Read by QxMD icon Read

The prevalence of airway problems in children with Down's syndrome

Jane Hamilton, May Maxime Corazon Yaneza, William Andrew Clement, Haytham Kubba
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 2016, 81: 1-4

AIM: Airway disorders are common in children with Down's syndrome. We report the findings on airway endoscopy in a birth cohort of children from a well-defined geographical area, in order to estimate true population prevalence of airway problems in children with Down's syndrome.

METHOD: Retrospective case note review over a 20-year period between 1993 and 2013 for all children in Greater Glasgow born with Down's syndrome, identified through the hearing surveillance programme. All children undergoing airway endoscopy under general anaesthesia for investigation of potential airway symptoms (stridor, hoarseness, recurrent croup and difficulties with intubation/extubation) were studied in detail to identify the number with laryngeal, tracheal or bronchial pathology.

RESULTS: All 239 children (F:M=1.15:1) were reviewed. Of these, 39 (16.3%) underwent microlaryngoscopy-bronchoscopy under general anaesthesia for airway symptoms. The main presentations were stridor (9), extubation problems (12) and exacerbations of recurrent croup (7). Thirty-three were found to have at least one airway diagnosis (13.8%) including trachaeobronchomalacia (17), laryngeal cleft (2), laryngomalacia (2), tracheal compression (2), vocal cord paralysis (1), acquired tracheal stenosis (2) and symptomatic subglottic stenosis (14).

CONCLUSION: Laryngo-tracheo-bronchial pathology is much more common in children with Down's syndrome than in the general population, particularly subglottic stenosis and tracheal problems.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store

Read Institutional Edition
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"