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By David Bennett Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon in the United States
Martin J Herman, Peter D Pizzutillo
Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis commonly are diagnosed in children and adolescents. The diagnostic workup and treatment plan vary widely among physicians. Although the orthopaedic literature is extensive on the topic, it is our opinion that a lack of clarity exists with regards to etiology, terminology, subtypes of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis, and treatment. Important basic principles regarding spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis, with emphasis on clinical evaluation and nonsurgical treatment, serve as the basis for a new classification...
May 2005: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Daniel J Westacott, Stephen J Cooke
A systematic review of the literature was performed to establish whether direct repair of the pars defect or intervertebral fusion achieves better Oswestry Disability Index scores in adolescent spondylolysis or low-grade spondylolisthesis. Nine studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria, reporting a minimum total of 80 direct repairs and 108 fusions because of presumed replication of data between studies. Little statistically or clinically significant difference could be established between the two interventions...
November 2012: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
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