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A Primer on Psychiatry

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255 papers 1000+ followers Created for Psychiatry residents but useful and interesting for any mental health professional
By Edwin Kim Resident Physician, Aspiring Addiction Psychiatrist
Susan Schneider Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Neurology
Nathalie Moise, Yulia Khodneva, Joshua Richman, Daichi Shimbo, Ian Kronish, Monika M Safford
BACKGROUND: Depression is a relapsing and remitting disease. Prior studies on the association between depressive symptoms and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been limited by single measurements, and few if any have examined both incident coronary heart disease and stroke in a large biracial national cohort. We aimed to assess whether time-dependent depressive symptoms conferred increased risk of incident CVD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2003 to 2007, 22 666 black and white participants (aged ≥45 years) without baseline CVD in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study were recruited...
August 12, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Annabelle K Simpson, Viktoriya Magid
Cannabis use in the adolescent population poses a significant threat of addiction potential resulting in altered neurodevelopment. There are multiple mechanisms of treatment of cannabis use disorder including behavioral therapy management and emerging data on treatment via pharmacotherapy. Recognizing the diagnostic criteria for cannabis use disorder, cannabis withdrawal syndrome, and mitigating factors that influence adolescent engagement in cannabis use allows for comprehensive assessment and management in the adolescent population...
July 2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Tom Clynes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: Nature
Jan Dirk Blom
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the literature on Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AIWS), a disorder characterized by distortions of visual perception, the body schema, and the experience of time. RECENT FINDINGS: On the basis of 169 published case descriptions, the etiology of AIWS is divided into 8 main groups, with neurologic disorders affecting mostly adults and elderly patients and encephalitides affecting mostly patients aged ≤18 years. Symptoms of AIWS are also experienced in the general population, with up to 30% of adolescents reporting nonclinical symptoms...
June 2016: Neurology. Clinical Practice
Marianna Mazza, Giuseppe Marano, Luigi Janiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Michelle G Craske, Murray B Stein
Anxiety disorders (separation anxiety disorder, selective mutism, specific phobias, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and generalised anxiety disorder) are common and disabling conditions that mostly begin during childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood. They differ from developmentally normative or stress-induced transient anxiety by being marked (ie, out of proportion to the actual threat present) and persistent, and by impairing daily functioning. Most anxiety disorders affect almost twice as many women as men...
June 24, 2016: Lancet
Rianne M van der Linde, Tom Dening, Blossom C M Stephan, A Matthew Prina, Elizabeth Evans, Carol Brayne
BACKGROUND: More information about the pattern of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in the course of dementia is needed to inform patients and clinicians and to design future interventions. AIMS: To determine the persistence and incidence of BPSD and their relation to cognitive function, in individuals with dementia or in cohorts investigated for dementia onset. METHOD: A systematic literature review analysed the baseline prevalence, persistence and incidence of 11 symptoms...
August 4, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Peter Manu, Nilofar Sarvaiya, Liliana M Rogozea, John M Kane, Christoph U Correll
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiology, pathobiology, and management of benign ethnic neutropenia and determine the extent to which these factors should influence measures designed to avoid clozapine-induced agranulocytosis. DATA SOURCES: A structured MEDLINE search with no language limitation was performed from database inception until March 31, 2015, using the terms clozapine and benign ethnic neutropenia. Retrieved articles were cross-checked for additional relevant studies...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Laura D Hirshbein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Nancy C Andreasen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
Charles Roehrig
Estimates of annual health spending for a comprehensive set of medical conditions are presented for the entire US population and with totals benchmarked to the National Health Expenditure Accounts. In 2013 mental disorders topped the list of most costly conditions, with spending at $201 billion.
June 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Kenneth S Kendler
How should DSM criteria relate to the disorders they are designed to assess? To address this question empirically, the author examines how well DSM-5 symptomatic criteria for major depression capture the descriptions of clinical depression in the post-Kraepelin Western psychiatric tradition as described in textbooks published between 1900 and 1960. Eighteen symptoms and signs of depression were described, 10 of which are covered by the DSM criteria for major depression or melancholia. For two symptoms (mood and cognitive content), DSM criteria are considerably narrower than those described in the textbooks...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Victor I Reus, Laura J Fochtmann, A Evan Eyler, Donald M Hilty, Marcela Horvitz-Lennon, Michael D Jibson, Oscar L Lopez, Jane Mahoney, Jagoda Pasic, Zaldy S Tan, Cheryl D Wills, Richard Rhoads, Joel Yager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Joseph F Goldberg, Roy H Perlis, S Nassir Ghaemi, Joseph R Calabrese, Charles L Bowden, Stephen Wisniewski, David J Miklowitz, Gary S Sachs, Michael E Thase
OBJECTIVE: Practice guidelines have advised against treating patients with antidepressants during bipolar mixed states or dysphoric manias. However, few studies have examined the outcomes of patients with co-occurring manic and depressive symptoms who are treated with antidepressants plus mood stabilizing drugs. METHOD: The authors compared outcomes in patients with bipolar disorder who received a mood stabilizing agent with versus without an antidepressant for a bipolar depressive episode accompanied by > or = 2 concurrent manic symptoms...
September 2007: American Journal of Psychiatry
Joseph F Goldberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Paolo Fusar-Poli, Matthew J Kempton, Robert A Rosenheck
The aim of the present article is to test at a meta-analytical level the efficacy and safety of second-generation long-acting antipsychotic injections (SGLAI) in schizophrenia. Thirteen randomized-controlled trials comparing SGLAI with either placebo or oral antipsychotics were included in a quantitative meta-analysis (6313 patients). Efficacy and safety measures as well as demographic and clinical variables were extracted from each publication or obtained directly from authors. Publication bias was assessed with funnel plots and Egger's intercept...
March 2013: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
Michael E Thase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Madeline Li, Peter Fitzgerald, Gary Rodin
PURPOSE: Depression is a common condition in patients with cancer, although there has been a relative paucity of research on the effectiveness of treatment in this population. This review summarizes the psychosocial and pharmacologic treatment of depression in patients with cancer based on a consideration of evidence regarding etiologic factors and treatment outcomes. METHODS: A review of the evidence base for psychosocial and pharmacologic interventions for depression in patients with cancer was performed, including original studies, systematic reviews, and meta-analytic studies in the literature...
April 10, 2012: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Barbara E McDermott, Marc D Feldman
Malingering of mental illness has been studied extensively; however, malingered medical illness has been examined much less avidly. While in theory any ailment can be fabricated or self-induced, pain--including lower back pain, cervical pain, and fibromyalgia--and cognitive deficits associated with mild head trauma or toxic exposure are feigned most frequently, especially in situations where there are financial incentives to malinger. Structured assessments have been developed to help detect both types of malingering; however, in daily practice, the physician should generally suspect malingering when there are tangible incentives and when reported symptoms do not match the physical examination or no organic basis for the physical complaints is found...
December 2007: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
2016-01-15 07:02:12
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