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2 papers 0 to 25 followers Articulos de interes Neumología
Zofia Zwolska, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć
Drug-resistant tuberculosis, and particularly multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensive drug resistant TB (XDR-TB) as an increasing health problem and a serious challenge to TB control programs. MDR-Tb and XDR-TB are highly lethal in people living with HIV, with case of fatality rates of over 90%. At the same time, there are not many drugs effective in TB chemotherapy. Information about susceptibility patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates against antituberculosis drugs is important aspect of tuberculosis control, and surveillance and analysis of local rates of TB drug resistance is helpful in the detection and monitoring of the extent of MDR and XDR strains, indicating the quality of TB control in the country...
May 2011: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Christian Viniol, Claus F Vogelmeier
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death worldwide. While COPD is a mainly chronic disease, a substantial number of patients suffer from exacerbations. Severe exacerbations are related to a significantly worse survival outcome. This review summarises the current knowledge on the different aspects of COPD exacerbations. The impact of risk factors and triggers such as smoking, severe airflow limitation, bronchiectasis, bacterial and viral infections and comorbidities is discussed...
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
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