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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882751/-septic-shock-in-pregnancy-on-the-basis-of-an-acute-pyelonephritis
#1
Z Kokrdová, A Pařízek, M Koucký, A Pašková, B Boudová
OBJECTIVE: According to the World Health Organisation, sepsis is one of the four main causes of pregnancy-related mortality worldwide, together with hemorrhage, hypertensive disease and abortion. The main goal of this paper is an analysis of one case of septic shock in pregnancy. DESIGN: A case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the First Faculty of Medicine and General Teaching Hospital, Prague. METHODS AND RESULTS: Authors would like to draw attention to the pitfalls of diagnosis and treatment of septic shock which developed in 25th week of pregnancy on the basis of pyelonephritis due to E...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860495/campylobacter-associated-diseases-in-animals
#2
Orhan Sahin, Michael Yaeger, Zuowei Wu, Qijing Zhang
Campylobacter includes a group of genetically diverse species causing a range of diseases in animals and humans. The bacterium is frequently associated with two economically important and epidemiologically distinct reproductive diseases in ruminants: enzootic infectious infertility in cattle owing to Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis and abortions in sheep, goats, and cattle. Septic abortion, usually epizootic in sheep, has been historically associated with C. fetus subsp. fetus and to a lesser extent with Campylobacter jejuni...
November 9, 2016: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795627/hemodialysis-among-pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-patients-a-single-center-experience-in-north-western-nigeria
#3
A M Makusidi, H M Liman, A Yakubu, M Hassan, M D Isah, A Chijioke
Pregnancy related acute kidney injury (PRAKI) patients that underwent hemodialysis (HD) between May 2007 and April 2015 were studied with specific reference to clinical features, laboratory values, duration of pregnancy at the diagnosis of acute kidney injury and outcome. It involved 38 patients aged between 15 and 30 years. The main clinical features were fever, edema and oliguria. The leading etiological factors included ante/postpartum hemorrhage, septic abortion, and toxemia of pregnancy. The majority of cases occurred during the third trimester...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439909/maternal-near-miss-and-mortality-due-to-postpartum-infection-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-rwanda
#4
Denis Rwabizi, Stephen Rulisa, Findlater Aidan, Maria Small
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to evaluate 'near miss' and mortality in women with postpartum infections. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients referred to the University Teaching Hospital of Kigali (CHUK) between January 2012 and December 2013. We identified 117 patients with postpartum infections. Demographic data, length of admission, location of referral, initial surgery and subsequent treatment modalities including antibiotic administration and secondary surgery were recorded...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371657/clostridium-sordellii-as-an-uncommon-cause-of-fatal-toxic-shock-syndrome-in-a-postpartum-33-year-old-asian-woman-and-the-need-for-antepartum-screening-for-this-clostridia-species-in-the-general-female-population
#5
Melissa Guzzetta, Alex Williamson, Scott Duong
Clostridium sordellii (C. sordellii) is an anaerobic gram-positive rod most commonly found in the soil and sewage but also as part of the normal flora of the gastrointestinal tract and vagina of a small percentage of healthy individuals. C. sordellii infection is considered to result from childbirth, abortion, and/or gynecological procedures. Although many strains of C. sordellii are nonpathogenic, virulent toxin-producing strains exist. Infection with this organism typically manifests as a patient experiencing septic shock rapidly followed by end-organ failure...
August 2016: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364644/antibiotics-for-treating-septic-abortion
#6
REVIEW
Atim Udoh, Emmanuel E Effa, Olabisi Oduwole, Babasola O Okusanya, Obiamaka Okafo
BACKGROUND: A septic abortion refers to any abortion (spontaneous or induced) complicated by upper genital tract infection including endometritis or parametritis. The mainstay of treatment of septic abortion is antibiotic therapy alone or in combination with evacuation of retained products of conception. Regimens including broad-spectrum antibiotics are routinely recommended for treatment. However, there is no consensus on the most effective antibiotics alone or in combination to treat septic abortion...
July 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294620/pantoea-agglomerans-a-mysterious-bacterium-of-evil-and-good-part-iii-deleterious-effects-infections-of-humans-animals-and-plants
#7
Jacek Dutkiewicz, Barbara Mackiewicz, Marta Kinga Lemieszek, Marcin Golec, Janusz Milanowski
Pantoea agglomerans, a bacterium associated with plants, is not an obligate infectious agent in humans. However, it could be a cause of opportunistic human infections, mostly by wound infection with plant material, or as a hospital-acquired infection, mostly in immunocompromised individuals. Wound infection with P. agglomerans usually follow piercing or laceration of skin with a plant thorn, wooden splinter or other plant material and subsequent inoculation of the plant-residing bacteria, mostly during performing of agricultural occupations and gardening, or children playing...
June 2, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194684/analysis-of-humoral-immune-responses-to-surface-and-virulence-associated-chlamydia-abortus-proteins-in-ovine-and-human-abortions-by-use-of-a-newly-developed-line-immunoassay
#8
Jürgen Benjamin Hagemann, Ulrike Simnacher, David Longbottom, Morag Livingstone, Julia Maile, Erwin Soutschek, Gernot Walder, Katharina Boden, Konrad Sachse, Andreas Essig
The obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia abortus is the causative agent of enzootic abortion of ewes and poses a significant zoonotic risk for pregnant women. Using proteomic analysis and gene expression library screening in a previous project, we identified potential virulence factors and candidates for serodiagnosis, of which nine were scrutinized here with a strip immunoassay. We have shown that aborting sheep exhibited a strong antibody response to surface (MOMP, MIP, Pmp13G) and virulence-associated (CPAF, TARP, SINC) antigens...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132129/sodium-nitrate-decreases-agrin-induced-acetylcholine-receptor-clustering
#9
Jess Jarosz, Cullen White, Wade A Grow
BACKGROUND: Humans are exposed to nitrate predominantly through diet with peak plasma concentrations within an hour after ingestion, but additional exposure is obtained from the environment, and minimally through de novo synthesis. Higher nitrate consumption has been associated with methemoglobinemia, spontaneous abortions, atherosclerosis, myocardial ischemia, septic and distressed lung, inflammatory bowel disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and neural tube defects. However, skeletal muscle development has not been examined...
2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118678/-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with-conservative-management-for-placenta-morbidly-adherent-accreta-diagnosed-during-pregnancy-report-of-15%C3%A2-cases
#10
F Daney de Marcillac, L Lecointre, A Guillaume, N Sananes, G Fritz, B Viville, E Boudier, I Nisand, A Gaudineau, B Langer, C Y Akladios
BACKGROUND: High risk of morbidly adherent placenta increased during past years. Their management is controversial. Cesarean hysterectomy, considered the gold standard treatment by American Society, is associated with high risk of maternal morbimortality. Conservative management has been sought to reduce maternal morbidity associated with caesarean hysterectomy while maintaining fertility. It consists of leaving the placenta in place but long-term monitoring. Our main objective was to determine advantage/disadvantage of conservative management on patient with an antenatal diagnosis of placenta accreta, increta or percreta...
April 23, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880002/clandestine-abortion-causing-uterine-perforation-and-bowel-infarction-in-a-rural-area-a-case-report-and-brief-review
#11
Carlson B Sama, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Fru F Angwafo
BACKGROUND: An unsafe abortion is defined as a procedure for terminating an unintended pregnancy carried out either by a person lacking the necessary skills or in an environment that does not conform to minimal medical standards or both. Majority of these unsafe abortions are carried out in rural areas of developing countries, usually by unskilled persons who do not have proper knowledge of the anatomy of reproductive organs and in unhygienic environments thus leading to various complications...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26692770/changing-perspectives-of-infectious-causes-of-maternal-mortality
#12
Ajay Halder, Reeta Vijayselvi, Ruby Jose
OBJECTIVE: Infections significantly contribute to maternal mortality. There is a perceived change in the spectrum of such infections. This study aims to estimate the contribution of various types of infections to maternal mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of maternal death cases that took place between 2003 and 2012 in the Christian Medical College, Vellore, India. The International Classification of Diseases-Maternal Mortality was used to classify the causes of deaths and World Health Organization near-miss criteria were used to identify organ dysfunction that occurred before death...
2015: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26558184/changing-picture-of-renal-cortical-necrosis-in-acute-kidney-injury-in-developing-country
#13
Jai Prakash, Vijay Pratap Singh
Renal cortical necrosis (RCN) is characterized by patchy or diffuse ischemic destruction of all the elements of renal cortex resulting from significantly diminished renal arterial perfusion due to vascular spasm and microvascular injury. In addition, direct endothelial injury particularly in setting of sepsis, eclampsia, haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and snake bite may lead to endovascular thrombosis with subsequent renal ischemia. Progression to end stage renal disease is a rule in diffuse cortical necrosis...
November 6, 2015: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26477375/-choledochal-cyst-during-pregnancy-report-of-3-cases-and-a-literature-review
#14
José Luis Martínez-Ordaz, Magdely Yazmin Morales-Camacho, Sócrates Centellas-Hinojosa, Eduardo Román-Ramírez, Teodoro Romero-Hernández, Mauricio de la Fuente-Lira
BACKGROUND: Choledochal cysts are rare. They usually present during childhood in women, but it can also be seen during pregnancy. Clinical signs and symptoms are obscured during this time, thus it can complicate the diagnosis and represent a life threatening complication for both the mother and the child. OBJECTIVE: To communicate the case of 3 pregnant patients with choledochal cyst. CLINICAL CASES: Three pregnant women in which choledochal cyst were diagnosed...
March 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26388296/management-of-abortion-complications-at-a-rural-hospital-in-uganda-a-quality-assessment-by-a-partially-completed-criterion-based-audit
#15
Natja Mellerup, Bjarke L Sørensen, Gideon K Kuriigamba, Martin Rudnicki
BACKGROUND: Complications of unsafe abortion are a major contributor to maternal deaths in developing countries. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical assessment for life-threatening complications and the following management in women admitted with complications from abortions at a rural hospital in Uganda. METHODS: A partially completed criterion-based audit was conducted comparing actual to optimal care. The audit criteria cover initial clinical assessment of vital signs and management of common severe complications such as sepsis and haemorrhage...
2015: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26192939/streptococcus-bovis-bacteremia-association-with-gastrointestinal-and-liver-disease-in-a-predominantly-hispanic-population
#16
Alicia Alvarez, Cesar J Garcia, Yi Jia, Darius Boman, Marc J Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: Streptococcus bovis bacteremia has been associated with gastrointestinal diseases, especially colon cancer, neoplastic colon polyps, and other malignancies of the gastrointestinal tract. Studies have suggested an association with chronic liver parenchymal and biliary tract disorders. We report a series of patients with S. bovis bacteremia in a county hospital in a US city on the border of Mexico to examine the demographic and clinical associations. METHODS: We characterized the demographics, clinical features, and the endoscopic and histopathologic findings in all patients with blood cultures positive for S...
July 2015: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26133740/renal-cortical-necrosis-is-a-disappearing-entity-in-obstetric-acute-kidney-injury-in-developing-countries-our-three-decade-of-experience-from-india
#17
Jai Prakash, Pragya Pant, Anil K Singh, Shashidhar Sriniwas, Vijay P Singh, Usha Singh
RATIONAL: Obstetrical complications are the commonest causes of Renal Cortical Necrosis (RCN). However, the overall incidence of RCN in obstetric acute kidney injury in developing countries has been decreasing in recent years. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changing profile of RCN in obstetric AKI over the last three decades. METHODS: This single center study included patients with biopsy proven renal cortical necrosis over a period of 32 years from 1982 to 2014...
August 2015: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25932831/treating-spontaneous-and-induced-septic-abortions
#18
REVIEW
David A Eschenbach
Worldwide, abortion accounts for approximately 14% of pregnancy-related deaths, and septic abortion is a major cause of the deaths from abortion. Today, septic abortion is an uncommon event in the United States. The most critical treatment of septic abortion remains the prompt removal of infected tissue. Antibiotic administration and fluid resuscitation provide necessary secondary levels of treatment. Most young physicians have never treated septic abortion. Many obstetrician-gynecologists experience, or plan to experience, global health activities and will likely care for women with septic abortion...
May 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25886596/an-audit-of-the-initial-resuscitation-of-severely-ill-patients-presenting-with-septic-incomplete-miscarriages-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-south-africa
#19
Hennie Lombaard, Sumaiya Adam, Jennifer Makin, Patricia Sebola
BACKGROUND: Septic incomplete miscarriages remain a cause of maternal deaths in South Africa. There was an initial decline in mortality when a strict protocol based approach and the Choice of Termination of Pregnancy Act in South Africa were implemented in this country. However, a recent unpublished audit at the Pretoria Academic Complex (Kalafong and Steve Biko Academic Hospitals) suggested that maternal mortality due to this condition is increasing. The objective of this investigation is to do a retrospective audit with the purpose of identifying the reasons for the deteriorating mortality index attributed to septic incomplete miscarriage at Steve Biko Academic Hospital...
2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25872616/septic-abortion-caused-by-campylobacter-jejuni-bacteraemia
#20
Tomislava Skuhala, Višnja Škerk, Alemka Markotić, Suzana Bukovski, Boško Desnica
A 20-year-old female patient, 14 weeks pregnant, was admitted to hospital with anamnestic and clinical features of acute pyelonephritis. Clinical signs of septic abortion developed and after obstetric examination the therapy was changed to ampicillin, gentamicin and clindamycin. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from blood cultures. Pathohistological findings confirmed diagnosis of purulent chorioamnionitis. After 2 weeks of ciprofloxacin administration the patient fully recovered. Campylobacter jejuni was not isolated from stool culture and no signs of acute enteritis were registered during the illness...
August 2016: Journal of Chemotherapy
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