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The effect of intrathecal administration of magnesium sulphate in rats

S Karasawa, K Ishizaki, F Goto
Anaesthesia 1998, 53 (9): 879-86
Somatosensory evoked potential, locomotion and vocalisation upon tail pinch in rats was studied in order to determine whether intrathecal magnesium sulphate administration causes spinal anaesthesia. In Wistar rats with indwelling intrathecal catheters, cortical somatosensory evoked potential was recorded following stimulation via electrodes inserted into the hind paw under chloral hydrate anaesthesia before and after intrathecal administration of 10 microliters of either magnesium sulphate (12.3% or 24.6%) or lignocaine (4% or 8%). Locomotion and vocalisation after tail pinch were tested following intrathecal administration of the same two drugs in conscious rats. Somatosensory evoked potential amplitude was diminished after administration of lignocaine (p < 0.05) but did not change after magnesium sulphate. Latency of P1 was increased by lignocaine and by magnesium sulphate 12.3% (p < 0.05). Although lower extremity paralysis was observed in both groups, its duration with magnesium sulphate was much longer than with lignocaine. Vocalisation was recognised after magnesium sulphate 12.3%, but was not observed after lignocaine 8% during paralysis (p < 0.05). We believe that magnesium sulphate caused motor paralysis, but not complete analgesia.


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