Read by QxMD icon Read

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation is effective in strengthening the quadriceps muscle after anterior cruciate ligament surgery

Annette V Hauger, M P Reiman, J M Bjordal, C Sheets, L Ledbetter, A P Goode
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA 2018, 26 (2): 399-410

PURPOSE: Reduced ability to contract the quadriceps muscles is often found immediately following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. This can lead to muscle atrophy and decreased function. Application of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be a useful adjunct intervention to ameliorate these deficits following ACL surgery. The purpose of this review was to determine whether NMES in addition to standard physical therapy is superior to standard physical therapy alone in improving quadriceps strength or physical function following ACL surgery.

METHODS: A computer-assisted literature search was conducted utilizing PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro and Cochrane Library databases for randomized clinical trials where patients after ACL surgery received NMES with the outcome of muscle strength and/or physical function. Random effect models were used to pool summary estimates using standardized mean differences (SMD) for strength outcomes. Physical function outcomes were assessed qualitatively. Methodological quality was assessed from the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro)-score.

RESULTS: Eleven studies met our inclusion criteria; results from six of these were pooled in the meta-analysis showing a statistically significant short-term effect of NMES (4-12 weeks) after surgery compared to standard physical therapy [SMD = 0.73 (95% CI 0.29, 1.16)]. Physical function also improved significantly more in the NMES groups. PEDro scores ranged from 3/10 to 7/10 points.

CONCLUSION: NMES in addition to standard physical therapy appears to significantly improve quadriceps strength and physical function in the early post-operative period compared to standard physical therapy alone.



You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Trending on Read

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"