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JOURNAL ARTICLE

History of Tracheal Intubation :5. Use for Resuscitation in Neonates

Takashi Asai
Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology 2017, 66 (5): 561-570
29693950
In the 18th century, tracheal intubation was introduced to clinical practice, mainly in patients with airway obstruction in children due to diphtheria, and in patients who were apparently dead. In this article, I describe the fourth reason for tracheal intubation :a newborn with apnea. Until the mid-18th century, delivery was performed only by midwives, and mouth-to-mouth resuscitation was "secretly" performed by them (midwives' secret). In the mid-18th century, obstetricians started to be involved in the delivery, and in 1750's, Benjamin Pugh (1715-1798) and William Smellie (1697-1763) might have intubated the tracheas of neonates with apnea Since 1790's, Paul Scheel (1773-1811), Frangois Chaussier (1746-1828), James Blundell (1791-1878). Jean Anne Henri Depaul (1811-1883), Heinrich Alexander Pagenstecher (1825-1889), and Alban Alphonse Ambroise Ribemont-Dessaignes (1847-1940) intubated the trachea. Tracheal intubation might have been widely performed by midwives, because Chaussier had educated them at his school.

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