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Lung cancer

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49 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Robert Zielinski Medical oncologist in orange NSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26527789/phase-iii-study-of-surgery-versus-definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-boost-in-patients-with-resectable-stage-iiia-n2-and-selected-iiib-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-after-induction-chemotherapy-and-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-espatue
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Wilfried Ernst Erich Eberhardt, Christoph Pöttgen, Thomas Christoph Gauler, Godehard Friedel, Stefanie Veit, Vanessa Heinrich, Stefan Welter, Wilfried Budach, Werner Spengler, Martin Kimmich, Berthold Fischer, Heinz Schmidberger, Dirk De Ruysscher, Claus Belka, Sebastian Cordes, Rodrigo Hepp, Diana Lütke-Brintrup, Nils Lehmann, Martin Schuler, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Georgios Stamatis, Martin Stuschke
PURPOSE: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with or without surgery are options for stage IIIA(N2) non-small-cell lung cancer. Our previous phase II study had shown the efficacy of induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy and surgery in patients with IIIA(N2) disease and with selected IIIB disease. Here, we compared surgery with definitive chemoradiotherapy in resectable stage III disease after induction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with pathologically proven IIIA(N2) and selected patients with IIIB disease that had medical/functional operability received induction chemotherapy, which consisted of three cycles of cisplatin 50 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 and paclitaxel 175 mg/m(2) on day 1 every 21 days, as well as concurrent chemoradiotherapy to 45 Gy given as 1...
December 10, 2015: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190637/standard-dose-osimertinib-for-refractory-leptomeningeal-metastases-in-t790m-positive-egfr-mutant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Shigeki Nanjo, Akito Hata, Chiyuki Okuda, Reiko Kaji, Hideaki Okada, Daisuke Tamura, Kei Irie, Hiroshi Okada, Shoji Fukushima, Nobuyuki Katakami
BACKGROUND: Osimertinib demonstrated promising efficacy for refractory leptomeningeal metastases (LM) in preclinical data and a clinical study at 160 mg, but there is limited data for the standard 80 mg dose. METHODS: T790M-positive patients with suspected LM after classical epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) failure were enroled. RESULTS: We investigated 13 patients (5 definitive and 8 possible LM cases)...
January 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164255/effect-of-an-indwelling-pleural-catheter-vs-talc-pleurodesis-on-hospitalization-days-in-patients-with-malignant-pleural-effusion-the-ample-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rajesh Thomas, Edward T H Fysh, Nicola A Smith, Pyng Lee, Benjamin C H Kwan, Elaine Yap, Fiona C Horwood, Francesco Piccolo, David C L Lam, Luke A Garske, Ranjan Shrestha, Christopher Kosky, Catherine A Read, Kevin Murray, Y C Gary Lee
Importance: Indwelling pleural catheter and talc pleurodesis are established treatments for malignant pleural effusions among patients with poor prognosis. Objective: To determine whether indwelling pleural catheters are more effective than talc pleurodesis in reducing total hospitalization days in the remaining lifespan of patients with malignant pleural effusion. Design, Setting, and Participants: This open-label, randomized clinical trial included participants recruited from 9 centers in Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, and Hong Kong between July 2012 and October 2014; they were followed up for 12 months (study end date: October 16, 2015)...
November 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122866/targeting-alk-precision-medicine-takes-on-drug-resistance
#4
REVIEW
Jessica J Lin, Gregory J Riely, Alice T Shaw
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a validated molecular target in several ALK-rearranged malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer. However, the clinical benefit of targeting ALK using tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) is almost universally limited by the emergence of drug resistance. Diverse mechanisms of resistance to ALK TKIs have now been discovered, and these basic mechanisms are informing the development of novel therapeutic strategies to overcome resistance in the clinic. In this review, we summarize the current successes and challenges of targeting ALK...
February 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885881/durvalumab-after-chemoradiotherapy-in-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Scott J Antonia, Augusto Villegas, Davey Daniel, David Vicente, Shuji Murakami, Rina Hui, Takashi Yokoi, Alberto Chiappori, Ki H Lee, Maike de Wit, Byoung C Cho, Maryam Bourhaba, Xavier Quantin, Takaaki Tokito, Tarek Mekhail, David Planchard, Young-Chul Kim, Christos S Karapetis, Sandrine Hiret, Gyula Ostoros, Kaoru Kubota, Jhanelle E Gray, Luis Paz-Ares, Javier de Castro Carpeño, Catherine Wadsworth, Giovanni Melillo, Haiyi Jiang, Yifan Huang, Phillip A Dennis, Mustafa Özgüroğlu
BACKGROUND: Most patients with locally advanced, unresectable, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have disease progression despite definitive chemoradiotherapy (chemotherapy plus concurrent radiation therapy). This phase 3 study compared the anti-programmed death ligand 1 antibody durvalumab as consolidation therapy with placebo in patients with stage III NSCLC who did not have disease progression after two or more cycles of platinum-based chemoradiotherapy. METHODS: We randomly assigned patients, in a 2:1 ratio, to receive durvalumab (at a dose of 10 mg per kilogram of body weight intravenously) or placebo every 2 weeks for up to 12 months...
November 16, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892978/estimating-survival-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-and-brain-metastases-an-update-of-the-graded-prognostic-assessment-for-lung-cancer-using-molecular-markers-lung-molgpa
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Paul W Sperduto, T Jonathan Yang, Kathryn Beal, Hubert Pan, Paul D Brown, Ananta Bangdiwala, Ryan Shanley, Norman Yeh, Laurie E Gaspar, Steve Braunstein, Penny Sneed, John Boyle, John P Kirkpatrick, Kimberley S Mak, Helen A Shih, Alex Engelman, David Roberge, Nils D Arvold, Brian Alexander, Mark M Awad, Joseph Contessa, Veronica Chiang, John Hardie, Daniel Ma, Emil Lou, William Sperduto, Minesh P Mehta
Importance: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States and worldwide. As systemic therapies improve, patients with lung cancer live longer and thus are at increased risk for brain metastases. Understanding how prognosis varies across this heterogeneous patient population is essential to individualize care and design future clinical trials. Objective: To update the current Diagnosis-Specific Graded Prognostic Assessment (DS-GPA) for patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and brain metastases...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684386/postoperative-radiotherapy-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Sarah Burdett, Larysa Rydzewska, Jayne Tierney, David Fisher, Mahesh Kb Parmar, Rodrigo Arriagada, Jean Pierre Pignon, Cecile Le Pechoux
BACKGROUND: The role of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in the treatment of patients with completely resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was not clear. A systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis was undertaken to evaluate available evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs). These results were first published in Lung Cancer in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of PORT on survival and recurrence in patients with completely resected NSCLC...
September 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295308/comparison-of-gefitinib-erlotinib-and-afatinib-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Zuyao Yang, Allan Hackshaw, Qi Feng, Xiaohong Fu, Yuelun Zhang, Chen Mao, Jinling Tang
Gefitinib, erlotinib and afatinib are three widely used epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs) for treating advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with proven efficacy. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesize existing studies with direct comparisons of EGFR TKIs in NSCLC in terms of both efficacy and safety. Eight randomized trials and 82 cohort studies with a total of 17,621 patients were included for analysis. Gefitinib and erlotinib demonstrated comparable effects on progression-free survival (hazard ratio [HR], 1...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432227/molecular-mechanisms-of-resistance-to-first-and-second-generation-alk-inhibitors-in-alk-rearranged-lung-cancer
#9
Justin F Gainor, Leila Dardaei, Satoshi Yoda, Luc Friboulet, Ignaty Leshchiner, Ryohei Katayama, Ibiayi Dagogo-Jack, Shirish Gadgeel, Katherine Schultz, Manrose Singh, Emily Chin, Melissa Parks, Dana Lee, Richard H DiCecca, Elizabeth Lockerman, Tiffany Huynh, Jennifer Logan, Lauren L Ritterhouse, Long P Le, Ashok Muniappan, Subba Digumarthy, Colleen Channick, Colleen Keyes, Gad Getz, Dora Dias-Santagata, Rebecca S Heist, Jochen Lennerz, Lecia V Sequist, Cyril H Benes, A John Iafrate, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Jeffrey A Engelman, Alice T Shaw
Advanced, anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive lung cancer is currently treated with the first-generation ALK inhibitor crizotinib followed by more potent, second-generation ALK inhibitors (e.g., ceritinib and alectinib) upon progression. Second-generation inhibitors are generally effective even in the absence of crizotinib-resistant ALK mutations, likely reflecting incomplete inhibition of ALK by crizotinib in many cases. Herein, we analyzed 103 repeat biopsies from ALK-positive patients progressing on various ALK inhibitors...
October 2016: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959700/osimertinib-or-platinum-pemetrexed-in-egfr-t790m-positive-lung-cancer
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tony S Mok, Yi-Long Wu, Myung-Ju Ahn, Marina C Garassino, Hye R Kim, Suresh S Ramalingam, Frances A Shepherd, Yong He, Hiroaki Akamatsu, Willemijn S M E Theelen, Chee K Lee, Martin Sebastian, Alison Templeton, Helen Mann, Marcelo Marotti, Serban Ghiorghiu, Vassiliki A Papadimitrakopoulou
BACKGROUND: Osimertinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) that is selective for both EGFR-TKI sensitizing and T790M resistance mutations in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. The efficacy of osimertinib as compared with platinum-based therapy plus pemetrexed in such patients is unknown. METHODS: In this randomized, international, open-label, phase 3 trial, we assigned 419 patients with T790M-positive advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, who had disease progression after first-line EGFR-TKI therapy, in a 2:1 ratio to receive either oral osimertinib (at a dose of 80 mg once daily) or intravenous pemetrexed (500 mg per square meter of body-surface area) plus either carboplatin (target area under the curve, 5 [AUC5]) or cisplatin (75 mg per square meter) every 3 weeks for up to six cycles; maintenance pemetrexed was allowed...
February 16, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343976/prophylactic-cranial-irradiation-versus-observation-in-patients-with-extensive-disease-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-multicentre-randomised-open-label-phase-3-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Toshiaki Takahashi, Takeharu Yamanaka, Takashi Seto, Hideyuki Harada, Hiroshi Nokihara, Hideo Saka, Makoto Nishio, Hiroyasu Kaneda, Koichi Takayama, Osamu Ishimoto, Koji Takeda, Hiroshige Yoshioka, Motoko Tachihara, Hiroshi Sakai, Koichi Goto, Nobuyuki Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Results from a previous phase 3 study suggested that prophylactic cranial irradiation reduces the incidence of symptomatic brain metastases and prolongs overall survival compared with no prophylactic cranial irradiation in patients with extensive-disease small-cell lung cancer. However, because of the absence of brain imaging before enrolment and variations in chemotherapeutic regimens and irradiation doses, concerns have been raised about these findings. We did a phase 3 trial to reassess the efficacy of prophylactic cranial irradiation in the treatment of extensive-disease small-cell lung cancer...
May 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26943800/treatment-of-lung-large-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma
#12
REVIEW
Giuseppe Lo Russo, Sara Pusceddu, Claudia Proto, Marianna Macerelli, Diego Signorelli, Milena Vitali, Monica Ganzinelli, Rosaria Gallucci, Nicoletta Zilembo, Marco Platania, Roberto Buzzoni, Filippo de Braud, Marina Chiara Garassino
Lung large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (L-LCNEC) is a rare, aggressive, and difficult-to-treat tumor. It is classified as a neuroendocrine subtype of large cell lung carcinoma (LCLC) belonging to the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) group, but it is also included in the neuroendocrine tumor (NET) group. Most of the available data related to its treatment derive from retrospective analyses or small case series. For patients with L-LCNEC, prognosis is generally very poor. In early stages (I-II-III), surgery is recommended but does not seem to be sufficient...
June 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21135270/phase-iii-comparison-of-prophylactic-cranial-irradiation-versus-observation-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-primary-analysis-of-radiation-therapy-oncology-group-study-rtog-0214
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Elizabeth M Gore, Kyounghwa Bae, Stuart J Wong, Alexander Sun, James A Bonner, Steven E Schild, Laurie E Gaspar, Jeffery A Bogart, Maria Werner-Wasik, Hak Choy
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine if prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) improves survival in locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with stage III NSCLC without disease progression after treatment with surgery and/or radiation therapy (RT) with or without chemotherapy were eligible. Participants were stratified by stage (IIIA v IIIB), histology (nonsquamous v squamous), and therapy (surgery v none) and were randomly assigned to PCI or observation...
January 20, 2011: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18042932/18fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-and-staging-of-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Yee C Ung, Donna E Maziak, Jessica A Vanderveen, Christopher A Smith, Karen Gulenchyn, Christina Lacchetti, William K Evans
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in industrialized countries. The overall mortality rate for lung cancer is high, and early diagnosis provides the best chance for survival. Diagnostic tests guide lung cancer management decisions, and clinicians increasingly use diagnostic imaging in an effort to improve the management of patients with lung cancer. This systematic review, an expansion of a health technology assessment conducted in 2001 by the Institute for Clinical and Evaluative Sciences, evaluates the accuracy and utility of 18fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) in the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer...
December 5, 2007: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286243/use-of-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-sabr-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-measuring-more-than-5-cm
#15
Hilâl Tekatli, Saar van 't Hof, Esther J Nossent, Max Dahele, Wilko F A R Verbakel, Ben J Slotman, Suresh Senan
INTRODUCTION: Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) is currently not the guideline-recommended treatment for lung tumors measuring more than 5 cm. However, improvements in radiotherapy techniques have led to increasing use of SABR for larger tumors. METHODS: We analyzed the clinical outcomes in patients with a primary or recurrent NSCLC measuring more than 5 cm and treated with five or eight fractions of SABR at our center. Patients who had prior thoracic radiotherapy were excluded...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221867/osimertinib-in-pretreated-t790m-positive-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-aura-study-phase-ii-extension-component
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
James Chih-Hsin Yang, Myung-Ju Ahn, Dong-Wan Kim, Suresh S Ramalingam, Lecia V Sequist, Wu-Chou Su, Sang-We Kim, Joo-Hang Kim, David Planchard, Enriqueta Felip, Fiona Blackhall, Daniel Haggstrom, Kiyotaka Yoh, Silvia Novello, Kathryn Gold, Tomonori Hirashima, Chia-Chi Lin, Helen Mann, Mireille Cantarini, Serban Ghiorghiu, Pasi A Jänne
Purpose Osimertinib is an irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) selective for both EGFR-TKI sensitizing ( EGFRm) and T790M resistance mutations. AURA (NCT01802632) is a phase I/II clinical trial to determine the dose, safety, and efficacy of osimertinib. This article reports the results from the phase II extension component. Patients and Methods Patients with EGFR-TKI-pretreated EGFRm- and T790M-positive advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) received once-daily osimertinib 80 mg...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969530/ps01-63-clinical-characteristics-of-acquired-resistance-with-anti-pd-1-pd-l1-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-topic-medical-oncology
#17
Shalin Shah, Kevin Wood, Ryan Brisson, Theodore Karrison, Thomas Hensing, Jason J Luke, Jyoti D Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23883782/is-consolidation-chemotherapy-after-concurrent-chemo-radiotherapy-beneficial-for-patients-with-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-pooled-analysis-of-the-literature
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kazuyuki Tsujino, Takayasu Kurata, Satomi Yamamoto, Tomoya Kawaguchi, Akihito Kubo, Shunichi Isa, Yoshikazu Hasegawa, Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, Minoru Takada, Masahiko Ando
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether consolidation chemotherapy (CCT) after concurrent chemo-radiotherapy is beneficial for patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC). METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed for phase II/III trials published before December 31, 2011, examining survival of LA-NSCLC treated with concurrent chemo-radiotherapy. Median overall survival and other study characteristics were collected from each study and pooled...
September 2013: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751847/osimertinib-for-pretreated-egfr-thr790met-positive-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-aura2-a-multicentre-open-label-single-arm-phase-2-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Glenwood Goss, Chun-Ming Tsai, Frances A Shepherd, Lyudmila Bazhenova, Jong Seok Lee, Gee-Chen Chang, Lucio Crino, Miyako Satouchi, Quincy Chu, Toyoaki Hida, Ji-Youn Han, Oscar Juan, Frank Dunphy, Makoto Nishio, Jin-Hyoung Kang, Margarita Majem, Helen Mann, Mireille Cantarini, Serban Ghiorghiu, Tetsuya Mitsudomi
BACKGROUND: Osimertinib (AZD9291) is an oral, potent, irreversible EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor selective for EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor sensitising mutations, and the EGFR Thr790Met resistance mutation. We assessed the efficacy and safety of osimertinib in patients with EGFR Thr790Met-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), who had progressed after previous therapy with an approved EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor. METHODS: In this phase 2, open-label, single-arm study (AURA2), patients aged at least 18 years with centrally confirmed EGFR Thr790Met-positive mutations, locally advanced or metastatic (stage IIIB/IV) NSCLC who progressed on previous EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor therapy received osimertinib 80 mg orally once daily; treatment could continue beyond progression if the investigator observed a clinical benefit...
December 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022112/randomized-phase-iii-study-comparing-gefitinib-with-erlotinib-in-patients-with-previously-treated-advanced-lung-adenocarcinoma-wjog-5108l
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yoshiko Urata, Nobuyuki Katakami, Satoshi Morita, Reiko Kaji, Hiroshige Yoshioka, Takashi Seto, Miyako Satouchi, Yasuo Iwamoto, Masashi Kanehara, Daichi Fujimoto, Norihiko Ikeda, Haruyasu Murakami, Haruko Daga, Tetsuya Oguri, Isao Goto, Fumio Imamura, Shunichi Sugawara, Hideo Saka, Naoyuki Nogami, Shunichi Negoro, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Yoichi Nakanishi
PURPOSE: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase has been an important target for non-small-cell lung cancer. Several EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are currently approved, and both gefitinib and erlotinib are the most well-known first-generation EGFR-TKIs. This randomized phase III study was conducted to investigate the difference between these two EGFR-TKIs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Previously treated patients with lung adenocarcinoma were randomly assigned to receive gefitinib or erlotinib...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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