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By Giovanni Gambino M.D. Ph.D.
Daniel E Levin, Walter Pegoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Advances in Surgery
Mohammad Ezzedien Rabie, Mubarak Al Shraim, Mohammad Saad Al Skaini, Saad Alqahtani, Ismail El Hakeem, Abdulla Saad Al Qahtani, Tarek Malatani, Abduelah Hummadi
BACKGROUND: Mucocele of the appendix is a rare condition, the pathological classification and management strategy of which have not been standardized yet. AIM: To report on our management of appendiceal mucocele, highlighting the pitfalls and possible means for avoiding them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our registries were reviewed to retrieve cases of appendiceal mucocele, encountered in the period from July 2008 to May 2013. RESULTS: We had 9 cases, three males and sex females, with a median age of 62 years...
2015: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
J J Atema, C C van Rossem, M M Leeuwenburgh, J Stoker, M A Boermeester
BACKGROUND: Non-operative management may be an alternative for uncomplicated appendicitis, but preoperative distinction between uncomplicated and complicated disease is challenging. This study aimed to develop a scoring system based on clinical and imaging features to distinguish uncomplicated from complicated appendicitis. METHODS: Patients with suspected acute appendicitis based on clinical evaluation and imaging were selected from two prospective multicentre diagnostic accuracy studies (OPTIMA and OPTIMAP)...
July 2015: British Journal of Surgery
Eva Sandell, Maria Berg, Gabriel Sandblom, Joar Sundman, Ulf Fränneby, Lennart Boström, Åke Andrén-Sandberg
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common acute abdominal conditions. Among other parameters, the decision to perform surgical exploration in suspected appendicitis involves diagnostic accuracy, patient age and co-morbidity, patient's own wishes, the surgeon's core medical values, expected natural course of non-operative treatment and priority considerations regarding the use of limited resources. Do objective clinical findings, such as radiology and laboratory results, have greater impact on decision-making than "soft" clinical variables? In this study we investigate the parameters that surgeons consider significant in decision-making in cases of suspected appendicitis; specifically we describe the process leading to surgical intervention in real settings...
2015: BMC Surgery
Daniel Foell, Ralf Bahde, Norbert Senninger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2015: Annals of Surgery
Maria Michailidou, Seth D Goldstein, Maria G Sacco Casamassima, Jose H Salazar, Robert Elliott, John Hundt, Fizan Abdullah
BACKGROUND: Reducing healthcare costs while maintaining quality of care is one of the challenges of the current healthcare system. The purpose of this study was to compare the hospital charges accrued following laparoscopic (LA) and open (OA) appendectomies in the pediatric population. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all pediatric appendectomies (n = 264) performed from 2007 to 2013 at a single academic center. Subgroup analysis on charges and costs was performed on perforated and nonperforated LA and OA...
August 2015: American Journal of Surgery
Panu Mentula, Henna Sammalkorpi, Ari Leppäniemi
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that immediate laparoscopic surgery for appendiceal abscess would result in faster recovery than conservative treatment. BACKGROUND: On the basis of the retrospective studies, conservative management of appendiceal abscess is recommended as a first line treatment, but some controversy exists. METHODS: Sixty adult patients diagnosed with appendiceal abscess were randomly assigned to either laparoscopic surgery (n = 30) or conservative treatment (n = 30)...
August 2015: Annals of Surgery
R Parker, G Gravante, M Elshaer, N Humayun, H Ebdewi
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous splenic rupture is a rare but dangerous event that requires prompt diagnosis and frequently an emergency splenectomy. Previous case reports have described the occurrence in patients with medical conditions, anticoagulant treatments, endoscopic procedures, laparoscopic surgery or no particular predisposing factor. Our report is the first to describe the occurrence of spontaneous spleen rupture following a laparotomy conducted in the lower abdomen. CASE HISTORY: A 62-year-old woman presented with a 10-day history of right iliac fossa pain radiating to the right leg and associated vomiting...
March 2015: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Mehmet Ali Yagci, Cuneyt Kayaalp
Background. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is a new approach that allows minimal invasive surgery through the mouth, anus, or vagina. Objective. To summarize the recent clinical appraisal, feasibility, complications, and limitations of transvaginal appendectomy for humans and outline the techniques. Data Sources. PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Google-Scholar, EBSCO, and congress abstracts, were searched. Study Selection. All related reports were included, irrespective of age, region, race, obesity, comorbidities or history of previous surgery...
2014: Minimally Invasive Surgery
A J Scott, S E Mason, M Arunakirinathan, Y Reissis, J M Kinross, J J Smith
BACKGROUND: Current management of suspected appendicitis is hampered by the overadmission of patients with non-specific abdominal pain and a significant negative exploration rate. The potential benefits of risk stratification by the Appendicitis Inflammatory Response (AIR) score to guide clinical decision-making were assessed. METHODS: During this 50-week prospective observational study at one institution, the AIR score was calculated for all patients admitted with suspected appendicitis...
April 2015: British Journal of Surgery
Chaorong Xue, Bingqiang Lin, Zhengyuan Huang, Zhi Chen
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA) and conventional 3-port laparoscopic appendectomy (3-port LA) for appendectomy. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Embase, Springer link, and the Cochrane library databases up to April, 2014, for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Data were pooled by weighted mean differences (WMDs) or odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: We found 11 RCTs, with a collective total of 731 patients treated with SILA and 725 patients treated with 3-point LA...
September 2015: Surgery Today
Ahmet Okuş, Serden Ay, Ömer Karahan, Mehmet Ali Eryılmaz, Barış Sevinç, Nergis Aksoy
PURPOSE: To clarify the role of medical treatment in the management of acute appendicitis and the value of C-reactive protein (CRP) for predicting its failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with clinically diagnosed acute appendicitis, confirmed by imaging studies, were enrolled in this study. We measured leukocyte counts and CRP levels and recorded success and recurrence rates and the efficiency of medical treatment during follow-up. The efficiency of CRP values to predict failure of medical treatment was evaluated using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis...
April 2015: Surgery Today
Lior Segev, Andrei Keidar, Ilan Schrier, Shlomi Rayman, Nir Wasserberg, Eran Sadot
BACKGROUND: The incidence of appendicitis in the elderly has risen. Older age is an independent predictor of poor surgical outcome. Herein, we present the most comprehensive single institution study to describe the natural history and outcome of appendicitis in elderly patients. METHODS: A review of 1898 consecutive patients who underwent appendectomy between 2004 and 2007 was performed. The elderly patients were defined as older than 68 years. RESULTS: The median age of the entire cohort was 25 years, and 55% were males...
April 2015: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Anna Bettini, Jesus G Ulloa, Hobart Harris
BACKGROUND: Morgagni hernia is a congenital diaphragmatic defect that rarely presents with symptomatic findings in adults. The presence of one diaphragmatic defect may decrease the occurrence of a separate diaphragmatic defect. Appendicitis may be a unique presentation of incarcerated bowel in a Morgagni defect. CASE PRESENTATION: Review of recent literature and presentation of a patient with Morgagni defect. Only five cases of simultaneous Morgagni hernia and paraesophageal hernia have been described in the English-language literature since 1958...
2015: BMC Surgery
Maik Sahm, Matthias Pross, Ronny Otto, Andreas Koch, Ingo Gastinger, Hans Lippert
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of acute appendicitis has seen changes in diagnosis and therapy in Germany. The objective of this analysis was to assess changes in therapy and outcome after open appendectomy (OA) and laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) over the last 21 years. BACKGROUND: The analysis was based on 3 prospective multicenter quality assurance studies conducted by the Institute for Quality Control in Operative Medicine of the University of Magdeburg. METHODS: All inpatients with a diagnosis of appendicitis in these studies (1988/1989, 1996/1997, 2008/2009) were included...
August 2015: Annals of Surgery
Salomone Di Saverio, Fausto Catena, Antonio Tarasconi, Gregorio Tugnoli, Elio Jovine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Annals of Surgery
Brett A Fair, John C Kubasiak, Imke Janssen, Jonathan A Myers, Keith W Millikan, Daniel J Deziel, Minh B Luu
BACKGROUND: Surgery is indicated for acute uncomplicated appendicitis but the optimal timing is controversial. Recent literature is conflicting on the effect of time to intervention. METHODS: We queried the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project dataset for patients undergoing laparoscopic and open appendectomy between 2007 and 2012. Logistic regression was used to evaluate 30-day morbidity and mortality of intervention at different time periods, adjusting for preoperative risk factors...
March 2015: American Journal of Surgery
Felix A Yong, Anthony M Alvarado, Huaping Wang, Jerry Tsai, Norman C Estes
BACKGROUND: The appendix, considered an intestinal microbiota reservoir, may be protective against the risk of fulminant Clostridium difficile infection. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed in patients with C. difficile infection at St. Francis Medical Center from 2007 to 2011. Outcome of infection and history of appendectomy were compared. Statistical analysis was by chi-square and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: In total, 507 patients were hospitalized for C...
March 2015: American Journal of Surgery
B March, D Gillies, J Gani
INTRODUCTION: Acute general surgical units (AGSUs) are changing the way in which acute appendicitis is managed. In the AGSU at John Hunter Hospital, some patients wait more than 48 hours from admission to undergo an appendicectomy, usually because they are not unwell enough to precipitate an operation before that time. We analysed this subgroup of appendicectomy patients to determine how effectively they are being managed and how this might be improved. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data was conducted of all patients who received an appendicectomy while admitted under the AGSU at John Hunter Hospital in the five years between January 2009 and December 2013...
November 2014: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Andrea Romano, Punam Parikh, Patricia Byers, Nicholas Namias
BACKGROUND: According to the 2002 Surgical Infection Society Guidelines on Antimicrobial Therapy for Intra-abdominal Infections, antimicrobial therapy is not recommended beyond 24 hours for the treatment of postoperative acute or gangrenous appendicitis without perforation. However, clinicians commonly consider gangrenous appendicitis to pose a greater risk of post-operative infectious complications, such as surgical site infections and intra-abdominal abscesses. This study examines the relative risk of post-operative infection between patients with simple and gangrenous appendicitis...
October 2014: Surgical Infections
2014-10-19 13:41:25
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