MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP

Indeterminate dendritic cell neoplasm of the skin: A 2-case report and review of the literature

Pedro Horna, Haipeng Shao, Afshan Idrees, L Frank Glass, Carlos A Torres-Cabala
Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 2017, 44 (11): 958-963
28880462
Indeterminate dendritic cell neoplasm (IDCN) is an exceedingly rare and mostly cutaneous histiocytosis, frequently associated with other hematopoietic malignancies. We report 2 cases of multilesional cutaneous IDCN. A 55-year-old male with no associated malignancy and complete response to ultraviolet phototherapy; and a 72-year-old male with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). Both cases showed histiocytoid cytology, positivity for CD1a and no expression of langerin or BRAF(V600E) . With our patients, the literature describes 79 cases of IDCNs, including 65 (82%) with only skin involvement, 7 cases (9%) with involvement of skin and a second site, 5 cases (6%) involving lymph nodes only, 1 splenic lesion and 1 systemic disease. Seventeen cases (22%) were associated with other hematopoietic malignancies, most commonly CMML (6 cases), follicular lymphoma (4 cases) and acute myeloid leukemia (3 cases). All IDCNs associated with myeloid malignancies were limited to the skin, while most cases associated with lymphoma were limited to lymph nodes. Reported responses of cutaneous lesions to ultraviolet phototherapy are encouraging, while systemic chemotherapy is appropriate for clinically aggressive cases and treatment of associated malignancies. Recognition of the clinico-morphologic spectrum of IDCNs should prevent misdiagnoses and prompt investigation of possible associated neoplasms.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store

Read Institutional Edition
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
28880462
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"