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Dental trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642508/withholding-treatment-what-whom-and-why
#1
(no author information available yet)
Should a dentist triage the care of a patient who has sustained dental trauma, before treating a patient in pain because of dental neglect?
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632910/withdrawn-hypnosis-for-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Sharifa Al-Harasi, Paul F Ashley, David R Moles, Susan Parekh, Val Walters
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review attempted to answer the question: What is the effectiveness of hypnosis (with or without sedation) for behaviour management of children who are receiving dental care in order to allow successful completion of treatment?Null hypothesis: Hypnosis has no effect on the outcome of dental treatment of children...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622548/early-bony-changes-associated-with-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-in-rats-a-longitudinal-in-vivo-study
#3
Josy Lorena Peres Vilarinho, Nathália Ferrare, Andreia Maria Rocha Moreira, Helora Freitas Moura, Ana Carolina Acevedo, Sacha Braun Chaves, Nilce Santos Melo, André Ferreira Leite, Sérgio Bruzadelli Macedo, Melissa Paoletti de Souza, Ana Tereza Bittencourt Guimarães, Paulo Tadeu Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate early bony changes in an animal model of Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (MRONJ) at the side of the local trauma and at the contralateral side, comparing with a control group. Bony changes were evaluated by Microcomputed Tomography (MicroCT) at three times points: at baseline (T0), after drug administration (T1) and after dental extraction (T2). DESIGN: Two groups were compared: the experimental group in which zoledronic acid (ZA) was administered (17 rats) and the control group (13 rats)...
June 6, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#4
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612428/outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-that-influence-the-success-of-tooth-autotransplantation-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Vasiliki Kafourou, Huei Jinn Tong, Peter Day, Nadine Houghton, R James Spencer, Monty Duggal
BACKGROUND/AIM: Tooth autotransplantation has been advocated for replacement of missing teeth, or teeth that are unsuitable for restoration. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes and prognostic factors that influenced the success of tooth transplantation in a paediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was extracted from the records of 75 patients (89 teeth). Demographic and prognostic factors were recorded and analyzed for the clinical and radiographic outcomes for periodontal ligament (PDL) and pulp healing of transplanted teeth...
June 14, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599124/three-dimensional-reconstruction-of-post-traumatic-deficient-anterior-maxilla
#6
Adi Rachmiel, Dekel Shilo, Dror Aizenbud, Mark Pen, Dana Rachmiel, Omri Emodi
PURPOSE: Maxillary retrognathism appears in 14.3% of patients exhibiting malocclusion after trauma treatment. This report describes the application of alveolar distraction osteogenesis (ADO) for treating the severely deficient anterior maxilla after trauma injuries in the vertical and anteroposterior planes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients exhibiting severe vertical and anteroposterior maxillary bone deficiency after trauma injuries and treated by ADO as a first stage with additional Le Fort I advancement when required...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598182/masticatory-parameters-of-children-with-and-without-clinically-diagnosed-caries-in-permanent-dentition
#7
M S Kaya, S Akyuz, B Guclu, D Diracoglu, A Yarat
AIM: Mastication turns food into a bolus and prepares it for chemical digestion. Any condition affecting tooth structure and position may have an impact on mastication. The aim of this study is to compare masticatory performance (MP) and maximum bite force (MBF) between children with and without clinically visible caries in permanent first molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted with 50 children in good general condition aged 12-14 years (25 girls, 25 boys) with no orthodontic/skeletal anomalies and no missing teeth due to dental trauma or extraction...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584471/child-maltreatment-cross-sectional-survey-of-general-dentists
#8
Harsimran Kaur, K S Vinod, Harpreet Singh, Lavina Arya, Prateek Verma, Baldeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Child abuse continues to be a social menace causing both physical and emotional trauma to benevolent children. Census has shown that nearly 50-75% of child abuse include trauma to mouth, face, and head. Thus, dental professionals are in a strategic position to identify physical and emotional manifestations of abuse. AIM: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess knowledge and attitude of dental professionals on the exigent issue of child abuse...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574193/emergency-department-visits-for-dental-problems-not-associated-with-trauma-in-alberta-canada
#9
Rafael Figueiredo, Kerri Fournier, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this report was to describe the frequency of emergency department (ED) visits for dental problems not associated with trauma (DPNAT) in Alberta, Canada, over a 5-year period. METHODS: In Alberta, ED visits for DPNAT between 1 January 2011 and 30 April 2016 were identified using the codes from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Canada (ICD-10-CA). The codes for DPNAT range from K00 to K14, described as diseases of the oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws...
June 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571250/impact-of-dental-disorders-and-its-influence-on-self-esteem-levels-among-adolescents
#10
Puneet Kaur, Simarpreet Singh, Anmol Mathur, Diljot Kaur Makkar, Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Manu Batra, Anshika Sharma, Nikita Goyal
INTRODUCTION: Self esteem is more of a psychological concept therefore, even the common dental disorders like dental trauma, tooth loss and untreated carious lesions may affect the self esteem thus influencing the quality of life. AIM: This study aims to assess the impact of dental disorders among the adolescents on their self esteem level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among 10 to 17 years adolescents...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567137/social-and-psychological-aspects-of-dental-trauma-behavior-management-of-young-patients-who-have-suffered-dental-trauma
#11
REVIEW
Aristidis Arhakis, Eirini Athanasiadou, Christina Vlachou
INTRODUCTION: Injuries concerning the skull, the mouth and thus potentially involving the mouth and teeth are characterized as major public health problems due to their high prevalence and very serious functional and aesthetic consequences. Pain, aesthetic and functional problems arising from dental trauma significantly disrupt normal function, and impact, often dramatically, on young patients' quality of life. PROCEDURE: With regards to the behavior management approach to a child who has suffered a dental trauma, dentist's first step is to be to reassure child and parents...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560189/systematic-analysis-of-palatal-rugae-pattern-for-use-in-human-identification-between-two-different-populations
#12
Radhika Kalyani Kommalapati, Deepthi Katuri, Kiran Kumar Kattappagari, Lalith Prakash Chandra Kantheti, Rajasekhar Babu Murakonda, Chandra Sekhar Poosarla, Ravi Teja Chitturi, Sridhar Reddy Gontu, Venkata Ramana Reddy Baddam
BACKGROUND: Forensic odontology plays important role in identification of human remains in mass disasters such as air crash, tsunami, and accidents. Palatal rugae act as an ideal requisite for human identification as they are present in all victims and are resistant to changes such as aging and trauma. The study aimed to analyze differences in shape and number of palatal rugae in population from Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states. METHODS: This study was conducted in SIBAR institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, India in 2012 on 200 subjects, gender matched and equally divided as 100 from Andhra Pradesh and 100 from Telangana states...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556897/claims-for-compensation-after-injuries-related-to-airway-management-a-nationwide-study-covering-15-years
#13
I Fornebo, K A Simonsen, I R K Bukholm, U E Kongsgaard
BACKGROUND: Securing the airway is one of the most important responsibilities in anaesthesia. Injuries related to airway management can occur. Analysis from closed claims can help to identify patterns of injury, risk factors and areas for improvement. METHODS: All claims to The Norwegian System of Compensation to Patients from 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2015 within the medical specialty of anaesthesiology were studied. Data were extracted from this database for patients and coded by airway management procedures...
May 30, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555199/multidisciplinary-approach-for-replacement-%C3%A2-root-resorption-following-severe-intrusive-luxation-%C3%A2-a-case-report-of-decoronation
#14
Thiago Farias Rocha Lima, Julio Vargas Neto, Renato Corrêa Vianna Casarin, Maíra Prado, Brenda Paula Figueiredo de Gomes, José Flávio Affonso de Almeida, Alexandre Augusto Zaia, Adriana de Jesus Soares
Intrusive luxation is a severe trauma-related event with a high frequency of pulp necrosis and root resorption. A common complication following intrusion is tooth ankylosis, which can extend to progressive replacement root resorption. An increasing infraposition in growing individuals can also occur. Decoronation is a new conservative treatment for cases of tooth ankylosis in young patients who have not finished growing. In this surgical technique, the tooth crown is removed and the root with replacement resorption process remains inside the alveolus...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549421/comparison-of-vividtrac%C3%A2-airtraq%C3%A2-king-vision%C3%A2-macintosh-laryngoscope-and-a-custom-made-videolaryngoscope-for-difficult-and-normal-airways-in-mannequins-by-novices
#15
Szilárd Rendeki, Dóra Keresztes, Gábor Woth, Ákos Mérei, Martin Rozanovic, Mátyás Rendeki, József Farkas, Diána Mühl, Bálint Nagy
BACKGROUND: Direct laryngoscopy remains the gold standard for endotracheal intubation and is preferred by experienced operators. However, an increasing number of reports currently support videolaryngoscopy, particularly for novice users. The widespread use of videolaryngoscopy may be limited due to financial limitations, especially in low-income countries. Therefore, affordable single-use scopes are now becoming increasingly popular. We sought to compare these new scopes with direct laryngoscopes and the previously tested videolaryngoscopes in mannequins by novices...
May 26, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542710/behavioral-inferences-from-the-high-levels-of-dental-chipping-in-homo-naledi
#16
Ian Towle, Joel D Irish, Isabelle De Groote
OBJECTIVES: A variety of mechanical processes can result in antemortem dental chipping. In this study, chipping data in the teeth of Homo naledi are compared with those of other pertinent dental samples to give insight into their etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Permanent teeth with complete crowns evidencing occlusal wear were examined macroscopically. The location, number, and severity of fractures were recorded and compared to those found in samples of two other South African fossil hominin species and in samples of nonhuman primates (n = 3) and recent humans (n = 7)...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530322/-oro-dento-facial-manifestations-in-patients-with-familial-dysautonomia
#17
REVIEW
Eliyahu Mass
The oro-dento-facial features and dysfunctions of children with hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type III (HSAN III), known as familial dysautonomia (FD) or Riley-Day syndrome, were first described in the scientific literature in 1949. They include: dental trauma, dental and soft tissue selfmutilation, normal dental age, normal sequence and timing of eruption and exfoliation of teeth, smaller tooth size, different and disproportional tooth components, normal alveolar bone height, small jaws, mild crowding and malocclusion...
August 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527847/self-repaired-process-of-a-traumatized-maxillary-central-incisor-with-pulp-infarct-after-horizontal-root-fracture-monitored-by-laser-doppler-flowmetry-combined-with-tissue-oxygen-monitor
#18
Qian Liao, Wenjun Ye, Junli Yue, Xiaoxi Zhao, Ling Zhang, Lan Zhang, Dingming Huang, Qinghua Zheng
Achieving a precise diagnosis of the pulp status of traumatized teeth is difficult. The time to interfere through endodontic treatment for these teeth is greatly dependent on the doctor's experience. A 24-year-old male patient suffered a traumatic injury to tooth #9 that resulted in an apical root horizontal fracture 3 days before he came to the hospital. The injured tooth showed no response to pulp sensitivity testing at the first visit and was discolored 1 week later. Tooth #9 was immobilized to its adjacent teeth for 4 weeks by a composite splint...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523304/optical-coherence-tomography-applications-in-tooth-wear-diagnosis
#19
Veronica MercuŢ, Sanda Mihaela Popescu, Monica Scrieciu, Marina Olimpia Amărăscu, Mihaela Vătu, Oana Andreea Diaconu, Eugen Osiac, Ştefan Mugurel Ghelase
Dental wear represents an irreversible loss of dental hard tissue under the action of physical, chemical and mechanical factors, excluding dental caries and acute trauma. Four clinical forms of dental wear are described: erosion, attrition, abfraction, and abrasion. Most experts agree that in each clinical form multiple etiological factors are involved, one being predominant. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive optical method characterized by a micronic resolution. The applications of this type of investigation are multiple in the medical field in recent years, and OCT is gaining a growing importance in dentistry...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521914/the-face-of-conflict-significant-sharp-force-trauma-to-the-mid-facial-skeleton-in-an-individual-of-probable-16th-17th-century-date-excavated-from-byczyna-poland
#20
Agata Izabela Cieślik, Paweł Dąbrowski, Magdalena Anita Przysiężna-Pizarska
A variety of injuries have always been associated with violence, consequences of which people had to deal with. In this paper we present a complex of craniofacial and dental injuries resulted from sharp force trauma. The basis of our study was historical skeletal material excavated from archeological site in Byczyna (11th-17th century), Poland. An individual whose skeleton was exhumed from the grave No. 610 exhibited healed, oblique trauma of the left maxilla, damage to the crowns of right central and lateral incisors and concomitant luxation of the right maxillary central incisor...
June 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
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