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Dental trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807370/descriptive-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-external-cervical-resorption
#1
Athina M Mavridou, Lars Bergmans, Dick Barendregt, Paul Lambrechts
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to perform a descriptive analysis of the occurrence of external cervical resorption (ECR) in relation to the patients' characteristics (sex, age, and tooth type) and the potentially involved predisposing factors. METHODS: This study includes data on 284 patients (337 teeth with evidence of ECR) referred to the University Hospital Leuven (Leuven, Belgium) and Endo Rotterdam (Rotterdam, the Netherlands) for diagnosis and treatment from 2010 to 2015...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789668/two-years-retrospective-study-of-maxillofacial-trauma-at-a-tertiary-center-in-north-west-ethiopia
#2
Amare Teshome, Getaneh Andualem, Rediet Tsegie, Samuel Seifu
BACKGROUND: Maxillofacial injury poses a challenge to oral and maxillofacial surgeons working in developing countries with limited resource and human power. The present study aimed to determine the etiology, pattern, and management of maxillofacial trauma in Gondar university of Gondar hospital. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study design was used. Medical registration retrieving of patients with maxillofacial trauma visited dental center of University of Gondar Hospital from September 2013 to August 2015 was done...
August 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777697/combined-digital-conventional-technique-for-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-epidermolysis-bullosa-a-case-letter
#3
Marzieh Alikhasi, Reza Sharifi, Mehran Falahchai
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a hereditary mucocutaneous disorder with several oral and systemic manifestations. Major problems with dental management of such patients are blisters induced from trauma and microstomia. Therefore, fixed implant-supported prosthesis may result in higher levels of satisfaction in complete edentulous EB patients. In several cases, the clinicians encounter with difficulties during the treatment procedure using conventional methods. In following report, oral rehabilitation of a completely edentulous EB patient with fixed implant-supported prosthesis on four dental implants using combination of digital and conventional methods are described...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765454/current-status-of-postdoctoral-and-graduate-programs-in-dentistry
#4
Leon Assael
Advanced dental education has evolved in the context of societal needs and economic trends to its current status. Graduate programs have positioned their role in the context of health systems and health science education trends in hospitals, interprofessional clinical care teams, and dental schools and oral health care systems. Graduate dental education has been a critical factor in developing teams in trauma care, craniofacial disorders, pediatric and adult medicine, and oncology. The misalignment of the mission of graduate dental programs and the demands of private practice has posed a challenge in the evolution of programs as educational programs have been directed towards tertiary and indigent care while the practice community focuses on largely healthy affluent patients for complex clinical interventions...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762346/prevalence-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-among-visually-impaired-children-attending-special-schools-of-chhattisgarh
#5
Harsha Munot, Alok Avinash, Nilotpol Kashyap, Rashmi Baranwal, Brij Kumar, Maylavarapu Krishna Sagar
BACKGROUND: Studies on dental trauma of the normal population have been carried out in the past; however, limited data are available on dental trauma of the handicapped population, especially visually impaired children in Chhattisgarh, India. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in visually impaired children in relation to age, cause, and place of injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Epidemiological study was carried out among 400 children from various special schools of visually impaired children of Chhattisgarh followed by school dental checkup camps...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761940/management-of-ankylotic-root-resorption-following-dental-trauma-a-short-review-and-proposal-of-a-treatment-protocol
#6
Shaul Lin, Malka Ashkenazi, Munir Karawan, Sorin T Teich, Zvi Gutmacher
Ankylotic root resorption is a serious complication following traumatic dental injuries. The aetiology of root resorption includes acute injury to the cementum and periodontal ligament, and subsequent biological processes that propagate the harm. The aim of the present paper is to present a structured treatment protocol for teeth that have experienced trauma and are at risk of developing ankylotic root resorption, followed by a decoronation protocol for situations in which ankylotic root resorption developed...
July 31, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759627/increased-risk-of-dental-trauma-in-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Ming-Jhih Siao, Gunng-Shinng Chen, Wei-Cheng Lee, Jorng-Tzong Horng, Cheng-Wei Chang, Chung-Hsing Li
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is associated with various developmental issues that affecting dentition. We aimed to determine whether AR is associated with an increased risk of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in Taiwanese individuals. We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to conduct a nested case-control study. We compared an AR cohort with a matched cohort of patients without AR. New TDI cases were determined during our study period. To compare TDI risk between our study cohorts, we used Cox proportional regression analysis, and hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to quantify the association between AR exposure and TDI risk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751939/a-comparative-assessment-of-postoperative-analgesic-efficacy-of-lornoxicam-versus-tramadol-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-mandibular-fractures
#8
Ankesh Dilip Jain, Ravisankar Vsm, Siva Bharani Ksn, Sudheesh Km, Nisha Tewathia
Pain after any surgical procedure is inevitable but can be controlled by administration of analgesics in most cases. Postoperative pain after surgical treatment of mandibular fractures can be treated by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioid analgesics. The purpose of this study is to critically compare the postoperative analgesic efficacy of small doses of intravenous TRAMADOL (opioid analgesic) versus LORNOXICAM (NSAID) in patients with mandibular trauma undergoing open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and to assess the presence of any adverse effects due to NSAID or opioid use...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748194/recurrent-metatarsal-fractures-in-postmenopausal-woman-with-low-serum-alkaline-phosphatase-a-rare-diagnosis-not-to-miss
#9
Umair Iqbal, Hafsa Anwar, Ahmad Chaudhary, Madiha Alvi, Amy Freeth
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare inborn error of metabolism due to a loss-of-function mutation in the gene for tissue nonspecific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) that results in low levels of ALP. The clinical presentation of HPP is variable and in adults can easily be misdiagnosed as other forms of osteomalacia. We present a case of a 53-year-old Caucasian female who was evaluated for recurrent metatarsal fractures. She reported her first metatarsal fracture at age 21, and since then had at least 8 more metatarsal fractures over her lifetime, most without injury other than weight bearing...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740273/mandibular-osteonecrosis-due-to-the-pulpal-periodontal-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Dragana Gabrić, Sven Seiwerth, Anja Baraba, Vanja Vučićević, Boras
OBJECTIVE: Ishemic bone disease has multifactorial etiologies. Cronic dental infections should be eliminated to prevent osteonecrosis of the jaw. CASE REPORT: We report an unusual case of osteonecrosis due to the pulpal-peridontal syndrome and subsequent pulp necrosis. A case of 38 year old woman who presented with exposed bone, 8 mm in diameter, in the lingual area of the right lower third molar. The patient was otherwise healthy and was not taking any medications...
March 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740265/the-relationship-between-dental-trauma-anxiety-and-aggression-behavior-in-7-to14-year-old-children-in-kosovo
#11
Fehim Haliti, Hrvoje Juric
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dental fear has a negative impact on the treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate dental anxiety among children with different measurement scales, with the aim of getting more precise and thorough estimations, as well as correlation between anxiety scale and aggression scale in children with/or without dental trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population include 254 children's experience with dental trauma (59.1% male), and 251 children without dental trauma (46...
March 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722005/a-conservative-management-of-iatrogenically-damaged-distal-root-of-the-mandibular-second-molar
#12
Rashmi Bansal, Sonali Roy, Praveen Chandra, Anuraag Gurtu, Rahul Pandey
Trauma to the adjacent hard and soft tissue is the most common iatrogenic injury during extraction of the mandibular third molar. As every functional component of the dental arch is of prime importance in contemporary dental practice, the major concern must be in conserving the tooth and its structure as much as possible. The present case discusses the application of this conservative approach for management of iatrogenically damaged distal root of the mandibular second molar during extraction of impacted third molar, in which excessive guttering of alveolar bone and fractured apical third of distal root of 37 was observed radiographically...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711375/the-prevalence-of-orodental-trauma-during-epileptic-seizures-in-terms-of-dental-treatment-survey-study
#13
Dominika Gawlak, Joanna Łuniewska, Wiktoria Stojak, Anahit Hovhannisyan, Anna Stróżyńska, Katarzyna Mańka-Malara, Marcin Adamiec, Andrzej Rysz
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. Seizures that occur during attacks may lead to head injuries. It is crucial to establish proper prophylactic management against trauma occurrence, as nowadays prevention is not sufficient. AIM: Assessment of the frequency of head and intraoral trauma during epileptic seizures and to evaluate factors that may predispose to injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire was carried out among 106 patients with epilepsy...
June 29, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711309/influence-of-needle-bevel-design-on-injection-pain-and-needle-deformation-in-dental-local-infiltration-anaesthesia-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
M Dau, I Buttchereit, C Ganz, B Frerich, E N Anisimova, M Daubländer, P W Kämmerer
The aims of this in vivo study were to evaluate the impact of needle bevel design on patients' pain perception and the mechanical deformation of the needle tip after the injection. In a prospective single-blinded trial, 150 patients received conventional infiltration anaesthesia for dental treatment by one examiner. Patients were randomized for one out of three different needle bevel types (scalpel-designed bevel needle (SB), n=50; triple bevel needle (TB), n=50; regular bevel needle (RB), n=50). Subjects' self-reported injection pain perception was evaluated using a numeric rating scale (NRS)...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703082/dental-injuries-in-younger-emergency-department-patients
#15
Vigil James, Yona R Vandersluis, Evangeline W J Zhang, Dennis Scolnik
BACKGROUND: Dental trauma is a relatively common occurrence in childhood, with an impact exceeding that of periodontal diseases. It places a significant burden on the public health system because of its high frequency, impact on quality of life and consumption of resources. OBJECTIVES: To identify changing trends of dental injury in patients between 0-18 years of age in Canada and provide a detailed assessment of dental injury patterns in patients attending a large pediatric tertiary care hospital...
July 13, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697212/maxillary-implant-prosthodontic-treatment-using-digital-laboratory-protocol-for-a-patient-with-epidermolysis-bullosa-a-case-history-report
#16
Rubén Agustín-Panadero, Blanca Serra-Pastor, David Peñarrocha-Oltra, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago
Epidermolysis bullosa belongs to a group of genetic diseases that present with skin disorders and is characterized by generalized blister formation in response to mechanical trauma. This article reports on the management of a recessive dystrophic epidermolytic patient with four remaining periodontally compromised maxillary teeth. Treatment involved placement of four maxillary implants and use of computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture techniques to fabricate a fixed full-arch implant-supported prosthesis...
July 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688950/ten-year-outcome-of-zirconia-ceramic-cantilever-resin-bonded-fixed-dental-prostheses-and-the-influence-of-the-reasons-for-missing-incisors
#17
Matthias Kern, Nicole Passia, Martin Sasse, Christine Yazigi
OBJECTIVES: This clinical study evaluated the long-term outcome and survival rate of all-ceramic cantilever resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) made of zirconia-ceramic with a single-retainer design to replace missing incisors. In addition, whether the reason for missing incisors has an influence on the longevity of RBFDPs was analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and eight zirconia ceramic cantilever RBFDPs were provided for 87 patients. Seventy-five RBFDPs replaced maxillary incisors and 33 mandibular incisors...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681048/how-does-dental-trauma-affect-the-quality-of-life-in-turkish-families
#18
Mehmet Bani, Alev Alaçam, Çağdaş Çınar
PURPOSE: To assess the responsiveness of the Family Impact Scale (FIS) to describe changes in quality of life (QoL) after traumatic dental injury (TDI), and compare the efficacy of subscales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of 110 children aged 7-15 admitted to the Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Paediatric Dentistry for dental trauma were included in this study. A three-part questionnaire was distributed to the participants: questions regarding personal information, TDI and QoL...
July 4, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678972/the-role-of-osterix-protein-in-the-pathogenesis-of-peripheral-ossifying-fibroma
#19
Vivian Narana Ribeiro El Achkar, Raphaella da Silveira Medeiros, Fernanda Gargano Longue, Ana Lia Anbinder, Estela Kaminagakura
Peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) is a reactive lesion of oral tissues, associated with local factors such as trauma or presence of dental biofilm. POF treatment consists of curettage of the lesion combined with root scaling of adjacent teeth and/or removal of other sources of irritants. This study aimed to analyze the clinical and pathological features of POF and to investigate the immunoexpression of Osterix and STRO-1 proteins. Data such as age, gender, and size were obtained from 30 cases of POF. Microscopic features were assessed by conventional light microscopy using hematoxylin-eosin staining and immunohistochemical markers, and by polarized light microscopy using Picrosirius red staining...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668099/the-emergency-treatment-of-traumatised-permanent-anterior-teeth-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
Catherine T Mccann, Richard R Welbury
This article aims to provide a practical clinician's guide to assessing and diagnosing dental trauma involving permanent teeth in children and young people, and for carrying out appropriate, guideline supported acute management. Timely referral to specialist paediatric dental services is crucial in more complex trauma presentations and will lead to improved outcomes for the dentition. Appropriate acute management by the primary clinician optimises the prognosis of any traumatised tooth and this article will focus on the emergency treatment of the traumatised permanent tooth...
May 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
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