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14 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Giovanni Gambino M.D. Ph.D.
L Chastang, T Bège, M Prudhomme, A C Simonnet, A Herrero, F Guillon, D Bono, E Nini, T Buisson, G Carbonnel, L Passebois, C Vacher, M-C Le Moine
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The management of the severe blunt splenic injuries remains debated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of splenic injury according to severity and management (surgery, embolization, non-operative management [NOM]). METHODS: A prospective multicenter study was conducted including patients aged 16 years and older with diagnosed splenic injury. We evaluated severity according to the AAST classification, the presence of hemoperitoneum or a contrast blush on initial CT scan...
April 2015: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Gregorio Tugnoli, Elisa Bianchi, Andrea Biscardi, Carlo Coniglio, Salvatore Isceri, Luigi Simonetti, Giovanni Gordini, Salomone Di Saverio
Non-operative management (NOM) of hemodynamically stable patients with blunt splenic injury (BSI) is the standard of care, although it is associated with a potential risk of failure. Hemodynamically unstable patients should always undergo immediate surgery and avoid unnecessary CT scans. Angioembolization might help to increase the NOM rates, as well as NOM success rates. The aim of this study was to review and critically analyze the data from BSI cases managed at the Maggiore Hospital Trauma Center during the past 5 years, with a focus on NOM, its success rates and outcomes...
October 2015: Surgery Today
Syed N Zafar, Michael T Onwugbufor, Kakra Hughes, Wendy R Greene, Edward E Cornwell, Terrence M Fullum, Daniel D Tran
BACKGROUND: The use of laparoscopy in trauma is, in general, limited for diagnostic purposes. We aim to evaluate the therapeutic role of laparoscopic surgery in trauma patients. METHODS: We analyzed the National Trauma Data Bank (2007 to 2010) for all patients undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy. Patients undergoing a therapeutic laparoscopic surgical procedure were identified and tabulated. Mortality and hospital length of stay for patients with isolated abdominal injuries were compared between the open and laparoscopic groups...
April 2015: American Journal of Surgery
Laura N Gonser-Hafertepen, James W Davis, John F Bilello, Shana L Ballow, Lawrence P Sue, Kathleen M Cagle, Chandrasekar Venugopal, Stephen C Hafertepen, Krista L Kaups
BACKGROUND: Isolated free fluid (FF) on abdominal CT in stable blunt trauma patients can indicate the presence of hollow viscus injury. No criteria exist to differentiate treatment by operative exploration vs observation. The goals of this study were to determine the incidence of isolated FF and to identify factors that discriminate between patients who should undergo operative exploration vs observation. STUDY DESIGN: A review of blunt trauma patients at a Level I trauma center from July 2009 to March 2012 was performed...
October 2014: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Joseph P Minei, Timothy C Fabian, Danielle M Guffey, Craig D Newgard, Eileen M Bulger, Karen J Brasel, Jason L Sperry, Russell D MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between trauma center volume and outcome. BACKGROUND: The Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium is a network of 11 centers and 60 hospitals conducting emergency care research. For many procedures, high-volume centers demonstrate superior outcomes versus low-volume centers. This remains controversial for trauma center outcomes. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium multicenter out-of-hospital Hypertonic Saline Trial in patients with Glasgow Coma Scale score of 8 or less (traumatic brain injury) or systolic blood pressure of 90 or less and pulse of 110 or more (shock)...
September 2014: Annals of Surgery
Shahid Shafi, Sunni A Barnes, Nadine Rayan, Rustam Kudyakov, Michael Foreman, H Gil Cryer, Hasan B Alam, William Hoff, John Holcomb
BACKGROUND: State health departments and the American College of Surgeons focus on the availability of optimal resources to designate hospitals as trauma centers, with little emphasis on actual delivery of care. There is no systematic information on clinical practices at designated trauma centers. The objective of this study was to measure compliance with 22 commonly recommended clinical practices at trauma centers and its association with in-hospital mortality. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective observational study was conducted at 5 Level I trauma centers across the country...
August 2014: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Ian Roberts, Pablo Perel, David Prieto-Merino, Haleema Shakur, Tim Coats, Beverley J Hunt, Fiona Lecky, Karim Brohi, Keith Willett
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the effect of tranexamic acid on the risk of death and thrombotic events in patients with traumatic bleeding varies according to baseline risk of death. To assess the extent to which current protocols for treatment with tranexamic acid maximise benefits to patients. DESIGN: Prespecified stratified analysis of data from an international multicentre randomised controlled trial (the CRASH-2 trial) with an estimation of the proportion of premature deaths that could potentially be averted through the administration of tranexamic acid...
2012: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Ibrahim Afifi, Hassan Al-Thani, Sajid Attique, Sherwan Khoschnau, Ayman El-Menyar, Rifat Latifi
Adult intussusception (AI) following blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) is a rare surgical condition. We present a case of delayed diagnosis of ileocecal junction intussusception with a perforation of small bowel in a 34-year-old male with a history of fall from height. Initial exploratory laparotomy revealed shattered spleen requiring splenectomy. Initial abdominal computerized tomography scanning (CT) scan showed dilated small bowel with no organic obstruction. Patient started to improve with partial distention and was shifted to rehabilitation unit...
2013: Case Reports in Surgery
Husham Abdelrahman, Ahmad Ajaj, Sajid Atique, Ayman El-Menyar, Hassan Al-Thani
Management of liver injury is challenging particularly for the advanced grades. Increased utility of nonoperative management strategies increases the risk of developing massive liver necrosis (MLN). We reported a case of a 19-year-old male who presented with a history of motor vehicle crash. Abdominal computerized tomography (CT) scan revealed large liver laceration (Grade 4) with blush and moderate free hemoperitoneum in 3 quadrants. Patient was managed nonoperatively by angioembolization. Two anomalies in hepatic arteries origin were reported and both vessels were selectively cannulated and bilateral gel foam embolization was achieved successfully...
2013: Case Reports in Surgery
Forat Swaid, Kobi Peleg, Ricardo Alfici, Oded Olsha, Igor Jeroukhimov, Adi Givon, Boris Kessel
PURPOSE: Rib fractures are a marker of severe injury, predicting a higher incidence of associated injuries. The purpose of this study was to assess whether an increasing number of rib fractures predicts the severity of liver injury in blunt trauma patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study involving blunt trauma patients with concomitant liver injuries and rib fractures who were registered in a national trauma registry. RESULTS: Of 57,130 patients with blunt torso injuries, 14,651 patients sustained rib fractures, and 2,899 patients suffered liver injuries...
July 2015: Surgery Today
E Gonzalez, E E Moore, H B Moore, M P Chapman, C C Silliman, A Banerjee
INTRODUCTION: Injury is the second leading cause of death worldwide, and as much as 40% of injury-related mortality is attributed to uncontrollable hemorrhage. This persists despite establishment of regionalized trauma systems and advances in the management of severely injured patients. Trauma-induced coagulopathy has been identified as the most common preventable cause of postinjury mortality. METHODS: A review of the current literature was performed by collecting PUBMED references related to trauma-induced coagulopathy...
April 30, 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
David A Hampton, Tim H Lee, Brian S Diggs, Sean P McCully, Martin A Schreiber
BACKGROUND: Rapid thrombelastography (rTEG) is a real-time whole-blood viscoelastic coagulation assay. We hypothesized that admission rTEG and clinical data are independent predictors of trauma-related mortality. METHODS: Prospective observational data (patient demographics, admission vital signs, laboratory studies, and injury characteristics) from trauma patients enrolled within 6 hours of injury were collected. Mann-Whitney U test and analysis of variance test assessed significance (P ≤ ...
May 2014: American Journal of Surgery
Zachary Osborne, Blair Rowitz, Henry Moore, Uretz Oliphant, JoAnn Butler, Michelle Olson, John Aucar
BACKGROUND: Obesity's effect on the outcomes of trauma patients remains inconclusive. METHODS: A retrospective review of all falls, motor vehicle collisions (MVCs), and penetrating trauma patients admitted from January 2008 to December 2012 was performed. The outcomes evaluated included mortality, length of stay at hospital, and discharge disposition. Patients were grouped according to the body mass index (BMI) and stratified by injury severity scores. RESULTS: Two thousand one hundred ninety six patients were analyzed; 132 penetrating, 913 falls, and 1,151 MVCs...
March 2014: American Journal of Surgery
Yaroslav Gritsiouk, Damian A Hegsted, Piroska Schlesinger, Stuart K Gardiner, Kelly D Gubler
BACKGROUND: In trauma patients, Enoxaparin (a low molecular weight heparin, LMWH) prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk reduction is unproven. METHODS: Cohort analysis conducted consisting of all trauma patients age >13 admitted to Level-I trauma center and hospitalized >48 hours. VTE risk determined by the Risk Assessment Profile. High risk patients received LMWH unless contraindicated, while low and moderate risk patients received LMWH at attending surgeon's discretion...
May 2014: American Journal of Surgery
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