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Reverse shoulder arthroplasty

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24 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Rajesh Purushothaman Additional Professor of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
Howard D Routman
BACKGROUND: Controversy surrounds the role of the sub- scapularis (SSC) in reverse shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) and the need for repair, if possible, at the conclusion of the procedure. QUESTIONS AND PURPOSE: Some investigators have concluded that an intact SSC is critical for stability; others have found no such correlation. What factors should be part of the decision-making matrix on SSC management for surgeons considering rTSA? FINDINGS: The data on management of the SSC in rTSA support a design-based approach...
2013: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Aatif Mahmood, Joby Jacob George Malal, Mohammed Waseem
Professor Grammont revolutionised shoulder surgery with his reverse shoulder arthroplasty design. Patients who had poor results from a conventional shoulder replacement because of cuff deficiency can now be treated effectively. Although designed for cuff tear arthropathy, indications continue to evolve and broaden. The initial results look very promising and the implant has gained much popularity over the years. The article provides an extensive literature review of the indications, results and complications for reverse shoulder arthroplasty...
2013: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Birgit S Werner, Dorota Boehm, Frank Gohlke
BACKGROUND: Revision in failed shoulder arthroplasty often requires removal of the humeral component with a significant risk of fracture and bone loss. Newer modular systems allow conversion from anatomic to reverse shoulder arthroplasty with retention of a well-fixed humeral stem. We report on a prospectively evaluated series of conversions from hemiarthroplasty to reverse shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: In 14 cases of failed hemiarthroplasty due to rotator cuff deficiency and painful pseudoparalysis (in 13 women), revision to reverse shoulder arthroplasty was performed between October 2006 and 2010, with retention of the humeral component using modular systems...
October 2013: Acta Orthopaedica
L Favard, D Katz, M Colmar, T Benkalfate, H Thomazeau, S Emily
INTRODUCTION: Arthroplasty for glenohumeral arthropathies have specific complications and the final results are sometimes more dependent upon the type of shoulder arthroplasty than the initial etiology. The aim of our study was to evaluate the rate of complications and the functional improvement with different types of shoulder arthroplasties after a minimum follow-up of 8 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective study of 198 shoulders including 85 primary osteoarthritis of the shoulder, 76 cuff tear arthropathies, 19 avascular necrosis and 18 rheumatoid arthritis...
June 2012: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
J-F Cazeneuve, D-J Cristofari
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to analyze the long-term results and possible complications of the Grammont reverse shoulder prosthesis in the management of recent trauma in the elderly patient. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two male and 33 female patients of mean age 75 years (range, 58 to 92), operated on for 24 fractures and eleven facture-dislocations, involving the right side in 11 cases and the left side in 24 cases, were included in a retrospective study and were clinically and radiographically evaluated at a mean follow-up ranging from 1 to 17 years...
October 2011: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Christopher Lenarz, Yousef Shishani, Christopher McCrum, Robert J Nowinski, T Bradley Edwards, Reuben Gobezie
BACKGROUND: The treatment of comminuted proximal humerus fractures in older patients is challenging. Variable values of functional outcomes scores, ROMs, patient satisfaction, and bony healing have been reported with conventional techniques, including open reduction and internal fixation, percutaneous pinning, and hemiarthroplasty. Another alternative is reverse total shoulder arthroplasty, although it is unclear whether this provides better ROM or function. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We (1) evaluated ROM, pain level, and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores of patients who had a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty for displaced three- and four-part proximal humerus fracture and (2) identified clinical and radiographic complications from the procedure...
December 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Matthew Walker, Jordan Brooks, Matthew Willis, Mark Frankle
BACKGROUND: The reverse total shoulder arthroplasty was introduced to treat the rotator cuff-deficient shoulder. Since its introduction, an improved understanding of the biomechanics of rotator cuff deficiency and reverse shoulder arthroplasty has facilitated the development of modern reverse arthroplasty designs. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We review (1) the basic biomechanical challenges associated with the rotator cuff-deficient shoulder; (2) the biomechanical rationale for newer reverse shoulder arthroplasty designs; (3) the current scientific evidence related to the function and performance of reverse shoulder arthroplasty; and (4) specific technical aspects of reverse shoulder arthroplasty...
September 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Daniel Molé, Frank Wein, Charles Dézaly, Philippe Valenti, François Sirveaux
BACKGROUND: The anterosuperior approach used for reverse shoulder arthroplasty is an intermediate between the transacromial approach originally proposed by Paul Grammont and the anterosuperior approach described by D. B. Mackenzie for shoulder arthroplasty. As an alternative to the deltopectoral approach, the anterosuperior approach has the advantages of simplicity and postoperative stability. DESCRIPTION OF TECHNIQUE: The anterior deltoid is divided from the anterior edge of the acromioclavicular arch, allowing exposure to the glenoid for glenosphere implantation...
September 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Philippe Valenti, Philippe Sauzières, Denis Katz, Ibrahim Kalouche, Alexandre Sahin Kilinc
BACKGROUND: Cuff tear arthropathy is the primary indication for total reverse shoulder arthroplasty. In patients with pseudoparalytic shoulders secondary to irreparable rotator cuff tear, reverse shoulder arthroplasty allows restoration of active anterior elevation and painless shoulder. High rates of glenoid notching have also been reported. We designed a new reverse shoulder arthroplasty with a center of rotation more lateral than the Delta prosthesis to address this problem. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Does reduced medialization of reverse shoulder arthroplasty improve shoulder motion, decrease glenoid notching, or increase the risk of glenoid loosening? PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 76 patients with 76 less medialized reverse shoulder prostheses implanted for pseudoparalytic shoulder with rotator cuff deficiency between October 2003 and May 2006...
September 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Laurence B Kempton, Elizabeth Ankerson, J Michael Wiater
BACKGROUND: Reported early complication rates in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty have widely varied from 0% to 75% in part due to a lack of standard inclusion criteria. In addition, it is unclear whether revision arthroplasty is associated with a higher rate of complications than primary arthroplasty. QUESTIONS/PURPOSE: We therefore (1) determined the types and rates of early complications in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty using defined criteria, (2) characterized an early complication-based learning curve for reverse total shoulder arthroplasty, and (3) determined whether revision arthroplasties result in a higher incidence of complications...
September 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Pascal Boileau, Grégory Moineau, Yannick Roussanne, Kieran O'Shea
BACKGROUND: Scapular notching, prosthetic instability, limited shoulder rotation and loss of shoulder contour are associated with conventional medialized design reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Prosthetic (ie, metallic) lateralization increases torque at the baseplate-glenoid interface potentially leading to failure. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked whether bony lateralization of reverse shoulder arthroplasty would avoid the problems caused by humeral medialization without increasing torque or shear force applied to the glenoid component...
September 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Evan L Flatow, Alicia K Harrison
BACKGROUND: Management of the cuff-deficient arthritic shoulder has long been challenging. Early unconstrained shoulder arthroplasty systems were associated with high complication and implant failure rates. The evolution toward the modern reverse shoulder arthroplasty includes many variables of constrained shoulder arthroplasty designs. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: This review explores the development of reverse shoulder arthroplasty, specifically describing (1) the evolution of reverse shoulder arthroplasty designs, (2) the biomechanical variations in the evolution of this arthroplasty, and (3) the current issues relevant to reverse shoulder arthroplasty today...
September 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Lieven De Wilde, Pascal Boileau, Hans Van der Bracht
BACKGROUND: Normal function of the upper limb is seldom restored after limb-sparing surgery for tumors of the proximal humerus. The literature suggests superior shoulder function is achieved in the short term with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty compared to other techniques when performed for conditions with rotator cuff deficiency. It is unclear whether this superiority is maintained when reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is performed for tumors. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: When performed for tumors, we determined whether reverse total shoulder arthroplasty restores function and improves motion, the complications associated with the surgery, and whether reverse total shoulder arthroplasty with autologous grafting is associated with bone resorption...
September 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Luke Austin, Benjamin Zmistowski, Edward S Chang, Gerald R Williams
BACKGROUND: Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) improves function in selected patients with complex shoulder problems. However, we presume patient function would vary if performed primarily or for revision and would vary with other patient-specific factors. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We compared (1) the shoulder scores and (2) complications in patients with RSA for revision arthroplasty with patients who had RSA as a primary procedure; and (3) identified patient-specific factors that affect (1) and (2)...
September 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Christophe Lévigne, Jérome Garret, Pascal Boileau, Ghassan Alami, Luc Favard, Gilles Walch
BACKGROUND: Scapular notching, erosion of the scapular neck related to impingement by the medial rim of the humeral cup during adduction, is a radiographic sign specific to reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). Its clinical and radiological consequences remain unclear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Therefore, we: (1) determined the incidence of notching in a large series, (2) described the natural history of notching, (3) determined whether notching is related to functional scores or (4) radiographic signs of failure, and (5) identified factors related to notch development...
September 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
George J Trappey, Daniel P O'Connor, T Bradley Edwards
BACKGROUND: A concern regarding reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is the possibly higher complication rate compared with conventional unconstrained shoulder arthroplasty. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We determined (1) the rate of instability and infection; (2) whether diagnosis influenced instability and infection rates; and (3) whether these complications affect ASES, Constant, and WOOS scores after RSA. METHODS: A prospective database, clinical charts, and radiographs of 284 patients who had undergone primary (n = 212 patients) or revision (n = 72 patients) RSA were reviewed to identify patients whose postoperative course was complicated by instability or infection...
September 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Mazda Farshad, Christian Gerber
Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) has been reported to be associated with a complication rate that is four times that of conventional total shoulder arthroplasty. It is the purpose of this article to identify and understand the most common and most serious complications of RTSA and to review current methods of prevention and treatment. The current literature was reviewed to identify type and prevalence of reported complications and to identify risk factors, preventive measures as well as technical details for management strategies for complications of RTSA...
December 2010: International Orthopaedics
Nicolas J Dedy, Martin Stangenberg, Dennis Liem, Christof Hurschler, Beat Simmen, Marc Riner, Bjoern Marquardt, Joern Steinbeck
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of eccentric humeral components with different degrees of posterior offset on range of glenohumeral motion in reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Uncemented PROMOS® reverse shoulder prostheses were implanted in eight human cadaveric shoulder specimens. Passive range of motion was evaluated with a robot-assisted shoulder simulator. Three movements were tested: abduction, anterior elevation and external rotation. Each specimen was tested with a customary reverse humeral component and two eccentric components with 3 and 6 mm of posterior offset respectively...
April 2011: International Orthopaedics
Annika Stechel, Uwe Fuhrmann, Lars Irlenbusch, Olaf Rott, Ulrich Irlenbusch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reversed shoulder arthroplasty may be used for severe arthropathy where conventional prostheses cannot restore the function sufficiently. We analyzed the medium-term results and potential complications of the reversed prostheses, and also the influence of etiology on the result. METHODS; 52 women and 7 men, average age 70 (60-82) years, were followed for mean 4 (2-7) years. The indications were cuff tear arthropathy (CTA) (23), fracture sequelae (20), and revision of a failed conventional arthroplasty (16)...
June 2010: Acta Orthopaedica
Matthias P Flury, Philipp Frey, Joerg Goldhahn, Hans-Kaspar Schwyzer, Beat R Simmen
Our goal was to evaluate the objective and subjective midterm outcome after revision of a failed shoulder arthroplasty with a reverse design prosthesis. Twenty consecutive patients with 21 revisions of a primary shoulder arthroplasty using reverse shoulder prosthesis Delta III(®) were followed up postoperatively for a mean of 46 months including clinical and radiological examination. Complications were recorded and Constant score, DASH and SF36 were assessed. With the numbers given a significant reduction of pain was achieved from 8...
January 2011: International Orthopaedics
2014-05-04 15:32:24
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