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Dental trauma

Shilpa Ajit Joshi, Shalomith Uppapalli, Pranav More, Madan Deshpande
Brittle cornea syndrome is a rare generalised connective tissue disorder with ocular features like keratoglobus or keratoconus, severe corneal thinning and a high risk of perforation. Various authors in different case reports and case series have brought out the fact that brittle cornea is a disorder with characteristic systemic manifestations such as deafness, joint hypermobility, hyperelasticity of skin, kyphoscoliosis and dental abnormalities alongwith ophthalmic features. We report a case of globe perforation following trivial trauma, in an individual with brittle cornea without any extraocular manifestations, posing a challenge in the diagnosis and dilemma in surgical repair of cornea, restoration of globe integrity and visual rehabilitation...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Edna Perez, Linda S Behar-Horenstein, Marcio Guelmann
Children with intellectual and physical disabilities including autism are susceptible to dental trauma as a sequela from falls due to poor muscular coordination. In addition, their altered muscle tonus often results in an open bite with labial flaring of the maxillary incisors and lip incompetence, predisposing these teeth to fractures. This case report describes an alternative approach of restoring a fractured maxillary permanent central incisor with a composite strip crown during surgical repositioning of the periodontium on an autistic patient...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
S S Liang, Y Zhou, T Jiang, Y Zhou, X Ma, Y N Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Mario V Vettore, Gabriela de F Meira, Maria A B Rebelo, Janete M Rebelo Vieira, Carolina Machuca
The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of multimorbidities of oral clinical conditions in children. The association between social position and number of oral clinical conditions, and the relationship of social position and number of oral clinical conditions with oral health-related quality of life [OHRQoL, measured using the Brazilian Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (Child-OIDP)] were also investigated. The study analysed data on 7,208 children, 12 yr of age, from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil Project)...
October 8, 2016: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Shaul Lin, Nir Pilosof, Munir Karawani, Ronald Wigler, Arieh Y Kaufman, Sorin T Teich
BACKGROUND: This study explores the pattern of complications occurrence resulting from traumatic dental injuries, the relation of this pattern to the number of years from the time of the injury to its first diagnosis, and other contributing characteristics such as root development and trauma characteristic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients' data treated following dental trauma from 2002 to 2014 were classified and grouped according to age, gender, tooth type, injury type, diagnosis and the time that elapsed between the traumatic event and the diagnosis of complications (TIC)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Debra Dunn
Body modification, also known as body art, has been a common cultural practice for thousands of years and includes body piercings, transdermal and subdermal implants, tattoos, scarification, body stretching and sculpting, dental grills, and nail art. Perioperative nurses must learn more about body art to provide nonjudgmental, nonprejudicial care and to ensure patient safety when they prepare patients for surgery. A welcoming environment engages patients and fosters communication so that patients are more likely to share hidden body art...
October 2016: AORN Journal
Stefan Hartwig, Andreas Boettner, Christian Doll, Jan O Voss, Moritz Hertel, Saskia Preissner, Jan D Raguse
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intermaxillary fixation is a standard procedure for the treatment of mandibular fractures or in orthognathic surgery. Pre-drilling for screws poses the risk of accidental tooth-root injury, potentially leading to further pathological processes. Limited evidence about accidental tooth injury during intermaxillary fixation is available due to heterogenous study designs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of root trauma using pre-drilled transgingival fixation screws and the clinical consequences for the affected teeth...
September 28, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Pallav Mahesh Patni, Pradeep Jain, Mona Jain Patni
INTRODUCTION: The fracture of front teeth is one of the routine presentations of traumatic injuries. The treatment of a fractured tooth involving the pulp includes root canal therapy and post placement followed by core build-up or by the extraction of the fractured tooth if it is not restorable. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of an adult male who had traumatized both his maxillary central incisors following a blow experienced during domestic violence. He had lost a fractured fragment of the right central incisor, while the left incisor had complicated fractures with fragments retained attached to the soft tissue...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Y-L Tsai, W-C Liao, C-Y Wang, M-C Chang, S-H Chang, S-F Chang, C-W Chang, Y-D Huang, C-P Chan, J-H Jeng
AIM: To describe the clinical characteristics and radiographic findings of horizontal root fractures (HRF) in posterior teeth without a history of dental trauma. METHODOLOGY: A total 24 patients and 31 HRF cases in 28 posterior teeth were collected from 2006 to 2015. Clinical examinations and radiographic imaging were evaluated. Value of confidence intervals of the proportions were calculated for data presentation. RESULTS: The number of males (54%) was similar to females (46%)...
September 28, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Aaron Nathan Barksdale, Jeff Lee Hackman, Karen Williams, Matt Christopher Gratton
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that collaborative nursing protocols initiated in triage improve emergency department (ED) throughput and decrease time to treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to determine if an ED triage pain protocol improves time to provision of analgesics. METHODS: Retrospective data abstracted via electronic medical record of patients at a safety net facility with 67 000 annual adult visits. Patients older than 18 years who presented to the ED between March 1, 2011, and May 31, 2013, with 1 of 6 conditions were included: back pain, dental pain, extremity trauma, sore throat, ear pain, or pain from an abscess...
August 27, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
P Manodh, D Prabhu Shankar, Devadoss Pradeep, Rajan Santhosh, Aparna Murugan
BACKGROUND: Maxillofacial fractures occur in a significant proportion worldwide and can occur as an isolated injury or in combination with other severe injuries including cranial, spinal, and upper and lower body injuries requiring prompt diagnosis with possible emergency interventions. The epidemiology of facial fractures varies with regard to injury type, severity, and cause and depends on the population studied. Hence, understanding of these factors can aid in establishing clinical and research priorities for effective treatment and prevention of these injuries...
September 23, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Sara Nader Marta, Roberto Yoshio Kawakami, Claudia Almeida Prado Piccino Sgavioli, Ana Eliza Correa, Guaniara D'Árk de Oliveira El Kadre, Ricardo Sandri Carvalho
Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is an inherited autosomal dominant genetic disorder presenting variable penetrance and expressivity, with an estimated prevalence of 1:42,000. Clinical characteristics of WS include lateral displacement of the internal eye canthus, hyperplasia of the medial portion of the eyebrows, prominent and broad nasal base, congenital deafness, pigmentation of the iris and skin, and white forelock. A 24-year-old male patient, previously diagnosed with WS, was referred to the Special Needs Dental Clinic of Sacred Heart University, Bauru, Brazil...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
L A Costa, C C C Ribeiro, L M Cantanhede, J F Santiago Júnior, M R de Mendonça, A L P Pereira
Intrusive luxation is a severe form of dental trauma and there is no consensus regarding its management for permanent teeth. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to identify the appropriate treatment for teeth with intrusive luxation. The PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, US Clinical Trials, and ISRCTN Registry electronic databases were used to search for articles in English and unpublished studies without a date limit. Eligible studies evaluated periodontal results (root resorption as the primary outcome; marginal bone defects and/or pulpal changes as secondary outcomes) after spontaneous re-eruption (SRE), orthodontic repositioning (ORP), or surgical repositioning (SRP) for patients with one or more traumatically intruded permanent teeth...
September 17, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Leena Smadi, Aiman Al Sumadi
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to review oral and dental health aspects in female patients presented to Jordanian Royal Medical Services (RMS) international humanitarian missions over a 3-year period. DESIGN AND METHOD: Analysis of humanitarian missions of RMS data and records over a 3-year period (2011-2013) in regard to women's oral and dental health issues was done. The data were analyzed in regard to the number of women seen, the presenting conditions, and the prevalence of oral and dental diseases and procedures in these cases...
January 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Jozef Mincik, Daniel Urban, Silvia Timkova
Root resorption is a pathological process involving loss of hard dental tissues. It may occur as a consequence of dental trauma, orthodontic treatment, and bleaching, and occasionally it accompanies periodontal disease. Although the mechanism of resorption process is examined in detail, its etiology is not fully understood. Wide open apical foramen is more difficult to manage and the root canal may often overfill. In this report we present two cases of root resorption and describe means for its clinical management...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Anastasia Agrafioti, Ioannis N Tsatsoulis, Styliani I Papanakou-Tzanetaki, Evangelos G Kontakiotis
Tooth fractures are common complications due to trauma in the oral cavity. Tooth fragments and foreign bodies may be embedded in soft tissues as a result of dentofacial trauma and go unnoticed in emergency situations. The inadequate management of such cases may lead to complications, such as foreign-body reaction and scarring. This report describes two cases with dental fragments embedded in the lower lip, which went unnoticed until the patients presented later for completely different treatments and emphasizes the importance of clinical and radiographic examination of soft tissues, even in cases that present late for dental trauma management...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Rahul Kaul, Parul Jain, Paras Angrish, Subrata Saha, Tamal Kanti Patra, Nilanjana Saha, Malay Mitra
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic dental injuries are one of the commonly encountered dental emergencies. Missing anterior tooth in children due to any injury can be a source of considerable physical and psychological discomfort for the child. The prognosis of some dental injuries depends to a great extent on parents' knowledge of correct and prompt emergency measures. AIM: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and awareness level of parents regarding the emergency management of dental trauma and to find out the relation of the responses to social variables...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mateja Petrović, Sebastian Kühl, Martina Šlaj, Thomas Connert, Andreas Filippi
Handball has developed into a much faster and high-impact sport over the past few years because of rule changes. Fast sports with close body contact are especially prone to orofacial trauma. Handball belongs to a category of sports with medium risk for dental trauma. Even so, there is only little literature on this subject. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and the type of injuries, especially the occurrence of orofacial trauma, habits of wearing mouthguards, as well as degree of familiarity with the tooth rescue box...
2016: Swiss Dental Journal
Chia-Pei Jung, Aileen I Tsai, Ching-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of information regarding pediatric dental emergencies in Taiwan. This study investigates the prevalence and characteristics of the pediatric dental emergency services provided at a medical center. METHODS: This study included a retrospective chart review of patients under 18 years of age with dental complaints who visited the Emergency Department (ED) of Linkou Medical Center of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from January 2012 to December 2013...
June 2016: Biomedical Journal
H Karayilmaz, Öe Güngör, S Hanimeli, B Yagmur
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is an inherited disorder affecting the skin and mucous membranes, characterized by blister formation following minor trauma. It is a chronic mechanobullous disease related to the specific abnormal or absent proteins. The disease is associated with conspicuous clinical and oral manifestations. The oral involvement of EB includes generalized enamel hypoplasia, dental caries, limited mouth opening, ankyloglossia, microstomia and obliteration of the vestibule. Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a hereditary disorder with dental enamel defects and enamel hypoplasia both in deciduous and permanent dentition...
February 26, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
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