MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Pharmacokinetic comparison of nomogram-based and individualized vancomycin regimens in neonates

Trey Crumby, Eliza Rinehart, Mollie Cannon Carby, David Kuhl, Ajay J Talati
American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP 2009 January 15, 66 (2): 149-53
19139479

PURPOSE: This study compared steady-state concentrations achieved with a dosing strategy using first-dose kinetics to individualize vancomycin regimens with the steady-state concentrations achieved using standardized nomograms.

METHODS: Neonatal intensive care unit patients receiving vancomycin according to published nomograms (phase 1) were compared with patients receiving vancomycin using first-dose pharmacokinetic information to individualize the dosing regimen (phase 2). Retrospective chart review was used to gather demographic and patient-specific pharmacokinetic data. Data collected included gestational and postnatal ages, birth and dosing weights, first-dose peak and trough concentrations, serum creatinine, and information related to infection. Data were analyzed to determine the percentage of therapeutic concentrations at a steady state in each group.

RESULTS: Phase 1 included 108 patients given doses according to published nomograms, and phase 2 included 85 patients who received vancomycin with first-dose pharmacokinetics. Steady-state concentrations were collected in 108 patients in phase 1 and 39 patients in phase 2. Both peak and trough concentrations were therapeutic at steady state in 39% in phase 1 versus 63% in phase 2 (p < 0.02). Therapeutic steady-state peak concentrations were achieved in 70% versus 76% while therapeutic steady-state trough concentrations were achieved in 50% versus 82% (p < 0.02) in phase 1 and phase 2, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Compared with the use of nomograms, individualization of vancomycin regimens after the first dose in neonatal patients significantly increased the percentage of patients with target steady-state trough concentrations and with both target peak and trough concentrations. The benefits of individualized dosing were attained without additional venous sampling.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Trending on Read

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store

Read Institutional Edition
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19139479
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"