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Pulmonary Hypertension perioperative

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Julie W Cheng, Adriano R Tonelli, Gosta Pettersson, Richard A Krasuski
Perioperative pulmonary hypertension can originate from an established disease or acutely develop within the surgical setting. Patients with increased pulmonary vascular resistance are consequently at greater risk for complications. Despite the various specific therapies available, the ideal therapeutic approach in this patient population is not currently clear. This article describes the basic principles of perioperative pulmonary hypertension and reviews the different classes of agents used to promote pulmonary vasodilation in the surgical setting...
April 2014: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Adriano R Tonelli, Omar A Minai
Patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) are being encountered more commonly in the perioperative period and this trend is likely to increase as improvements in the recognition, management, and treatment of the disease continue to occur. Management of these patients is challenging due to their tenuous hemodynamic status. Recent advances in the understanding of the patho-physiology, risk factors, monitoring, and treatment of the disease provide an opportunity to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with PH in the peri-operative period...
July 2014: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Omar A Minai, Jean-Pierre Yared, Roop Kaw, Kathirvel Subramaniam, Nicholas S Hill
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a known risk factor for perioperative complications. Unlike in the case of cardiac surgery, PH is currently not listed as an independent risk factor for postoperative complications in guidelines for the management of noncardiac surgery. Despite the paucity of data, though, patients with PH are often counseled against having elective procedures because early and sudden postoperative deaths have been reported. Patients with PH are unable to accommodate alterations in right ventricular (RV) preload or afterload induced by fluid shifts, medications, or changes in the autonomic nervous system precipitated by hypoxia or hypercapnia...
July 2013: Chest
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