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A Primer on Psychiatry

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274 papers 1000+ followers Created for Psychiatric residents. Useful for any interested mental health professional.
By Edwin Kim Resident Physician, Aspiring Addiction Psychiatrist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20855043/lifetime-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-u-s-adolescents-results-from-the-national-comorbidity-survey-replication-adolescent-supplement-ncs-a
#1
Kathleen Ries Merikangas, Jian-Ping He, Marcy Burstein, Sonja A Swanson, Shelli Avenevoli, Lihong Cui, Corina Benjet, Katholiki Georgiades, Joel Swendsen
OBJECTIVE: To present estimates of the lifetime prevalence of DSM-IV mental disorders with and without severe impairment, their comorbidity across broad classes of disorder, and their sociodemographic correlates. METHOD: The National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement NCS-A is a nationally representative face-to-face survey of 10,123 adolescents aged 13 to 18 years in the continental United States. DSM-IV mental disorders were assessed using a modified version of the fully structured World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
October 2010: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15939839/prevalence-severity-and-comorbidity-of-12-month-dsm-iv-disorders-in-the-national-comorbidity-survey-replication
#2
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ronald C Kessler, Wai Tat Chiu, Olga Demler, Kathleen R Merikangas, Ellen E Walters
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the general population prevalence or severity of DSM-IV mental disorders. OBJECTIVE: To estimate 12-month prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of DSM-IV anxiety, mood, impulse control, and substance disorders in the recently completed US National Comorbidity Survey Replication. DESIGN AND SETTING: Nationally representative face-to-face household survey conducted between February 2001 and April 2003 using a fully structured diagnostic interview, the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
June 2005: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17485608/prevalence-correlates-disability-and-comorbidity-of-dsm-iv-drug-abuse-and-dependence-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Wilson M Compton, Yonette F Thomas, Frederick S Stinson, Bridget F Grant
BACKGROUND: Current and comprehensive information on the epidemiology of DSM-IV 12-month and lifetime drug use disorders in the United States has not been available. OBJECTIVES: To present detailed information on drug abuse and dependence prevalence, correlates, and comorbidity with other Axis I and II disorders. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Face-to-face interviews using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism in a large representative sample of US adults (N=43093)...
May 2007: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8279933/lifetime-and-12-month-prevalence-of-dsm-iii-r-psychiatric-disorders-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-national-comorbidity-survey
#4
R C Kessler, K A McGonagle, S Zhao, C B Nelson, M Hughes, S Eshleman, H U Wittchen, K S Kendler
BACKGROUND: This study presents estimates of lifetime and 12-month prevalence of 14 DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders from the National Comorbidity Survey, the first survey to administer a structured psychiatric interview to a national probability sample in the United States. METHODS: The DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders among persons aged 15 to 54 years in the noninstitutionalized civilian population of the United States were assessed with data collected by lay interviewers using a revised version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
January 1994: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24091891/the-relationship-of-mental-and-behavioral-disorders-to-all-cause-mortality-in-a-27-year-follow-up-of-4-epidemiologic-catchment-area-samples
#5
William W Eaton, Kimberly B Roth, Martha Bruce, Linda Cottler, Litzy Wu, Gerald Nestadt, Dan Ford, O Joseph Bienvenu, Rosa M Crum, George Rebok, James C Anthony, Alvaro Muñoz
Subjects from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program, interviewed during 1979-1983, were linked to data in the National Death Index through 2007 to estimate the association of mental and behavioral disorders with death. There were more than 25 years of follow-up for 15,440 individuals, with 6,924 deaths amounting to 307,881 person-years of observation. Data were analyzed by using age as the time scale and parametric approaches to quantify the years of life lost due to disorders. Alcohol, drug use, and antisocial personality disorders were associated with increased risk of death, but there was no strong association with mood and anxiety disorders...
November 1, 2013: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017623/the-genealogy-of-the-clinical-syndrome-of-mania-signs-and-symptoms-described-in-psychiatric-texts-from-1880-to-1900
#6
K S Kendler
In 1800, mania was conceptualized as an agitated psychotic state. By 1900, it closely resembled its modern form. This paper reviews the descriptions of mania in Western psychiatry from 1880 to 1900, when Kraepelin was training and developing his concept of manic-depressive illness. Psychiatric textbooks published 1900-1960 described 22 characteristic manic symptoms/signs the presence of which were recorded in 25 psychiatric textbooks and three other key documents published 1880-1900. Descriptions of mania in these nineteenth century textbooks closely resembled those in the twentieth century, recording a mean (s...
July 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627029/going-beyond-classic-descriptions-to-future-phenomenology-of-schizophrenia
#7
EDITORIAL
Manuel J Cuesta, Victor Peralta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538954/understanding-the-association-between-personality-and-severe-mental-illness
#8
Richard P Bentall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577609/the-early-origins-of-autism
#9
REVIEW
John N Constantino, Natasha Marrus
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders whose core features of impaired social communication and atypical repetitive behaviors and/or restrictions in range of interests emerge in toddlerhood and carry significant implications at successive stages of development. The ability to reliably identify most cases of the condition far earlier than the average age of diagnosis presents a novel opportunity for early intervention, but the availability of such an intervention is disparate across US communities, and its impact is imperfectly understood...
July 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2035713/the-serotonin-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
H Sternbach
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: A review of the literature on the serotonin syndrome in animals and human beings was conducted, and 12 reports of 38 cases in human patients were then analyzed to determine the most frequently reported clinical features and drug interactions, as well as the incidence, treatment, and outcome of this syndrome. FINDINGS: The serotonin syndrome is most commonly the result of the interaction between serotonergic agents and monoamine oxidase inhibitors...
June 1991: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330588/why-serious-mental-illness-should-be-designated-a-health-disparity-and-the-paradox-of-ethnicity
#11
Stephen J Bartels, Peter DiMilia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8149108/lessons-learned-from-deinstitutionalisation-in-the-us
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
H R Lamb
Deinstitutionalisation is at an advanced stage in the US, both in duration, and in reduction in state hospital beds. The new generation of chronically and severely mentally ill persons has posed the greatest problems. They no longer receive life-long hospital admission and thus permanent asylum from the demands of the world. Resistance to treatment and substance abuse are problems. Early proponents of deinstitutionalisation believed it would be cheaper, better, and give the mentally ill their freedom. In reality, good community care does not cost less...
May 1993: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24686574/prevalence-of-mental-illnesses-in-us-state-prisons-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Seth J Prins
Two federal reports dating from 1999 and 2006 are by far the most widely cited sources for the prevalence of mental illness among persons in U.S. jails and prisons. To provide a broader picture of the issue, the author undertook a systematic review of 28 articles published between 1989 and 2013. Not only did the review confirm the high prevalence of mental illnesses among prisoners, it identified a litany of health problems associated with the incarceration of persons with mental illness and profound difficulties in finding housing and employment after release...
July 2014: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21885577/substance-use-disorder-among-people-with-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-course-and-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Jennifer P Wisdom, Jennifer I Manuel, Robert E Drake
OBJECTIVE: People experiencing a first episode of psychosis frequently have co-occurring substance use disorders, usually involving alcohol and cannabis, which put them at risk for prolonged psychosis, psychotic relapse, and other adverse outcomes. Yet few studies of first-episode psychosis have addressed the course of substance use disorders and the response to specialized substance abuse treatments. METHODS: The authors searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and other medical databases for English-language articles published between 1990 and 2009...
September 2011: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153929/hallucinations-in-borderline-personality-disorder-and-common-mental-disorders
#15
Ian Kelleher, Jordan E DeVylder
Hallucinations are classically associated with psychotic disorders. Recent research, however, has highlighted that hallucinations frequently occur outside of the context of psychosis. Despite this, to our knowledge, there has been no epidemiological research to compare the prevalence of hallucinations across common mental disorders with the prevalence in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Using data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey ( n = 7403), we investigated the prevalence of hallucinations in individuals with a range of mental disorders and BPD...
March 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138104/mechanisms-of-alzheimer-s-disease-pathogenesis-and-prevention-the-brain-neural-pathology-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptors-tau-protein-and-other-risk-factors
#16
REVIEW
Sayad Kocahan, Zumrut Doğan
The characteristic features of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are the appearance of extracellular amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the intracellular environment, neuronal death and the loss of synapses, all of which contribute to cognitive decline in a progressive manner. A number of hypotheses have been advanced to explain AD. Abnormal tau phosphorylation may contribute to the formation of abnormal neurofibrillary structures. Many different structures are susceptible to AD, including the reticular formation, the nuclei in the brain stem (e...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25772766/the-navigate-program-for-first-episode-psychosis-rationale-overview-and-description-of-psychosocial-components
#17
Kim T Mueser, David L Penn, Jean Addington, Mary F Brunette, Susan Gingerich, Shirley M Glynn, David W Lynde, Jennifer D Gottlieb, Piper Meyer-Kalos, Susan R McGurk, Corinne Cather, Sylvia Saade, Delbert G Robinson, Nina R Schooler, Robert A Rosenheck, John M Kane
Comprehensive coordinated specialty care programs for first-episode psychosis have been widely implemented in other countries but not in the United States. The National Institute of Mental Health's Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) initiative focused on the development and evaluation of first-episode treatment programs designed for the U.S. health care system. This article describes the background, rationale, and nature of the intervention developed by the RAISE Early Treatment Program project-known as the NAVIGATE program-with a particular focus on its psychosocial components...
July 2015: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26481174/comprehensive-versus-usual-community-care-for-first-episode-psychosis-2-year-outcomes-from-the-nimh-raise-early-treatment-program
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John M Kane, Delbert G Robinson, Nina R Schooler, Kim T Mueser, David L Penn, Robert A Rosenheck, Jean Addington, Mary F Brunette, Christoph U Correll, Sue E Estroff, Patricia Marcy, James Robinson, Piper S Meyer-Kalos, Jennifer D Gottlieb, Shirley M Glynn, David W Lynde, Ronny Pipes, Benji T Kurian, Alexander L Miller, Susan T Azrin, Amy B Goldstein, Joanne B Severe, Haiqun Lin, Kyaw J Sint, Majnu John, Robert K Heinssen
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to compare the impact of NAVIGATE, a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, team-based treatment approach for first-episode psychosis designed for implementation in the U.S. health care system, with community care on quality of life. METHOD: Thirty-four clinics in 21 states were randomly assigned to NAVIGATE or community care. Diagnosis, duration of untreated psychosis, and clinical outcomes were assessed via live, two-way video by remote, centralized raters masked to study design and treatment...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12511175/clozapine-treatment-for-suicidality-in-schizophrenia-international-suicide-prevention-trial-intersept
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Herbert Y Meltzer, Larry Alphs, Alan I Green, A Carlo Altamura, Ravi Anand, Alberto Bertoldi, Marc Bourgeois, Guy Chouinard, M Zahur Islam, John Kane, Ranga Krishnan, J P Lindenmayer, Steven Potkin
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50% of patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder attempt suicide, and approximately 10% die of suicide. Study results suggest that clozapine therapy significantly reduces suicidal behavior in these patients. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized, international, 2-year study comparing the risk for suicidal behavior in patients treated with clozapine vs olanzapine was conducted in 980 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, 26...
January 2003: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672165/the-terrorist-inside-my-husband-s-brain
#20
EDITORIAL
Susan Schneider Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Neurology
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