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Medical Ethics

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1648 papers 500 to 1000 followers Trending issues in health policy, medical ethics and philosophy of medicine
By Michael Young M.D. Candidate, Harvard Medical School
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186531/what-does-the-patient-say-levinas-and-medical-ethics
#1
Lawrence Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379764/school-hygiene-as-a-tool-of-modernization-european-culture-and-jewish-colonies-in-galilee-1882-1939
#2
Yair Seltenreich
During the efforts to modernize the farmers of Jewish colonies in Galilee, both teachers and doctors came to view hygiene less as an agent of health and cleanliness and more as a symbol of physical and mental regeneration. Schools thus emerged as a natural arena for hygieno-pedagogic activities. Doctors' attempts to eradicate malaria or trachoma by associating the concept of hygiene with modern sanitation and outdoor activities were soon followed by pedagogical efforts to endow hygiene with moral values.
2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334321/the-rise-of-crowdfunding-for-medical-care-promises-and-perils
#3
Michael J Young, Ethan Scheinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939171/improving-the-electronic-nexus-between-generalists-and-specialists-a-public-health-imperative
#4
Michael J Young, Julien Pham
Recent changes in healthcare delivery and payment policy have precipitated interest among healthcare providers across the U.S. seeking innovative strategies to achieve higher quality, lower cost care through improved resource-utilization. One dimension of healthcare delivery with distinctive potential for improvement is care coordination between primary care and specialist providers. Optimizing the nexus between PCPs and specialists through innovations including eConsultation platforms portends reductions in unnecessary referrals and testing, and may help align incentives to promote high-value care...
December 2016: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672165/the-terrorist-inside-my-husband-s-brain
#5
EDITORIAL
Susan Schneider Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760873/aerobic-exercise-a-possible-therapy-for-vascular-cognitive-impairment
#6
EDITORIAL
Alexandra Foubert-Samier, Leon Flicker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738192/the-eyes-are-the-windows-to-the-mind-direct-eye-gaze-triggers-the-ascription-of-others-minds
#7
Saara Khalid, Jason C Deska, Kurt Hugenberg
Eye gaze is a potent source of social information with direct eye gaze signaling the desire to approach and averted eye gaze signaling avoidance. In the current work, we proposed that eye gaze signals whether or not to impute minds into others. Across four studies, we manipulated targets' eye gaze (i.e., direct vs. averted eye gaze) and measured explicit mind ascriptions (Study 1a, Study 1b, and Study 2) and beliefs about the likelihood of targets having mind (Study 3). In all four studies, we find novel evidence that the ascription of sophisticated humanlike minds to others is signaled by the display of direct eye gaze relative to averted eye gaze...
December 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769613/synthetic-cannabinoid-abuse-resulting-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-requiring-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#8
Richard J Hamilton, Vadim Keyfes, Sahil S Banka
BACKGROUND: Synthetic cannabinoids (SC) are recreational designer drugs intended to mimic delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol while surreptitiously circumventing classification by the Drug Enforcement Administration. CASE REPORT: A 50-year-old black male arrived in the Emergency Department transported by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) for altered mental status after complaining of chest pain associated with smoking SCs. EMS found the patient with an empty foil pack labeled "Scooby Snax Limited Edition Blueberry Potpourri...
April 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737717/informed-consent-for-the-diagnosis-of-brain-death-a-conceptual-argument
#9
Osamu Muramoto
BACKGROUND: This essay provides an ethical and conceptual argument for the use of informed consent prior to the diagnosis of brain death. It is meant to enable the family to make critical end-of-life decisions, particularly withdrawal of life support system and organ donation, before brain death is diagnosed, as opposed to the current practice of making such decisions after the diagnosis of death. The recent tragic case of a 13-year-old brain-dead patient in California who was maintained on a ventilator for over 2 years illustrates how such a consent would have made a crucial difference...
October 13, 2016: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732813/medical-considerations-before-international-travel
#10
LETTER
Lin H Chen, Phyllis E Kozarsky, David O Freedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729183/peripheral-neuropathy-associated-with-zika-virus-infection
#11
LETTER
Thaís Lira Cleto, Leandro Falcão de Araújo, Karen Grazielle Capuano, Adriane Rego Ramos, Arnaldo Prata-Barbosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705271/explosion-injuries-from-e-cigarettes
#12
LETTER
Elisha G Brownson, Callie M Thompson, Sarah Goldsberry, H Jonathan Chong, Jeffrey B Friedrich, Tam N Pham, Saman Arbabi, Gretchen J Carrougher, Nicole S Gibran
To the Editor: Electronic nicotine-delivery systems (ENDS) include electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and personal vaporizers. The prevalence of ENDS use is increasing among current, former, and never smokers. E-cigarettes share a basic design; common components include an aerosol generator, a..
October 6, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732817/liberty-versus-need-our-struggle-to-care-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#13
Lisa Rosenbaum
In 1985, when internist Jim O’Connell, cofounder of the Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program, began doing outreach to homeless people, one of the toughest questions he faced was whether to commit someone to the hospital for involuntary psychiatric treatment. States vary in their criteria for..
October 13, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732825/hard-time-or-hospital-treatment-mental-illness-and-the-criminal-justice-system
#14
Christine Montross
In my work on the intensive treatment unit of a psychiatric hospital, I see many patients whose lives collide with the criminal justice system. Some are admitted to my care because they’re seeking respite. Others are admitted — often brought in by police — because the community seeks respite from..
October 13, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736051/a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial-of-n-acetylcysteine-in-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-substance-use-disorders
#15
Sudie E Back, Jenna L McCauley, Kristina J Korte, Daniel F Gros, Virginia Leavitt, Kevin M Gray, Mark B Hamner, Stacia M DeSantis, Robert Malcolm, Kathleen T Brady, Peter W Kalivas
OBJECTIVE: The antioxidant N-acetylcysteine is being increasingly investigated as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs). This study explored the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which frequently co-occurs with SUD and shares impaired prefrontal cortex regulation of basal ganglia circuitry, in particular at glutamate synapses in the nucleus accumbens. METHODS: Veterans with PTSD and SUD per DSM-IV criteria (N = 35) were randomly assigned to receive a double-blind, 8-week course of N-acetylcysteine (2,400 mg/d) or placebo plus cognitive-behavioral therapy for SUD (between March 2013 and April 2014)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625370/the-impact-of-sleep-deprivation-in-military-surgical-teams-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Rachael Sv Parker, P Parker
BACKGROUND: Fatigue in military operations leads to safety and operational problems due to a decrease in alertness and performance. The primary method of counteracting the effects of sleep deprivation is to increase nightly sleep time, which in operational situations is not always feasible. History has taught us that surgeons and surgical teams are finite resources that cannot operate on patients indefinitely. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the search terms 'sleep' and 'deprivation' examining the impact of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance in military surgical teams...
September 13, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694263/how-long-should-we-wait-to-start-oral-anticoagulation-after-cardioembolic-stroke
#17
EDITORIAL
Brett Cucchiara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704579/the-dialogical-self-in-psychoanalysis
#18
REVIEW
Felipe Muller
This paper describes the shift that appears to be taking place in contemporary psychoanalysis, as reflected among intersubjective approaches, from a monological conception of the self to a dialogical one. The monological self emphasizes the separation between mind, body, and external world, focusing on the representational and descriptive/referential function of language. In contrast, the dialogical self emphasizes practices, the permeable nature of relationships between subjects, and the constitutive function of language...
October 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385444/the-effect-of-construal-level-on-unethical-behavior
#19
Eyal Gamliel, Hamutal Kreiner, Todd McElroy
Construal level theory predicts that people will judge immoral events more harshly when these are presented in a way that elicits a higher construal level, relative to a lower construal level. Previous research supported this prediction using an Israeli sample but not a U.S. SAMPLE: This article compared Israeli and U.S. samples with respect to the interactive effect of utility and construal level on unethical behavioral intentions. We found that construal level did not affect unethical behavioral intentions in either the U...
2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685079/attachment-to-god-religious-tradition-and-firm-attributes-in-workplace-commitment
#20
Blake Victor Kent
Research on organizational commitment suggests there is an association between American theists' emotional attachment to God and their emotional commitment to the workplace. A sense of divine calling has been shown to partially mediate this association, but beyond that, little is known. The purpose of this study is to shed further light on the relationship between secure attachment to God and affective organizational commitment. I do so by testing whether the employee's religious tradition is associated with affective organizational commitment and whether the employee's firm attributes moderate the relationship between attachment to God and organizational commitment...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
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