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Dental trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643529/-retrospective-study-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-of-62-disabled-children-and-adolescents
#1
N Wang, Y M Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively figure out the oral health status, treatment and follow-ups after dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) of disabled children or adolescents. METHODS: Clinical data of disabled children or adolescents and normal children as control received DGA in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from August 2008 to September 2015 were recorded, including: gender, birth date, treatment date, disability type, oral health status before treatment, treatment content and follow-ups (in 1 year)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618879/pediatric-facial-fractures-a-10-year-study
#2
Rajarshi Ghosh, K Gopalkrishnan, Jawahar Anand
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study is to retrospectively analyse the incidence of facial fractures along with age, gender predilection, etiology, commonest site, associated dental injuries and any complications of paediatric patients operated in Craniofacial unit of SDM college of dental sciences and hospital. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the department of OMFS, SDM College of Dental Sciences, Dharwad from January 2003-December 2013...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600500/incidence-of-dental-traumatic-injuries-in-children-0-4-years-of-age-a-prospective-study-based-on-parental-reporting
#3
M L Odersjö, A Robertson, G Koch
AIM: To collect prospective information reported by parents regarding dental traumas occurring in children 6 months to 4 years of age, furthermore, to collect data on complications from the dental records. METHODS: The staff from the child health services distributed a questionnaire at the regular health check-up reviews for a number of age groups, i.e., 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, and 42 months of age. The parents were to observe and register factors around dental trauma for the following 6-month period...
March 29, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594545/lower-back-and-neck-pain-among-dentistry-students-a-cross-sectional-study-in-dentistry-students-in-northern-greece
#4
Efthimios Samoladas, Christina Barmpagianni, Dimitrios V Papadopoulos, Ioannis D Gelalis
INTRODUCTION: Dentistry students and dentists comprise a unique group of professionals, whose everyday professional activity requires long hours of standing and working in a position considered unhealthy for the lower back and neck. Our aim was to explore the factors involved in the appearance of low back and neck pain in dentistry students as well as the impact of the pain on the students' professional and everyday activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was given to all dentistry students of the 4th and 5th year of our university...
March 28, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581900/autotransplantation-and-orthodontic-treatment-after-maxillary-central-incisor-region-trauma-a-13-year-follow-up-case-report-study
#5
Farzad Piroozmand, Hossein Hessari, Mohsen Shirazi, Pegah Khazaei
The anterior maxilla is the most prone region to the trauma during childhood, and tooth loss sometimes happens due to trauma. Replacing the missing teeth has always been one of the dentists' challenges in children and adolescents, since their dentofacial growth is not complete. Autotransplantation of mandibular premolars with two-thirds or three-quarters of root formation provides the best prognosis for the tooth survival. This case report describes the management of a 10-year-old boy suffering a severe dental injury who received the autotransplantation of the premolars from mandible to restore the space caused by trauma in maxillary central incisor region and a 13-year follow-up of the autotransplantation...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580668/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-an-update-on-the-memorial-sloan-kettering-cancer-center-experience-and-the-role-of-premedication-dental-evaluation-in-prevention
#6
Adepitan A Owosho, See Toh Yoong Liang, Adi Z Sax, Kant Wu, SaeHee K Yom, Joseph M Huryn, Cherry L Estilo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between type of antiresorptive medication and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) onset and the role of premedication dental evaluation (PMDE) in the prevention of MRONJ. STUDY DESIGN: Our database of patients with MRONJ was reviewed. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to analyze the onset dose of the 3 frequent medication types associated with MRONJ. To evaluate the role of PMDE in the prevention of MRONJ, all patients on antiresorptive and/or antiangiogenic medications seen in the Dental Service of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center during a 10-year period were subclassified into 2 groups...
February 14, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576649/error-analysis-how-precise-is-fused-deposition-modeling-in-fabrication-of-bone-models-in-comparison-to-the-parent-bones
#7
M V Reddy, Krishnakiran Eachempati, A V Gurava Reddy, Aakash Mugalur
Background: Rapid prototyping (RP) is used widely in dental and faciomaxillary surgery with anecdotal uses in orthopedics. The purview of RP in orthopedics is vast. However, there is no error analysis reported in the literature on bone models generated using office-based RP. This study evaluates the accuracy of fused deposition modeling (FDM) using standard tessellation language (STL) files and errors generated during the fabrication of bone models. Materials and Methods: Nine dry bones were selected and were computed tomography (CT) scanned...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573506/analysis-of-current-perioperative-management-with-haemate-%C3%A2-p-humate-p-%C3%A2-in-von-willebrand-disease-identifying-the-need-for-personalized-treatment
#8
H C A M Hazendonk, J M Heijdra, N C B de Jager, H C Veerman, J Boender, I van Moort, R A A Mathôt, K Meijer, B A P Laros-van Gorkom, J Eikenboom, K Fijnvandraat, F W G Leebeek, M H Cnossen
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Von Willebrand disease (VWD) are regularly treated with VWF-containing concentrates in case of acute bleeding, trauma and dental or surgical procedures. AIM: In this multicentre retrospective study, current perioperative management with a von Willebrand factor (VWF)/Factor VIII (FVIII) concentrate (Haemate® P) in patients with VWD was evaluated. PATIENTS/METHODS: Patients with VWD undergoing minor or major surgery between 2000 and 2015, requiring treatment with a VWF/FVIII concentrate (Haemate® P), were included...
March 24, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572374/case-of-a-fractured-human-bone-fragment-as-an-endobronchial-foreign-body-following-a-traffic-incident
#9
Kouko Hidaka, Tetsushi Takeda, Masamichi Nakayama, Hirohisa Yano
Endobronchial foreign bodies (EFBs) are present in various settings, such as eating or dental procedure. Accidental aspiration of foreign bodies is more common in children; however, cases of adult foreign body aspiration exist. Traumatic incidents can precipitate endobronchial aspiration of foreign bodies. Loss of consciousness, such as in coma, can result in foreign bodies being easily inhaled into the airways. Teeth or vehicle parts have been reported as EFBs following traumatic incidents. We report on a patient with chronic, sustained cough following maxillofacial trauma...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569685/importance-of-knowledge-of-the-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-emergency-departments
#10
Acar Aren, Arzu Pınar Erdem, Gamze Aren, Zeynep Deniz Şahin, Ceren Güney Tolgay, Merve Çayırcı, Elif Sepet, Recep Güloğlu, Hakan Yanar, Kaya Sarıbeyoğlu
BACKGROUND: Hospital emergency departments (EDs) are confronted with managing dental emergencies of both traumatic and non-traumatic origin. However, the literature suggests inadequate knowledge of the management of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) among medical professionals. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes regarding management of TDIs among Istanbul ED physicians. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to emergency departments (ED) directors and their physicians...
March 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565705/zygomatic-dental-implant-induced-orbital-fracture-and-inferior-oblique-trauma
#11
Ann Q Tran, Daniela P Reyes-Capó, Nimesh A Patel, Joshua Pasol, Hilda Capó, Sara T Wester
A 51-year-old female underwent four upper zygomatic dental implants (ZI) and one upper and four lower conventional implants. Immediately postoperatively, the patient had pain and diplopia upon manual elevation of the edematous eyelid. Panoramic x-ray showed a malpositioned right upper ZI, requiring removal of the right upper ZI the following day. The patient had delayed referral to ophthalmology one month later for persistent diplopia. Computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a right inferolateral fracture with fibrosis surrounding the inferior oblique muscle...
March 22, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564222/autotransplantation-a-biological-treatment-alternative-for-a-patient-after-traumatic-dental-injury
#12
Meenakshi Vishwanath, Nandakumar Janakiraman, Hamed Vaziri, Ravindra Nanda, Flavio Uribe
Traumatic dental injury is considered a public dental health problem because of a high childhood incidence, high treatment costs, and prolonged treatment time. Although management guidelines for traumatized teeth have been outlined, tooth loss following trauma is occasionally unavoidable. Here, we describe the successful interdisciplinary management of a traumatized central incisor in an 11-year old boy that was extracted because of a poor prognosis and restored by the autotransplantation of an immature donor tooth into the site...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556556/an-epidemiological-study-on-the-prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorder-and-associated-history-and-problems-in-nepalese-subjects
#13
Dinesh Rokaya, Kanokwan Suttagul, Shraddha Joshi, Bishwa Prakash Bhattarai, Pravin Kumar Shah, Shantanu Dixit
Background: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) represents a subgroup of painful orofacial disorders involving pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) region, fatigue of the cranio-cervico-facial muscles (especially masticatory muscles), limitation of mandible movement, and the presence of a clicking sound in the TMJ. TMD is associated with multiple factors and systemic diseases. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of TMD in Nepalese subjects for the first time. Methods: A total of 500 medical and dental students (127 men and 373 women) participated in this study from May 2016 to September 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545984/streptococcus-intermedius-brain-and-diverticular-abscesses-after-dental-manipulation-a-case-report
#14
Hassan Al Moussawi, Michael Krzyzak, Zainab Awada, Jean M Chalhoub
A brain abscess is defined as a focal intracerebral infection consisting of an encapsulated collection of pus, which can be a life-threatening complication of infections, trauma, or surgery. While immunocompromised patients can have a wide array of causative organisms, bacterial species represent the most common etiology in immunocompetent individuals. The incidence of brain abscesses ranges from 0.4 to 0.9 per 100,000, with a high predisposition among immunocompromised patients and in those with disruption of the blood-brain barrier...
January 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543299/clinical-impact-of-bisphosphonates-in-root-canal-therapy
#15
Mothanna K AlRahabi, Hani M Ghabbani
Bisphosphonates are stable structural analogs of pyrophosphate, which suppress the activity of osteoclasts, leading to decreased bone resorption. They are essential medications in the treatment of osteoporosis. Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a serious adverse effect of bisphosphonate therapy. The prevalence of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw varies from 0% to 28%, and it can be triggered by dental extraction and trauma. Root canal therapy can delay, or even eliminate, the need for tooth extraction, and therefore, may reduce the risk of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw...
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540669/common-dental-diseases-in-children-and-malocclusion
#16
Jing Zou, Mingmei Meng, Clarice S Law, Yale Rao, Xuedong Zhou
Malocclusion is a worldwide dental problem that influences the affected individuals to varying degrees. Many factors contribute to the anomaly in dentition, including hereditary and environmental aspects. Dental caries, pulpal and periapical lesions, dental trauma, abnormality of development, and oral habits are most common dental diseases in children that strongly relate to malocclusion. Management of oral health in the early childhood stage is carried out in clinic work of pediatric dentistry to minimize the unwanted effect of these diseases on dentition...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536742/neuronal-regeneration-in-injured-rat-spinal-cord-after-human-dental-pulp-derived-neural-crest-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
S Kabatas, C S Demir, E Civelek, I Yilmaz, A Kircelli, C Yilmaz, Y Akyuva, E Karaoz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the effect of human Dental Pulp-Neural Crest Stem Cells (hDP-NCSCs) delivery on lesion site after spinal cord injury (SCI), and to observe the functional recovery after transplantation. METHODS: Neural Crest Stem Cells (NCSCs) were isolated from human Dental Pulp (hDP). The experimental rat population was divided into four groups (n = 6/24). Their behavioral motility was scored regularly. After 4-weeks, rats were sacrificed, and their spinal cords were examined for Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) labeled hDP-NCSCs by immunofluorescence (IF) staining...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534303/orthodontic-treatment-for-prominent-upper-front-teeth-class-ii-malocclusion-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
REVIEW
Klaus Bsl Batista, Badri Thiruvenkatachari, Jayne E Harrison, Kevin D O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Prominent upper front teeth are a common problem affecting about a quarter of 12-year-old children in the UK. The condition develops when permanent teeth erupt. These teeth are more likely to be injured and their appearance can cause significant distress. Children are often referred to an orthodontist for treatment with dental braces to reduce the prominence of their teeth. If a child is referred at a young age, the orthodontist is faced with the dilemma of whether to treat the patient early or to wait and provide treatment in adolescence...
March 13, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533942/biology-explaining-tooth-repair-and-regeneration-a-mini-review
#19
Anamaria Balic
The tooth is an intricate composition of precisely patterned, mineralized matrices and soft tissues. Mineralized tissues include enamel (produced by the epithelial cells called ameloblasts), dentin and cementum (produced by mesenchymal cells called odontoblasts and cementoblasts, respectively), and soft tissues, which include the dental pulp and the periodontal ligament along with the invading nerves and blood vessels. It was perceived for a very long time that teeth primarily serve an esthetical function. In recent years, however, the role of healthy teeth, as well as the impact of oral health on general well-being, became more evident...
March 13, 2018: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531880/internal-carotid-artery-dissection-with-lidocaine-nerve-block-injection-trauma-a-rare-case-report
#20
Naureen Narula, Faraz Siddiqui, Nakul Katyal, Akshay Avula, Michel Chalhoub
Internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) accounts for 25% of cerebrovascular accidents in young and middle-aged patients. Dissection occurs when the intimal wall of an artery is damaged as a result of trauma or defect. ICAD development after dental work is a relatively uncommon phenomenon. Our study highlights a rare presentation of ICAD that resulted from a direct lidocaine nerve block injection in a patient undergoing pulpotomy for a right maxillary second premolar tooth. We have described the case and reviewed the literature on this rare but potentially life-threatening phenomenon...
January 5, 2018: Curēus
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