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Essential Urology

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236 papers 500 to 1000 followers Just essential articles for your daily practice.
By Axel Cayetano Urology Resident
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653913/penile-prosthesis-implantation-in-patients-with-peyronie-s-disease-results-of-the-propper-study-demonstrates-a-decrease-in-patient-reported-depression
#1
Mohit Khera, Anthony Bella, Edward Karpman, William Brant, Brian Christine, Bryan Kansas, LeRoy Jones, Tobias Kohler, Nelson Bennett, Eugene Rhee, Gerard Henry
BACKGROUND: Although there is a strong correlation between erectile dysfunction and Peyronie's disease (PD), there are limited data on the efficacy and satisfaction of inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) placement in this population. AIM: To assess the efficacy and overall satisfaction of IPP placement in men with erectile dysfunction and concomitant PD using the Prospective Registry of Outcomes with Penile Prosthesis for Erectile Restoration (PROPPER). METHODS: Data from the PROPPER study were examined to determine patient baseline characteristics and primary and secondary etiologies before IPP treatment and included type and size of implant received, presence of corporal fibrosis, and operative time...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29641345/transurethral-resection-of-prostate-and-bleeding-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-to-see-efficacy-of-short-term-use-of-finasteride-and-dutasteride-on-operative-blood-loss-and-prostatic-micro-vessel-density
#2
Ankur Bansal, Aditi Arora
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of short duration use of finasteride and dutasteride prior to transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) on intraoperative blood loss and microvessel density (MVD) of prostate stroma and suburethral tissues in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) Methods: This study includes 450 patients who were planned for TURP. They were prospectively randomized into three groups (150 patients each). Group 1 received placebo, group 2 received finasteride 5 mg/day and group 3 patients received dutasteride 0...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598981/factors-influencing-men-s-choice-of-and-adherence-to-active-surveillance-for-low-risk-prostate-cancer-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Netty Kinsella, Pär Stattin, Declan Cahill, Christian Brown, Anna Bill-Axelson, Ola Bratt, Sigrid Carlsson, Mieke Van Hemelrijck
CONTEXT: Despite support for active surveillance (AS) as a first treatment choice for men with low-risk prostate cancer (PC), this strategy is largely underutilised. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review barriers and facilitators to selecting and adhering to AS for low-risk PC. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched PsychINFO, PubMed, Medline 2000-now, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane Central databases between 2002 and 2017 using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement...
March 26, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653885/who-should-be-investigated-for-haematuria-results-of-a-contemporary-prospective-observational-study-of-3556-patients
#4
Wei Shen Tan, Andrew Feber, Rachael Sarpong, Pramit Khetrapal, Simon Rodney, Rumana Jalil, Hugh Mostafid, Joanne Cresswell, James Hicks, Abhay Rane, Alastair Henderson, Dawn Watson, Jacob Cherian, Norman Williams, Chris Brew-Graves, John D Kelly
There remains a lack of consensus among guideline relating to which patients require investigation for haematuria. We determined the incidence of urinary tract cancer in a prospective observational study of 3556 patients referred for investigation of haematuria across 40 hospitals between March 2016 and June 2017 (DETECT 1; ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02676180) and the appropriateness of age at presentation in cases with visible (VH) and nonvisible (NVH) haematuria. The overall incidence of urinary tract cancer was 10...
April 10, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630765/contemporary-management-of-adult-acquired-buried-penis
#5
M S Jun, M A Gallegos, R A Santucci
In 2014, The World Health Organization reported that 1.9 billion adults, 39% of the population, were overweight or obese [1]. Unlike most complications of obesity, adult acquired buried penis is an uncomfortable topic which may be overlooked. Patients are often encouraged to lose weight, but this is futile. Simple weight loss will not cure buried penis, as it is a multifactorial condition caused by a combination of: a) overhanging escutcheon from overweight, b) lichen sclerosus, which often contracts and destroys the penile shaft skin, and c) loss of normal penile shaft attachments to the penile skin...
April 6, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633516/current-concepts-of-the-acontractile-bladder
#6
REVIEW
Marc Colaco, Nadir I Osman, Ahmet Karakeçi, Walter Artibani, Karl-Erik Andersson, Gopal H Badlani
CONTEXT: The acontractile bladder is a urodynamic based diagnosis wherein the bladder is unable demonstrate any contraction during the pressure flow study. Although it is often grouped with underactive bladder, it is a unique phenomenon and should be investigated independently. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to examine the current literature about acontractile bladder regarding its pathology, diagnosis, current management guidelines, and future developments...
April 10, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635819/british-association-of-urological-surgeons-baus-consensus-document-for-the-management-of-male-genital-emergencies-testicular-trauma
#7
REVIEW
Marc Lucky, Gareth Brown, Trevor Dorkin, Richard Pearcy, Majid Shabbir, Chitranjan J Shukla, Rowland W Rees, Duncan J Summerton, Asif Muneer
Male genital emergencies relating to the penis and scrotum are rare and require prompt investigation and surgical intervention. Clinicians are often unfamiliar with the management of these conditions and may not work in a specialist centre with on-site expertise in genitourethral surgery. A series of consensus statements have been developed by an expert consensus comprising British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) Section of Andrology and Genitourethral Surgery together with experts from units throughout the UK...
April 10, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645352/the-uk-rope-study-efficacy-and-safety-of-prostate-artery-embolisation-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-an-observational-study-and-propensity-matched-comparison-with-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate
#8
A F Ray, J Powell, M J Speakman, N T Longford, R DasGupta, T Bryant, S Modi, J Dyer, M Harris, G Carolan-Rees, N Hacking
OBJECTIVES: The UK Register of Prostate Embolisation (UK ROPE) study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of Prostate Artery Embolisation (PAE) for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms secondary to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH) patients. The main secondary aim was an indirect comparison with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). SUBJECTS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: As a joint initiative between BSIR, BAUS and NICE, this study recruited 305 patients across 17 UK urological / interventional radiology centres: 216 PAE, 89 TURP...
April 12, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552975/mri-targeted-or-standard-biopsy-for-prostate-cancer-diagnosis
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Veeru Kasivisvanathan, Antti S Rannikko, Marcelo Borghi, Valeria Panebianco, Lance A Mynderse, Markku H Vaarala, Alberto Briganti, Lars Budäus, Giles Hellawell, Richard G Hindley, Monique J Roobol, Scott Eggener, Maneesh Ghei, Arnauld Villers, Franck Bladou, Geert M Villeirs, Jaspal Virdi, Silvan Boxler, Grégoire Robert, Paras B Singh, Wulphert Venderink, Boris A Hadaschik, Alain Ruffion, Jim C Hu, Daniel Margolis, Sébastien Crouzet, Laurence Klotz, Samir S Taneja, Peter Pinto, Inderbir Gill, Clare Allen, Francesco Giganti, Alex Freeman, Stephen Morris, Shonit Punwani, Norman R Williams, Chris Brew-Graves, Jonathan Deeks, Yemisi Takwoingi, Mark Emberton, Caroline M Moore
BACKGROUND: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), with or without targeted biopsy, is an alternative to standard transrectal ultrasonography-guided biopsy for prostate-cancer detection in men with a raised prostate-specific antigen level who have not undergone biopsy. However, comparative evidence is limited. METHODS: In a multicenter, randomized, noninferiority trial, we assigned men with a clinical suspicion of prostate cancer who had not undergone biopsy previously to undergo MRI, with or without targeted biopsy, or standard transrectal ultrasonography-guided biopsy...
May 10, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550461/british-society-for-sexual-medicine-guidelines-on-the-management-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-2017
#10
REVIEW
Geoff Hackett, Mike Kirby, Kevan Wylie, Adrian Heald, Nick Ossei-Gerning, David Edwards, Asif Muneer
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the 2008 British Society for Sexual Medicine (BSSM) guidelines. AIM: To provide up-to-date guidance for U.K. (and international) health care professionals managing male sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Source information was obtained from peer-reviewed articles, meetings, and presentations. A search of Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Reviews was performed, covering the search terms "hypogonadism," "eugonadal or hypogonadism or hypogonadal or gonadal," and "low or lower testosterone," starting from 2009 with a cut-off date of September 2017...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576431/a-systematic-review-of-sexual-distress-measures
#11
REVIEW
Pablo Santos-Iglesias, Bijan Mohamed, Lauren M Walker
BACKGROUND: Sexual distress is an important component of sexual dysfunction and quality of life and many different measures have been developed for its assessment. AIM: To conduct a literature review of measures for assessing sexual distress and to list, compare, and highlight their characteristics and psychometric properties. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using Scopus and PubMed databases to identify studies that developed and validated measures of sexual distress...
May 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550857/evaluation-and-treatment-of-male-hypogonadism
#12
Robert M Sargis, Andrew M Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566957/negative-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-prostate-cancer-what-s-next
#13
Valeria Panebianco, Giovanni Barchetti, Giuseppe Simone, Maurizio Del Monte, Antonio Ciardi, Marcello Domenico Grompone, Riccardo Campa, Elena Lucia Indino, Flavio Barchetti, Alessandro Sciarra, Costantino Leonardo, Michele Gallucci, Carlo Catalano
BACKGROUND: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate has excellent sensitivity in detecting clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa). Nevertheless, the clinical utility of negative mpMRI (nMRI) is less clear. OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes of men with nMRI and clinical follow-up after 7 yr of activity at a reference center. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: All mpMRI performed from January 2010 to May 2015 were reviewed...
March 19, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557554/sitting-time-physical-activity-and-the-risk-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-a-cohort-study
#14
Heung Jae Park, Chang Hoo Park, Yoosoo Chang, Seungho Ryu
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of sitting time and physical activity level with the incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in a large sample of Korean men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study was performed in 69 795 Korean men, free of LUTS at baseline, who were followed up annually or biennially for a mean of 2.6 years. Physical activity level and sitting time were assessed using the validated Korean version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form...
March 20, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569824/determining-the-optimal-time-for-radical-cystectomy-following-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#15
Chinedu O Mmeje, Cooper R Benson, Graciela M Nogueras-González, Isuru S Jayaratna, Jianjun Gao, Arlene O Siefker-Radtke, Ashish M Kamat, Colin P Dinney, Neema Navai, Jay B Shah
PURPOSE: To determine whether the recovery window (RW) between neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and radical cystectomy (RC) affects 90-day post-operative morbidity and incidence of lymph node metastasis. METHODS: We reviewed patients treated with NAC and RC from 1995-2013 for ≤ cT4 N0 M0 bladder cancer. The association of the RW with 90-day perioperative morbidity and lymph node metastasis was determined. Generalized linear models were used to determine predictors of each endpoint...
March 23, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169453/surgical-complications-of-urinary-diversion
#16
REVIEW
Christopher B Anderson, James M McKiernan
Urinary diversion (UD) with an intestinal segment has significant risks of short- and long-term complications. With modern reporting criteria, understanding of the true prevalence and spectrum of these complications has improved. Methods to minimize early postoperative complications include enhanced recovery pathways, restricted intraoperative fluid protocols, and referral to high-volume centers. With long-term follow-up after UD, the risk of complications steadily rises. Late surgical complications include ureterointestinal anastomotic strictures, urolithiasis, and stomal issues...
February 2018: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496372/recommendations-for-follow-up-of-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-patients-a-consensus-by-the-international-bladder-cancer-network
#17
REVIEW
Tahlita C M Zuiverloon, Kim E M van Kessel, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Joost L Boormans, Thorsten H Ecke, Petros D Grivas, Anne E Kiltie, Fredrik Liedberg, Andrea Necchi, Bas W van Rhijn, Florian Roghmann, Marta Sanchez-Carbayo, Bernd J Schmitz-Dräger, Felix Wezel, Ashish M Kamat
RATIONALE: Several guidelines exist that address treatment of patients with nonmetastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). However, most only briefly mention follow-up strategies for patients and hence the treating physician is often left to infer on what the preferred follow-up schema would be for an individual patient. Herein, we aim to synthesize recommendations for follow-up of patients with MIBC for easy reference. METHODS: A multidisciplinary MIBC expert panel from the International Bladder Cancer Network was assembled to critically assess currently available major guidelines on surveillance of MIBC patients...
February 26, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299903/delayed-ejaculation-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Ibrahim A Abdel-Hamid, Omar I Ali
Delayed ejaculation (DE) is a poorly defined and uncommon form of male sexual dysfunction, characterized by a marked delay in ejaculation or an inability to achieve ejaculation. It is often quite concerning to patients and their partners, and sometimes frustrates couples' attempts to conceive. This article aims to review the pathophysiology of DE and anejaculation (AE), to explore our current understanding of the diagnosis, and to present the treatment options for this condition. Electronic databases were searched from 1966 to October 2017, including PubMed (MEDLINE) and Embase...
January 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520590/role-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Christopher E Bayne, Dannah Farah, Katherine W Herbst, Michael H Hsieh
PURPOSE: We sought to examine the literature reporting the effect of urinary tract infection (UTI) on non-schistosomiasis-related UBC (UBCNS ) through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A predefined study protocol was developed according to PRISMA. Medline and Scopus were searched for all studies investigating exposure to UTI with UBCNS as the primary outcome. Potential studies were screened against eligibility criteria. Clinical heterogeneity was assessed and groups with more than two studies were evaluated by random effect meta-analysis...
March 8, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532805/sexual-dysfunction-and-male-infertility
#20
REVIEW
Francesco Lotti, Mario Maggi
Infertility affects up to 12% of all men, and sexual dysfunction occurs frequently in men of reproductive age, causing infertility in some instances. In infertile men, hypoactive sexual desire and lack of sexual satisfaction are the most prevalent types of sexual dysfunction, ranging from 8.9% to 68.7%. Erectile dysfunction and/or premature ejaculation, evaluated with validated tools, have a prevalence of one in six infertile men, and orgasmic dysfunction has a prevalence of one in ten infertile men. In addition, infertile men can experience a heavy psychological burden...
May 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
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