Read by QxMD icon Read


shared collection
50 papers 500 to 1000 followers Enhanced recovery after surgery
By Christian Zalai Colorectal surgeon based in Montreal
Julio Flavio Fiore, Tanya Castelino, Nicolò Pecorelli, Petru Niculiseanu, Saba Balvardi, Olivia Hershorn, Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Barry Stein, Franco Carli, Nancy Mayo, Liane S Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent to which the addition of staff-directed facilitation of early mobilization to an Enhanced Recovery Program (ERP) impacts recovery after colorectal surgery, compared with usual care. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Early mobilization is considered an important component of ERPs but, despite guidelines recommendations, adherence remains quite low. The value of dedicating specific resources (eg, staff time) to increase early mobilization is unknown...
December 16, 2016: Annals of Surgery
A C Currie, G Malietzis, J T Jenkins, T Yamada, H Ashrafian, T Athanasiou, K Okabayashi, R H Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic approaches and standardized recovery protocols have reduced morbidity following colorectal cancer surgery. As the optimal regimen remains inconclusive, a network meta-analysis was undertaken of treatments for the development of postoperative complications and mortality. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, trial registries and related reviews were searched for randomized trials comparing laparoscopic and open surgery within protocol-driven or conventional perioperative care for colorectal cancer resection, with complications as a defined endpoint...
December 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Baddr A Shakhsheer, Luke A Versten, James N Luo, Jennifer R Defazio, Robin Klabbers, Scott Christley, Alexander Zaborin, Kristina L Guyton, Monika Krezalek, Daniel P Smith, Nadim J Ajami, Joseph F Petrosino, Irma D Fleming, Natalia Belogortseva, Olga Zaborina, John C Alverdy
BACKGROUND: Despite ever more powerful antibiotics, newer surgical techniques, and enhanced recovery programs, anastomotic leaks remain a clear and present danger to patients. Previous work from our laboratory suggests that anastomotic leakage may be caused by Enterococcus faecalis strains that express a high collagenase phenotype (i.e., collagenolytic). Yet the mechanisms by which the practice of surgery shifts or selects for collagenolytic phenotypes to colonize anastomotic tissues remain unknown...
October 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Michael J Englesbe, Alisha D Lussiez, Jeffrey F Friedman, June A Sullivan, Stewart C Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Annals of Surgery
Zhobin Moghadamyeghaneh, Grace Hwang, Mark H Hanna, Michael J Phelan, Joseph C Carmichael, Steven D Mills, Alessio Pigazzi, Matthew O Dolich, Michael J Stamos
BACKGROUND: A small decrease in the serum albumin from the normal level is a common condition in preoperative laboratory tests of colorectal surgery patients; however, there is limited data examining these patients. We sought to identify outcomes of such patients. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to evaluate all patients who had modest levels of hypoalbuminemia (3 ≤ serum albumin < 3.5 g/dL) before colorectal resection from 2005 to 2012...
August 2015: American Journal of Surgery
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The ERAS (enhanced recovery after surgery) care has been shown in randomized clinical trials to improve outcome after colorectal surgery compared to traditional care. The impact of different levels of compliance and specific elements, particularly out with a trial setting, is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the individual impact of specific patient factors and perioperative enhanced recovery protocol compliance on postoperative outcome after elective primary colorectal cancer resection...
June 2015: Annals of Surgery
S Huddart, C J Peden, M Swart, B McCormick, M Dickinson, M A Mohammed, N Quiney
BACKGROUND: Emergency laparotomies in the U.K., U.S.A. and Denmark are known to have a high risk of death, with accompanying evidence of suboptimal care. The emergency laparotomy pathway quality improvement care (ELPQuiC) bundle is an evidence-based care bundle for patients undergoing emergency laparotomy, consisting of: initial assessment with early warning scores, early antibiotics, interval between decision and operation less than 6 h, goal-directed fluid therapy and postoperative intensive care...
January 2015: British Journal of Surgery
Tung T Tran, Pepa Kaneva, Nancy E Mayo, Gerald M Fried, Liane S Feldman
BACKGROUND: Although duration of hospital stay commonly is used as a surrogate outcome for surgical recovery, it is not applicable in the setting of short-stay surgery (<24 hours). The objective of our study was to describe the trajectory of recovery after short-stay abdominal surgery by using measures of physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQL) and identify predictors of prolonged, postdischarge recovery. METHODS: Patients undergoing short-stay abdominal surgery were evaluated preoperatively and at 3 weeks and 2 months postoperatively...
July 2014: Surgery
Wael Khreiss, Marianne Huebner, Robert R Cima, Eric R Dozois, Heidi K Chua, John H Pemberton, William S Harmsen, David W Larson
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery pathways have been shown to decrease the length of hospital stay in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Few reports have studied patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery for rectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to review our experience in minimally invasive rectal cancer surgery. We report short-term outcomes and evaluate the potential advantages of the enhanced recovery protocol compared with our less intensive conventional pathway...
May 2014: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Brian H Cuthbertson, Marion K Campbell, Stephen A Stott, Andrew Elders, Rodolfo Hernández, Dwayne Boyers, John Norrie, John Kinsella, Julie Brittenden, Jonathan Cook, Daniela Rae, Seonaidh C Cotton, David Alcorn, Jennifer Addison, Adrian Grant
INTRODUCTION: Fluid strategies may impact on patient outcomes in major elective surgery. We aimed to study the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of pre-operative fluid loading in high-risk surgical patients undergoing major elective surgery. METHODS: This was a pragmatic, non-blinded, multi-centre, randomised, controlled trial. We sought to recruit 128 consecutive high-risk surgical patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. The patients underwent pre-operative fluid loading with 25 ml/kg of Ringer's solution in the six hours before surgery...
2011: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Paul F White, Henrik Kehlet, Joseph M Neal, Thomas Schricker, Daniel B Carr, Franco Carli
BACKGROUND: Improving perioperative efficiency and throughput has become increasingly important in the modern practice of anesthesiology. Fast-track surgery represents a multidisciplinary approach to improving perioperative efficiency by facilitating recovery after both minor (i.e., outpatient) and major (inpatient) surgery procedures. In this article we focus on the expanding role of the anesthesiologist in fast-track surgery. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group of clinical investigators met at McGill University in the Fall of 2005 to discuss current anesthetic and surgical practices directed at improving the postoperative recovery process...
June 2007: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Malaika S Vlug, Jan Wind, Markus W Hollmann, Dirk T Ubbink, Huib A Cense, Alexander F Engel, Michael F Gerhards, Bart A van Wagensveld, Edwin S van der Zaag, Anna A W van Geloven, Mirjam A G Sprangers, Miguel A Cuesta, Willem A Bemelman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate which perioperative treatment, ie, laparoscopic or open surgery combined with fast track (FT) or standard care, is the optimal approach for patients undergoing segmental resection for colon cancer. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Important developments in elective colorectal surgery are the introduction of laparoscopy and implementation of FT care, both focusing on faster recovery. METHODS: In a 9-center trial, patients eligible for segmental colectomy were randomized to laparoscopic or open colectomy, and to FT or standard care, resulting in 4 treatment groups...
December 2011: Annals of Surgery
Patrick Lim, Owen James Morris, Gregory Nolan, Sarah Moore, Brian Draganic, Stephen Ridley Smith
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sham feeding with chewing gum improved gastrointestinal recovery after colorectal resection surgery, in the presence of routine postoperative feeding. BACKGROUND: Sham feeding with chewing gum has been shown to accelerate the return of gut function after colorectal surgery. This study sought to determine whether sham feeding with gum, after colorectal resection, accelerates return of gastrointestinal function in patients on a rapid feeding enhanced recovery program...
June 2013: Annals of Surgery
Frederic Bretagnol, Yves Panis, Eric Rullier, Philippe Rouanet, Stephane Berdah, Bertrand Dousset, Guillaume Portier, Stephane Benoist, Jacques Chipponi, Eric Vicaut
OBJECTIVE: To assess with a single-blinded, multicenter, randomized trial, the postoperative results in patients undergoing sphincter-saving rectal resection for cancer without preoperative mechanical bowel preparation (MBP). BACKGROUND: The collective evidence from literature strongly suggests that MBP, before elective colonic surgery, is of no benefit in terms of postoperative morbidity. Very few data and no randomized study are available for rectal surgery and preliminary results conclude toward the safety of rectal resection without MBP...
November 2010: Annals of Surgery
M Pragatheeswarane, R Muthukumarassamy, D Kadambari, Vikram Kate
OBJECTIVE: This prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the safety, tolerability and outcome of early oral feeding vs. traditional feeding in patients undergoing elective open bowel surgery. METHODS: A total of 120 consecutive patients who underwent elective open bowel surgeries were randomized into either early feeding (n = 60) or traditional feeding group (n = 60). Patients in the early feeding group were started on oral fluids on post-operative day 1, while those in the traditional feeding group were started orals after the resolution of ileus...
May 2014: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Daniel M Pöpping, Nadia Elia, Hugo K Van Aken, Emmanuel Marret, Stephan A Schug, Peter Kranke, Manuel Wenk, Martin R Tramèr
OBJECTIVE: To quantify benefit and harm of epidural analgesia, compared with systemic opioid analgesia, in adults having surgery under general anesthesia. BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether adding epidural analgesia to general anesthesia decreases postoperative morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL, and BIOSIS till July 2012. We included randomized controlled trials comparing epidural analgesia (with local anesthetics, lasting for ≥ 24 hours postoperatively) with systemic analgesia in adults having surgery under general anesthesia, and reporting on mortality or any morbidity endpoint...
June 2014: Annals of Surgery
Massimiliano Greco, Giovanni Capretti, Luigi Beretta, Marco Gemma, Nicolò Pecorelli, Marco Braga
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses in the literature show that enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is associated with lower morbidity rate and shorter hospital stay after elective colorectal surgery. However, a recent Cochrane review did not indicate the ERAS pathway as being the new standard of care due to the limited number of published trials, together with their poor quality. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the impact of the ERAS pathway on overall morbidity, single postoperative complications, length of hospital stay, and readmission rate following colorectal surgery...
June 2014: World Journal of Surgery
J Zakhaleva, J Tam, P I Denoya, M Bishawi, R Bergamaschi
AIM: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the hypothesis that there is no difference in complications in patients receiving intravenous (iv) water and electrolyte, based on either stroke volume or clinical indicators at bowel surgery. METHOD: Eligible patients were randomized either to intra-operative iv administration of fluid boluses based on stroke volume measured by oesophageal Doppler (probe arm) or to iv fluid based on clinical indicators (no-probe arm)...
July 2013: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
J C Lane, S Wright, J Burch, R H Kennedy, J T Jenkins
AIM: Early identification of patients experiencing postoperative complications is imperative for successful management. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a nonspecific marker of inflammation used in many specialties to monitor patient condition. The role of CRP measurement early in the elective postoperative colorectal patient is unclear, particularly in the context of enhanced recovery (ERAS). METHODS: Five hundred and thirty-three consecutive patients who underwent elective colorectal surgery between October 2008 and October 2010 within an established ERAS programme were studied...
February 2013: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Olle Ljungqvist
ERAS is the acronym for enhanced recovery after surgery, a term often used to describe perioperative care programs that have been shown to improve outcomes after major surgery. This article gives a brief history of the development from fast-track surgery to ERAS. Today, the full meaning of ERAS goes beyond just a protocol for perioperative care with the initiation of a novel multiprofessional, multidisciplinary medical society: the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society for Perioperative Care (www.erassociety...
July 2014: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
2014-04-15 12:24:57
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"