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Dementia vascular complementary

Keisou Ishimaru, Takuma Nakajima, Yoshihisa Namiki, Kenji Ryotokuji
Background: We previously reported that pinpoint plantar long-wavelength infrared light irradiation (stress-free therapy; SFT) is useful for alleviating insulin resistance and improving intracranial blood flow in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was undertaken to evaluate the influences of SFT on chorioretinal hemodynamics (retinal artery and vein blood flows) as well as atherosclerosis-related factors (TG, LDL-C) and VEGF in patients with dyslipidemia. Methods: Four patients with dyslipidemia received 15-minute irradiation with a stress-free apparatus (far-infrared wavelength, 30 mW)...
March 2018: Integrative Medicine Research
Louise Emsell, Christopher Adamson, François-Laurent De Winter, Thibo Billiet, Daan Christiaens, Filip Bouckaert, Katarzyna Adamczuk, Rik Vandenberghe, Marc L Seal, Pascal Sienaert, Stefan Sunaert, Mathieu Vandenbulcke
BACKGROUND: Differences in corpus callosum (CC) morphology and microstructure have been implicated in late-life depression and may distinguish between late and early-onset forms of the illness. However, a multimodal approach using complementary imaging techniques is required to disentangle microstructural alterations from macrostructural partial volume effects. METHODS: 107 older adults were assessed: 55 currently-depressed patients without dementia and 52 controls without cognitive impairment...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Genevieve Z Steiner, Danielle C Mathersul, Freya MacMillan, David A Camfield, Nerida L Klupp, Sai W Seto, Yong Huang, Mark I Hohenberg, Dennis H Chang
Neuroimaging facilitates the assessment of complementary medicines (CMs) by providing a noninvasive insight into their mechanisms of action in the human brain. This is important for identifying the potential treatment options for target disease cohorts with complex pathophysiologies. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate study characteristics, intervention efficacy, and the structural and functional neuroimaging methods used in research assessing nutritional and herbal medicines for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Yang Ye, Wen Zhu, Xue-Rui Wang, Jing-Wen Yang, Ling-Yong Xiao, Yi Liu, Xin Zhang, Cun-Zhi Liu
Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second leading type of dementia after Alzheimer's disease plaguing the aging population. Acupuncture has served as alternative and complementary medicine in the world for a long time and its use for VaD is based on a large body of preclinical and clinical researches. The mechanisms that underlie the protective effects of acupuncture are slowly beginning to be understood. Acupuncture influences multiple aspects of the pathological process of VaD. It improves cognitive function through protecting cerebral neurons from oxidative stress, apoptosis, and neuroinflammation, regulating glucose metabolism and neurotransmitters...
July 2017: Neurochemistry International
Mudan Cai, Jun Hwan Lee, Eun Jin Yang
Vascular dementia (VaD) is caused by the reduction of blood supply by vessel occlusion and is characterized by progressive cognitive decline. VaD incidence has been growing due to the aging population, placing greater strain on social and economic resources. However, the pathological mechanisms underlying VaD remain unclear. Many studies have used the bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) animal model to investigate potential therapeutics for VaD. In this study, we investigated whether bee venom (BV) improves cognitive function and reduces neuroinflammation in the hippocampus of BCCAO animals...
September 29, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Juha Koikkalainen, Hanneke Rhodius-Meester, Antti Tolonen, Frederik Barkhof, Betty Tijms, Afina W Lemstra, Tong Tong, Ricardo Guerrero, Andreas Schuh, Christian Ledig, Daniel Rueckert, Hilkka Soininen, Anne M Remes, Gunhild Waldemar, Steen Hasselbalch, Patrizia Mecocci, Wiesje van der Flier, Jyrki Lötjönen
Different neurodegenerative diseases can cause memory disorders and other cognitive impairments. The early detection and the stratification of patients according to the underlying disease are essential for an efficient approach to this healthcare challenge. This emphasizes the importance of differential diagnostics. Most studies compare patients and controls, or Alzheimer's disease with one other type of dementia. Such a bilateral comparison does not resemble clinical practice, where a clinician is faced with a number of different possible types of dementia...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
Eun Jin Yang, MuDan Cai, Jun-Hwan Lee
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is considered as an intermediate zone between normal aging and dementia. The most prominent feature of MCI is an isolated mild decline in memory, whereas other cognitive functions remain intact. The symptoms of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) range from MCI to dementia, and an animal model of VCI has been established in a gerbil by transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO). In the current study, we set out to investigate whether electroacupuncture (EA) could improve memory in gerbils with BCCAO-induced MCI...
December 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Fatemeh Mohammadian, Maryam Noroozian, Shahriar Nafissi, Farzad Fatehi
PURPOSE: Dementia has several different etiologies, and vascular dementia (VaD) is considered the second leading cause of dementia after Alzheimer disease (AD). Various studies used blink reflex in different spectrum of neurological diseases as a complementary diagnostic test. We performed blink test in AD, VaD, and mixed dementia to investigate different usefulness of blink reflex in differentiating these types of dementia. METHODS: Blink reflex was performed for patients with AD (n = 18), VaD (n = 17), mixed dementia (n = 19), and normal subjects (n = 20)...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Lingfeng Zeng, Yuanping Zou, Lingshuo Kong, Ningsheng Wang, Qi Wang, Lu Wang, Ye Cao, Kezhu Wang, Yunbo Chen, Suiqing Mi, Wei Zhao, Haitao Wu, Shuyi Cheng, Weihua Xu, Weixiong Liang
Many publications have reported the growing application of complementary and alternative medicine, particularly the use of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in combination with routine pharmacotherapy (RP) for senile vascular dementia (SVD), but its efficacy remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of CHM adjunctive therapy (CHMAT), which is CHM combined with RP, in the treatment of SVD. Publications in seven electronic databases were searched extensively, and 27 trials with a total of 1961 patients were included for analysis...
December 2015: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Marina Garriga, Marta Milà, Manzoor Mir, Raid Al-Baradie, Sonia Huertas, Cesar Castejon, Laura Casas, Dolors Badenes, Nuria Giménez, M Angels Font, Jose M Gonzalez, Maria Ysamat, Miguel Aguilar, Mark Slevin, Jerzy Krupinski
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) are the most common cause of dementia. Cerebral ischemia is a major risk factor for development of dementia. (123)I-FP-CIT SPECT (DaTScan) is a complementary tool in the differential diagnoses of patients with incomplete or uncertain Parkinsonism. Additional application of DaTScan enables the categorization of Parkinsonian disease with dementia (PDD), and its differentiation from pure AD, and may further contribute to change the therapeutic decision. The aim of this study was to analyze the vascular contribution towards dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI)...
2015: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
Wen-Jia Jian, Jing Shi, Jin-Zhou Tian, Jing-Nian Ni
OBJECTIVE: Chinese herbal medicine has been extensively used in the treatment of vascular dementia (VaD), but lacked systematic review on its efficacy and safety. So we conducted a systematic review to assess the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine in treating VaD. METHODS: CNKI, CBM, PubMed, and Wiley Online Library were retrieved for randomized trials (RCTs) on Chinese herbal medicine treating VaD patients. Randomized parallel control trials by taking Chinese herbal medicine as one treatment method and placebos/cholinesterase inhibitors/Memantine hydrochloride as the control were included...
January 2015: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
P Gudmundsson, P J Olesen, M Simoni, L Pantoni, S Östling, S Kern, X Guo, I Skoog
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A number of studies have suggested associations between dementia and depression in older adults. One reason could be that these disorders share structural correlates, such as white matter lesions (WMLs) and cortical atrophy. No study has examined whether these lesions precede both dementia and depression independently of each other in the general population. METHODS: Whether WMLs and cortical atrophy on computed tomography predict dementia and depression was investigated in a population-based sample of 70-year-olds (n = 380) followed over 10 years...
May 2015: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Xue-Wu Chen, Jun-Wu Shi, Ping-Shan Yang, Zhu-Qi Wu
Leptin is considered to be a modulator of the immune response. Hypoleptinemia increases the risk for Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. The present study aimed to investigate the ability of plasma leptin level to predict delirium in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery. Postoperative delirium (pod) was evaluated using the Confusion Assessment Method. Prolonged postoperative delirium (ppod) was defined as delirium lasting more than 4 weeks. Plasma leptin levels of 186 elderly patients and 186 elderly controls were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
July 2014: Peptides
Arnab Datta, Jingru Qian, Ruifen Chong, Raj N Kalaria, Paul Francis, Mitchell K P Lai, Christopher P Chen, Siu Kwan Sze
UNLABELLED: Vascular dementia (VaD) is a leading cause of dementia in the elderly together with Alzheimer's disease with limited treatment options. Poor understanding of the pathophysiology underlying VaD is hindering the development of new therapies. Hence, to unravel its underlying molecular pathology, an iTRAQ-2D-LC-MS/MS strategy was used for quantitative analysis of pooled lysates from Brodmann area 21 of pathologically confirmed cases of VaD and matched non-neurological controls...
March 17, 2014: Journal of Proteomics
Manuel Montero-Odasso, Vladimir Hachinski
The progressive and insidious gait and cognitive decline seen in older individuals without overt disease may result from a combination of age-dependent neuronal changes that are often exacerbated by vascular pathomechanisms. Emerging evidence suggests that slow gait and executive dysfunction are early phenomena in this decline and may further evolve to the development of falls and dementia. These early manifestations can be seen as "brain failure" and their co-occurrence suggests that they may share a common underlying mechanism...
April 2014: Neurological Sciences
Claudia Colombrita, Elisa Onesto, Francesca Megiorni, Antonio Pizzuti, Francisco E Baralle, Emanuele Buratti, Vincenzo Silani, Antonia Ratti
The RNA-binding proteins TDP-43 and FUS form abnormal cytoplasmic aggregates in affected tissues of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar dementia. TDP-43 and FUS localize mainly in the nucleus where they regulate pre-mRNA splicing, but they are also involved in mRNA transport, stability, and translation. To better investigate their cytoplasmic activities, we applied an RNA immunoprecipitation and chip analysis to define the mRNAs associated to TDP-43 and FUS in the cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein complexes from motoneuronal NSC-34 cells...
May 4, 2012: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Elke Jeschke, Thomas Ostermann, Horst C Vollmar, Manuela Tabali, Friedemann Schad, Harald Matthes
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a major and increasing health problem worldwide. This study aims to investigate dementia treatment strategies among physicians specialised in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by analysing prescribing patterns and comparing them to current treatment guidelines in Germany. METHODS: Twenty-two primary care physicians in Germany participated in this prospective, multicentre observational study. Prescriptions and diagnoses were reported for each consecutive patient...
2011: BMC Neurology
Gert C Scheper, Carola G M van Berkel, Lilia Leisle, Koen E de Groot, Ab Errami, Thomas J Jentsch, Marjo S Van der Knaap
Mutations in the gene MLC1 are found in approximately 80% of the patients with the inherited childhood white matter disorder megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC). Genetic linkage studies have not led to the identification of another disease gene. We questioned whether mutations in CLCN2, coding for the chloride channel protein 2 (ClC-2), are involved in MLC. Mice lacking this protein develop white matter abnormalities, which are characterized by vacuole formation in the myelin sheaths, strikingly similar to the intramyelinic vacuoles in MLC...
April 2010: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Mark F McCarty, Jorge Barroso-Aranda, Francisco Contreras
Recent studies show that ingestion of flavanol-rich cocoa powder provokes increased endothelial production of nitric oxide - an effect likely mediated by epicatchin - and thus may have considerable potential for promoting vascular health. The Kuna Indians of Panama, who regularly consume large amounts of flavanol-rich cocoa, are virtually free of hypertension and stroke, even though they salt their food. Of potentially complementary merit is the cyanobacterium spirulina, which has been used as a food in certain cultures...
February 2010: Medical Hypotheses
W N Peng, H Zhao, Z S Liu, S Wang
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a widespread condition characterized by acquired global impairment of intellect, memory and personality, but with no impairment of consciousness. There is no definitive medical or surgical treatment for vascular dementia. Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese method which has been used for both the prevention and treatment of diseases for over three thousand years. Preliminary searches revealed more than 105 studies of acupuncture for treating vascular dementia. Benefit was reported in up to 70-91% of the treatment group...
2007: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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