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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227406/unexpected-blooming-artifact-in-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#1
Akilesh Ramasamy, Balasubramanian Madhan, Balasubramanian Krishnan
Unexpected foreign bodies are occasionally discovered during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These are often present unknown to the patient, missed during routine pre-MRI screening and result in unnecessary delay during MRI. The authors present a patient with traumatically embedded foreign body in the scalp that escaped pre-MRI screening and caused susceptibility artifacts during brain MRI. The object was surgically removed to allow the imaging to be completed. Patients with suspicion or history of facial trauma or with dental restorations are referred to concerned specialists for compatibility of hardware, restorations and for assessing risks during MRI due to these...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211133/a-12-year-retrospective-study-of-avulsion-cases-in-a-public-brazilian-dental-trauma-service
#2
Gabriela Campos Mesquita, Priscilla Barbosa Ferreira Soares, Camilla Christian Gomes Moura, Marina Guimarães Roscoe, Saul Martins Paiva, Carlos José Soares
This study assessed the epidemiological characteristics and management of the permanent teeth avulsion cases attended in a Brazilian dental trauma service from December 2005 to August 2016. A retrospective study was conducted of case records of 93 patients involving 139 avulsed teeth. Data included sex, age, trauma etiology, location of the accident, number and position of avulsed teeth, and presence and type of associated traumatic lesions. Management of the avulsed teeth was addressed as: time elapsed until teeth were retrieved from the accident's location; teeth's cleaning method and storage media; time elapsed until seeking treatment and replantation...
November 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208280/formulation-and-biological-actions-of-nano-bioglass-ceramic-particles-doped-with-calcarea-phosphorica-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#3
S Dinesh Kumar, K Mohamed Abudhahir, N Selvamurugan, S Vimalraj, R Murugesan, N Srinivasan, A Moorthi
The improvisation of the treatment procedures for treating the various kind of bone defects such as, bone or dental trauma and for diseases such as osteoporosis, osteomyelitis etc., need the suitable and promising biomaterials with resemblance of bone components. Bioactive glass ceramic (BGC) has recently acquired great attention as the most promising biomaterials; hence it has been widely applied as a filler material for bone tissue regeneration. Because it elicts specific biological responses after implantation in addition more potential in formation of strong interface with both hard and soft tissues by dissolution of calcium and phosphate ions...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206139/alkaline-materials-and-regenerative-endodontics-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Bill Kahler, Nadia Chugal, Louis M Lin
Periapical health is the primary goal of endodontic treatment in mature and immature teeth. In addition, the goals of treatment of immature teeth with arrested root development include root growth to length and maturation of the apex, as well as thickening of the canal wall. These goals are valid for immature teeth that have been subjected to trauma and dental caries or that are the result of developmental anomalies that expose the tooth to the risk of pulp necrosis and consequently result in the cessation of root maturation...
December 5, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192690/the-relevance-of-alcohol-to-dental-practice
#5
R Grocock
Alcohol is a very widely used drug which can cause dental disease and influence dental treatment. It is therefore important that dental professionals take an alcohol history from all patients and are aware of how to give alcohol reduction advice. This article discusses the impact of alcohol on oral health, including oral cancer, trauma, halitosis, tooth wear, periodontal disease and caries, with reference to the available literature. It also outlines current alcohol risk level advice and guidance regarding giving alcohol reduction advice in a dental setting...
December 1, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192629/prevalence-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-and-associated-factors-among-8-to-12-years-old-schoolchildren-in-diyarbakir-turkey
#6
E C Tumen, I Yavuz, S Kaya, E Uysal, D S Tümen, Y Ay, G Başaran, Ö Adıgüzel, Y Değer, N Laçin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of traumatic injuries of the permanent incisors in public primary schoolchildren from 8 to 12 years old in South-Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Additionally, the relationship between traumatic dental injuries, parents' education level, family income, size of incisal overjet and the presence of anterior open bite were examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected through oral examinations and structured interviews, and included socio-economic indicators...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190002/dentoalveolar-abscesses-not-associated-with-caries-or-trauma-a-diagnostic-hallmark-of-hypophosphatemic-rickets-initially-misdiagnosed-as-hypochondroplasia
#7
Silvia Elena Yacarini Paredes, Raquel Assed Bezerra Segato, Leila Daher Moreira, Alcides Moreira, Kranya Victoria Díaz Serrano, Clarissa Teles Rodrigues, Luciana Yamamoto Almeida, Jorge Esquiche León
Hypophosphatemic rickets is a rare genetic disorder involving the regulation of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a phosphaturic agent, clinically showing bowing of the legs, short stature and dentoalveolar abscesses. A 7-year-old boy, with previous hypochondroplasia diagnosis, was referred to our pediatric dentistry clinic presenting short stature, bone deformities and sinus tracts at deciduous teeth apex levels not related with trauma, restorations or dental caries. After deciduous teeth extraction, due to root resorption and mobility, light microscopy exhibited typical hypophosphatemic dentin, and micro-computed tomography revealed tubular clefts and porosities throughout the teeth...
November 30, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189591/luc-s-abscess-and-temporomandibular-joint-septic-arthritis-two-rare-sequelae-of-acute-otitis-media
#8
Carmelle Tsai, Jennifer Deramo, Xiaofan Shen, Kathleen Vandiver, Vineeta Mittal
A 5-year-old previously healthy child presented with right-sided otalgia, right facial and temporal swelling, and right jaw pain in the setting of 6 days of low-grade fever. The child had no trauma, vomiting, or prior dental treatments. On physical examination, the patient had facial swelling, erythema, and tenderness over the right temporal region along with trismus, as well as pain on palpation of the right temporomandibular joint (TMJ). A computed tomography scan revealed otitis media, Luc's abscess, and TMJ septic arthritis requiring surgical drainage and intravenous antibiotics...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182035/oral-health-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Yvonne C Y Chau, Si-Min Peng, Colman P J McGrath, Cynthia K Y Yiu
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review investigated the oral health of children with ADHD. METHOD: A structured search strategy was performed on five electronic databases: SCOPUS, Web of Science, COCHRANE, PubMed, and PsychInfo. Studies were included in the review if they reported clinical oral health outcomes on a population diagnosed with ADHD under the age of 18 years old. Qualitative and quantitative analysis was performed on pooled prevalence and mean/median values for caries, trauma, periodontal problems, and tooth wear...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157547/imaging-of-odontogenic-infections
#10
REVIEW
Shaza Mardini, Anita Gohel
Odontogenic infections represent a common clinical problem in patients of all ages. The presence of teeth enables the direct spread of inflammatory products from dental caries, trauma, and/or periodontal disease into the maxilla and mandible. The radiographic changes seen depend on the type and duration of the inflammatory process and host body response. Imaging plays a central role in identifying the source of infection and the extent of the disease spread and in detecting any complications. Many different imaging modalities can be used...
January 2018: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157541/imaging-of-dentoalveolar-and-jaw-trauma
#11
REVIEW
Reyhaneh Alimohammadi
Prior to the invention of cone beam CT, use of 2-D plain film imaging for trauma involving the mandible was common practice, with CT imaging opted for in cases of more complex situations, especially in the maxilla and related structures. Cone beam CT has emerged as a reasonable and reliable alternative considering radiation dosage, image quality, and comfort for the patient. This article presents an overview of the patterns of dental and maxillofacial fractures using conventional and advanced imaging techniques illustrated with multiple clinical examples selected from the author's oral and maxillofacial radiology practice database...
January 2018: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157168/burkitt-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-presenting-with-mental-neuropathy-numb-chin-syndrome-in-an-hiv-positive-patient
#12
N Vora, H Haryee, J C Dickson, R F Miller
Mental nerve neuropathy is usually due to local trauma or dental causes, but may be a manifestation of malignancy. A patient with virologically controlled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection presented with a 'numb chin' on the background of long-standing night sweats, malaise and weight loss, worsening respiratory symptoms, and lymphadenopathy. Burkitt non-Hodgkin lymphoma was diagnosed from histology of a lymph node. Imaging (magnetic resonance imaging and 18fluorodeoxyglucose [FDG]-positron emission tomography-computed tomography [PET-CT]) showed abnormal intracranial enhancement of the right mandibular nerve and extensive 18FDG-avid lymphadenopathy above and below the diaphragm, focal lesions in the spleen and within the right mandible...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155530/dental-trauma-2-acute-management-of-fracture-injuries
#13
Serpil Djemal, Parmjit Singh, Nectaria Polycarpou, Rachel Tomson, Martin Kelleher
Fortunately, traumatic dental injuries are a relatively uncommon occurrence in general dental practice. However, when they do present, timely diagnosis and treatment of such injuries is essential to maximize the chance of a successful outcome. This is the second part of a two-part series on traumatic dental injuries that are commonly encountered in the clinical setting. Part one covered the management of acute luxation/displacement injuries affecting the supporting structures of the tooth, while part two will cover the management of fracture injuries associated with teeth and the alveolar bone...
December 2016: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153234/evaluation-of-pain-syndromes-headache-and-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-in-children
#14
REVIEW
Bruce B Horswell, Jason Sheikh
After a thorough review of the history and presentation of a child's facial pain, a targeted head and neck examination is critical to the appropriate diagnosis of facial pain and temporomandibular joint disorders. It is critical to distinguish between the structural (trauma, degenerative disease, and tumor) and nonstructural (neurogenic, myogenic, and psychological) causes of pain, which will allow for incorporation of appropriate strategies of medical, psychological, dental, and surgical therapies.
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149204/evaluation-of-osseous-integration-of-titanium-orthopedic-screws-with-novel-sla-treatment-in-porcine-model
#15
Tzu-Hsiang Lin, Hsin-Tai Hu, Hsueh-Chun Wang, Meng-Chian Wu, Shu-Wei Wu, Ming-Long Yeh
The success of many endosseous implants in orthopaedic and dental applications depends on the surface characteristics, as they affect osseous integration. Previous investigations indicated that a novel large-grit sand-blasted and acid-etched (SLA) titanium (denoted as SLAffinity-Ti) implant had better bone integration than that of a comparably shaped implant with a plasma-sprayed titanium surface. The purpose of the present investigation was to create a SLAffinity surface on pedicle screws and trauma screws and to compare it with the surfaces of a sand-blasted-only implant and commercial implants in terms of bone integration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120152/first-aid-management-in-emergency-care-of-dental-injuries-%C3%A2-knowledge-among-teachers-in-rijeka-croatia
#16
Danko Bakarčić, Sandra Hrvatin, Mia Maroević, Nataša Ivančić Jokić
The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude regarding emergency treatment of dental trauma among elementary school teachers in the city of Rijeka, Croatia. A total of 144 teachers answered a four-part questionnaire which comprised questions regarding demographic data, role and responsibility at the working place, knowledge about dental trauma, and motivation for further education on the topic. Nearly half of the participants (47.2%) reported having seen at least one dental trauma in their professional careers...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115979/common-oral-conditions-and-correlates-an-oral-health-survey-in-kwara-state-nigeria
#17
Abiola O Tobin, Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases are one of the most prevalent health problems today with distribution and severity varying in different parts of the world and within the same country. Oral health surveys are needed to determine prevalence of oral conditions and the nature and urgency of oral health interventions. A modified version of World Health Organisation pathfinder survey methods was used to determine prevalence of oral conditions amongst 150 respondents in two local government areas in Kwara State, Nigeria...
November 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114432/eye-related-trauma-and-infection-in-dentistry
#18
REVIEW
Hasan Ekmekcioglu, Meral Unur
Despite numerous technological and medical developments achieved in recent years, a significant amount of occupational health problems still exist in modern dentistry. The risk of eye injury is mostly attributed to the use of high-speed hand pieces and ultrasonic devices. A dental clinic may be the source of eye-related infection and injury because of mechanical, chemical, microbiological and electromagnetic irritants. Accidents may cause facial injuries that involve eyes of the clinicians, patients as well as dental assistants...
2017: Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112112/sialocele-following-traumatic-dental-procedure-a-case-report-and-review-of-dental-complications
#19
Erin F Hoehn, Victoria Wurster Ovalle, Young Kim, Selena L Hariharan
We present a case of a 17-year-old girl with sialadenitis and sialocele due to trauma sustained from a dental procedure. Our objectives are to review relevant literature and anatomy of the floor of the mouth and salivary glands and discuss potential complications of dental procedures.
July 3, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109835/anterior-submandibular-approach-for-transmylohyoid-endotracheal-intubation-a-reappraisal-with-prospective-study-in-206-cases-of-craniomaxillofacial-fractures
#20
Nitin Bhola, Anendd Jadhav, Atul Kala, Rahul Deshmukh, Umesh Bhutekar, G S V Prasad
Despite a paradigm shift in anesthesia and trauma airway management, the craniomaxillofacial fracture (CMF) patients continue to pose a challenge. A prospective study was planned between April 2007 and March 2015 to investigate the safety, efficacy, utility, and complications of anterior submandibular approach for transmylohyoid intubation (TMI) in CMFs using an armored endotracheal tube (ETT). Out of 1,207 maxillofacial trauma cases reported, this study recruited 206 patients (152 males and 54 females) aged between 21 and 60 years...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
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