetti, Federico Stefanini, Luigi Bolondi, Fabio Piscaglia
Gangrenous cholecystitis and perforation are severe complications of acute cholecystitis, which have a challenging preoperative diagnosis. Early identification allows better surgical management. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (ceCT) is the current diagnostic gold standard. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) is a promising tool for the diagnosis of gallbladder perforation, but data from the literature concerning efficacy are sparse. The aim of the study was to evaluate CEUS findings in pathologically proven complicated cholecystitis (gangrenous, perforated gallbladder, pericholecystic abscess)...
February 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25931346/circular-right-upper-quadrant-mass-not-intussusception
#7
Jennifer H Chao, Abhijeet Saha, Kanika Kapoor, Shilpa Sharma, Megan Maraynes, John Gullett
Point-of-care ultrasound is fast becoming a routine diagnostic tool in the pediatric emergency department, including in resource-limited settings. We describe a case where a patient was initially diagnosed with intussusception and admitted to a hospital. While serving as a patient model for a point-of-care ultrasound course, he was found to have a liver abscess. We discuss the manner in which the ultrasound study for ileocolic intussusception is performed and potential mimickers of ileocolic intussusception...
May 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25789130/gallbladder-hydrops-due-to-viral-hepatitis-a-infection-a-case-report
#8
Mitra Aldaghi, Mahmoud Haghighat, Seyed Mohsen Dehghani
INTRODUCTION: Acute Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) infection is common in the developing countries among children, but hydrops of gallbladder due to hepatitis A infection is an uncommon presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A five-year-old boy was admitted in Namazi Hospital, Shiraz, Iran due to jaundice and severe abdominal pain for 10 days. Physical examination revealed a mass in the right upper quadrant with severe tenderness. Liver function tests were abnormal while other laboratory data such as blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, sodium, and potassium were within the normal range...
January 2015: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25714296/clinical-value-of-ultrasound-in-diagnosing-pediatric-choledochal-cyst-perforation
#9
Jingyu Chen, Yi Tang, Zhigang Wang, Qiao Wang, Dong Wang
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to evaluate ultrasound images of pediatric patients with choledochal cyst perforation and establish imaging findings that can be used as the basis for timely surgical intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Our study group was composed of 23 pediatric patients who presented with various symptoms of acute abdomen and were admitted to our institution between 1996 and 2013. All had undergone preoperative ultrasound examination and had a final diagnosis of choledochal cyst perforation that was confirmed at exploratory laparotomy...
March 2015: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25490170/acute-alithiasic-cholecystitis-a-not-so-rare-disease
#10
Javier Blasco-Alonso, Eloísa Santiago-García-Caro, Raquel Gil-Gómez, Carolina Jiménez-Alcántara, Pilar Sánchez-Yáñez, Guillermo Milano-Manso
INTRODUCTION: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) occurs more frequently in critically ill patients, in the immediate postoperative period, after trauma or extensive burns. It has a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Ischemia, infection and vesicular stasis are determinants in its pathogenesis. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Retrospective study including all cases of AAC diagnosed in our pediatric intensive care unit between January 1997 and December 2012. RESULTS: We included 7 patients, all associated with viral or bacterial infection...
August 2014: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25349754/short-and-long-term-outcomes-associated-with-fetal-cholelithiasis-a-report-of-two-cases-with-antenatal-diagnosis-and-postnatal-follow-up
#11
Juan Troyano-Luque, Ana Padilla-Pérez, Ingrid Martínez-Wallin, Margarita Alvarez de la Rosa, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, José Luis Trujillo, Tirso Pérez-Medina
The aims of this study were to present and discuss ultrasound findings of prenatal fetal cholelithiasis in two cases with different etiology and evolution. Case 1: a pregnant woman from sub-Saharan Africa, suffering from Lyme disease, was treated with ceftriaxone sodium. Six weeks later, biliary sludge associated with polyhydramnios was detected in the fetus and the fetal growth percentile was 14. Emergency caesarean was performed at 36 weeks of gestation due to fetal distress. Biliary sludge persists in the two-and-a-half-year-old child...
2014: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24850026/sonography-of-the-pediatric-gastrointestinal-system
#12
REVIEW
Bo Arys, Simone Mandelstam, Padma Rao, Sara Kernick, Surekha Kumbla
Sonography is a commonly used modality for the investigation of abdominal symptoms in the pediatric population. It is a highly sensitive, readily available imaging modality that does not require ionizing radiation, iodinated contrast material, or anesthesia and can be performed at the bedside if necessary. Abdominal ultrasound is therefore often the first examination performed. This article presents an overview of the ultrasound characteristics of some of the most frequently encountered pathologies as well as some more rarely encountered entities...
June 2014: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23902696/ultrasonography-us-in-the-assessment-of-pediatric-non-traumatic-gastrointestinal-emergencies
#13
Paolo Fonio, Francesco Coppolino, Anna Russo, Alfredo D'Andrea, Antonella Giannattasio, Alfonso Reginelli, Roberto Grassi, Eugenio Annibale Genovese
BACKGROUND: Non traumatic gastrointestinal emergencies in the children and neonatal patient is a dilemma for the radiologist in the emergencies room and they presenting characteristics ultrasound features on the longitudinal and axial axis. The most frequent emergencies are : appendicitis, intussusceptions, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, volvulus due to intestinal malrotation. The aim of this article is to familiarize the reader with the US features. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 200 ultrasound examinations performed in neonatal and children patients with fever, abdominal pain, leukocytosis, vomiting and diarrhea were evaluated...
July 15, 2013: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20223393/point-of-care-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-pediatric-cholecystitis-in-the-ed
#14
James W Tsung, Christopher C Raio, Daniela Ramirez-Schrempp, Michael Blaivas
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of cholecystitis or biliary tract disease in children and adolescents is an uncommon occurrence in the emergency department and other acute care settings. Misdiagnosis and delays in diagnosing children with cholecystitis or biliary tract disease of up to months and years have been reported in the literature. We discuss the technique and potential utility of point-of-care ultrasound evaluation in a series of pediatric patients with suspected cholecystitis or biliary tract disease...
March 2010: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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