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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156817/near-infrared-photothermal-therapy-using-anti-egfr-gold-nanorod-conjugates-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#1
Meihua Zhang, Hoe Suk Kim, Tiefeng Jin, Jisu Woo, Yin Ji Piao, Woo Kyung Moon
Current EGFR-targeted therapy for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) has produced disappointing results. A rational therapeutic strategy to improve EGFR-targeted treatment for TNBC is therefore needed. In this study we evaluated the feasibility of treating TNBC using photoacoustic imaging (PAI)-guided near-infrared photothermal therapy (NIR-PTT) with anti-EGFR-conjugated gold nanorods (anti-EGFR-GN). NIR-PTT combined with anti-EGFR-GN exerted synergistic anti-proliferative and apoptotic actions through upregulation of HSP70 and cleaved caspase-3, downregulation of Ki-67 and EGFR, and inhibition of several intracellular signaling molecules (mTOR, AKT, ERK1/2 and FAK)...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155519/quantitative-changes-of-gastric-mucosa-during-carcinogenesis-using-stereological-methods
#2
Zahra Heidari, Hamidreza Mahmoudzadeh-Sagheb, Mahdieh Narouei
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection on the quantitative changes of gastric mucosa in cancerous and precancerous lesions using stereological methods. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-two gastric samples were studied. After determination of H. pylori infection, 42 gastric tissues of intestinal metaplasia (IM) patients, 38 specimens from dysplasia (DYS), and 42 specimens from gastric cancer (GC) types were selected from the pathology archive of Imam Ali Hospital, Zahedan, Iran...
July 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153872/malignant-lymphoma-arising-in-cardiac-myxoma-presenting-with-peripheral-arterial-emboli
#3
Cheol Keun Park, Yoon Ah Cho, Moonsik Kim, Hyo Sup Shim
Composite tumors of cardiac myxoma and malignant lymphoma are extremely rare, with 11 of such cases reported in the literature. A 44-year-old man presented to us with abrupt right lower leg pain. A computed tomography angiogram revealed segmental obstruction of the right common femoral artery, and embolectomy was performed. The embolectomy specimen contained several clusters of degenerated round/oval atypical cells in the fibrinous or myxoid background. Immunohistochemical examination revealed that these atypical cells were negative for cytokeratin and non-specifically expressed CD45...
October 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152117/fgf5-is-expressed-in-melanoma-and-enhances-malignancy-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
Sara Ghassemi, Katharina Vejdovszky, Emine Sahin, Lukas Ratzinger, Karin Schelch, Thomas Mohr, Barbara Peter-Vörösmarty, Jelena Brankovic, Andreas Lackner, Alexandra Leopoldi, Diana Meindl, Christine Pirker, Balazs Hegedus, Brigitte Marian, Klaus Holzmann, Bettina Grasl-Kraupp, Petra Heffeter, Walter Berger, Michael Grusch
Although FGF5 mRNA was previously found expressed in some melanoma cell lines in contrast to normal human melanocytes, neither its contribution to melanoma growth nor its expression in melanoma tissue has been investigated. Here we demonstrate that ectopic overexpression of FGF5 in human melanoma cells with low endogenous FGF5 expression increased clonogenicity and invasion but not short-term growth in vitro. Silencing of FGF5 in melanoma cells with high endogenous FGF5 expression had the opposite effect on clonogenicity...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152086/cox-2-seh-dual-inhibitor-ptupb-suppresses-glioblastoma-growth-by-targeting-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-and-hyaluronan-mediated-motility-receptor
#5
Junyang Li, Yali Zhou, Handong Wang, Yongyue Gao, Liwen Li, Sung Hee Hwang, Xiangjun Ji, Bruce D Hammock
Aims: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)/soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) dual inhibitor, PTUPB, has been demonstrated to inhibit angiogenesis, primary tumor growth and metastasis. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of PTUPB on glioblastoma cells and xenograft model. Results: We show here that PTUPB inhibits glioblastoma cell proliferation and G1 phase cell cycle arrest in vitro, and suppresses the tumor growth and angiogenesis in vivo. The expression and activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and its downstream kinases, ERK1/2 and AKT, are reduced by PTUPB, indicating that the EGF/EGFR signaling pathway is a potential target...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151288/-the-value-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging-in-predicting-the-malignant-potential-of-gist
#6
S X Li, M D Tang, D Y Lin, D J Liu, Q H Lyu, J P Zhang, Z H Cai
Objective: To evaluate the value of (18)F-FDG PET-CT in predicting the malignant potential of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST). Methods: The clinical and pathological features of 31 patients with GIST confirmed by surgery or biopsy were retrospectively analyzed. The malignant potential of GIST before treatment was assessed by (18)F-FDG PET-CT. The GIST risk classification was graded according to the Standard revised by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 2008. The relationship between the maximal standard uptake value (SUVmax) and GIST risk classification, tumor diameter, Ki-67 index, and mitotic count were analyzed respectively...
November 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148142/outcomes-of-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-due-to-unprotected-left-main-thrombosis-the-asia-pacific-left-main-st-elevation-registry-aster
#7
Jonathan Yap, Gagan D Singh, Jung-Sun Kim, Krishan Soni, Kelvin Chua, Alvin Neo, Choong Hou Koh, Ehrin J Armstrong, Stephen W Waldo, Kendrick A Shunk, Reginald I Low, Myeong-Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang, Khung Keong Yeo
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies of ULM STEMI have been confined to small cohorts. Recent registry data with larger patient cohorts have shown contrasting results. We aim to study the outcomes of patients with unprotected left main (ULM) ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: The Asia-pacific left main ST-Elevation Registry (ASTER) is a multicenter retrospective registry involving 4 sites in Singapore, South Korea, and the United States...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147823/primary-peri-implant-oral-intra-epithelial-neoplasia-carcinoma-in-situ-a-case-report-considering-risk-factors-for-carcinogenesis
#8
Makoto Noguchi, Hiroaki Tsuno, Risa Ishizaka, Kumiko Fujiwara, Shuichi Imaue, Kei Tomihara, Takashi Minamisaka
BACKGROUND: Major risk factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are tobacco smoking, a betel quid chewing habit, and heavy alcohol consumption. However, around 15% of oral SCCs cannot be explained by these risk factors. Although oral SCC associated with dental implants is quite rare, there has been a recent gradual accumulation of reports about it. Here, we report a case of primary peri-implant oral intra-epithelial neoplasia/carcinoma in situ (OIN/CIS) in a woman without the major risk factors for oral SCC...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145818/risk-factors-associated-with-the-progression-and-metastases-of-hindgut-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-retrospective-study
#9
Yoichiro Okubo, Rika Kasajima, Masaki Suzuki, Yohei Miyagi, Osamu Motohashi, Manabu Shiozawa, Emi Yoshioka, Kota Washimi, Kae Kawachi, Yoichi Kameda, Tomoyuki Yokose
BACKGROUND: The worldwide incidence of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) has increased remarkably, with the hindgut being the second most common site for such tumors. However, the mechanisms underlying progression and metastasis of hindgut NETs are unclear. A retrospective study was conducted to elucidate these mechanisms. METHODS: Clinicopathological data of cases of hindgut NET between April 1996 and September 2015 were analyzed, retrospectively. Patients with neuroendocrine carcinoma were excluded...
November 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145797/14-3-3%C3%AF-protein-expression-in-canine-renal-cell-carcinomas
#10
Alejandro Suárez-Bonnet, Ana Lara-García, Alexander L Stoll, Sofia Carvalho, Simon L Priestnall
14-3-3σ is a protein expressed in many epithelial tissues associated with essential cell functions, including cell-cycle control, apoptosis, and cytoskeletal integrity. There is a paucity of knowledge of the tumorigenesis of canine renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), and the histological origin of this tumor has not been established. This study analyzed the expression of 14-3-3σ, Ki-67, cytokeratins, and vimentin in 40 canine RCCs. Aberrant expression of 14-3-3σ was demonstrated in 15 (38%) cases and was associated with a significantly shorter survival time ( P < ...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145261/phyllodes-tumors-of-the-breast-in-2-sisters-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Yichao Wang, Jingqiang Zhu, Junhe Gou, JunJie Xiong, Xiaoqin Yang
RATIONALE: Phyllodes tumors (PT) of the breast are rare neoplasm originating from fibroepithelial component. To our knowledge, our report is the first reported case of PT in 2 sisters. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented 2 cases of PT of the breast involving in 2 sisters. On physical examination of the younger sister, a firm mass measuring approximately 3 cm in diameter was identified in upper inner quadrant of the right breast. Physical examination of the elder sister revealed a 3 cm lump in upper outer quadrant of the left breast...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144790/evaluation-of-ki-67-index-in-core-needle-biopsies-and-matched-breast-cancer-surgical-specimens
#12
Soomin Ahn, Junghye Lee, Min-Sun Cho, Sanghui Park, Sun Hee Sung
CONTEXT: - The Ki-67 index is strongly prognostic and is used as a surrogate marker to distinguish luminal A from luminal B breast cancer types. OBJECTIVE: - To investigate differences in Ki-67 index between core needle biopsy samples and matched surgical samples in breast cancer. DESIGN: - We included patients with invasive breast cancer who did not receive neoadjuvant therapy. A total of 89 pairs of core needle biopsies and surgical specimens were collected, and the Ki-67 index was assessed in hot spot areas using an image analyzer...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144206/c-jun-expression-in-lichen-planus-psoriasis-and-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-immunohistochemical-study
#13
Asmaa Gaber Abdou, Alaa Hassan Marae, Mohammed Shoeib, Ghada Dawood, Enas Abouelfath
The AP-1 transcription factor complex is a key player in regulating inflammatory processes, cell proliferation, differentiation and cell transformation. The aim of the present study is to investigate C-Jun (one of AP-1complex) expression and its proliferative role in skin samples of lichen planus, psoriasis as common inflammatory skin diseases and squamous cell carcinoma using immunohistochemical method. The present study was carried out on skin biopsies of 15 psoriatic patients, 15 lichen planus patients, 15 SCC and 15 normal skin biopsies...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143105/application-of-dwibs-in-malignant-lymphoma-correlation-between-adc-values-and-ki-67-index
#14
Mengtian Sun, Jingliang Cheng, Yong Zhang, Jie Bai, Feifei Wang, Yun Meng, Zhenqian Li
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the correlation between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and Ki-67 index using diffusion-weighted whole-body imaging with background body signal suppression (DWIBS), and their utility in evaluating malignant lymphoma cell proliferation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-four patients with malignant lymphoma underwent DWIBS within 1 week before pathological confirmation. The ADC value was measured at the site of the pathological examination, and specimens were also stained with Ki-67...
November 15, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142625/prognostic-factors-of-atypical-meningioma-overall-survival-rate-and-progression-free-survival-rate
#15
Jae Ho Lee, Oh Lyong Kim, Young Beom Seo, Jun Hyuk Choi
Objective: Atypical meningioma is rare tumor and there is no accurate guide line for optimal treatment. This retrospective study analyzed the prognostic factors, the effect of different methods of treatments and the behavior of atypical meningioma. Methods: Thirty six patients were diagnosed as atypical meningioma, among 273 patients who were given a diagnosis of meningioma in the period of 2002 to 2015. Age, gender, tumor location, Ki 67, Simpson grade and treatment received were analyzed...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141824/inhibition-of-neurogenesis-in-a-case-of-marburg-variant-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Celia Oreja-Guevara, Ulises Gómez-Pinedo, Julia García-López, Rafael Sánchez-Sánchez, Roberto Valverde-Moyano, Alberto Rabano-Gutierrez, Jordi A Matías-Guiu, Ines González-Suárez, Jorge Matías-Guiu
INTRODUCTION: Neural stem cells (NSC) are located essentially in the subventricular zone (SVZ), subgranular zone (SGZ), and along the central canal of the spinal cord. These cells can proliferate in vitro and differentiate into neurons, oligodendrocytes, and astroglia, thus contributing to repair in multiple sclerosis (MS). We conducted a pathological study to analyse neurogenic response in a patient with Marburg variant MS. METHODS: We present the case of a 27-year-old immunocompetent patient with Marburg variant MS, a fulminant form of the disease...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141671/inhibiting-the-microglia-activation-improves-the-spatial-memory-and-adult-neurogenesis-in-rat-hippocampus-during-48%C3%A2-h-of-sleep-deprivation
#17
Meetu Wadhwa, Amit Prabhakar, Koushik Ray, Koustav Roy, Punita Kumari, Prabhash Kumar Jha, Krishna Kishore, Sanjeev Kumar, Usha Panjwani
BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation (SD) leads to cognitive impairment. Neuroinflammation could be a significant contributing factor in the same. An increase in regional brain pro-inflammatory cytokines induces cognitive deficits, however, the magnitude of the effect under SD is not apparent. It is plausible that microglia activation could be involved in the SD-induced cognitive impairment by modulation of neuronal cell proliferation, differentiation, and brain-derived neuronal factor (BDNF) level...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141508/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-amh-may-stall-ovarian-cortex-function-through-modulation-of-hormone-receptors-other-than-the-amh-receptor
#18
Laura Detti, Nicole M Fletcher, Ghassan M Saed, Irene Peregrin-Alvarez, Rebecca A Uhlmann
OBJECTIVE: To test whether recombinant anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) can inhibit ovarian cortex function by modulating the expression of other hormone receptors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pilot experimental study with ovarian cortex obtained from 5 patients. Immediately after explant, the ovarian cortex specimens were divided into 5 equal fragments. One fragment was flash-frozen (uncultured) and 4 were incubated for 48 hours at 37°C in a pH-adjusted gamete buffer medium with increasing AMH concentrations of 0, 5, 25, and 50 ng/mL...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141042/a-tissue-microrna-signature-that-predicts-the-prognosis-of-breast-cancer-in-young-women
#19
Ai Hironaka-Mitsuhashi, Juntaro Matsuzaki, Ryou-U Takahashi, Masayuki Yoshida, Yutaka Nezu, Yusuke Yamamoto, Sho Shiino, Takayuki Kinoshita, Toshikazu Ushijima, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka, Chikako Shimizu, Kenji Tamura, Takahiro Ochiya
Since breast cancers in young women are generally aggressive, young patients tend to be intensively treated with anti-cancer drugs. To optimize the strategy for treatment, particularly in young women, prognostic biomarkers are urgently required. The objective of this study was to identify a tissue microRNA (miRNA) signature that predicts prognosis in young breast cancer patients. Total RNA from 45 breast cancer patients aged <35 years was extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues and analyzed using miRNA microarrays...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141018/evaluation-of-the-proliferation-marker-ki-67-in-a-large-prostatectomy-cohort
#20
Elin Richardsen, Sigve Andersen, Samer Al-Saad, Mehrdad Rakaee, Yngve Nordby, Mona Irene Pedersen, Nora Ness, Thea Grindstad, Ingeborg Movik, Tom Dønnem, Roy Bremnes, Lill-Tove Busund
The tumor proliferation index marker Ki-67 is strongly associated with tumor cell proliferation, growth and progression, and is widely used in routine clinicopathological investigation. Prostate cancer is a complex multifaceted and biologically heterogeneous disease, and overtreatment of localized, low volume indolent tumors, is evident. Here, we aimed to assess Ki-67 expression and related outcomes of 535 patients treated with radical prostatectomy. The percentage of tumor epithelial cells expressing Ki-67 was determined by immunohistochemical assay, both digital image analysis and visual scoring by light microscope were used for quantification...
2017: PloS One
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