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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034439/you-can-t-blame-the-wreck-on-the-train
#1
John R Potts
General surgical residency education is faced with a number of challenges today. Among those are resident duty hour limitations, the fact that residency is hospital-based despite the practice of general surgery being largely outpatient, changing diseases and conditions treated by the general surgeon and changing methods of treatment, development and maintenance of a user friendly curriculum and the support and provision for faculty development. The greatest single barrier, though, to education of the surgical resident is the lack of appropriate supervision...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029741/envisaging-the-use-of-ebp-how-nurse-academics-facilitate-ebp-use-in-theory-and-practice-across-australian-undergraduate-programs
#2
Gulzar Malik, Lisa McKenna, Debra Griffiths
AIM: This paper is drawn from a grounded theory study that aimed to investigate processes undertaken by academics when integrating evidence-based practice (EBP) into undergraduate curricula. This paper focuses on how nurse academics facilitated students to apply EBP in theory and practice. BACKGROUND: Facilitating undergraduate nursing students to develop skills within an EBP framework is vital to achieving evidence-based care. Studies on EBP conducted globally suggests that there is a need to investigate approaches used by nurse academics in facilitating students' understanding and use of EBP during their nurse education...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029389/neonatology-faculty-development-using-simulation
#3
REVIEW
Heather M French, Roberta L Hales
The goal of faculty development activities is to supply the public with knowledgeable, skilled, and competent physicians who are prepared for high performance in the dynamic and complex healthcare environment. Current faculty development programs lack evidence-based support and are not sufficient to meet the professional needs of practicing physicians. Simulation activities for faculty development offer an alternative to traditional, teacher-centric educational offerings. Grounded in adult learning theory, simulation is a learner-centric, interactive, efficient, and effective method to train busy professionals...
October 28, 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019135/developing-a-competency-framework-for-academic-physicians
#4
Lina Daouk-Öyry, Ghazi Zaatari, Tina Sahakian, Boushra Rahal Alameh, Nabil Mansour
BACKGROUND: There is a mismatch between the requirements of the multifaceted role of academic physicians and their education. Medical institutions use faculty development initiatives to support their junior academic physicians, however, these rarely revolve around academic physician competencies. The aim of this study was to identify these academic physician competencies and develop a competency framework customized to an organizational context. METHODS: The authors conducted semi-structured interviews and Critical Incident Technique with 25 academic physicians at a teaching medical center in the Middle East region inquiring about the behaviors of academic physicians in teaching, clinical, research, and administrative roles...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011943/pediatric-residency-education-and-the-behavioral-and-mental-health-crisis-a-call-to-action
#5
Julia A McMillan, Marshall Land, Laurel K Leslie
For at least 4 decades, the need for improved pediatric residency training in behavioral and mental health has been recognized. The prevalence of behavioral and mental health conditions in children, adolescents, and young adults has increased during that period. However, as recently as 2013, 65% of pediatricians surveyed by the American Academy of Pediatrics indicated that they lacked training in recognizing and treating mental health problems. Current pediatric residency training requirements do not stipulate curricular elements or assessment requirements in behavioral and mental health, and fewer than half of pediatric residents surveyed felt that their competence in dealing with mental health problems was good to excellent...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996355/assessing-faculty-attitudes-after-participation-in-an-interprofessional-teaching-scholars-programme
#6
Sally Moyce, Jeri L Bigbee, Craig Keenan
Promoting interprofessional education (IPE) and practice is a priority in academic health centres; however, implementation of IPE can be challenging. Recognizing the need for faculty development in teaching, and specifically IPE, the University of California, Davis Schools of Health launched the Interprofessional Teaching Scholars Program (ITSP) in 2014. Two cohorts of 11 faculty scholars each completed the nine-month programme and participated in this longitudinal comparative study in which pre- and post-assessments using a validated survey instrument were administered to measure changes in faculty attitudes towards IPE and collaborative practice...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993644/how-educators-conceptualize-and-teach-reflective-practice-a-survey-of-north-american-pediatric-medical-educators
#7
Lavjay Butani, Susan L Bannister, Allison Rubin, Karen L Forbes
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to explore pediatric undergraduate medical educators' understanding of reflective practice, the barriers they face in teaching this, the curricular activities they use and the value they assign to reflective practice. METHODS: Nine survey questions were sent to members of the Council on Medical Student Education in Pediatrics, an international pediatric undergraduate medical educator group. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics...
December 16, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987291/design-of-a-clinical-competency-committee-to-maximize-formative-feedback
#8
Anthony A Donato, Richard Alweis, Suzanne Wenderoth
BACKGROUND: As the next phase in the roll-out of Next Accreditation System, US residency programs are to develop Clinical Competency Committees (CCCs) to formally implement outcome-based medical education objectives in the resident assessment process. However, any changes to an assessment system must consider balancing formative and summative tensions, flexibility and standardization tensions, fairness and transparency to learners, and administrative burden for faculty. OBJECTIVES/METHODS: In this article, one program discusses the approach one internal medicine residency took to create a developmental model CCC...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982779/yearning-for-the-vastness-of-the-sea-reflections-and-commentary-on-professional-training-in-hypnosis
#9
Elgan L Baker
Educational programs are a major focus of most professional hypnosis societies. Many of these programs rely on traditional curricula and teaching strategies with variable success. The articles in this special issue examine and critique these training models and suggest innovative approaches to professional education with an emphasis on more uniform course content and goals and more dynamic and effective educational processes. A convergence of themes is noted and examined including the need to continue to expand the acceptance and utilization of clinical hypnosis, the importance of attending to broader clinical competence beyond hypnosis skills, the need for faculty development and evaluation, and the imperative that course content reflects academic rigor and contemporary science as well as providing for demonstration and supervised clinical practice...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982778/state-of-the-art-pediatric-hypnosis-training-remodeling-curriculum-and-refining-faculty-development
#10
Daniel P Kohen, Pamela Kaiser, Karen Olness
Training in pediatric hypnosis has been part of clinical hypnosis education in the United States since 1976. Workshops expanded over time and are now taught by highly experienced pediatric clinicians across the globe. In 1987, a small vanguard of North American faculty, academic pediatricians, and pediatric psychologists taught a 3-day pediatric hypnosis workshop at the national meeting of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics (SDBP). This model of annual tri-level concurrent workshops (introductory, intermediate, and advanced) was sponsored by the SDBP for 24 years...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974132/faculty-development-in-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-internists
#11
Anna Maw, Cathy Jalali, Deanna Jannat-Khah, Kirana Gudi, Lia Logio, Arthur Evans, Stacy Anderson, Joshua Smith
Lack of general medicine faculty expertise is a likely contributor to the slow adoption of point of care ultrasound (POCUS) by internal medicine (IM) residency training programs. We developed a 10-week faculty development program, during which 15 faculty members participated in 2 hours and 10 hours of online didactic and hands-on training, respectively. Pre-post comparisons showed that there were statistically significant improvements in faculty participants' ability to interpret images (p<0.001), perceived understanding of the capabilities and limitations of POCUS (p=0...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942418/mid-career-faculty-development-in-academic-medicine-how-does-it-impact-faculty-and-institutional-vitality
#12
MaryAnn W Campion, Robina M Bhasin, Donald J Beaudette, Mary H Shann, Emelia J Benjamin
PURPOSE: Faculty vitality is integral to the advancement of higher education. Strengthening vitality is particularly important for mid-career faculty, who represent the largest and most dissatisfied segment. The demands of academic medicine appear to be another factor that may put faculty at risk of attrition. To address these issues, we initiated a ten-month mid-career faculty development program. METHODS: A mixed-methods quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate the program's impact on faculty and institutional vitality...
September 2016: Journal of Faculty Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934664/which-way-to-lean-a-national-study-of-women-dental-faculty-members-career-aspirations-and-choices
#13
Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot, Marsha A Pyle, Christopher J Van Ness, Pamela R Overman, Karen P West
The aim of this first national study of women in academic dentistry was to explore factors and perceived barriers for why administrative/leadership positions were or were not sought via data collected from full-time women dental faculty members in the U.S. In fall 2015, the researchers conducted a survey that employed a combination of response formats: forced choice from a menu, multiple allowable answers, and open-ended written comments. The overall response rate for the survey was 35.6% (537/1504). Respondents were from 48 of the 65 U...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909030/the-college-science-learning-cycle-an-instructional-model-for-reformed-teaching
#14
Michelle Withers
Finding the time for developing or locating new class materials is one of the biggest barriers for instructors reforming their teaching approaches. Even instructors who have taken part in training workshops may feel overwhelmed by the task of transforming passive lecture content to engaging learning activities. Learning cycles have been instrumental in helping K-12 science teachers design effective instruction for decades. This paper introduces the College Science Learning Cycle adapted from the popular Biological Sciences Curriculum Study 5E to help science, technology, engineering, and mathematics faculty develop course materials to support active, student-centered teaching approaches in their classrooms...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907984/transnational-collaboration-for-faculty-development-in-health-professions-education-in-mongolia
#15
Hyun Bae Yoon, Jwa-Seop Shin, Seung-Hee Lee, Do-Hwan Kim, Minsun Sung, Nomin Amgalan, Tselmuun Chinzorig
PURPOSE: The Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences is the only national university in Mongolia and has produced more than 90% of health professionals in the country. Experts from Mongolia and Korea embarked on a collaborative effort to develop educational programs for faculty development based on the personal and professional needs of faculty members. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of those educational programs to determine whether this transnational collaboration was successful...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904557/the-expected-results-of-faculty-development-programs-in-medical-professionalism-from-the-viewpoint-of-medical-education-experts
#16
Nikoo Yamani, Mahsa Shakour, Alireza Yousefi
BACKGROUND: Despite the great emphasis on teaching professionalism in universities, creating changes in one's professional behavior is a serious challenge in medical education. In this regard, one cannot ignore the role of faculty members. The present study was set to investigate the opinions of medical education experts about the expected results of faculty development programs regarding teaching and learning professionalism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in two phases including content analysis study and Delphi...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899735/improving-departments-of-psychology
#17
Ed Diener
Our procedures for creating excellent departments of psychology are based largely on selection-hiring and promoting the best people. I argue that these procedures have been successful, but I suggest the implementation of policies that I believe will further improve departments in the behavioral and brain sciences. I recommend that we institute more faculty development programs attached to incentives to guarantee continuing education and scholarly activities after the Ph.D. degree. I also argue that we would do a much better job if we more strongly stream our faculty into research, education, or service and not expect all faculty members to carry equal responsibility for each of these...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897470/faculty-development-efforts-to-promote-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-in-an-internal-medicine-faculty-resident-practice
#18
Alanna Stone, Maria Wamsley, Patricia O'Sullivan, Jason Satterfield, Derek D Satre, Katherine Julian
BACKGROUND: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a practical means to address substance misuse in primary care. Important barriers to implementing SBIRT include adequacy of training and provider confidence as well as logistical hurdles and time constraints. A faculty development initiative aimed at increasing SBIRT knowledge and treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs) should lead to increased use of SBIRT by faculty and the residents they teach. This study examined how a faculty development program to promote SBIRT influenced faculty practice and resident teaching...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882523/simulation-in-undergraduate-psychiatry-exploring-the-depth-of-learner-engagement
#19
REVIEW
Petal S Abdool, Latika Nirula, Sarah Bonato, Tarek K Rajji, Ivan L Silver
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based methodologies are increasingly used in undergraduate medical education to expand students' exposure to complex clinical scenarios. Engagement of students in these simulation-based methodologies is a key determinant of their success in learning. Thus, the authors conducted a systematic review to (1) identify simulation methods in use within the undergraduate psychiatry curriculum and (2) assess learner engagement using these methods. METHODS: Following a PRISMA methodology, the authors searched MEDLINE, ERIC, and PsychINFO databases from 1977 to 2015...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882040/a-new-model-of-master-of-philosophy-in-physiological-sciences
#20
H R Ahmad, F M Arain, N A Khan
The objectives of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Physiological Sciences are: 1) to describe the new ways in which anatomy, biochemistry and physiology on one hand, and microbiology, pathology and pharmacology on other hand meet their functional requirements through multidisciplinary integrated concepts; 2) to elucidate relationships between cell biology, molecular biology and molecular genetics by connecting dots of how cell functions are driven by molecules and being controlled by genes. This forms the basis of cell, molecular and genetics [CMG] module upon which 7 multidisciplinary modules of Physiological Sciences follow; 3) these 24 credit hours provide the physiological basis for PhD studies as well as faculty development to enhance learning abilities of medical student; 4) the modules constitute Cardio- Respiratory Physiological Sciences, GI and Renal Physiological Sciences, Neurosciences, Endo-Reproductive Physiological Sciences...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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