MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

The association of postoperative pulmonary complications in 109,360 patients with pressure-controlled or volume-controlled ventilation

A Bagchi, M I Rudolph, P Y Ng, F P Timm, D R Long, S Shaefi, K Ladha, M F Vidal Melo, M Eikermann
Anaesthesia 2017, 72 (11): 1334-1343
28891046
We thought that the rate of postoperative pulmonary complications might be higher after pressure-controlled ventilation than after volume-controlled ventilation. We analysed peri-operative data recorded for 109,360 adults, whose lungs were mechanically ventilated during surgery at three hospitals in Massachusetts, USA. We used multivariable regression and propensity score matching. Postoperative pulmonary complications were more common after pressure-controlled ventilation, odds ratio (95%CI) 1.29 (1.21-1.37), p < 0.001. Tidal volumes and driving pressures were more varied with pressure-controlled ventilation compared with volume-controlled ventilation: mean (SD) variance from the median 1.61 (1.36) ml.kg(-1) vs. 1.23 (1.11) ml.kg(-1) , p < 0.001; and 3.91 (3.47) cmH2 O vs. 3.40 (2.69) cmH2 O, p < 0.001. The odds ratio (95%CI) of pulmonary complications after pressure-controlled ventilation compared with volume-controlled ventilation at positive end-expiratory pressures < 5 cmH2 O was 1.40 (1.26-1.55) and 1.20 (1.11-1.31) when ≥ 5 cmH2 O, both p < 0.001, a relative risk ratio of 1.17 (1.03-1.33), p = 0.023. The odds ratio (95%CI) of pulmonary complications after pressure-controlled ventilation compared with volume-controlled ventilation at driving pressures of < 19 cmH2 O was 1.37 (1.27-1.48), p < 0.001, and 1.16 (1.04-1.30) when ≥ 19 cmH2 O, p = 0.011, a relative risk ratio of 1.18 (1.07-1.30), p = 0.016. Our data support volume-controlled ventilation during surgery, particularly for patients more likely to suffer postoperative pulmonary complications.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Trending on Read

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store

Read Institutional Edition
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
28891046
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"