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Clubfoot anatomy

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By David Bennett Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon in the United States
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12587918/congenital-talipes-equinovarus-clubfoot-a-disorder-of-the-foot-but-not-the-hand
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Zosia Miedzybrodzka
Idiopathic (non-syndromic) congenital talipes equinovarus, or clubfoot, is a poorly understood but common developmental disorder of the lower limb, which affects at least 2 per 1000 Scottish births (ISD data). It is defined as a fixation of the foot in a hand-like orientation--in adduction, supination and varus--with concomitant soft tissue abnormalities. Despite advances in treatment, disability often persists. The aetiology of the condition has been little studied and is poorly understood. Neurological, muscular, bony, connective tissue and vascular mechanisms have been proposed, but the only firm evidence is that the mildest cases appear to be associated with intra-uterine posture...
January 2003: Journal of Anatomy
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