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Renal Anemia

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49 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Isabel Acosta-Ochoa Nephrology senior staff. Valladolid. Spain
Wieneke M Michels, Bernard G Jaar, Patti L Ephraim, Yang Liu, Dana C Miskulin, Navdeep Tangri, Deidra C Crews, Julia J Scialla, Tariq Shafi, Stephen M Sozio, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Courtney J Cook, Klemens B Meyer, L Ebony Boulware
BACKGROUND: The effect of maintenance intravenous (IV) iron administration on subsequent achievement of anemia management goals and mortality among patients recently initiating hemodialysis is unclear. METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study, in adult incident dialysis patients starting on hemodialysis. We defined IV administration strategies over a 12-week period following a patient's initiation of hemodialysis; all those receiving IV iron at regular intervals were considered maintenance, and all others were considered non-maintenance...
September 6, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Oluwatoyin F Bamgbola
The prevalence of anemia in the first month after transplant is 70%-80%. The rate declines to 30%-40% at 3 months and 20% by 12 months. Its occurrence is influenced by the quality of the transplanted organ, bone marrow regenerative capacity, amount of surgical blood loss, and increased iron recycling. There is also a blunted response by oxidative inflammation to the effectiveness of supranormal levels of erythropoietin (EPO) release during ischemic-reperfusion allograft injury. The prevalence rate of late-onset post-transplant anemia (PTA) is 30%-50%...
July 18, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
Tatsuo Fukushima
Renal anemia is one of the most important complication as a cause of cardiovascular event in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The status of renal anemia has been ameliorated by using recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO), however, the EPO resistant anemia is sometimes seen in high stage CKD patients. Heavy metal deficiency including zinc deficiency is one of the cause of EPO resistant anemia. Recently, it is reported that zinc deficiency is seen in patients with CKD. In this article, we describe zinc deficiency in patients with CKD...
July 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Yalcin Solak, Mustafa Cetiner, Dimitrie Siriopol, Kayhan Tarim, Baris Afsar, Adrian Covic, Mehmet Kanbay
Anemia seen in patients with chronic kidney disease is a particular form of 'anemia of chronic disease'. Although multifactorial in origin, erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and adjuvant iron therapy represent the primary treatment for anemia in chronic kidney disease. Subsequent clinical observations revealed that these ESA hyporesponsive patients often had increased systemic inflammation as a consequence of their comorbidities. Use of high ESA doses to overcome this ESA hyporesponsiveness posed some concerns regarding associated adverse events of therapy and increased mortality in this special patient population...
2016: Blood Purification
Francesco Locatelli, Sandro Mazzaferro, Jerry Yee
The clinical consequences of untreated, severe anemia in patients with nondialysis CKD can be significant, but disparities exist in the anemia treatment guidelines and position papers issued from working groups and associations across the world. These differ in hemoglobin target and iron levels and their emphasis on various iron markers and other clinical outcomes. Not surprisingly, disparities are observed in anemia treatment strategies among patients with nondialysis CKD across different areas of the world...
July 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Natalia Borges Bonan, Thiago M Steiner, Viktoriya Kuntsevich, Grazia Maria Virzì, Marina Azevedo, Lia Sumie Nakao, Fellype Carvalho Barreto, Claudio Ronco, Stephan Thijssen, Peter Kotanko, Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Andréa N Moreno-Amaral
BACKGROUND: We tested the effect of uremia on red blood cell (RBC) eryptosis, CD14++/CD16+ monocytes and erythrophagocytosis. DESIGN: RBC and monocytes from chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3/4 (P-CKD3/4) or hemodialysis (HD) patients and healthy controls (HCs) cells incubated with sera pools from patients with CKD stages 2/3 (S-CKD2/3) or 4/5 (S-CKD4/5) were evaluated to assess eryptosis, monocyte phenotypes and reactive oxygen species (ROS) by cytometer. Erythrophagocytosis was evaluated by subsequent co-incubation of preincubated HC-monocytes and autologous-RBC...
2016: Blood Purification
Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Nicolas Williet, Patrice Cacoub
BACKGROUND: Guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency (ID) vary widely across indications. OBJECTIVE: We reviewed all available guidelines on the management of ID worldwide. DESIGN: A literature search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane, and EMBASE and in main professional association websites, limited to documents published between 1 January 2004 and 30 June 2014. RESULTS: Of 127 guidelines identified, 29 were selected, involving 29 professional associations and issued from the United States (n = 8), Europe (n = 6), Britain (n = 4), Canada (n = 3), international organizations (n = 2), France (n = 2), Poland (n = 1), Australia (n = 1), Mexico (n = 1), and Japan (n = 1)...
December 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Shinji Tanaka, Tetsuhiro Tanaka
Iron deficiency is a major cause of hyporesponsiveness to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and is often observed in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with anemia. With iron supplementation, ESA doses can be decreased, resulting in lower treatment costs and possibly lower cardiovascular risks that are associated with high-dose ESA therapy. The 2012 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes Guideline specified ferritin ≤ 500 ng/ml and transferrin saturation (TSAT) ≤ 30% as thresholds of iron parameters for CKD patients...
2015: Nephron
Imari Mimura, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Masaomi Nangaku
Renal anemia is caused by the deficiency of endogenous erythropoietin (Epo) due to renal dysfunction. We think that it is possible to slow the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in case we initiate Epo early in pre-dialysis patients, especially in the non-diabetic population. Erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA) treatments targeting mild anemia (10-12 g/dl) can decrease the risk of occurrence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and congestive heart failure...
2015: Nephron
Yoram Yagil, Stephen Z Fadem, Kotagal S Kant, Udayan Bhatt, Mohammed Sika, Julia B Lewis, Dana Negoi
Ferric citrate is a novel phosphate binder that allows the simultaneous treatment of hyperphosphatemia and iron deficiency in patients being treated for end-stage renal disease with hemodialysis (HD). Multiple clinical trials in HD patients have uniformly and consistently demonstrated the efficacy of the drug in controlling hyperphosphatemia with a good safety profile, leading the US Food and Drug Administration in 2014 to approve its use for that indication. A concurrent beneficial effect, while using ferric citrate as a phosphate binder, is its salutary effect in HD patients with iron deficiency being treated with an erythropoietin-stimulating agent (ESA) in restoring iron that becomes available for reversing chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related anemia...
September 2015: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
Cem Arıtürk, Zehra Serpil Ozgen, Meltem Kilercik, Halim Ulugöl, Eyup Murat Ökten, Uğur Aksu, Hasan Karabulut, Fevzi Toraman
AIM: Acute kidney injury after cardiopulmonary bypass has been associated with dilutional anemia during surgery. We aimed both to explore if this relation is modulated by blood transfusion and to understand the postoperative contribution of protein oxidation. METHODS: In this randomized prospective study, after ethics committee approval and informed consent, 30 patients undergoing first-time elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with hematocrit between 21% and 25% at any time during extracorporeal circulation (ECC) were randomly and equally allocated into two groups...
2015: Heart Surgery Forum
Lac Tran, Michael Batech, Connie M Rhee, Elani Streja, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Steven J Jacobsen, John J Sim
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that phosphorus has an effect on anemia in both normal kidney function and early chronic kidney disease (CKD). We sought to determine whether higher phosphorus levels are associated with anemia in a large diverse population without CKD and early CKD. METHODS: This study is a historical population-based study within the Kaiser Permanente Southern California health system (1 January 1998 to 31 December 2013) among individuals aged 18 years and older with estimated glomerular filtration rate >30 mL/min/1...
April 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Roger A Rodby, Kausik Umanath, Robert Niecestro, T Christopher Bond, Mohammed Sika, Julia Lewis, Jamie P Dwyer
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) require phosphate binders for hyperphosphatemia and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and intravenous (i.v.) iron for anemia. Ferric citrate (FC) is a novel, iron-based phosphate binder that increases iron stores and decreases i.v. iron and ESA usage while maintaining hemoglobin levels, and may decrease the cost of ESRD care. The study objectives were to (1) quantify differences in ESA and i.v. iron usage among ESRD patients receiving FC compared with active control (AC) (sevelamer carbonate and/or calcium acetate) on the basis of data from a 52-week phase III clinical trial and (2) standardize trial data to the general United States (US) ESRD population and calculate the potential impact of FC on ESRD cost/patient/year in the USA...
September 2015: Drugs in R&D
M A Cikrikcioglu, A A Ozdemir, Y Sekin, B Yalcin, M Altay, A Gundogdu, S N Erkal, R Kazancioglu, R Erkoc
AIM: Objective of the present study was to investigate whether calcium antagonist use is associated with lower hemoglobin levels and/or higher erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA) requirement in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A total of 130 adult hemodialysis patients were classified into two groups based on calcium antagonist usage for a period of at least 3 months as calcium antagonist users and calcium antagonist non-users. The two groups were compared cross-sectionally in a retrospective manner in terms of demographics, chronic kidney disease aetiologies, Charlson's Comorbidty Index, blood pressure, type of dialysis access, interdialytic body weight gain, cardiothoracic index, complete blood count, biochemistry, regular medication use and consumption of ESA...
September 2015: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Steven N Fishbane, Ajay K Singh, Serge H Cournoyer, Kailash K Jindal, Paolo Fanti, Carrie D Guss, Vivian H Lin, Raymond D Pratt, Ajay Gupta
BACKGROUND: Administration of ferric pyrophosphate citrate (FPC, Triferic™) via hemodialysate may allow replacement of ongoing uremic and hemodialysis-related iron losses. FPC donates iron directly to transferrin, bypassing the reticuloendothelial system and avoiding iron sequestration. METHODS: Two identical Phase 3, randomized, placebo-controlled trials (CRUISE 1 and 2) were conducted in 599 iron-replete chronic hemodialysis patients. Patients were dialyzed with dialysate containing 2 µM FPC-iron or standard dialysate (placebo) for up to 48 weeks...
December 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Ewelina Łukaszyk, Mateusz Łukaszyk, Ewa Koc-Żórawska, Jolanta Tobolczyk, Anna Bodzenta-Łukaszyk, Jolanta Małyszko
BACKGROUND/AIMS: One of the most common causes of anemia of chronic disease (ACD) is chronic kidney disease. The main pathomechanism responsible for ACD is subclinical inflammation. The key element involved in iron metabolism is hepcidin, however, studies on new indices of iron status are in progress.The aim of the study was to assess the iron status in patients in early stages of chronic kidney disease, iron correlation with inflammation parameters and novel biomarkers of iron metabolism...
2015: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Ajay Gupta, Vivian Lin, Carrie Guss, Raymond Pratt, T Alp Ikizler, Anatole Besarab
Ferric pyrophosphate citrate (FPC) is a water-soluble iron salt administered via dialysate to supply iron directly to transferrin. The PRIME study tested whether treatment with FPC could reduce prescribed erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) use and maintain hemoglobin in hemodialysis patients. This 9-month, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter clinical study included 103 patients undergoing hemodialysis 3-4 times weekly. The FPC group received dialysate containing 2 μmol/l of iron...
November 2015: Kidney International
Takeshi Nakanishi, Yukiko Hasuike, Masayoshi Nanami, Mana Yahiro, Takahiro Kuragano
Recent reports have shown that novel phosphate binders containing iron are not only efficacious for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia but also may reduce the need for erythropoiesis-stimulating agents and intravenous (IV) iron for anemia management in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Possible healthcare cost savings, which have not been demonstrated in a long-term study, may be an additional advantage of using such multi-pronged treatment strategies for the control of both hyperphosphatemia and iron needs...
October 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
M Pappa, E Dounousi, A Duni, K Katopodis
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is currently considered a modern global epidemic, and diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Anemia is one of the most significant complications of CKD, and it is mainly attributed to insufficient erythropoietin (EPO) production. However, anemia develops earlier in the course of CKD among patients with DM, and the severity of anemia tends to be more marked in these patients compared to nondiabetic subjects, regardless of the stage of CKD. In this review, we focus on the "less known" complex interacting mechanisms which are involved in the pathophysiology of anemia associated with DN...
August 2015: International Urology and Nephrology
Jorge Eduardo Toblli, Federico Di Gennaro
BACKGROUND: Patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD) often receive an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) and oral iron treatment. This study evaluated whether a switch from oral iron to intravenous ferric carboxymaltose can reduce ESA requirements and improve iron status and hemoglobin in patients with ND-CKD. METHODS: This prospective, single arm and single-center study included adult patients with ND-CKD (creatinine clearance ≤40 mL/min), hemoglobin 11-12 g/dL and iron deficiency (ferritin <100 μg/L or transferrin saturation <20%), who were regularly treated with oral iron and ESA during 6 months prior to inclusion...
2015: PloS One
2015-05-03 18:24:32
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