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Long-acting recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone in random-start ovarian stimulation protocols for fertility preservation in women with cancer

Veronica Sarais, Alessio Paffoni, Luca Pagliardini, Francesca Filippi, Fabio Martinelli, Giorgia Mangili, Massimo Candiani, Enrico Papaleo
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 2017, 96 (8): 949-953

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and potential benefits of the use of long-acting recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in a random-start protocol for fertility preservation in women with cancer.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective before-and-after study performed between February 2013 and December 2015 in women who underwent ovarian hyperstimulation for oocyte cryobanking using a random-start approach. In the first part of the study period, the women were treated with daily recombinant FSH whereas in the second part the stimulation was initiated with long-acting recombinant FSH. The primary aim of the study was to compare the number of oocytes stored in the two study periods. In all, 140 women were ultimately selected.

RESULTS: Compared with daily recombinant FSH, the use of the long-acting compound was associated with a reduced number of injections (12.5 ± 3.5 vs. 16.4 ± 0.3; p < 0.001) and a longer duration of stimulation (11.4 ± 1.9 vs. 10.6 ± 1.9, p = 0.01). Conversely, the number of oocytes collected (13.7 ± 9.5 vs. 11.3 ± 7.0, p = 0.10) as well as those cryopreserved (11.0 ± 8.0 vs. 9.5 ± 5.8, p = 0.21) did not differ.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of long-acting recombinant FSH in random-start protocols for fertility preservation appears to be a valuable option.


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