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Utility of Acute Phase Proteins as Biomarkers of Transport Stress in Ewes and Beef Cattle

Francesco Fazio, Vincenzo Ferrantelli, Antonello Cicero, Stefania Casella, Giuseppe Piccione
Italian Journal of Food Safety 2014 December 9, 3 (4): 4210
The effect of transport on serum amyloid A (SAA), haptoglobin (Hp), Fibrinogen and white blood cells (WBC) was evaluated in 10 ewes and 10 beef cattle. All animals were transported by road for 6 h over a distance of about 490 km with an average speed of 80 km/h. Blood samples, collected via jugular venepuncture, were obtained before and after transport as well as after 12, 24 and 48 h rest time. One-way repeated measures analysis of variance showed a statistically significant effect of sampling time on SAA, Hp, and WBC in ewes and beef cattle. Based on these results, Hp and SAA levels, together with WBC, may be useful indicators of animal health and welfare and in predicting the risk assessment in meat inspection.


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