Disposition of intravenous and intraperitoneal cefoxitin during chronic intermittent peritoneal dialysis
P H Vlasses, H D'Silva, M L Rocci, J R Koplin, J A Bland, E G Siciliano, R K Ferguson
American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation 1983, 3 (1): 67-70
The disposition of intravenous and intraperitoneal administered cefoxitin was evaluated in four males undergoing intermittent peritoneal dialysis. Each patient received 1 g of cefoxitin intravenously prior to an eight-hour dialysis; subsequently, one patient received another 1 g intravenous dose prior to an 18-hour dialysis while each of the other three patients had 100 mg of cefoxitin added to their eight hourly exchanges of dialysis fluid with 2 L per exchange. Serial blood, dialysate, and urine samples were collected and analyzed for cefoxitin by a microbiologic assay. Twenty-four hours after intravenous administration, serum cefoxitin concentrations were greater than 16 micrograms/mL (therapeutic breakpoint) in each patient. Mean cefoxitin dialysate concentrations averaged 7.8 +/- 3.8 micrograms/mL and were greater than 16 micrograms/mL in only 2 of 43 exchanges. After intraperitoneal administration, serum cefoxitin concentrations were highest after the eighth exchange (range 5.6 to 10.6 micrograms/mL). Thus, diffusion of cefoxitin across the placental membrane was not extensive. Dialysis removed only 10% to 20% of the intravenous dose.
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