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Inhaled antibiotics in ICU with inc cpis score

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2 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Lucy B Palmer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite multiple protocols for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), respiratory infections have not been eliminated in the ICU. The profound disruption in both airway integrity and mucociliary clearance caused by the endotracheal tube makes it unlikely there will ever be a zero rate of respiratory infection in critically ill ventilated patients or a 100% cure rate when infection is present. In fact, options for treatment are diminishing as bacteria resistant to most, or in some hospitals all, systemic antibiotics increase in prevalence from our liberal use of systemic antibiotics...
May 2015: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Lucy B Palmer, Gerald C Smaldone
RATIONALE: Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) are the dominant airway pathogens in the intensive care unit (ICU) and present a major treatment challenge to intensivists. Aerosolized antibiotics (AA) result in airway concentrations of drug 100-fold greater than the minimal inhibitory concentration of most bacteria including MDRO. These levels, without systemic toxicity, may eradicate MDRO and reduce the pressure for selection of new resistant organisms. OBJECTIVES: To determine if AA effectively eradicate MDRO in the intubated patient without promoting new resistance...
May 15, 2014: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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