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IVUS /FFR/OCT

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281 papers 25 to 100 followers Papers relating to the use, value, and limitations of these advanced interventional techniques
By Gregory Gustafson Interventional Cardiologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807815/frequency-of-abnormal-fractional-flow-reserve-measurements-among-major-coronary-arteries
#1
Clay M Barbin, Anupama Vasudevan, James W Choi, Peter A McCullough, Jeffrey M Schussler, Ravi C Vallabhan, Robert C Stoler
BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve(FFR) is a validated tool for evaluating functional severity and guiding the revascularization of angiographically moderate coronary artery lesions. OBJECTIVE: To study if there is a higher frequency of positive FFR measurements in the left anterior descending(LAD) versus other major coronary arteries and also evaluate the differences in the total length of the stent placed. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including all subjects (January 2011 to December 2015) who had fractional flow reserve (FFR) measured during coronary catheterization was conducted...
April 25, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895487/virtual-functional-assessment-of-coronary-stenoses-using-intravascular-ultrasound-imaging-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#2
Panagiotis K Siogkas, Michail I Papafaklis, Lampros Lakkas, Themis P Exarchos, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Ziad A Ali, Gualtiero Pelosi, Oberdan Parodi, Christos S Katsouras, Dimitrios I Fotiadis, Lampros K Michalis
AIMS: We aimed to investigate the performance of virtual functional assessment of coronary stenoses using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-based three-dimensional (3D) coronary artery reconstruction against the invasively measured fractional flow reserve (FFR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with either typical symptoms of stable angina or a positive stress test, who underwent IVUS and FFR, were included in this study. Five patients presented FFR values lower than the 0...
March 2, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903715/unmasking-myocardial-bridge-related-ischemia-by-intracoronary-functional-evaluation
#3
Giuseppe Tarantini, Alberto Barioli, Luca Nai Fovino, Chiara Fraccaro, Giulia Masiero, Sabino Iliceto, Massimo Napodano
BACKGROUND: Invasive physiological assessment of myocardial bridges (MBs) is largely unsettled. Unlike fractional flow reserve (FFR), instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) is a diastole-specific index. As such, its value might not be hampered by systolic pressure overshooting and negative systolic pressure gradient caused by the compression of the tunneled coronary artery. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively enrolled 20 patients with angina and/or positive noninvasive stress test, absence of significant coronary artery stenosis, and angiographic suspicion/evidence of MB in the left anterior descending artery...
June 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962334/assessment-of-coronary-microcirculation-during-cardiac-catheterization
#4
Sasko Kedev, Ivan Vasilev
Functional tests used in the catheterization laboratory have emerged as a very important adjunctive tool to coronary angiography that can identify patients with myocardial blood flow impairment. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement is highly recommended for detection of ischemia-related coronary lesion(s) when objective evidence of vessel-related ischemia is not available. Recently, much simpler instantaneous wave free ratio (iFR) was proposed as an alternative to FFR without requirement for administration of vasodilators...
July 1, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041802/contrast-fractional-flow-reserve-cffr-a-pragmatic-response-to-the-call-for-simplification-of-invasive-functional-assessment
#5
Antonio Maria Leone, Francesca Lassandro Pepe, Manfredi Arioti, Filippo Crea
AIM: To review the current approaches to simplify functional assessment of coronary stenosis with particular regard for contrast Fractional Flow Reserve (cFFR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Maximal hyperaemia to assess FFR is perceived as time-consuming, costly, unpleasant for the patient and associated with side effects. Resting indexes, like Pd/Pa and iFR, have been proposed to circumvent the use of vasodilators as well as an approach based on the administration of contrast medium to induce coronary vasodilation, the cFFR...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046914/fractional-flow-reserve-or-coronary-flow-reserve-for-the-assessment-of-myocardial-perfusion-implications-of-ffr-as-an-imperfect-reference-standard-for-myocardial-ischemia
#6
REVIEW
Valérie E Stegehuis, Gilbert W Wijntjens, Jan J Piek, Tim P van de Hoef
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Accumulating evidence exists for the value of coronary physiology for clinical decision-making in ischemic heart disease (IHD). The most frequently used pressure-derived index to assess stenosis severity, the fractional flow reserve (FFR), has long been considered the gold standard for this purpose, despite the fact that the FFR assesses solely epicardial stenosis severity and aims to estimate coronary flow impairment in the coronary circulation. The coronary flow reserve (CFR) directly assesses coronary blood flow in the coronary circulation, including both the epicardial coronary artery and the coronary microvasculature, but is nowadays less established than FFR...
July 26, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093048/prognostic-implication-of-thermodilution-coronary-flow-reserve-in-patients-undergoing-fractional-flow-reserve-measurement
#7
Joo Myung Lee, Ki Hong Choi, Doyeon Hwang, Jonghanne Park, Ji-Hyun Jung, Hyung Yoon Kim, Hae Won Jung, Yun-Kyeong Cho, Hyuck-Jun Yoon, Young Bin Song, Joo-Yong Hahn, Joon-Hyung Doh, Chang-Wook Nam, Eun-Seok Shin, Seung-Ho Hur, Bon-Kwon Koo
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the prognostic implication of coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients who underwent fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement. BACKGROUND: Limited data are available regarding the long-term prognosis associated with thermodilution CFR in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: A total of 519 patients (737 vessels) who did not undergo revascularization were classified according to FFR and CFR values...
August 13, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103305/feasibility-safety-and-effectiveness-in-measuring-microvascular-resistance-with-regadenoson-invasive-coronary-flow-assessment-with-regadenoson
#8
Vera Lachmann, Marc Heimann, Christian Jung, Tobias Zeus, Pablo Emilio Verde, Malte Kelm, Florian Bönner
AIMThe study aims to test whether simultaneous measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR), coronary flow reserve (CFR) and index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) is feasible, safe and effective during regadenoson-induced hyperemia.METHODS AND RESULTSFFR, CFR and IMR were measured simultaneously during regadenoson (Rapiscan 400μg) -induced hyperemia in 50 patients with stable coronary artery disease with a SYNTAX score of <22. Simultaneous measurement of FFR, CFR and IMR was technically feasible in all cases (50/50)...
July 30, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122073/comparison-of-sodium-nitroprusside-and-adenosine-for-fractional-flow-reserve-assessment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Raúl Solernó, Pablo Pedroni, Javier Mariani, Ricardo Sarmiento
BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has become a useful tool in the assessment of physiological significance of coronary artery stenosis (CAS), and Adenosine (ADE) is associated with a high incidence of transient side effects. Sodium nitroprusside (NPS) has been proposed as an alternative vasodilator agent. A meta-analysis of studies comparing ADE and NPS for FFR assessment in the same coronary lesions was performed. METHODS: Authors searched for articles comparing NPS and ADE for FFR assessment in intermediate coronary lesions published through January 2018...
August 24, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142793/intravascular-ultrasound-characteristics-in-patients-with-intermediate-coronary-lesions-and-borderline-fractional-flow-reserve-measurements
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hyoung-Mo Yang, Hong-Seok Lim, Kyoung-Woo Seo, Byoung-Joo Choi, So-Yeon Choi, Myeong-Ho Yoon, Gyo-Seung Hwang, Seung-Jea Tahk
Revascularization of borderline fractional flow reserve (FFR) is controversial and the morphologic characteristics of borderline FFR lesions are not well known. The objective of this study was to determine the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) characteristics in intermediate coronary lesions with borderline FFR in patients with intermediate coronary artery stenosis (40%-70% diameter stenosis).Both IVUS and FFR were performed in a total of 228 left anterior descending arteries. We divided them into 3 groups by FFR value: ischemic (n = 46, FFR < 0...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152800/comparison-of-coronary-angiography-and-intracoronary-imaging-with-fractional-flow-reserve-for-coronary-artery-disease-evaluation-an-anatomical-functional-mismatch
#11
Julien Adjedj, Nikolay Stoyanov, Olivier Muller
Myocardial ischemia is a leading cause of death worldwide, and it corresponds to the imbalance between blood supply and myocardial demand. Epicardial coronary artery disease (CAD) is detected on the basis of coronary angiogram, whereas invasive detection of myocardial ischemia induced by coronary stenosis is commonly based on fractional flow reserve (FFR). The use of FFR for revascularization decision-making demonstrated clinical benefit and cost-effectiveness compared with that of angiographic indices. Discrepancies between anatomical metrics and physiological assessment of CAD are frequent, which lead to change in revascularization decision from angiography compared to functional evaluation of CAD...
September 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30154064/instantaneous-wave-free-ratio-for-the-assessment-of-intermediate-coronary-artery-stenosis-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-valve-stenosis-comparison-with-myocardial-perfusion-scintigraphy
#12
Futoshi Yamanaka, Koki Shishido, Tomoki Ochiai, Noriaki Moriyama, Kazumasa Yamazaki, Ayumu Sugitani, Tomoyuki Tani, Kazuki Tobita, Shingo Mizuno, Yutaka Tanaka, Masato Murakami, Saeko Takahashi, Seiji Yamazaki, Shigeru Saito
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the diagnostic performance of instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: The iFR was introduced as a new, nonpharmacologic stress index of coronary stenosis severity. However, the diagnostic performance of iFR has not been sufficiently explored in patients with severe AS. METHODS: We analyzed 95 consecutive patients with AS (57 women) demonstrating intermediate coronary artery stenosis (116 vessels), and compared the iFR values with fractional flow reserve (FFR) values and with adenosine-stress myocardial perfusion imaging as indicators of myocardial ischemia...
August 20, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30171434/appropriate-use-criteria-for-optical-coherence-tomography-guidance-in-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-recommendations-of-the-working-group-of-interventional-cardiology-of-the-netherlands-society-of-cardiology
#13
REVIEW
A J J IJsselmuiden, E M Zwaan, R M Oemrawsingh, M J Bom, F J W M Dankers, M J de Boer, C Camaro, R J M van Geuns, J Daemen, D J van der Heijden, J W Jukema, A O Kraaijeveld, M Meuwissen, B E Schölzel, G Pundziute, P van der Harst, J van Ramshorst, M T Dirksen, C Zivelonghi, P Agostoni, J A S van der Heyden, J J Wykrzykowska, M J Scholte, H M Nef, M J M Kofflard, N van Royen, M Alings, E Kedhi
INTRODUCTION: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables detailed imaging of the coronary wall, lumen and intracoronary implanted devices. Responding to the lack of specific appropriate use criteria (AUC) for this technique, we conducted a literature review and a procedure for appropriate use criteria. METHODS: Twenty-one of all 184 members of the Dutch Working Group on Interventional Cardiology agreed to evaluate 49 pre-specified cases. During a meeting, factual indications were established whereupon members individually rated indications on a 9-point scale, with the opportunity to substantiate their scoring...
August 31, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785878/five-year-outcomes-with-pci-guided-by-fractional-flow-reserve
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Panagiotis Xaplanteris, Stephane Fournier, Nico H J Pijls, William F Fearon, Emanuele Barbato, Pim A L Tonino, Thomas Engstrøm, Stefan Kääb, Jan-Henk Dambrink, Gilles Rioufol, Gabor G Toth, Zsolt Piroth, Nils Witt, Ole Fröbert, Petr Kala, Axel Linke, Nicola Jagic, Martin Mates, Kreton Mavromatis, Habib Samady, Anand Irimpen, Keith Oldroyd, Gianluca Campo, Martina Rothenbühler, Peter Jüni, Bernard De Bruyne
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) would be superior to medical therapy as initial treatment in patients with stable coronary artery disease. METHODS: Among 1220 patients with angiographically significant stenoses, those in whom at least one stenosis was hemodynamically significant (FFR, ≤0.80) were randomly assigned to FFR-guided PCI plus medical therapy or to medical therapy alone. Patients in whom all stenoses had an FFR of more than 0...
July 19, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790954/clinical-use-of-intracoronary-imaging-part-1-guidance-and-optimization-of-coronary-interventions-an-expert-consensus-document-of-the-european-association-of-percutaneous-cardiovascular-interventions
#15
Lorenz Räber, Gary S Mintz, Konstantinos C Koskinas, Thomas W Johnson, Niels R Holm, Yoshinubo Onuma, Maria D Radu, Michael Joner, Bo Yu, Haibo Jia, Nicolas Meneveau, Jose M de la Torre Hernandez, Javier Escaned, Jonathan Hill, Francesco Prati, Antonio Colombo, Carlo di Mario, Evelyn Regar, Davide Capodanno, William Wijns, Robert A Byrne, Giulio Guagliumi
This Consensus Document is the first of two reports summarizing the views of an expert panel organized by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) on the clinical use of intracoronary imaging including intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). The first document appraises the role of intracoronary imaging to guide percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) in clinical practice. Current evidence regarding the impact of intracoronary imaging guidance on cardiovascular outcomes is summarized, and patients or lesions most likely to derive clinical benefit from an imaging-guided intervention are identified...
September 14, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341060/rationale-of-decreasing-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-below-70-mg-dl-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-retrospective-virtual-histology-intravascular-ultrasound-study
#16
Young Hoon Seo, Duck-Jun Seo, In Geol Song, Ki-Hong Kim, Taek-Geun Kwon, Jang-Ho Bae
BACKGROUND: The associations between statin and coronary plaque compositional changes were reported according to the use of high dose or not. An evaluation of the impact of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) < 70 mg/dL by using real world dosages of statin on coronary plaque composition was undertaken. METHODS: The study subjects consisted of 61 patients (mean 59.9 years old, 45 males) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, baseline and follow-up (F/U; mean 8...
January 17, 2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097450/clinical-outcomes-and-cost-effectiveness-of-fractional-flow-reserve-guided-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-three-year-follow-up-of-the-fame-2-trial-fractional-flow-reserve-versus-angiography-for-multivessel
#17
William F Fearon, Takeshi Nishi, Bernard De Bruyne, Derek B Boothroyd, Emanuele Barbato, Pim Tonino, Peter Jüni, Nico H J Pijls, Mark A Hlatky
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) does not improve outcome compared with medical therapy (MT) in patients with stable coronary artery disease, but PCI was guided by angiography alone. FAME 2 trial (Fractional Flow Reserve Versus Angiography for Multivessel Evaluation) compared PCI guided by fractional flow reserve with best MT in patients with stable coronary artery disease to assess clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness. METHODS: A total of 888 patients with stable single-vessel or multivessel coronary artery disease with reduced fractional flow reserve were randomly assigned to PCI plus MT (n=447) or MT alone (n=441)...
January 30, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130567/treatment-strategies-in-coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-of-interventional-studies
#18
Hannah E Suhrs, Marie M Michelsen, Eva Prescott
Coronary microvascular dysfunction has been associated with a wide spectrum of diseases and conditions, and it has proven to be a strong prognostic marker of morbidity and mortality. Despite increased attention guideline-based treatment recommendations are lacking. We performed a systematic review of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to improve coronary perfusion, assessed by intracoronary Doppler, transthoracic Doppler echocardiography, positron emission tomography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, transthoracic contrast perfusion echocardiography and dilution techniques...
November 11, 2017: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132649/doppler-versus-thermodilution-derived-coronary-microvascular-resistance-to-predict-coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-or-stable-angina-pectoris
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rupert P Williams, Guus A de Waard, Kalpa De Silva, Matthew Lumley, Kaleab Asrress, Satpal Arri, Howard Ellis, Awais Mir, Brian Clapp, Amedeo Chiribiri, Sven Plein, Paul F Teunissen, Maurits R Hollander, Michael Marber, Simon Redwood, Niels van Royen, Divaka Perera
Coronary microvascular resistance is increasingly measured as a predictor of clinical outcomes, but there is no accepted gold-standard measurement. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of 2 invasive indices of microvascular resistance, Doppler-derived hyperemic microvascular resistance (hMR) and thermodilution-derived index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR), at predicting microvascular dysfunction. A total of 54 patients (61 ± 10 years) who underwent cardiac catheterization for stable coronary artery disease (n = 10) or acute myocardial infarction (n = 44) had simultaneous intracoronary pressure, Doppler flow velocity and thermodilution flow data acquired from 74 unobstructed vessels, at rest and during hyperemia...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864442/integrated-noninvasive-physiological-assessment-of-coronary-circulatory-function-and-impact-on-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#20
Ankur Gupta, Viviany R Taqueti, Tim P van de Hoef, Navkaranbir S Bajaj, Paco E Bravo, Venkatesh L Murthy, Michael T Osborne, Sara B Seidelmann, Tomas Vita, Courtney F Bibbo, Meagan Harrington, Jon Hainer, Ornella Rimoldi, Sharmila Dorbala, Deepak L Bhatt, Ron Blankstein, Paolo G Camici, Marcelo F Di Carli
BACKGROUND: It is suggested that the integration of maximal myocardial blood flow (MBF) and coronary flow reserve (CFR), termed coronary flow capacity, allows for comprehensive evaluation of patients with known or suspected stable coronary artery disease. Because management decisions are predicated on clinical risk, we sought to determine the independent and integrated value of maximal MBF and CFR for predicting cardiovascular death. METHODS: MBF and CFR were quantified in 4029 consecutive patients (median age 66 years, 50...
December 12, 2017: Circulation
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