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Pediatric Trauma

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185 papers 500 to 1000 followers
Bridget Lang Findlay, Alexa Melucci, Viktor Dombrovskiy, Joelle Pierre, Yi-Horng Lee
BACKGROUND: Although injury patterns after motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are well documented, association between adequate restraint and injury severity is unclear. We aimed to determine if improper restraint affects injury rates and severity. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 477 children hospitalized in Pediatric Trauma Center after MVC was performed. Injuries in various age groups (0-7, 8-12, 13-16, 17-18 years) with different restraint quality measures (proper [PR] and improper/unrestrained [IUR]) as well as injury severity score (ISS: mild [1-9], moderate [10-15], severe [16-25], and profound [>25]) were evaluated and compared...
October 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Chethan Sathya, Aziz S Alali, Paul W Wales, Jacob C Langer, Brian D Kenney, Randall S Burd, Michael L Nance, Avery B Nathens
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a common indication for computed tomography (CT) in children. However, children are particularly vulnerable to CT radiation and its associated cancer risk. Identifying differences in CT usage across trauma centers and among specific populations of injured children is needed to identify where quality improvement initiatives could be implemented in order to reduce excess radiation exposure to children. We evaluated computed tomography (CT) rates among injured children treated at pediatric (PTC), mixed (MTC), or adult trauma centers (ATC) and estimated the resulting differential in potential cancer risk...
September 19, 2018: Injury
Amy L Baxter, Daniel M Lindberg, Bonnie L Burke, Justine Shults, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVES: Previous research in adult patients with blunt hepatic injuries has suggested a pattern of serum hepatic transaminase concentration decline. Evaluating this decline after pediatric blunt hepatic trauma could establish parameters for estimating the time of inflicted injuries. Deviation from a consistent transaminase resolution pattern could indicate a developing complication. METHODS: Retrospective review of pediatric patients with injuries including blunt liver trauma admitted to one of four urban level 1 trauma centers from 1990 to 2000...
September 2008: Child Abuse & Neglect
Brian R Englum, Brian C Gulack, Henry E Rice, John E Scarborough, Obinna O Adibe
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the current management strategies and outcomes after blunt pancreatic trauma in children using a national patient registry. METHODS: Using the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) from 2007-2011, we identified all patients ≤18years old who suffered blunt pancreatic trauma. Patients were categorized as undergoing nonoperative pancreatic management (no abdominal operation, abdominal operation without pancreatic-specific procedure, or pancreatic drainage alone) or operative pancreatic management (pancreatic resection/repair)...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Tammy R Kopelman, Ramin Jamshidi, Paola G Pieri, Karole Davis, James Bogert, Sydney J Vail, Daniel Gridley, Melissa A Singer Pressman
PURPOSE: Considering the improvements in CT over the past decade, this study aimed to determine whether CT can diagnose HVI in pediatric trauma patients with seatbelt signs (SBS). METHODS: We retrospectively identified pediatric patients with SBS who had abdominopelvic CT performed on initial evaluation over 5 1/2years. Abnormal CT was defined by identification of any intra-abdominal abnormality possibly related to trauma. RESULTS: One hundred twenty patients met inclusion criteria...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Christine M Leeper, Matthew D Neal, Christine McKenna, Jason L Sperry, Barbara A Gaines
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in fibrinolysis are common and associated with increased mortality in injured adults. While hyperfibrinolysis (HF) and fibrinolysis shutdown (SD) are potential prognostic indicators and treatment targets in adults, these derangements are not well described in a pediatric trauma cohort. METHODS: This was a prospective analysis of highest level trauma activations in subjects aged 0 to 18 years presenting to our academic center between June 1, 2015, and July 31, 2016, with admission rapid thrombelastograph...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Stephanie Stowman, Christopher A Kearney, Kshama Daphtary
OBJECTIVES: Youth in a PICU and their parents may experience initial symptoms of acute stress disorder and later symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. The objective of this study was to examine potential mediators of these conditions, including youth anxiety, depression, negative affect, and hospital fear, as well as parent anxiety and depression DESIGN: This study involved a short longitudinal design that encompassed initial assessments in a PICU setting and later assessments 4-7 weeks after discharge...
May 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
W B Daviss, R Racusin, A Fleischer, D Mooney, J D Ford, G J McHugo
OBJECTIVE: To examine and identify predictors of acute stress disorder (ASD) and ASD symptomatology (ASDS) in children hospitalized for injuries. METHOD: Fifty-four youths were assessed while hospitalized for injuries. Dependent variables were parent and nurse ratings of children's ASDS. Independent variables included children's prior trauma exposure and behavior problems, injury severity and permanence, brain injury, injury or death to family/friend(s), parental distress, and child reports of the injury/hospitalization experience as meeting criterion A for ASD...
May 2000: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Willie Langeland, Miranda Olff
Research suggests that about a quarter to a third of children with traffic-related injuries develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Early symptoms of PTSD have been found to predict poor mental and physical outcome in studies of medically injured children. However, these symptoms are rarely recognized by physicians who provide emergency care for these children. In addition, there is insufficient knowledge about predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms in this specific pediatric population. Early identification of those children at particular risk is needed to target preventive interventions appropriately...
2008: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Ben Kovachy, Ruth O'Hara, Nate Hawkins, Anda Gershon, Michelle M Primeau, Jessica Madej, Victor Carrion
Many studies have provided strong evidence of a fundamental and complex role for sleep disturbances in adult posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Investigations of adult PTSD using subjective and objective measures document sleep architecture abnormalities and high prevalence of sleep disordered breathing, periodic limb movement disorder, nightmares, and insomnia. PTSD treatment methods do appear to significantly improve sleep disturbance, and also studies suggest that treatments for sleep disorders often result in improvements in PTSD symptoms...
May 15, 2013: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Gail Hornor
Children are exposed to a variety of traumatic experiences, and each child is unique in his or her response to that trauma. The most common psychiatric disorder that develops after exposure to trauma is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article will help pediatric nurse practitioners understand PTSD in terms of diagnosis, epidemiology, risk factors, comorbidity, and treatment. DSM-IV diagnostic criteria will be discussed, along with modifications to consider when evaluating very young children for PTSD...
May 2013: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Didier N Kramer, Matthias B Hertli, Markus A Landolt
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and most powerful selection of predictors of an early screening tool for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of 87 children ages 2 to 6 years after unintentional injury. METHODS: The examined screener was administered within 6 to 13 days post accident and consisted of an adapted version of the Pediatric Emotional Distress Scale (PEDS), the PEDS-ES (PEDS Early Screener), and questions on 5 additional risk factors (preexisting child behavioral problems, parental preexisting chronic mental or physical illness, pretraumatic life events in the family, parental feelings of guilt, parental posttraumatic stress)...
October 2013: Pediatrics
Nancy Kassam-Adams, Meghan L Marsac, Aimee Hildenbrand, Flaura Winston
After pediatric injury, transient traumatic stress reactions are common, and about 1 in 6 children and their parents develop persistent posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms that are linked to poorer physical and functional recovery. Meta-analytic studies identify risk factors for persistent PTS, including preinjury psychological problems, peritrauma fear and perceived life threat, and posttrauma factors such as low social support, maladaptive coping strategies, and parent PTS symptoms. There is growing prospective data indicating that children's subjective appraisals of the injury and its aftermath influence PTS development...
December 2013: JAMA Pediatrics
Els P M van Meijel, Maj R Gigengack, Eva Verlinden, Brent C Opmeer, Hugo A Heij, J Carel Goslings, Frank W Bloemers, Jan S K Luitse, Frits Boer, Martha A Grootenhuis, Ramón J L Lindauer
BACKGROUND: Children and their parents are at risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following injury due to pediatric accidental trauma. Screening could help predict those at greatest risk and provide an opportunity for monitoring so that early intervention may be provided. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Screening Tool for Early Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (STEPP) in a mixed-trauma sample in a non-English speaking country (the Netherlands). METHODS: Children aged 8-18 and one of their parents were recruited in two academic level I trauma centers...
May 12, 2015: BMC Psychiatry
Pranit N Chotai, Lisa Manning, Benjamin Eithun, Joshua C Ross, James W Eubanks, Chad Hamner, Ankush Gosain
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of traumatic injuries, factors associated with mortality, and need for pediatric trauma surgery involvement for drowning and near-drowning events in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An institutional review board-approved, retrospective chart review was performed at three American College of Surgeons-verified Pediatric Trauma Centers (2011-2014). Patients with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, codes or E-codes for fatal-nonfatal drowning, fall into water, accidental drowning, or submersion were included...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Bennett W Calder, Adam M Vogel, Jingwen Zhang, Patrick D Mauldin, Eunice Y Huang, Kate B Savoie, Matthew T Santore, KuoJen Tsao, Tiffany G Ostovar-Kermani, Richard A Falcone, M Sidney Dassinger, John Recicar, Jeffrey H Haynes, Martin L Blakely, Robert T Russell, Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, Shawn D St Peter, David P Mooney, Chinwendu Onwubiko, Jeffrey S Upperman, Jessica A Zagory, Christian J Streck
INTRODUCTION: The utility of focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) in children is poorly defined with considerable practice variation. Our purpose was to investigate the role of FAST for intra-abdominal injury (IAI) and IAI requiring acute intervention (IAI-I) in children after blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled children younger than 16 years after BAT at 14 Level I pediatric trauma centers over a 1-year period. Patients who underwent FAST were compared with those that did not, using descriptive statistics and univariate analysis; p value less than 0...
August 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Stephanie F Polites, Elizabeth B Habermann, Amy E Glasgow, Martin D Zielinski
BACKGROUND: Damage control laparotomy (DCL) is not well studied in the pediatric trauma population. The purpose of this study was to develop a surrogate definition of DCL compatible with national and administrative data sources so that the rate and outcomes of DCL in pediatric trauma patients could be determined. METHODS: Using the 2010-2014 National Trauma Data Bank, children ≤18 with an abdominal AIS ≥ 3 who underwent a laparotomy within 3 h of arrival were identified (n = 2989)...
May 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
Cordelie E Witt, Saman Arbabi, Avery B Nathens, Monica S Vavilala, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The implications of childhood obesity on pediatric trauma outcomes are not clearly established. Anthropomorphic data were recently added to the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) Research Datasets, enabling a large, multicenter evaluation of the effect of obesity on pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: Children ages 2 to 19years who required hospitalization for traumatic injury were identified in the 2013-2014 NTDB Research Datasets. Age and gender-specific body mass indices (BMI) were calculated...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
John K Petty
Although venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs in less than 1% of hospitalized pediatric trauma patients, care providers must make decisions about VTE prophylaxis on a daily basis. The consequences of VTE are significant; the risks of developing VTE are variable; and the effectiveness of prophylaxis against VTE is not conclusive in children. While the value of VTE prophylaxis is well defined in adult trauma care, it is unclear how this translates to the care of injured children. This review evaluates the incidence and risks of VTE in pediatric trauma and assesses the merits of prophylaxis in children...
February 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Stephen J Fenton, Robert J Bollo
Blunt cerebrovascular injury in children is an uncommon occurrence that if missed and left untreated can result in devastating long-term neurologic consequences. Diagnosis can be readily obtained by a computed tomographic angiogram of the head and neck. If confirmed, treatment with antithrombotic therapy dramatically reduces the risk of a cerebrovascular accident. The difficulty lies in determining which child should be screened for such an injury. Several institutions have come up with criteria for screening...
February 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
2017-05-15 03:01:21
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