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One-Liners in Emergency Medicine

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91 papers 1000+ followers Brief reviews and comments in Emergency Medicine
By Aaron Guinn Canadian emergency medicine physician - clinical diagnosis, sepsis and tox
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350021/does-magnesium-therapy-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-affect-clinical-outcome
#1
Aleksandr M Tichter, Jupin Malhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330180/bet-1-does-apnoeic-oxygenation-reduce-the-risk-of-desaturation-in-patients-requiring-endotracheal-intubation
#2
Gavin Denton, Laura Howard
A shortcut review of the literature was carried out to establish whether the use of apnoeic oxygenation technique during endotracheal intubation reduces the incidence of critical desaturation. Four trials were found to be directly relevant to the three-part question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that there is emerging evidence that the use of apnoeic oxygenation decreases the incidence of critical desaturation during endotracheal intubation...
July 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330182/bet-2-do-fluoroquinolones-increase-the-incidence-of-tendinopathy
#3
Janos P Baombe, Rebecca Ford
A shortcut review of the literature was carried out to establish whether the use of fluoroquinolones was associated with an increased risk of tendinopathy in adult patients. 10 trials were found to be directly relevant to the three-part question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that there is an association between the use of fluoroquinolones and a broad range of tendinopathies...
July 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130801/for-adults-with-nausea-and-vomiting-in-the-emergency-department-what-medications-provide-rapid-relief
#4
EDITORIAL
Andrew C Meltzer, Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26293150/towards-evidence-based-emergency-medicine-best-bets-from-the-manchester-royal-infirmary-bet-1-do-patients-with-a-clinically-suspected-subsegmental-pulmonary-embolism-need-anticoagulation-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Chris Morgan, Hyun Choi
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether the incidence of recurrent venous thromboembolism and mortality is lower among patients with isolated subsegmental pulmonary embolism who are treated with anticoagulant therapy compared with those who are not treated with anticoagulant therapy. We identified six studies that were directly relevant to the question. All of these studies were observational in nature and included only a small number of patients with isolated subsegmental pulmonary embolism who were not treated with anticoagulants...
September 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26293152/towards-evidence-based-emergency-medicine-best-bets-from-the-manchester-royal-infirmary-bet-2-the-use-of-age-related-d-dimers-to-rule-out-deep-vein-thrombosis
#6
REVIEW
Catherine Taylor, Laith Sultan
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether the use of age-adjusted D-dimer cut-offs is better than the standard, unadjusted diagnostic cut-off for excluding the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the Emergency Department. Three studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that the use of an age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off in patients aged over 50 years increases the ability to safely exclude DVT in patients with low clinical probability without the need for ultrasound scanning...
September 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26234193/does-albumin-infusion-reduce-renal-impairment-and-mortality-in-patients-with-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#7
REVIEW
Louis Jamtgaard, Sara L Manning, Brian Cohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26210381/can-vasopressors-safely-be-administered-through-peripheral-intravenous-catheters-compared-with-central-venous-catheters
#8
EDITORIAL
J Michael Brewer, Michael A Puskarich, Alan E Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26210382/do-systemic-corticosteroids-improve-outcomes-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbations
#9
COMMENT
Jeremy M Hernandez, Marcia Edmonds
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26210383/does-mannitol-reduce-mortality-from-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
COMMENT
Michael Gottlieb, John Bailitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26088087/tranexamic-acid-for-epistaxis-a-promising-treatment-that-deserves-further-study
#11
COMMENT
David Clinkard, David Barbic
CLINICAL QUESTION: Does the application of topical tranexamic acid reduce bleeding as compared to anterior packing? ARTICLE CHOSEN: Zahed R, Moharamzadeh P, Alizadeharasi S, et al. A new and rapid method for epistaxis treatment using injectable form of tranexamic acid topically: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Emerg Med 2013;31(9):1389-92. OBJECTIVES: To determine if topically applied tranexamic acid reduces bleeding time in epistaxis...
January 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26033533/is-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-more-effective-than-standard-measures-in-critically-ill-adults
#12
EDITORIAL
Michael Gottlieb, John Bailitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26052972/validity-of-ultrasonography-to-diagnosing-pneumothorax-a-critical-appraisal-of-two-meta-analyses
#13
REVIEW
Aftab Azad, Saad Al Juma, Junaid A Bhatti, Jerrald Dankoff
Can ultrasonography be used in lieu of chest radiography to diagnose pneumothorax? Articles chosen 1. Ding W, Shen Y, Yang J, et al. Diagnosis of pneumothorax by radiography and ultrasonography: a metaanalysis. Chest 2011;140:859-66. [Epub 2011 May 5] 2. Alrajhi K, Woo MY, Vaillancourt C. Test characteristics of ultrasonography for the detection of pneumothorax: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Chest 2012; 141:703-8
March 2015: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25919531/d-dimer-for-pulmonary-embolism
#14
Grégoire Le Gal, Marc Righini, Philip S Wells
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25805113/does-clopidogrel-plus-aspirin-dual-therapy-reduce-risk-of-stroke-in-patients-at-high-risk-for-stroke
#15
COMMENT
Megan L Fix, Marjia M Lum, J Stephen Bohan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25694499/towards-evidence-based-emergency-medicine-best-bets-from-the-manchester-royal-infirmary-bet-2-in-patients-presenting-with-an-exacerbation-of-copd-can-a-normal-venous-blood-gas-pco2-rule-out-arterial-hypercarbia
#16
REVIEW
Mark Woods, David Hodgson
A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether a normal partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) on a venous blood sample could be used to rule out hypercarbia. Eleven studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that a normal venous pCO2 effectively rules out arterial hypercarbia.
March 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25605262/towards-evidence-based-emergency-medicine-best-bets-from-the-manchester-royal-infirmary-bet-1-tranexamic-acid-in-life-threatening-haematuria
#17
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether tranexamic acid improves outcomes for patients with life-threatening haematuria. Sixteen papers were found in Medline using the reported searches, of which four presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated. It is concluded that the evidence is limited, but there may be a role for tranexamic acid in life-threatening haematuria, particularly in patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease...
February 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25542815/does-a-restricted-fluid-resuscitation-strategy-decrease-mortality-in-trauma-patients
#18
COMMENT
Travis R Eastin, Rebecca L Liggin, Lee G Wilbur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25536260/antibiotics-for-acute-bronchitis
#19
COMMENT
Susan M Smith, John Smucny, Tom Fahey
CLINICAL QUESTION: Are antibiotics associated with improved outcomes in patients with acute bronchitis? BOTTOM LINE: Prescribing antibiotics for acute bronchitis was associated with reduced overall and nighttime cough and with an approximately half-day reduction in duration of cough, in days feeling ill, and in days with impaired activities. However, at follow-up, there were no significant differences in patients receiving antibiotics compared with those receiving placebo in overall clinical improvements or limitations in work or other activities...
December 24, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25511630/bet-1-use-of-glucagon-for-oesophageal-food-bolus-impaction
#20
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether intravenous glucagon is a safe and effective treatment for patients with suspected lower oesophageal food bolus impaction. Seven studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that there is no evidence for the effectiveness of glucagon in this situation. Its use may be associated with adverse effects such as vomiting, with the potential risk of oesophageal perforation...
January 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
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