collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical Ethics

shared collection
1680 papers 500 to 1000 followers Trending issues in health policy, medical ethics and philosophy of medicine
By Michael Young Harvard Medical School
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658461/modern-electroconvulsive-therapy-vastly-improved-yet-greatly-underused
#1
Harold A Sackeim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766249/if-abortion-then-infanticide
#2
David B Hershenov, Rose J Hershenov
Our contention is that all of the major arguments for abortion are also arguments for permitting infanticide. One cannot distinguish the fetus from the infant in terms of a morally significant intrinsic property, nor are they morally discernible in terms of standing in different relationships to others. The logic of our position is that if such arguments justify abortion, then they also justify infanticide. If we are right that infanticide is not justified, then such arguments will fail to justify abortion...
August 2, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792865/migraine
#3
REVIEW
Andrew Charles
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 377, Issue 6, Page 553-561, August 2017.
August 10, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723331/certain-about-dying-with-uncertainty
#4
Jeffrey M Drazen, Maria A Yialamas
Mrs. C. a woman with whom we’d had a long-standing patient–physician relationship, one of us for over 25 years, died recently in the 87th year of her life. A woman who had always maintained her cheerful spirit even in the midst of quite trying medical setbacks, she was one of our favorite patients...
July 20, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745989/the-price-of-crossing-the-border-for-medications
#5
Michael Fralick, Jerry Avorn, Aaron S Kesselheim
Canadians are used to paying more for identical products sold south of the border. Hockey equipment, perhaps paradoxically, can sometimes cost up to 18% more up north; and there are similar price differences for toiletries, books, and electronics. There are many reasons why goods cost more in..
July 27, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706123/cerebral-microbleeds-in-murine-amyloid-angiopathy-natural-course-and-anticoagulant-effects
#6
Marilena Marinescu, Li Sun, Marc Fatar, Andreas Neubauer, Lothar Schad, Joanne van Ryn, Lorenz Lehmann, Roland Veltkamp
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) predispose patients to intracerebral hemorrhage. Preclinical models to examine the effects of antithrombotic treatments on the development of clinically overt intracerebral hemorrhage are needed. We examined the natural course of CMB development and the effects of long-term anticoagulation with warfarin or dabigatran on cerebral micro- and macrohemorrhage in mice overexpressing the APP23 (amyloid precursor protein). METHODS: Repeated susceptibility-weighted magnetic resonance imaging was performed in APP23 mice at the age of 18 and 21 months, respectively...
August 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725295/team-reasoning-and-collective-intentionality
#7
Björn Petersson
Different versions of the idea that individualism about agency is the root of standard game theoretical puzzles have been defended by Regan 1980, Bacharach (Research in Economics 53: 117-147, 1999), Hurley (Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26: 264-265, 2003), Sugden (Philosophical Explorations 6(3):165-181, 2003), and Tuomela 2013, among others. While collectivistic game theorists like Michael Bacharach provide formal frameworks designed to avert some of the standard dilemmas, philosophers of collective action like Raimo Tuomela aim at substantive accounts of collective action that may explain how agents overcoming such social dilemmas would be motivated...
2017: Review of Philosophy and Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681328/diagnosis-narrative-identity-and-asymptomatic-disease
#8
Mary Jean Walker, Wendy A Rogers
An increasing number of patients receive diagnoses of disease without having any symptoms. These include diseases detected through screening programs, as incidental findings from unrelated investigations, or via routine checks of various biological variables like blood pressure or cholesterol. In this article, we draw on narrative identity theory to examine how the process of making sense of being diagnosed with asymptomatic disease can trigger certain overlooked forms of harm for patients. We show that the experience of asymptomatic disease can involve 'mismatches' between one's beliefs about one's health status on the one hand, and bodily sensations or past experience on the other...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645200/prognostic-awareness-prognostic-communication-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-malignant-glioma
#9
Eli L Diamond, Holly G Prigerson, Denise C Correa, Anne Reiner, Katherine Panageas, Maria Kryza-Lacombe, Justin Buthorn, Elizabeth C Neil, Alex M Miller, Lisa M DeAngelis, Allison J Applebaum
Background: Malignant glioma (MG) is a devastating neuro-oncologic disease with almost invariably poor prognosis. Prognostic awareness (PA) is the awareness of incurable disease and shortened life-expectancy (LE). Accurate PA is associated with favorable psychological outcomes at the end-of-life (EOL) for patients with cancer, however little is known about PA or prognostic communication in MG. Moreover, research has yet to evaluate the impact of cognitive impairment on PA and preferred forms of communication...
June 22, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323328/young-dads-and-old-men
#10
Dalane W Kitzman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726437/anti-profit-beliefs-how-people-neglect-the-societal-benefits-of-profit
#11
Amit Bhattacharjee, Jason Dana, Jonathan Baron
Profit-seeking firms are stereotypically depicted as immoral and harmful to society. At the same time, profit-driven enterprise has contributed immensely to human prosperity. Though scholars agree that profit can incentivize societally beneficial behaviors, people may neglect this possibility. In 7 studies, we show that people see business profit as necessarily in conflict with social good, a view we call anti-profit beliefs. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that U.S. participants hold anti-profit views of real U...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707118/exemplars-ethics-and-illness-narratives
#12
Ian James Kidd
Many people report that reading first-person narratives of the experience of illness can be morally instructive or educative. But although they are ubiquitous and typically sincere, the precise nature of such educative experiences is puzzling, for those narratives typically lack the features that modern philosophers regard as constitutive of moral reason. I argue that such puzzlement should disappear, and the morally educative power of illness narratives explained, if one distinguishes two different styles of moral reasoning: an inferentialist style that generates the puzzlement and an alternative exemplarist style that offers a compelling explanation of the morally educative power of pathographic literature...
July 13, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569516/-the-fate-of-jewish-pharmacists-from-the-czech-lands-during-the-holocaust
#13
Tomáš Arndt, František Dohnal
The authors describe the lives of several Jewish pharmacists and their families who lived and worked in the Czech Lands during the years 1918-1945. Their stories represented a typical mosaic, which corresponds to the fate of the Jewish community in the Czech Lands during World War II - all lost their property and the majority of them were murdered or lost their immediate families. Only a few of them succeeded to survive thanks to early emigration. Some of them lived until the liberation of the concentration camp Theresienstadt, too...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540750/neurobiology-of-emotions-an-update
#14
Vanderson Esperidião-Antonio, Marilia Majeski-Colombo, Diana Toledo-Monteverde, Glaciele Moraes-Martins, Juliana José Fernandes, Marjorie Bauchiglioni de Assis, Stefânia Montenegro, Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista
The 'nature' of emotions is one of the archaic themes of Western thought, thematized in different cultural manifestations - such as art, science, philosophy, myths and religion -, since Ancient times. In the last decades, the advances in neurosciences have permitted the construction of hypotheses that explain emotions, especially through the studies involving the limbic system. To present an updated discussion about the neurobiology of processes relating to emotions - focusing (1) on the main neural structures that relate to emotions, (2) the paths and circuits of greater relevance, (3) the implicated neurotransmitters, (4) the connections that possess neurovegetative control and (5) the discussion about the main emotions - is the objective of this present article...
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412920/neuropsychiatric-and-general-interactions-of-natural-and-synthetic-cannabinoids-with-drugs-of-abuse-and-medicines
#15
Ana Lucia Arellano, Esther Papaseit, Anna Romaguera, Marta Torrens, Magi Farré
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug. The two most important natural cannabinoids are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). The THC content of cannabis has been increasing during the last years and recently appeared in the market a series of synthetic cannabinoids with potent agonist activity. Recreational users frequently combine cannabis with other drugs of abuse as alcohol, amphetamines and derivatives, nicotine and cocaine. In addition these subjects can be taking medicines for acute and chronic medical conditions...
April 13, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541347/working-memory-persistence-is-key
#16
Natasha Bray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515269/effect-of-omega-3-supplementation-on-neuropathy-in-type-1-diabetes-a-12-month-pilot-trial
#17
Evan J H Lewis, Bruce A Perkins, Leif E Lovblom, Richard P Bazinet, Thomas M S Wolever, Vera Bril
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that 12 months of seal oil omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) supplementation will stop the known progression of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSP) in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: Individuals with T1DM and evidence of DSP as determined by a Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Score ≥1 were recruited to participate in a single-arm, open-label trial of seal oil ω-3 PUFA supplementation (10 mL·d(-1); 750 mg eicosapentaenoic acid, 560 mg docosapentaenoic acid, and 1,020 mg docosahexaenoic acid) for 1 year...
June 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515493/sleep-dream-a-little-dream
#18
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440792/an-extra-uterine-system-to-physiologically-support-the-extreme-premature-lamb
#19
Emily A Partridge, Marcus G Davey, Matthew A Hornick, Patrick E McGovern, Ali Y Mejaddam, Jesse D Vrecenak, Carmen Mesas-Burgos, Aliza Olive, Robert C Caskey, Theodore R Weiland, Jiancheng Han, Alexander J Schupper, James T Connelly, Kevin C Dysart, Jack Rychik, Holly L Hedrick, William H Peranteau, Alan W Flake
In the developed world, extreme prematurity is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity due to a combination of organ immaturity and iatrogenic injury. Until now, efforts to extend gestation using extracorporeal systems have achieved limited success. Here we report the development of a system that incorporates a pumpless oxygenator circuit connected to the fetus of a lamb via an umbilical cord interface that is maintained within a closed 'amniotic fluid' circuit that closely reproduces the environment of the womb...
April 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21909801/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-the-brain-and-anti-nr2-antibodies
#20
REVIEW
Maria B Lauvsnes, Roald Omdal
Neurological and psychiatric disorders are common in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). While several pathogenetic mechanisms are thought to be involved, among of the most challenging and best investigated are antibodies against the N-methyl-D: -aspartate (NMDA) receptor subtypes 2a and 2b (anti-NR2 antibodies). This review summarizes the most relevant mechanisms for neuropsychiatric (NP) involvement in SLE (NPSLE) with special emphasis on the role of anti-NR2 antibodies and provides an overview of published articles on anti-NR2 antibodies and brain involvement as of May 2011...
April 2012: Journal of Neurology
label_collection
label_collection
1924
1
2
2017-05-23 12:20:19
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"