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Hemodialysis

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190 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Isabel Acosta-Ochoa Nephrology senior staff. Valladolid. Spain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792174/perspectives-on-clinical-use-of-bioimpedance-in-hemodialysis-focus-group-interviews-with-renal-care-professionals
#1
Jenny Stenberg, Catrin Henriksson, Magnus Lindberg, Hans Furuland
BACKGROUND: Inadequate volume control may be a main contributor to poor survival and high mortality in hemodialysis patients. Bioimpedance measurement has the potential to improve fluid management, but several dialysis centers lack an agreed fluid management policy, and the method has not yet been implemented. Our aim was to identify renal care professionals' perceived barriers and facilitators for use of bioimpedance in clinical practice. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected through four focus group interviews with 24 renal care professionals: dieticians, nephrologists and nurses, recruited voluntarily from a nation-wide selection of hemodialysis centers, having access to a bioimpedance-device...
May 23, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789430/dialysis-versus-medical-management-at-different-ages-and-levels-of-kidney-function-in-veterans-with-advanced-ckd
#2
Manjula Kurella Tamura, Manisha Desai, Kristopher I Kapphahn, I-Chun Thomas, Steven M Asch, Glenn M Chertow
Background Appropriate patient selection and optimal timing of dialysis initiation among older adults with advanced CKD are uncertain. We determined the association between dialysis versus medical management and survival at different ages and levels of kidney function. Methods We assembled a nationally representative 20% sample of United States veterans with eGFR<30 ml/min per 1.73 m2 between 2005 and 2010 ( n =73,349), with follow-up through 2012. We used an extended Cox model to determine associations among the time-varying exposures, age (<65, 65-74, 75-84, and ≥85 years), eGFR (<6, 6-<9, 9-<12, 12-<15, and 15-<29 ml/min per 1...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766695/analysis-of-nutrition-and-nutritional-status-of-haemodialysis-patients
#3
Anna Bogacka, Anna Sobczak-Czynsz, Elżbieta Kucharska, Małgorzata Madaj, Katarzyna Stucka
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disease of civilization where nutrition is part of the treatment. Diet therapy is difficult as it is necessary to control the intake of: energy, protein and minerals – Na, K, Ca and P in the daily food rations (DFR). Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status and diets of haemodialysis (HD) patients. Material and method: The study involved 141 haemodialysis patients, at the average age of 65...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756982/clinical-nutritional-inflammatory-and-oxidative-stress-predictors-in-hemodialysis-mortality-a-review
#4
Andreza De Paula Santos Epifânio, Karla Pereira Balbino, Sonia Machado Rocha Ribeiro, Sylvia C C Franceschini, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff
The evaluation of clinical-nutrition status is essential to increase life quality and improve clinical outcomes of patients in hemodialysis (HD). In the absence of a gold standard, the goal of this integrative review was to present and discuss the latest scientific literature on the ability of clinical-nutritional indicators and inflammatory and oxidative stress markers to predict morbidity and mortality in HD. In this context, the lean and fat mass indexes have become good predictors of mortality in HD individuals, regardless of BMI...
January 18, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742283/vaccination-practices-in-dialysis-patients-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Georges Kosmadakis, Julie Albaret, Enrique Da Costa Correia, Frederic Somda, Didier Aguilera
In a period of turmoil concerning vaccination practices, there is a serious conflict between scientifically reasonable, evidence-based guidelines and the far-fetched rumors or misconceptions concerning the vaccination practices in the general population. When a significant portion of the medical and paramedical personnel may be deliberately unvaccinated against common biological agents, achieving effective vaccination rates in the dialysis population may be complicated. Vaccination rates are unacceptably low in dialysis patients and seroconversion rates are even lower; further, serological follow-up is generally poor...
May 9, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732225/cortical-blindness-and-altered-mental-status-following-routine-hemodialysis-a-case-of-iatrogenic-cerebral-air-embolism
#6
Lawrence Lau, Kory London
Cerebral air embolism is a known complication from a myriad of iatrogenic causes. This case describes a 60-year-old female presenting from hemodialysis with altered mental status, bilateral homonymous hemianopia, and repetitive speech. A noncontrast head CT revealed air in the vein of Galen and the deep cerebral veins of the left thalamus and occipital sulcus, a complication from air being introduced into the patient via improper flushing of dialysis tubing. The retrograde flow of air bubbles in the upright patient during dialysis was likely responsible for the air embolus lodging in the cerebral vasculature...
2018: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730670/haemodialysis-membranes
#7
REVIEW
Claudio Ronco, William R Clark
Haemodialysis is an extracorporeal process in which the blood is cleansed via removal of uraemic retention products by a semipermeable membrane. Traditionally, dialysis membranes have been broadly classified on the basis of their composition (cellulosic or noncellulosic) and water permeability (low flux or high flux). However, advances in materials technology and polymer chemistry have led to the development of membranes with specific characteristics and refined properties that mandate a reconsideration of traditional membrane classification systems...
May 5, 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709531/-impact-of-the-adjunction-of-boiled-egg-during-the-chronic-hemodialysis-session-on-the-nutrition-state
#8
Clotilde Muller, Fabienne Knoerr, Isabelle Kolb, Antoine Garstka, Jean-Valère Fumaroli, Sarah Richter
Denutrition for chronic hemodialysed patients is common and severe, often the first step of many complication and comorbidities. This work was aimed to study the impact of the adjunction of hard-boiled egg during six months, at the time of the hemodialysis session, if the classic nutritional support with oral nutritional supplements and intradialytic parenteral nutrition has failed. Required criteria were: Albuminemia, prealbuminemia and Moreau and Gaudry's score. Thirty-six patients have been included. During the six months, the following nutritional parameters have improved: Moreau and Gaudry's score decreased of 0...
April 27, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717808/how-should-procalcitonin-and-c-reactive-protein-levels-be-interpreted-in-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Nazlim Aktug Demir, Sua Sumer, Gulperi Celik, Rengin Elsurer Afsar, Lutfi Saltuk Demir, Onur Ural
BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are used most widely in the diagnosis/treatment of bacterial infections. These are not infection-specific and may also show increases in other inflammation-causing cases. AIMS: We aimed to establish a new cut off value for PCT and CRP to eliminate confusion in the diagnosis and treatment of bacterial infections in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: A total of 1110 patients, 802 with undocumented infection and 308 with documented infection, were included in the study...
May 2, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707830/esrd-induced-dyslipidemia-should-management-of-lipid-disorders-differ-in-dialysis-patients
#10
Hamid Moradi, Elani Streja, Nosratola D Vaziri
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although numerous modifiable risk factors in the pathogenesis of CVD and its associated mortality have been identified, dyslipidemia remains to be a key focus for therapy. In this regard, significant progress has been made in reducing cardiovascular mortality via the use of lipid-lowering agents such as HMG CoA reductase inhibitors (statins). Yet, despite the disproportionate risk of CVD and mortality in patients with advanced chronic and end stage renal disease (ESRD), treatment of dyslipidemia in this patient population has not been associated with a notable improvement in outcomes...
April 29, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703177/functional-status-pre-dialysis-health-and-clinical-outcomes-among-elderly-dialysis-patients
#11
Silvi Shah, Anthony C Leonard, Charuhas V Thakar
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients comprise the fastest growing population initiating dialysis in United States. The impact of poor functional status and pre-dialysis health status on clinical outcomes in elderly dialysis patients is not well studied. METHODS: We studied a retrospective cohort of 49,645 incident end stage renal disease patients that initiated dialysis between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2008 from the United States Renal Data System with linked Medicare data covering at least 2 years prior to dialysis initiation...
April 27, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699499/factors-influencing-dialysis-withdrawal-a-scoping-review
#12
Hammad Ali Qazi, Helen Chen, Meng Zhu
BACKGROUND: Research on factors associated with dialysis withdrawal is scarce. This study examined the predictors that might influence rate of dialysis withdrawal. Existing literature is summarized, analyzed and synthesized to identify gaps in the literature with regard to the factors associated with dialysis withdrawal. METHODS: This scoping review used a systematic search to synthesize research findings related to dialysis withdrawal and identified gaps in the literature...
April 24, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688546/numbers-or-symptoms-when-to-initiate-dialysis
#13
Rajnish Mehrotra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688552/haemodialysis-or-haemodiafiltration-that-is-the-question
#14
Francesco Locatelli, Fabio Carfagna, Lucia Del Vecchio, Vincenzo La Milia
Despite the technological and pharmacological advancements in the last 30 years, morbidity and mortality of dialysis patients are still astonishingly high. Today, convective treatments, such as high-flux haemodialysis (hf-HD) and haemodiafiltration (HDF), are established techniques; the online production of fresh pure dialysate has provided clinical and economic advantages. Nevertheless, the actual benefits of HDF, even with high-convective-volume treatments, are still debatable. Three recent, randomized controlled trials compared survival outcomes in prevalent patients receiving conventional HD or post-dilution HDF and reported conflicting results...
April 24, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688512/greater-fluid-overload-and-lower-interdialytic-weight-gain-are-independently-associated-with-mortality-in-a-large-international-hemodialysis-population
#15
Manfred Hecking, Ulrich Moissl, Bernd Genser, Hugh Rayner, Indranil Dasgupta, Stefano Stuard, Andrea Stopper, Charles Chazot, Franklin W Maddux, Bernard Canaud, Friedrich K Port, Carmine Zoccali, Peter Wabel
Background: Fluid overload and interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) are discrete components of the dynamic fluid balance in haemodialysis patients. We aimed to disentangle their relationship, and the prognostic importance of two clinically distinct, bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS)-derived measures, pre-dialysis and post-dialysis fluid overload (FOpre and FOpost) versus IDWG. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 38 614 incident patients with one or more BIS measurement within 90 days of haemodialysis initiation (1 October 2010 through 28 February 2015)...
April 20, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691160/the-frustrating-attempt-to-limit-the-interdialytic-weight-gain-in-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis-new-insights-into-an-old-problem
#16
REVIEW
Maurizio Bossola, Gilda Pepe, Carlo Vulpio
A significant percentage of patients on chronic hemodialysis have an interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) above the recommended values. High IDWG has detrimental effects on survival, cardiovascular outcomes, and quality of life. High IDWG is secondary to poor adherence to fluid restriction and to excessive intake of fluids, due to thirst and xerostomia. Various strategies have been proposed to limit IDWG such as the reduction of dietary salt intake, behavioral interventions aimed at improving the adherence to fluid restriction, the improvement of xerostomia, and the use of lower dialysate sodium concentration...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682748/successful-practice-transitioning-between-hemodialysis-and-hemodiafiltration-in-outpatient-units-ten-key-issues-for-physicians-to-remember
#17
Tibor Fülöp, Mihály B Tapolyai, Lajos Zsom, Miklos Z Molnar, Sohail Abdul Salim, László Újhelyi, Gergely Becs, József Balla, Mehrdad Hamrahian
Hemodiafiltration (HDF) during chronic renal replacement therapy (RRT) is a relatively new practice phenomenon, emerging over the last two decades. While the technological platforms utilized during chronic RRT are in many cases similar or effectively identical to conventional hemodialysis (HD), significant differences may emerge in daily practice. Several authors of this review moved practice site between the United States and the European Union and transitioned from an HD-based practice to predominantly HDF-practicing networks...
April 22, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684185/factors-associating-with-differences-in-the-incidence-of-renal-replacement-therapy-among-elderly-data-from-the-era-edta-registry
#18
Jaakko Helve, Anneke Kramer, Jose M Abad-Diez, Cecile Couchoud, Gabriel de Arriba, Johan de Meester, Marie Evans, Florence Glaudet, Carola Grönhagen-Riska, James G Heaf, Visnja Lezaic, Maurizio Nordio, Runolfur Palsson, Ülle Pechter, Halima Resic, Rafael Santamaria, Carmen Santiuste de Pablos, Ziad A Massy, Óscar Zurriaga, Kitty J Jager, Patrik Finne
Background: The incidence of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the general population ≥75 years of age varies considerably between countries and regions in Europe. Our aim was to study characteristics and survival of elderly RRT patients and to find explanations for differences in RRT incidence. Methods: Patients ≥75 years of age at the onset of RRT in 2010-2013 from 29 national or regional registries providing data to the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association Registry were included...
April 18, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680020/uncovering-real-mortality-trends-in-esrd-patients
#19
Bénédicte Stengel
Major temporal changes in the case mix of patients accepted for renal replacement therapy impede analysis of long-term mortality trends in end-stage renal disease patients. A record linkage study of 2 large electronic hospital inpatient data sets with national mortality data used standardization by age, sex, and comorbidity to uncover a 50% decline in 3-year mortality in English patients starting renal replacement therapy between 1970 and 2008, a faster drop than that seen in the general population.
May 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657205/evaluation-and-comparison-of-the-effects-of-xyla-p-cream-and-cold-compress-on-the-pain-caused-by-the-cannulation-of-arteriovenous-fistula-in-hemodialysis-patients
#20
Ziba Ghoreyshi, Monireh Amerian, Farzaneh Amanpour, Hossein Ebrahimi
This study aimed to investigate and compare the effects of Xyla-P cream and cold compress on the pain caused by the insertion of a needle into the arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. This clinical trial was conducted on HD patients who were selected using simple random sampling method. Using a visual analog scale, pain intensity was measured during two HD sessions in three stages including after the application of a placebo, after application of Xyla-P cream, and after the application of cold compress...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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