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GMG/CARDIAC

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1254 papers 500 to 1000 followers CAD and Interventions
By Gregory Gustafson Interventional Cardiologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881565/low-dose-aspirin-for-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-10-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Yoshihiko Saito, Sadanori Okada, Hisao Ogawa, Hirofumi Soejima, Mio Sakuma, Masafumi Nakayama, Naofumi Doi, Hideaki Jinnouchi, Masako Waki, Izuru Masuda, Takeshi Morimoto
BACKGROUND: -The long-term efficacy and safety of low-dose aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes are still inconclusive. METHODS: -The Japanese Primary Prevention of Atherosclerosis with Aspirin for Diabetes (JPAD) trial was a randomized, open-label, standard-care controlled trial examining whether low-dose aspirin affected cardiovascular events in 2539 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes and without pre-existing cardiovascular disease...
November 15, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855810/computed-tomography-and-cardiac%C3%A2-magnetic-resonance-in-ischemic%C3%A2-heart%C3%A2-disease
#2
REVIEW
Marc R Dweck, Michelle C Williams, Alastair J Moss, David E Newby, Zahi A Fayad
Ischemic heart disease is a complex disease process caused by the development of coronary atherosclerosis, with downstream effects on the left ventricular myocardium. It is characterized by a long preclinical phase, abrupt development of myocardial infarction, and more chronic disease states such as stable angina and ischemic cardiomyopathy. Recent advances in computed tomography (CT) and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) now allow detailed imaging of each of these different phases of the disease, potentially allowing ischemic heart disease to be tracked during a patient's lifetime...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788233/the-predictive-role-of-serum-triglyceride-to-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-ratio-according-to-renal-function-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#3
Jin Sug Kim, Weon Kim, Jong Shin Woo, Tae Won Lee, Chun Gyoo Ihm, Yang Gyoon Kim, Joo Young Moon, Sang Ho Lee, Myung Ho Jeong, Kyung Hwan Jeong
OBJECTIVE: A high serum triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio has been reported as an independent predictor for cardiovascular events in the general population. However, the prognostic value of this ratio in patients with renal dysfunction is unclear. We examined the association of the TG/HDL-C ratio with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) according to renal function in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHOD: This study was based on the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry database...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660381/repetitive-vasospasm-as-a-cause-of-plaque-rupture-and-myocardial-infarction
#4
Nicola Ryan, Nieves Gonzalo, Afonso Freitas-Ferraz, Pedro Martinez, Javier Escaned
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570160/optimal-timing-from-myocardial-infarction-to-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-on-hospital-mortality
#5
Elizabeth L Nichols, Jock N McCullough, Cathy S Ross, Robert S Kramer, Benjamin M Westbrook, John D Klemperer, Bruce J Leavitt, Jeremiah R Brown, Elaine Olmstead, Felix Hernandez, Gerald L Sardella, Carmine Frumiento, David Malenka, Anthony DiScipio
BACKGROUND: Whether delaying coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) after myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with better outcomes or is an unnecessary use of health care resources is unclear. This study investigated the relationship between MI-to-CABG timing on in-hospital death. METHODS: From the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group (NNE) Cardiac Surgery Registry we identified 3,060 isolated CABG patients with prior MI from 2008 to 2014...
August 25, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629776/antiplatelet-versus-anticoagulation-treatment-for-patients-with-heart-failure-in-sinus-rhythm
#6
Eduard Shantsila, Gregory Yh Lip
BACKGROUND: Morbidity in patients with chronic heart failure is high, and this predisposes them to thrombotic complications, including stroke and thromboembolism, which in turn contribute to high mortality. Oral anticoagulants (e.g. warfarin) and antiplatelet agents (e.g. aspirin) are the principle oral antithrombotic agents. Many heart failure patients with sinus rhythm take aspirin because coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart failure. Oral anticoagulants have become a standard in the management of heart failure with atrial fibrillation...
September 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619924/should-patients-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-receive-intensive-treatment-of-hypertension-to-120-80-mm%C3%A2-hg-target-an-antagonist-view-from-the-hope-3-trial-heart-outcomes-evaluation-3
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599384/metabolic-syndrome-and-its-individual-components-with-mortality-among-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#8
Qian Chen, Yuan Zhang, Ding Ding, Dan Li, Min Xia, Xinrui Li, Yunou Yang, Qing Li, Gang Hu, Wenhua Ling
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its metabolic risk factors appear to promote the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to examine the association of MetS and its individual components with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: We performed a prospective, hospital-based cohort among 3599 CHD patients in China. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the association of MetS and its components at baseline with risk of mortality...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617629/lifelong-gender-gap-in-risk-of-incident-myocardial-infarction-the-troms%C3%A3-study
#9
Grethe Albrektsen, Ivar Heuch, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Dag Steinar Thelle, Tom Wilsgaard, Inger Njølstad, Kaare Harald Bønaa
Importance: It is not clear to what extent the higher incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in men vs women is explained by differences in risk factor levels because few studies have presented adjusted risk estimates for sex. Moreover, the increase in risk of CHD in postmenopausal women, possibly hormone related, may eventually eliminate the sex contrast in risk, but age-specific risk estimates are scarce. Objective: To quantify the difference in risk of incident myocardial infarction (MI) between men and women...
September 12, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634829/transfemoral-tavi-is-superior-to-savr-in-elderly-high-risk-patients-with-symptomatic-severe-aortic-stenosis
#10
Neil Moat, Stephen Brecker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566810/new-antiplatelet-drugs-and-new-oral-anticoagulants
#11
V Koenig-Oberhuber, M Filipovic
In our daily anaesthetic practice, we are confronted with an increasing number of patients treated with either antiplatelet or anticoagulant agents. During the last decade, changes have occurred that make the handling of antithrombotic medication a challenging part of anaesthetic perioperative management. In this review, the authors discuss the most important antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs, the perioperative management, the handling of bleeding complications, and the interpretation of some laboratory analyses related to these agents...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616593/interpretation-of-the-evidence-for-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-statin-therapy
#12
Rory Collins, Christina Reith, Jonathan Emberson, Jane Armitage, Colin Baigent, Lisa Blackwell, Roger Blumenthal, John Danesh, George Davey Smith, David DeMets, Stephen Evans, Malcolm Law, Stephen MacMahon, Seth Martin, Bruce Neal, Neil Poulter, David Preiss, Paul Ridker, Ian Roberts, Anthony Rodgers, Peter Sandercock, Kenneth Schulz, Peter Sever, John Simes, Liam Smeeth, Nicholas Wald, Salim Yusuf, Richard Peto
This Review is intended to help clinicians, patients, and the public make informed decisions about statin therapy for the prevention of heart attacks and strokes. It explains how the evidence that is available from randomised controlled trials yields reliable information about both the efficacy and safety of statin therapy. In addition, it discusses how claims that statins commonly cause adverse effects reflect a failure to recognise the limitations of other sources of evidence about the effects of treatment...
September 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576777/prasugrel-versus-ticagrelor-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-multicenter-randomized-prague-18-study
#13
Zuzana Motovska, Ota Hlinomaz, Roman Miklik, Milan Hromadka, Ivo Varvarovsky, Jaroslav Dusek, Jiri Knot, Jiri Jarkovsky, Petr Kala, Richard Rokyta, Frantisek Tousek, Petra Kramarikova, Bohumil Majtan, Stanislav Simek, Marian Branny, Jan Mrozek, Pavel Cervinka, Jiri Ostransky, Petr Widimsky
BACKGROUND: No randomized "head-to-head" comparison of the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor vs. prasugrel has been published in the seven years since the higher efficacy of these newer P2Y12 inhibitors were first demonstrated relative to clopidogrel. METHODS: This academic study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of prasugrel and ticagrelor in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with primary or immediate percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
August 30, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567408/2016-esc-guidelines-for-the-management-of-atrial-fibrillation-developed-in-collaboration-with-eacts-the-task-force-for-the-management-of-atrial-fibrillation-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-developed-with-the-special-contribution-of-the-european-heart
#14
Paulus Kirchhof, Stefano Benussi, Dipak Kotecha, Anders Ahlsson, Dan Atar, Barbara Casadei, Manuel Castella, Hans-Christoph Diener, Hein Heidbuchel, Jeroen Hendriks, Gerhard Hindricks, Antonis S Manolis, Jonas Oldgren, Bogdan Alexandru Popescu, Ulrich Schotten, Bart Van Putte, Panagiotis Vardas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 27, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567407/2016-esc-eas-guidelines-for-the-management-of-dyslipidaemias-the-task-force-for-the-management-of-dyslipidaemias-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-and-european-atherosclerosis-society-eas-developed-with-the-special-contribution-of-the-european-assocciation
#15
Alberico L Catapano, Ian Graham, Guy De Backer, Olov Wiklund, M John Chapman, Heinz Drexel, Arno W Hoes, Catriona S Jennings, Ulf Landmesser, Terje R Pedersen, Željko Reiner, Gabriele Riccardi, Marja-Riita Taskinen, Lale Tokgozoglu, W M Monique Verschuren, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, David A Wood, Jose Luis Zamorano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 27, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516946/characteristics-of-coronary-arterial-lesions-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-and-hypertension
#16
Jing-Xia Zhang, Hong-Zhi Dong, Bing-Wei Chen, Hong-Liang Cong, Jing Xu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations between risk factors such as hypertension and the complex degrees of coronary arterial lesions (CAL). METHODS: We selected 462 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) with confirmed the stenosis (≥50 %) in at least one major coronary artery on coronary angiography and divided them into the "CHD with hypertension" group (CHD-HT, n = 306) and the CHD group (n = 156). The characteristics of CAL and the occurrence of 2-year postoperative major adverse cardiac cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in the two groups were observed...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504330/a-therapeutic-effects-of-atorvastatin-on-genetic-damage-in-coronary-artery-disease
#17
Kishore Kumar Gundapaneni, Nivas Shyamala, Rajesh Kumar Galimudi, Sanjib Kumar Sahu, Surekha Rani Hanumanth
INTRODUCTION: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) a multifactorial chronic heart disease and the most frequent cause of death and disabling symptoms worldwide, occurs due to the formation of atheromatous lipid rich plaques in the arteries. Statins, which inhibit cholesterol biosynthesis, have both pleiotropic and Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL)-lowering properties. Atorvastatin is one of the choices for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease and management of hypercholesterolaemia...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358682/coronary-artery-anomalies-overview-the-normal-and-the-abnormal
#18
REVIEW
Adriana Dm Villa, Eva Sammut, Arjun Nair, Ronak Rajani, Rodolfo Bonamini, Amedeo Chiribiri
The aim of this review is to give a comprehensive and concise overview of coronary embryology and normal coronary anatomy, describe common variants of normal and summarize typical patterns of anomalous coronary artery anatomy. Extensive iconography supports the text, with particular attention to images obtained in vivo using non-invasive imaging. We have divided this article into three groups, according to their frequency in the general population: Normal, normal variant and anomaly. Although congenital coronary artery anomalies are relatively uncommon, they are the second most common cause of sudden cardiac death among young athletes and therefore warrant detailed review...
June 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471056/low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-non-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-triglycerides-and-apolipoprotein-b-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-manifest-arterial-disease
#19
M Johanneke van den Berg, Yolanda van der Graaf, Gert Jan de Borst, L Jaap Kappelle, Hendrik M Nathoe, Frank L J Visseren
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) only partly represents the atherogenic lipid burden, and a growing body of evidence suggests that non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), triglycerides, and apolipoprotein B (apoB) are more accurate in estimating lipid-related cardiovascular disease risk. Our objective was to compare the relation among LDL-C, non-HDL-C, triglycerides, and apoB and the occurrence of future vascular events and mortality in patients with manifest arterial disease. This is a prospective cohort study of 7,216 patients with clinically manifest arterial disease in the Secondary Manifestations of Arterial Disease Study...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040723/coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-patients-with-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eric J Velazquez, Kerry L Lee, Robert H Jones, Hussein R Al-Khalidi, James A Hill, Julio A Panza, Robert E Michler, Robert O Bonow, Torsten Doenst, Mark C Petrie, Jae K Oh, Lilin She, Vanessa L Moore, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, George Sopko, Jean L Rouleau
BACKGROUND: The survival benefit of a strategy of coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) added to guideline-directed medical therapy, as compared with medical therapy alone, in patients with coronary artery disease, heart failure, and severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction remains unclear. METHODS: From July 2002 to May 2007, a total of 1212 patients with an ejection fraction of 35% or less and coronary artery disease amenable to CABG were randomly assigned to undergo CABG plus medical therapy (CABG group, 610 patients) or medical therapy alone (medical-therapy group, 602 patients)...
April 21, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
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