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By P O Pediatrics, Nephrology
Marcell Cserhalmi, Barbara Uzonyi, Nicolas S Merle, Dorottya Csuka, Edgar Meusburger, Karl Lhotta, Zoltán Prohászka, Mihály Józsi
Dysregulation of the complement alternative pathway is involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including the kidney diseases atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) and C3 glomerulopathy (C3G). In a patient, initially diagnosed with chronic glomerulonephritis, possibly C3G, and who 6 years later had an episode of aHUS, a heterozygous missense mutation leading to a tryptophan to arginine exchange (W198R) in the factor H (FH) complement control protein (CCP) 3 domain has previously been identified...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Rhian L Clissold, Helen C Clarke, Olivera Spasic-Boskovic, Kim Brugger, Stephen Abbs, Coralie Bingham, Charles Shaw-Smith
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous mutations in the gene encoding renin (REN) cause autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD), early-onset anaemia and hyperuricaemia; only four different mutations have been described in the published literature to date. We report a novel dominant REN mutation discovered in an individual after forty years of renal disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57 year old Caucasian woman with chronic kidney disease stage five was reviewed in a regional joint renal genetics clinic...
July 12, 2017: BMC Nephrology
Jens König, Birgitta Kranz, Sabine König, Karl Peter Schlingmann, Andrea Titieni, Burkhard Tönshoff, Sandra Habbig, Lars Pape, Karsten Häffner, Matthias Hansen, Anja Büscher, Martin Bald, Heiko Billing, Raphael Schild, Ulrike Walden, Tobias Hampel, Hagen Staude, Magdalena Riedl, Norbert Gretz, Martin Lablans, Carsten Bergmann, Friedhelm Hildebrandt, Heymut Omran, Martin Konrad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Genetic heterogeneity and phenotypic variability are major challenges in familial nephronophthisis and related ciliopathies. To date, mutations in 20 different genes ( NPHP1 to -20 ) have been identified causing either isolated kidney disease or complex multiorgan disorders. In this study, we provide a comprehensive and detailed characterization of 152 children with a special focus on extrarenal organ involvement and the long-term development of ESRD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We established an online-based registry (www...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Hee Gyung Kang, Hyun Kyung Lee, Yo Han Ahn, Je-Gun Joung, Jaeyong Nam, Nayoung K D Kim, Jung Min Ko, Min Hyun Cho, Jae Il Shin, Joon Kim, Hye Won Park, Young Seo Park, Il-Soo Ha, Woo Yeong Chung, Dae-Yeol Lee, Su Young Kim, Woong Yang Park, Hae Il Cheong
Nephronophthisis-related ciliopathy (NPHP-RC) is a common genetic cause of end-stage renal failure during childhood and adolescence and exhibits an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. Genetic diagnosis is quite limited owing to genetic heterogeneity in NPHP-RC. We designed a novel approach involving the step-wise screening of Sanger sequencing and targeted exome sequencing for the genetic diagnosis of 55 patients with NPHP-RC. First, five NPHP-RC genes were analyzed by Sanger sequencing in phenotypically classified patients...
August 5, 2016: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Manuel Heras Benito, Miguel A Garcia-Gonzalez, María Valdenebro Recio, Álvaro Molina Ordás, Ramiro Callejas Martínez, María Astrid Rodríguez Gómez, Leonardo Calle García, Lisbeth Sousa Silva, María José Fernández-Reyes Luis
We describe the case of a young woman who was diagnosed with advanced kidney disease, with an incidental finding of nephrocalcinosis of unknown aetiology, having been found asymptomatic throughout her life. The genetic study by panels of known genes associated with tubulointerstitial disease allowed us to discover autosomal dominant distal renal tubular acidosis associated with a de novo mutation in exon 14 of the SLC4A1 gene, which would have been impossible to diagnose clinically due to the advanced nature of the kidney disease when it was discovered...
September 2016: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
Laura I Escobar, Christopher Simian, Cyrielle Treard, Donia Hayek, Carolina Salvador, Norma Guerra, Mario Matos, Mara Medeiros, Sandra Enciso, María Dolores Camargo, Rosa Vargas-Poussou
BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) is a rare disease characterized by a hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis with normal anion gap, hypokalemia, hypercalciuria, hypocitraturia, nephrocalcinosis, and conserved glomerular filtration rate. In some cases, neurosensorial deafness is associated. dRTA is developed during the first months of life and the main manifestations are failure to thrive, vomiting, dehydration, and anorexia. METHODS: Nine unrelated families were studied: seven children, a teenager, and an adult with dRTA...
May 2016: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
Kok Siong Poon, Andrew Anjian Sng, Cindy Weili Ho, Evelyn Siew-Chuan Koay, Kah Yin Loke
Loss-of-function mutations in the phosphate regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on the X-chromosome (PHEX) have been causally associated with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLHR). The early diagnosis of XLHR in infants is challenging when it is based solely on clinical features and biochemical findings. We report a 7-month-old boy with a family history of hypophosphatemic rickets., who demonstrated early clinical evidence of rickets, although serial biochemical findings could not definitively confirm rickets...
July 2015: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Lisa Maria Hillen, Erik Jan Kamsteeg, Jeroen Schoots, Anton Tom Tiebosch, Ernst Jan Speel, Guido M Roemen, Carine J Peutz-Koostra, Constance T R M Stumpel
Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) caused by a mutation in the Wilms tumor 1 suppressor gene (WT1) is part of Denys Drash Syndrome or Frasier syndrome. In the framework of genetic counseling, the diagnosis of CNS can be refined with gene mutation studies on long-term stored formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue from postmortem examination. We report a case of diffuse mesangial sclerosis with perinatal death caused by a de novo mutation in the WT1 gene in a girl with an XY-genotype. This is the first case of Denys Drash Syndrome with the uncommon missense c...
2016: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
Daniela A Braun, Carolin E Sadowski, Stefan Kohl, Svjetlana Lovric, Susanne A Astrinidis, Werner L Pabst, Heon Yung Gee, Shazia Ashraf, Jennifer A Lawson, Shirlee Shril, Merlin Airik, Weizhen Tan, David Schapiro, Jia Rao, Won-Il Choi, Tobias Hermle, Markus J Kemper, Martin Pohl, Fatih Ozaltin, Martin Konrad, Radovan Bogdanovic, Rainer Büscher, Udo Helmchen, Erkin Serdaroglu, Richard P Lifton, Wolfram Antonin, Friedhelm Hildebrandt
Nucleoporins are essential components of the nuclear pore complex (NPC). Only a few diseases have been attributed to NPC dysfunction. Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS), a frequent cause of chronic kidney disease, is caused by dysfunction of glomerular podocytes. Here we identify in eight families with SRNS mutations in NUP93, its interaction partner NUP205 or XPO5 (encoding exportin 5) as hitherto unrecognized monogenic causes of SRNS. NUP93 mutations caused disrupted NPC assembly. NUP93 knockdown reduced the presence of NUP205 in the NPC, and, reciprocally, a NUP205 alteration abrogated NUP93 interaction...
April 2016: Nature Genetics
Yan Xu, Min Guo, Hui Dong, Wei Jiang, Ruixia Ma, Shiguo Liu, Shenqian Li
Thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN) is often attributable to mutations in the COL4A3 or COL4A4 genes that encode the α3 and α4 chains of type IV collagen, respectively, a major structural protein in the glomerular basement membrane. The aim of this study was to explore a new disease-related genetic mutation associated with the clinical phenotype observed in a Chinese Han family with autosomal dominant TBMN. We conducted a clinical and genetic study comprising seven members of this TBMN family. Mutation screening for COL4A3 and COL4A4 was carried out by direct sequencing...
February 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
Adina Quint, Michal Sagi, Shai Carmi, Hagit Daum, Michal Macarov, Ziva Ben Neriah, Vardiela Meiner, Orly Elpeleg, Israela Lerer
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is usually detected late in pregnancies in embryos with large echogenic kidneys accompanied by oligohydramnios. Hundreds of private pathogenic variants have been identified in the large PKHD1 gene in various populations. Yet, because of the large size of the gene, segregation analysis of microsatellite polymorphic markers residing in the PKDH1 locus has commonly been utilized for prenatal diagnosis. Keeping in mind the limitations of this strategy, we utilized it for testing 7 families with affected fetuses or newborns, of which in 5 at least one parent was Ashkenazi, and identified that the same haplotype was shared by the majority of the Ashkenazi parents (7/9)...
February 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Jae Wook Lee, Jeonghwan Lee, Nam Ju Heo, Hae Il Cheong, Jin Suk Han
Gitelman's syndrome (GS) is caused by loss-of-function mutations in SLC12A3 and characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypocalciuria, and hypomagnesemia. Long-term prognosis and the role of gene diagnosis in GS are still unclear. To investigate genotype-phenotype correlation in GS and Gitelman-like syndrome, we enrolled 34 patients who showed hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis without secondary causes. Mutation analysis of SLC12A3 and CLCNKB was performed. Thirty-one patients had mutations in SLC12A3, 5 patients in CLCNKB, and 2 patients in both genes...
January 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Pankaj Thakur, Paul Speer, Aleksandar Rajkovic
We report a 29-year-old gravida 2, para 0100, who presented at 19 weeks and 4 days of gestation for ultrasound to assess fetal anatomy. Routine midtrimester fetal anatomy ultrasound revealed enlarged, hyperechoic fetal kidneys and normal amniotic fluid index. Follow-up ultrasound at 23 weeks and 5 days revealed persistently enlarged, hyperechoic fetal kidneys. Progressive oligohydramnios was not evident until 29 weeks of gestation, with anhydramnios noted by 35 weeks of gestation. Amniocentesis was performed for karyotype and to search for mutations in the PKHD1 for the presumptive diagnosis of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD)...
2014: Case Reports in Genetics
Jun Miyazaki, Mayuko Ito, Haruki Nishizawa, Takema Kato, Yukito Minami, Hidehito Inagaki, Tamae Ohye, Masafumi Miyata, Hiroko Boda, Yuka Kiriyama, Makoto Kuroda, Takao Sekiya, Hiroki Kurahashi, Takuma Fujii
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we report on a couple who underwent prenatal genetic diagnosis for autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). CASE PRESENTATION: This healthy couple had previously had a healthy boy but had experienced two consecutive neonatal deaths due to respiratory distress resulting from pulmonary hypoplasia caused by oligohydramnios. The woman consulted our facility after she realized she was pregnant again. We promptly performed a carrier test for the PKHD1 gene by target exome sequencing of samples from the couple...
2015: BMC Medical Genetics
Bernhard Mayr, Dirk Schnabel, Helmuth-Günther Dörr, Christof Schöfl
The calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) is the main calcium sensor in the maintenance of calcium metabolism. Mutations of the CASR, the G protein alpha 11 (GNA11) and the adaptor-related protein complex 2 sigma 1 subunit (AP2S1) genes can shift the set point for calcium sensing causing hyper- or hypo-calcemic disorders. Therapeutic concepts for these rare diseases range from general therapies of hyper- and hypo-calcemic conditions to more pathophysiology oriented approaches such as parathyroid hormone (PTH) substitution and allosteric CASR modulators...
May 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Felix Claverie-Martin
Familial hypomagnesaemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC) is an autosomal-recessive renal tubular disorder characterized by excessive urinary losses of magnesium and calcium, bilateral nephrocalcinosis and progressive chronic renal failure. Presentation with FHHNC symptoms generally occurs early in childhood or before adolescence. At present, the only therapeutic option is supportive and consists of oral magnesium supplementation and thiazide diuretics. However, neither treatment seems to have a significant effect on the levels of serum magnesium or urine calcium or on the decline of renal function...
December 2015: Clinical Kidney Journal
Jeffrey B Kopp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2013: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Tsuyoshi Isojima, Yutaka Harita, Masayuki Furuyama, Noriko Sugawara, Kiyonobu Ishizuka, Shigeru Horita, Yuko Kajiho, Kenichiro Miura, Takashi Igarashi, Motoshi Hattori, Sachiko Kitanaka
BACKGROUND: Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder caused by LMX1B mutation. In patients with the renal lesions typical of NPS without skeletal or nail findings, it is described as nail-patella-like renal disease (NPLRD). However, the pathogenesis of NPLRD is largely unknown. METHODS: A 6-year-old girl with microscopic haematuria and mild proteinuria was diagnosed with NPLRD because of an aberrantly thickened glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and deposition of Type III collagen in the GBM observed by electron microscopy...
January 2014: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Shujuan Jiang, Jiubin Zhang, Dan Huang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Xiaoliang Liu, Yinzhao Wang, Rong He, Yanyan Zhao
Nail patella syndrome (NPS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by nail malformations, patellar apoplasia, or patellar hypoplasia. Mutations within the LMX1B gene are found in 85% of families with NPS; thus, this gene has been characterized as the causative gene of NPS. In this study, we identified a heterozygous microdeletion of the entire LMX1B gene using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in a Chinese family with NPS. The determination of the deletion breakpoints by Illumina genome-wide DNA analysis beadchip showed that the deletion was located in chromosome 9q33...
November 5, 2014: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Noel Edwards, Sarah J Rice, Shreya Raman, Ann Marie Hynes, Shalabh Srivastava, Iain Moore, Mohamed Al-Hamed, Yaobo Xu, Mauro Santibanez-Koref, David T Thwaites, Daniel P Gale, John A Sayer
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) presenting in a familial autosomal dominant pattern points to an underlying monogenic cause. Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) is an autosomal dominant disorder that may lead to ESRD caused by mutations in the transcription factor LMX1B. Renal-limited forms of this disease, termed nail-patella-like renal disease (NPLRD), and LMX1B nephropathy have recently been described. We report a large family, from the North East of England, with seven affected members with varying phenotypes of renal disease, ranging from ESRD at 28 years of age to microscopic haematuria and proteinuria and relatively preserved renal function...
February 2015: Clinical Kidney Journal
2015-11-15 22:22:55
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