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Neuro exam in ICU: ICUAW, CIM, CIP

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Mohamed D Hashem, Ann M Parker, Dale M Needham
Neuromuscular disorders are increasingly recognized as a cause of both short- and long-term physical morbidity in survivors of critical illness. This recognition has given rise to research aimed at better understanding the risk factors and mechanisms associated with neuromuscular dysfunction and physical impairment associated with critical illness, as well as possible interventions to prevent or treat these issues. Among potential risk factors, bed rest is anĀ important modifiable risk factor. Early mobilization and rehabilitation of patients who are critically ill may help prevent or mitigate the sequelae of bed rest and improve patient outcomes...
September 2016: Chest
Greet Hermans, Greet Van den Berghe
A substantial number of patients admitted to the ICU because of an acute illness, complicated surgery, severe trauma, or burn injury will develop a de novo form of muscle weakness during the ICU stay that is referred to as "intensive care unit acquired weakness" (ICUAW). This ICUAW evoked by critical illness can be due to axonal neuropathy, primary myopathy, or both. Underlying pathophysiological mechanisms comprise microvascular, electrical, metabolic, and bioenergetic alterations, interacting in a complex way and culminating in loss of muscle strength and/or muscle atrophy...
2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Tarek Sharshar, Giuseppe Citerio, Peter J D Andrews, Arturo Chieregato, Nicola Latronico, David K Menon, Louis Puybasset, Claudio Sandroni, Robert D Stevens
OBJECTIVE: Many patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) have pre-existing or acquired neurological disorders which significantly affect their short-term and long-term outcomes. The ESICM Neuro Intensive Care Section convened an expert panel to establish a pragmatic approach to neurological examination (NE) of the critically ill patient. METHODS: The group conducted a comprehensive review of published studies on the NE of patients with coma, delirium, seizures and neuromuscular weakness in critically ill patients...
April 2014: Intensive Care Medicine
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