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By Dustin Leek MS3 applying for PM&R
Jeffrey R Basford, James F Malec
Cognition is one of our most important attributes. Arresting its decline, whether in association with normal aging or a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment, acquired brain injury, or dementia, concerns everyone, regardless of whether their role is that of spouse, child, or clinician. This article provides a brief, and by necessity, somewhat superficial appraisal of the status of our knowledge of the benefits of cognitive rehabilitation in these conditions and the authors' assessment of its strengths and weaknesses...
June 2015: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Punjama Tunwattanapong, Ratcharin Kongkasuwan, Vilai Kuptniratsaikul
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of neck and shoulder stretching exercises for relief neck pain among office workers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: An outpatient setting. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 96 subjects with moderate-to-severe neck pain (visual analogue score ⩾5/10) for ⩾3 months. INTERVENTIONS: All participants received an informative brochure indicating the proper position and ergonomics to be applied during daily work...
January 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Joeri Calsius, Imke Courtois, Peter Feys, Paul Van Asch, Jozef De Bie, Marie D'hooghe
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) frequently complain of chronic or fluctuating fatigue, sometimes accompanied by pain. From a phenomenological point of view, both fatigue and pain are seen as aspects of suffering which adversely affect the physical, psychological, social and even existential dimensions of the individual life. OBJECTIVE: The present study discusses changes in identity and body awareness in people with MS who completed a 5-d trekking to Machu Picchu in Peru in 2012, after having completed a physical training schedule for several months...
July 2, 2015: Disability and Rehabilitation
Jennifer Lloyd, Michael L Wilson, Olli Tenovuo, Simo Saarijärvi
AIM: To systematically review existing empirical evidence concerning neuropsychological, psychosocial and academic outcomes following mild and moderate TBI during childhood and adolescence. METHOD: The studies reviewed include data on 8553 children and adolescents from ages 0-18 that experienced mild and moderate TBIs. A literature search using MeSH terms for 'children' cross-referenced with terms associated with 'head injuries' and 'cognition' was conducted using Pubmed, CINAHL Plus and Scopus databases as well as other data sources to retrieve grey literature results...
2015: Brain Injury: [BI]
Stephen P Messier, Shannon L Mihalko, Claudine Legault, Gary D Miller, Barbara J Nicklas, Paul DeVita, Daniel P Beavers, David J Hunter, Mary F Lyles, Felix Eckstein, Jeff D Williamson, J Jeffery Carr, Ali Guermazi, Richard F Loeser
IMPORTANCE: Knee osteoarthritis (OA), a common cause of chronic pain and disability, has biomechanical and inflammatory origins and is exacerbated by obesity. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a ≥10% reduction in body weight induced by diet, with or without exercise, would improve mechanistic and clinical outcomes more than exercise alone. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Single-blind, 18-month, randomized clinical trial at Wake Forest University between July 2006 and April 2011...
September 25, 2013: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Meng Lee, Jeffrey L Saver, Keun-Sik Hong, Neal M Rao, Yi-Ling Wu, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: Dual-antiplatelet regimens for prevention of recurrent stroke promote antithrombotic effects but may increase the risk for hemorrhage. PURPOSE: To qualitatively and quantitatively examine the risk for recurrent stroke and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) linked to long-term dual- and single-antiplatelet therapy among patients with ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through March 2013 without language restrictions...
October 1, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
Michal Soffer, Fiona Chew
PURPOSE: To explore how young adults frame disability and to compare the meanings of disability between persons with and without disabilities. METHOD: Snow ball sampling was used to recruit the participants. The sample comprised of 14 young adults from Upstate New York area; nine were non-disabled, five had a physical disability. Data were collected by semi-structured interviews. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Five themes emerged from the analysis: disability as a deviation from "the norm", disability as inability, disability as something one needs to overcome, the role of the environment in disability, and disability as a negative phenomenon...
2015: Disability and Rehabilitation
Rutger Dahmen, Saskia Buijsmann, Petra C Siemonsma, Maarten Boers, Gustaaf J Lankhorst, Leo D Roorda
OBJECTIVES: An estimated 55-90% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis have foot problems. Therapeutic footwear is frequently prescribed as part of usual care, but data on its use and effect is incomplete. This study aimed to investigate the use and effects of therapeutic footwear. METHODS: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving custom-made therapeutic footwear for the first time formed an inception cohort. Patients reported their therapeutic footwear use on 3 consecutive days in activity diaries 14 and 20 weeks after delivery of the footwear...
June 2014: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Sanne van der Vossen, Vera P M Schepers, Jan Willem Berkelbach van der Sprenkel, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Marcel W M Post
OBJECTIVES: To determine long-term cognitive complaints and symptoms of depression or anxiety in patients following surgery for a cerebral meningioma, and to examine factors associated with these outcomes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PATIENTS: Patients operated on for a cerebral meningioma in the University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands, between 2007 and 2009. METHODS: Clinical data were retrieved from medical files...
May 2014: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
William A Bauman, Ann M Spungen, Joseph F Collins, Dennis W Raisch, Chester Ho, George A Deitrick, Bernard A Nemchausky, Lance L Goetz, Jai S Park, Michael Schwartz, John L Merritt, Vidya Jayawardena, Paul Sandford, Sunil Sabharwal, Sally A Holmes, Fahima Nasar, Roy Sasaki, Vandana Punj, Karin F Zachow, Walter C Chua, MaryKutty D Thomas, Rose C Trincher
BACKGROUND: Anabolic steroids have been reported to improve wound healing. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether oxandrolone increases the percentage of target pressure ulcers (TPUs) that heal compared with placebo and whether healed ulcers remain closed 8 weeks after treatment. DESIGN: Parallel-group, placebo-controlled, randomized trial conducted from 1 August 2005 to 30 November 2008. Patients, clinical care providers, study personnel, and statisticians were blinded to treatment assignment...
May 21, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
Matthew P Wicklund
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With transition to the genetic era, the number of muscular dystrophies has grown significantly, but so too has our understanding of their pathogenic underpinnings. Clinical features associated with each muscular dystrophy still guide us to the diagnosis. However, improved diagnostic abilities refine and expand phenotypic and genotypic correlates. This article discusses the epidemiology, clinical features, and diagnosis of these disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Some important recent advancements include (1) a much greater understanding of the pathogenetic pathways underlying facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy and myotonic dystrophy type 1; (2) the publication of diagnostic and treatment guidelines for Duchenne muscular dystrophy; and (3) further clarification of the many genetic muscle disorders presenting a limb-girdle pattern of weakness...
December 2013: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Bionka M A Huisstede, J Henk Coert, Jan Fridén, Peter Hoogvliet
BACKGROUND: De Quervain disease is a common pathology resulting in pain caused by resisted gliding of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons in the fibro-osseous canal. In a situation of wavering assumptions and expanding medical knowledge, a treatment guideline is useful because it can aid in implementation of best practices, the education of health care professionals, and the identification of gaps in existing knowledge. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to achieve consensus on a multidisciplinary treatment guideline for de Quervain disease...
August 2014: Physical Therapy
Carl P C Chen, Henry L Lew, Simon F T Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Eric L Altschuler, Eduardo Cruz, Sara Z Salim, Jay B Jani, Todd P Stitik, Patrick M Foye, Joel A DeLisa
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a checklist as part of a physical medicine clerkship to teach medical students physical examination maneuvers. DESIGN: This is a prospective study performed on fourth year medical students enrolled in a 2-wk mandatory clerkship of the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. At the start and end of the rotation, the participating students were tested by performing 20 physical examination maneuvers on an investigator who was both the standardized patient and the evaluator...
January 2014: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Pieter-Henk Boer, Mira Meeus, Elmarie Terblanche, Lies Rombaut, Inge De Wandele, Linda Hermans, Tineke Gysel, Johannes Ruige, Patrick Calders
OBJECTIVE: In this study we evaluated the effect of sprint interval training on metabolic and physical fitness in adolescents and young adults with intellectual disabilities when compared with continuous aerobic training and no training (control). METHODS: Fifty-four persons with intellectual disabilities (age: 17 (3.0), body mass index: 27.7 (3.7), intelligence quotient: 59 (8.6)) were matched based on age, gender and intelligence quotient between sprint interval training (n = 17), continuous aerobic training (n = 15) and control (n = 14)...
March 2014: Clinical Rehabilitation
Chun Shing Kwok, John F Potter, Genevieve Dalton, Abraham George, Anthony K Metcalf, Joseph Ngeh, Anne Nicolson, Peter Owusu-Agyei, Raj Shekhar, Kevin Walsh, Elizabeth A Warburton, Phyo Kyaw Myint
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An accurate prognosis is useful for patients, family, and service providers after acute stroke. METHODS: We validated the Stroke subtype, Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project Classification, Age, and prestroke Rankin stroke score in predicting inpatient and 7-day mortality using data from 8 National Health Service hospital trusts in the Anglia Stroke and Heart Clinical Network between September 2008 and April 2011. RESULTS: A total of 3547 stroke patients (ischemic, 92%) were included...
July 2013: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
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