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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30026952/how-to-squat-effects-of-various-stance-widths-foot-placement-angles-and-level-of-experience-on-knee-hip-and-trunk-motion-and-loading
#1
Silvio Lorenzetti, Mira Ostermann, Fabian Zeidler, Pia Zimmer, Lina Jentsch, Renate List, William R Taylor, Florian Schellenberg
Background: Squatting is a core exercise for many purposes. The tissue loading during squatting is crucial for positive adaptation and to avoid injury. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of narrow, hip and wide stance widths, foot position angles (0°, 21°, and 42°), strength exercise experience, and barbell load (0 and 50% body weight, experts only) during squatting. Methods: Novice ( N  = 21) and experienced ( N  = 21) squatters performed 9 different variations of squats (3 stance widths, 3 foot placement angles)...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167894/can-exercise-prevent-knee-osteoarthritis
#2
Jennifer Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483964/novel-antibacterial-coating-on-orthopedic-wires-to-eliminate-pin-tract-infections
#3
Dmitry Gil, Sergey Shuvaev, Anastasia Frank-Kamenetskii, Vladimir Reukov, Christopher Gross, Alexey Vertegel
Novel approaches to the prevention of microbial infections after the insertion of orthopedic external fixators are in great demand because of the extremely high incidence rates of such infections, which can reach up to 100% with longer implant residence times. Monolaurin is an antimicrobial agent with a known safety record that is broadly used in the food and cosmetic industries; however, its use in antimicrobial coatings of medical devices has not been studied in much detail. Here, we report the use of monolaurin as an antibacterial coating on external fixators for the first time...
July 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242358/staged-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-femoral-shaft-osteomyelitis-with-ilizarov-s-technique-followed-by-the-use-of-intramedullary-locked-nail
#4
Po-Hsin Chou, Hsi-Hsien Lin, Yu-Pin Su, Chao-Ching Chiang, Ming-Chau Chang, Chuan-Mu Chen
BACKGROUND: Infected nonunion of the femoral shaft is uncommon, and usually presents with challenging therapeutic and reconstructive problems. There are still controversies over treating infected nonunion of the femoral shaft. The purposes of this retrospective study were to review the treatment outcomes and describe a staged protocol for spontaneous wound healing. METHODS: Six patients with chronic femoral shaft infected-nonunion from October 2002 to September 2010 were included in this retrospective study...
June 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129518/body-mass-and-weekly-training-distance-influence-the-pain-and-injuries-experienced-by-runners-using-minimalist-shoes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Joel T Fuller, Dominic Thewlis, Jonathan D Buckley, Nicholas A T Brown, Joseph Hamill, Margarita D Tsiros
BACKGROUND: Minimalist shoes have been popularized as a safe alternative to conventional running shoes. However, a paucity of research is available investigating the longer-term safety of minimalist shoes. PURPOSE: To compare running-related pain and injury between minimalist and conventional shoes in trained runners and to investigate interactions between shoe type, body mass, and weekly training distance. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial; Level of evidence, 2...
April 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785775/risk-and-protective-factors-for-middle-and-long-distance-running-related-injury
#6
REVIEW
Adam Hulme, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Toomas Timpka, Evert Verhagen, Caroline Finch
BACKGROUND: Despite a rapidly growing body of research, a systematic evidence compilation of the risk and protective factors for middle- and long-distance running-related injury (RRI) was lacking. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to compile the evidence about modifiable and non-modifiable training-related and behavioral risk and protective factors for middle- and long-distance RRI. METHODS: We searched five databases (PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO) for the dates 1 January 1970 to 31 December 2015, inclusive, for original peer-reviewed articles...
May 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704555/the-effects-of-cold-water-immersion-and-active-recovery-on-inflammation-and-cell-stress-responses-in-human-skeletal-muscle-after-resistance-exercise
#7
Jonathan M Peake, Llion A Roberts, Vandre C Figueiredo, Ingrid Egner, Simone Krog, Sigve N Aas, Katsuhiko Suzuki, James F Markworth, Jeff S Coombes, David Cameron-Smith, Truls Raastad
KEY POINTS: Cold water immersion and active recovery are common post-exercise recovery treatments. A key assumption about the benefits of cold water immersion is that it reduces inflammation in skeletal muscle. However, no data are available from humans to support this notion. We compared the effects of cold water immersion and active recovery on inflammatory and cellular stress responses in skeletal muscle from exercise-trained men 2, 24 and 48 h during recovery after acute resistance exercise...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Physiology
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