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Regional anestesia

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2 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Per Staffan EM physician
Hillenn Cruz Eng, Shayanti Meela Ghosh, Ki Jinn Chin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The choice of local anesthetics in regional anesthesia depends on desired onset, intensity, and duration of block, as well as possible adverse effects. This review highlights recent advances in day-case spinal anesthesia; considerations in selecting local anesthetic volume, concentration, and mass in peripheral nerve blockade; and the pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine. RECENT FINDINGS: Spinal anesthesia using 2-chloroprocaine offers fast onset and rapid recovery, whereas mepivacaine and lidocaine are suitable for longer procedures...
August 2014: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Edward R Mariano, Zwade J Marshall, Richard D Urman, Alan David Kaye
Perioperative regional anesthetic and analgesic techniques have evolved considerably over the past four decades. Perhaps, the most impressive development in recent years has been the rapid adoption and widespread utilization of ultrasound (US) guidance to perform targeted delivery of local anesthetics and catheters in a consistent manner for postoperative pain control. This article briefly reviews the history of US in regional anesthesia and perioperative analgesia, the evidence basis for this practice, the clinical application of novel techniques and imaging modalities, and possible future technology and research directions...
March 2014: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
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