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Choosing wisely

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By Joe Weatherly FM/Hospitalist-CoFounder of QuestioningMedicine and PCRAP contributor.
Annelieke E C A B Willemsen, S J H Bas Bredie, Claudia M Lobo, Maureen J van der Vlugt, C Kramers
The Dutch campaign 'Verstandig kiezen', based on the American programme 'Choosing wisely', aims to improve quality in healthcare, with attention to cost control. The 'Choosing wisely'-based programme can be applied in the choice of a statin. Atorvastatin and rosuvastatin are regarded as equal choices in various guidelines regarding cardiovascular risk management. Generic atorvastatin is available, and is approximately 25 times cheaper than rosuvastatin in almost equipotent doses. Rosuvastatin provides a greater LDL reduction than atorvastatin...
2015: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Kristin C Sokol, Gulshan Sharma, Yu-Li Lin, Randall M Goldblum
PURPOSE: The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) and the American Thoracic Society provide guidelines stating that physicians should use spirometry in the diagnosis and management of asthma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the trends, over a 10-year period, in the utilization of spirometry in patients newly diagnosed with asthma. We hypothesized that spirometry use would increase in physicians who care for asthma patients, especially since 2007, when the revised NAEPP guidelines were published...
May 2015: American Journal of Medicine
Adam H Corson, Vincent S Fan, Travis White, Sean D Sullivan, Kenji Asakura, Michael Myint, Christopher R Dale
PURPOSE: Common labs such as a daily complete blood count or a daily basic metabolic panel represent possible waste and have been targeted by professional societies and the Choosing Wisely campaign for critical evaluation. We undertook a multifaceted quality-improvement (QI) intervention in a large community hospitalist group to decrease unnecessary common labs. METHODS: The QI intervention was composed of academic detailing, audit and feedback, and transparent reporting of the frequency with which common labs were ordered as daily within the hospitalist group...
June 2015: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Pamela T Johnson, Mahadevappa Mahesh, Elliot K Fishman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Erin E Hahn, Tania Tang, Janet S Lee, Corrine Munoz-Plaza, Joyce O Adesina, Ernest Shen, Braden Rowley, Jared L Maeda, David M Mosen, John C Ruckdeschel, Michael K Gould
PURPOSE: Advanced imaging is commonly used for staging of early-stage breast cancer, despite recommendations against this practice. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare use of imaging for staging of breast cancer in two integrated health care systems, Kaiser Permanente (KP) and Intermountain Healthcare (IH). We also sought to distinguish whether imaging was routine or used for diagnostic purposes. METHODS: We identified patients with stages 0 to IIB breast cancer diagnosed between 2010 and 2012...
May 2015: Journal of Oncology Practice
Darel E Heitkamp, Matthias M Albin, Jonathan H Chung, Traves P Crabtree, Mark D Iannettoni, Geoffrey B Johnson, Clinton Jokerst, Barbara L McComb, Anthony G Saleh, Rakesh D Shah, Robert M Steiner, Tan-Lucien H Mohammed, James G Ravenel
The respiratory system is often affected by complications of immunodeficiency, typically manifesting clinically as acute respiratory illness. Ongoing literature reviews regarding the appropriateness of imaging in these patients are critical, as advanced medical therapies including stem cell transplantation, chemotherapy, and immunosuppressive therapies for autoimmune disease continue to keep the population of immunosuppressed patients in our health care system high. This ACR Appropriateness Criteria topic describes clinical scenarios of acute respiratory illness in immunocompromised patients with cough, dyspnea, chest pain, and fever, in those with negative, equivocal, or nonspecific findings on chest radiography, in those with multiple, diffuse, or confluent opacities on chest radiography, and in those in whom noninfectious disease is suspected...
May 2015: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Rajakrishnan Vijayakrishnan, Aparna Ramasubramanian, Suneel Dhand
 Delirium is a common occurrence in hospitalized patients, especially in the geriatric age group. Data was retrospectively reviewed for patients who developed delirium during hospitalization. Acute intracranial changes on imaging were noted only in four patients (11%) and all had preimaging clinical symptoms and signs, which warranted imaging. Imaging should be considered only in the presence of head injury, fall, history of anticoagulation, focal neurological signs, fever, and raised intracranial pressure...
January 2015: Hospital Topics
Jean-Michel Gaspoz
Echoing the "less is more" and "choosing wisely" campaigns in the USA, the "smarter medicine" campaign launched in 2014 by the Swiss Society of General Internal Medicine listed five tests or treatments that are often prescribed in ambulatory general internal medicine, but that may not provide any meaningful benefit and may carry the risk of generating harms and costs. In the United Kingdom, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) supported the National Health Services in identifying "low value" activities that should be stopped...
2015: Swiss Medical Weekly
Christopher M Hillis, Aaron D Schimmer, Stephen Couban, Mark A Crowther
Choosing Wisely Canada (CWC), a medical stewardship campaign, encourages dialogue between physicians and patients to promote high-quality decision-making. Medical societies develop lists of tests, treatments, and procedures that are unnecessary, reduce value, and may cause harm. The Canadian Hematology Society (CHS) elicited suggestions for CWC recommendations from its members and received 35 unique suggestions. A working group rated these based on their potential for harm, benefit, frequency of use and value...
April 2015: Annals of Hematology
Daniel Wolfson, John Santa, Lorie Slass
Wise management of health care resources is a core tenet of medical professionalism. To support physicians in fulfilling this responsibility and to engage patients in discussions about unnecessary care, tests, and procedures, in April 2012 the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation, Consumer Reports, and nine medical specialty societies launched the Choosing Wisely campaign. The authors describe the rationale for and history of the campaign, its structure and approach in terms of engaging both physicians and patients, lessons learned, and future steps...
July 2014: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Roland Grad, Pierre Pluye, David Tang, Michael Shulha, David C Slawson, Allen F Shaughnessy
OBJECTIVE: We propose a method of identifying clinical topics for campaigns like Choosing Wisely. METHODS: In the context of an ongoing continuing medication education program, we analyzed ratings on every patient-oriented evidence that matters (POEM) synopsis delivered in 2012 and 2013. Given the objective of the Choosing Wisely campaign, we focused this analysis on 1 specific item in the validated questionnaire used by physicians to rate POEMs. This questionnaire item is about "avoiding an unnecessary diagnostic test or treatment...
March 2015: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Shirley L Chow, J Carter Thorne, Mary J Bell, Robert Ferrari, Zarnaz Bagheri, Tristan Boyd, Ann Marie Colwill, Michelle Jung, Damian Frackowiak, Glen S Hazlewood, Bindee Kuriya, Peter Tugwell
OBJECTIVE: To develop a list of 5 tests or treatments used in rheumatology that have evidence indicating that they may be unnecessary and thus should be reevaluated by rheumatology healthcare providers and patients. METHODS: Using the Delphi method, a committee of 16 rheumatologists from across Canada and an allied health professional generated a list of tests, procedures, or treatments in rheumatology that may be unnecessary, nonspecific, or insensitive. Items with high content agreement and perceived relevance advanced to a survey of Canadian Rheumatology Association (CRA) members...
April 2015: Journal of Rheumatology
Scott D Halpern, Deborah Becker, J Randall Curtis, Robert Fowler, Robert Hyzy, Lewis J Kaplan, Nishi Rawat, Curtis N Sessler, Hannah Wunsch, Jeremy M Kahn
RATIONALE: The high costs of health care in the United States and other developed nations are attributable, in part, to overuse of tests, treatments, and procedures that provide little to no benefit for patients. To improve the quality of care while also combating this problem of cost, the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation developed the Choosing Wisely Campaign, tasking professional societies to develop lists of the top five medical services that patients and physicians should question...
October 1, 2014: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
R Sacha Bhatia, Wendy Levinson, Douglas S Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: BMJ Quality & Safety
Bartosz Hudzik, Michal Hudzik, Lech Polonski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Kevin C Wilson, Michael K Gould
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2014: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Onyi C Onuoha, Valerie A Arkoosh, Lee A Fleisher
To develop a "top-five" list of unnecessary medical services in anesthesiology, we undertook a multistep survey of anesthesiologists, most of whom were in academic practice, and a consequent iterative process with the committees of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. We generated a list of 18 low-value perioperative activities from American Society of Anesthesiologists practice parameters and the literature. Starting with this list and proceeding with a 2-step survey using a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire, we eventually identified 5 common activities that are of low quality or benefit and high cost and have poor evidence supporting their use...
August 2014: JAMA Internal Medicine
Jonas Z Hines, Justin L Sewell, Niraj L Sehgal, Christopher Moriates, Claire K Horton, Alice Hm Chen
The "Choosing Wisely" campaign seeks to reduce unnecessary care in the United States through self-published recommendations by professional societies. The research team sought to identify factors related to low-value care in the Department of Medicine at the University of California San Francisco, using a subset of clinical scenarios published by the American College of Physicians. The team further explored respondents' values on cost consciousness. A notable minority disagreed with the identified low-value tests...
November 2015: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
George A Beller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2012: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
2014-04-27 03:49:42
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