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Maternal/Fetal infections

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8 papers 500 to 1000 followers
By Chad Klauser Maternal Fetal Medicine physician in NYC
Deborah Money, Isabelle Boucoiran, Emily Wagner, Simon Dobson, Aaron Kennedy, Zoe Lohn, Mel Krajden, Eric M Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe obstetrical and neonatal outcomes among a cohort of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected women, comparing HCV RNA positive to HCV RNA negative women; (2) to characterize virologic and hepatic parameters associated with HCV infection during pregnancy; and (3) to describe the rate of HCV vertical transmission. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 145 HCV-positive pregnant women across British Columbia between 2000 and 2003. Participating women were monitored during pregnancy and their infants were followed to assess them for HCV infection...
September 2014: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Lina R Tomasoni, Valeria Meroni, Carlo Bonfanti, Lina Bollani, Paolo Lanzarini, Tiziana Frusca, Francesco Castelli
Italy provides a free voluntary serological screening for toxoplasmosis in pregnancy supported by public health system, as there is an estimated congenital toxoplasmosis rate of 1-2/10,000. The aim of this study was to make an inventory of diagnostic and therapeutic protocols in use in Italy in the absence of a national guideline. A semistructured questionnaire was distributed to AMCLI (Italian Association of Clinical Microbiologists) members who were asked to involve other specialists to fill in the form. Data from 26 centers show: a) a general use of the IgG avidity test to solve diagnosis in IgG/IgM positive, pregnant women; b) a widespread attitude to spyramicin antenatal treatment in suspected, unconfirmed maternal infection; c) avoidance of invasive antenatal diagnosis only in suspected early or late (>24 weeks), even confirmed, maternal infection d) fetal diagnosis performed by PCR assays on amniotic fluid; e) variability of both indications and dosage of pyrimethamine-sulfadiazine (P-S) as fetal treatment; f) use of comparative mother and newborn IgG/IgM Immuneblot in most centers; g) no diagnostic tests performed on placenta and cord blood; h) spyramicin is no longer used in congenital infections; i) no P-S-based treatment for children at high risk of congenital infection (late maternal infection) in the absence of diagnosis...
July 2014: New Microbiologica
Kimberly M Thompson, Emily A Simons, Kamran Badizadegan, Susan E Reef, Louis Z Cooper
Although most infections with the rubella virus result in relatively minor sequelae, rubella infection in early pregnancy may lead to severe adverse outcomes for the fetus. First recognized in 1941, congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) can manifest with a diverse range of symptoms, including congenital cataracts, glaucoma, and cardiac defects, as well as hearing and intellectual disability. The gestational age of the fetus at the time of the maternal rubella infection impacts the probability and severity of outcomes, with infection in early pregnancy increasing the risks of spontaneous termination (miscarriage), fetal death (stillbirth), birth defects, and reduced survival for live-born infants...
July 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
(no author information available yet)
: Listeriosis is predominantly a foodborne illness, with sporadic and outbreak-related cases tied to consumption of food contaminated with listeria (Listeria monocytogenes). The incidence of listeriosis associated with pregnancy is approximately 13 times higher than in the general population. Maternal infection may present as a nonspecific, flu-like illness with fever, myalgia, backache, and headache, often preceded by diarrhea or other gastrointestinal symptoms. However, fetal and neonatal infections can be severe, leading to fetal loss, preterm labor, neonatal sepsis, meningitis, and death...
August 5, 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mark Turrentine
Despite progress in preventing infant group B streptococcal disease, group B streptococcus remains the leading cause of early-onset neonatal sepsis in the United States. Fortunately, most women who are colonized with group B streptococcus receive therapy and antibiotic prophylaxis is effective. However, the only factor associated with missed chemoprophylaxis is the short duration of time between hospital admission and delivery. Although antibiotic prophylaxis given for at least 2 hours shows some pharmacological benefit, the most effective method of preventing early-onset group B streptococcus disease is 4 hours of therapy...
July 2014: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Athena P Kourtis, Jennifer S Read, Denise J Jamieson
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 370, Issue 23, Page 2211-2218, June 2014.
June 5, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
Mark Sklansky, Nikhil Nadkarni, Lynn Ramirez-Avila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Maria Grazia Revello, Tiziana Lazzarotto, Brunella Guerra, Arsenio Spinillo, Enrico Ferrazzi, Alessandra Kustermann, Secondo Guaschino, Patrizia Vergani, Tullia Todros, Tiziana Frusca, Alessia Arossa, Milena Furione, Vanina Rognoni, Nicola Rizzo, Liliana Gabrielli, Catherine Klersy, Giuseppe Gerna
BACKGROUND: Congenital infection with human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In an uncontrolled study published in 2005, administration of CMV-specific hyperimmune globulin to pregnant women with primary CMV infection significantly reduced the rate of intrauterine transmission, from 40% to 16%. METHODS: We evaluated the efficacy of hyperimmune globulin in a phase 2, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. A total of 124 pregnant women with primary CMV infection at 5 to 26 weeks of gestation were randomly assigned within 6 weeks after the presumed onset of infection to receive hyperimmune globulin or placebo every 4 weeks until 36 weeks of gestation or until detection of CMV in amniotic fluid...
April 3, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
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