Read by QxMD icon Read

Functional bracing treatment for stable type B ankle fractures

C van den Berg, T Haak, N L Weil, J M Hoogendoorn
Injury 2018, 49 (8): 1607-1611

BACKGROUND: In general, stable type B ankle fractures are treated conservatively with cast immobilization or a walking boot during six weeks. Some disadvantages of casting are joint stiffness, muscle wasting and lack of comfort. This study was designed to evaluate whether functional treatment with a removable brace is a safe and more comfortable alternative.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trial. In the period March 2013 - May 2015, 44 patients visiting the emergency department due to a stable type B ankle fracture were included. During the first week both groups received a splint. After one week the patients were randomized: one group received a cast, the other a removable brace. For outcome Olerud & Molander Ankle Score, Visual Analogue Score for comfort and pain, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Foot and Ankle score questionnaire, EuroQol-5D and range of motion were used.

RESULTS: 44 patients participated (21 cast, 23 brace). There were no differences in baseline characteristics. After 6 weeks, VAS for comfort (cast vs brace; 5.74 vs 7.21; p = 0.02) and total range of motion (40° vs 49°; p = 0.00) showed significant differences in favour of the brace. VAS pain (3.15 vs 2.05; p = 0.16), OMA-score (51.75 vs 61.32; p = 0.22) en EuroQoL-5D (7.26 vs 6.74; p = 0.33) did not show significant differences. Week 52 showed no significant differences at OMA-score (89.29 vs 96.18; p = 0.16), EuroQoL-5D (6.00 vs 5.35; p = 0.15), VAS pain (1.07 vs 0.82; p = 0.69) and AAOS score (91.71 vs 96.06; p = 0.21). No complications occurred in both groups.

CONCLUSION: Functional bracing showed significant differences for the VAS comfort score and range of motion at 6 weeks compared to casting. After a year no significant differences were found. Treatment with a brace is a safe and more comfortable option for stable type B ankle fractures.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"