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Dental trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092093/regenerative-endodontics-a-true-paradigm-shift-or-a-bandwagon-about-to-be-derailed
#1
REVIEW
H Nazzal, M S Duggal
AIMS: Regenerative endodontic techniques (RETs) have been hailed as a paradigm shift for the management of traumatised non-vital immature permanent anterior teeth. In this article the aim was to critically appraise the literature with regards to the outcome of regenerative endodontics on root development. METHODS: Critical review of the literature where regenerative endodontic techniques have been used in the management of immature non-vital teeth with continuation of root development as the main outcome reported...
January 13, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081379/direct-gingival-fibroblast-osteoblast-transdifferentiation-via-epigenetics
#2
Y Cho, B Kim, H Bae, W Kim, J Baek, K Woo, G Lee, Y Seol, Y Lee, Y Ku, I Rhyu, H Ryoo
Alveolar bone resorption caused by trauma or periodontal diseases has represented a challenge for both dental clinicians and researchers. In this study, we evaluate the osteogenic potential of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) through a direct transdifferentiation from HGFs to functional osteoblasts via epigenetic modification and osteogenic signaling with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) in vitro and in vivo. HGF treatment with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) induced demethylation in the hypermethylated CpG islands of the osteogenic lineage marker genes RUNX2 and ALP, and subsequent BMP2 treatment successfully drove the fibroblasts to the osteoblasts' lineage...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071620/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity-and-oropharynx-in-patients-aged-18-45-years-a-case-control-study-to-evaluate-the-risk-factors-with-emphasis-on-stress-diet-oral-hygiene-and-family-history
#3
K P Dholam, G C Chouksey
BACKGROUND: Increasing incidence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity and oropharynx is reported in young adults. However, there is a paucity regarding etiology and risk factors. AIM: To evaluate the exposure potential carcinogenic factors among a sample aged 45 years and younger, diagnosed with SCC of the oral cavity and oropharynx. METHODOLOGY: Eighty-five case samples aged 18-45 years, diagnosed with SCC of the oral cavity and oropharynx were compared with 85 controls who had never had cancer, matched for age and sex...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070245/horizontally-root-fractured-teeth-with-pulpal-vitality-two-case-reports
#4
Luciano Silva, Pâmella Álvares, José Alcides Arruda, Leni Verônica Silva, Cleomar Rodrigues, Ana Paula Veras Sobral, Marcia Silveira
This case study reports the successful outcome of horizontal root fractures of two different patients, which took place in permanent incisors. Report 1 describes a case of a 29-year-old patient who suffered a mandibular trauma affecting mainly the lower central incisors, caused by a car accident. A panoramic radiograph was taken right after the accident and showed a horizontal root fracture in the middle third of tooth 42, which went untreated. Report 2 illustrates a case of a 17-year-old male patient who searched for orthodontic therapy and the periapical radiograph showed horizontal root fracture in tooth 11 caused by a previous trauma, which went untreated as well...
December 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065972/management-of-root-resorption-with-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-complicated-by-a-luxation-injury-report-of-a-case-with-six-year-follow-up
#5
Adem Kusgoz, Tahsin Yildirim, Cemile Kedici Alp, Mehmet Tanriver
Trauma to the oral region occurs frequently, comprising 5% of all injuries. The most common dental injuries are lateral luxations which can be seen with a prevalence of up to 27% among dental injuries. Ectopic eruption of maxillary canines can lead to root resorption on maxillary lateral incisors especially on apical and middle thirds of the roots. Half of these resorbed lateral incisors show severe resorption, in which the pulp is exposed. This case report describes non-surgical treatment with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and a six-year follow-up of a maxillary lateral incisor, resorbed by ectopic eruption of the canine and affected by lateral luxation injury...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052204/dental-anomalies-in-permanent-teeth-after-trauma-in-primary-dentition
#6
Elena Bardellini, Francesca Amadori, Stefania Pasini, Alessandra Majorana
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aims to evaluate the prevalence of dental anomalies in permanent teeth as a result of a trauma concerning the predecessor primary teeth. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 241 records of children (118 males and 123 females, mean age 3.62 ± 1.40) affected by trauma on primary teeth were analyzed. All patients were recalled to evaluate the status of the permanent successor teeth by clinical and radiographic investigations. RESULTS: Out of 241 patients, 106 patients (for a total of 179 traumatized primary teeth) presented at the recall...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050519/multidisciplinary-restoration-of-traumatized-and-displaced-maxillary-central-incisor-by-bent-wire-system-a-novel-approach
#7
Shilpa S Sasalawad, Vivek Jogani, Suryakanth M Pai, Rashmi C Chour, Deepti V Balehosur
Management of traumatic injuries to teeth is a challenge to dental practice, as it occurs when dentists are least prepared for it. The direction and the force of the object or the fall significantly affects the diagnosis, treatment plan and therefore the outcome of the treatment. These traumatic injuries may present with different clinical situations which demand immediate attention and assessment by the clinician. The maxillary central incisor crown fractures are the most common variant of trauma, because of the anterior and protrusive positioning...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042430/experimental-protocol-of-dental-procedures-in-patients-with-hereditary-angioedema-the-role-of-anxiety-and-the-use-of-nitrogen-oxide
#8
A Rosa, M Miranda, R Franco, M G Guarino, A Barlattani, P Bollero
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disease, little known to the medical and dental community, but with a growing rate of hospitalization over the years. HAE is due to a deficit/dysfunction of C1 esterase inhibitor which leads to an increase in vascular permeability and the appearance of edemas widespread in all body areas. The airways are the most affected and laryngeal swelling, which can occur, it is dangerous for the patient's life, is also a sensitive spot in our daily practice, therefore, it is also important to be aware of all the signs of this disease...
April 2016: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042278/restorative-rehabilitation-in-a-patient-with-sports-trauma
#9
Haroon Rashid, Fahim Vohra, Graeme R Lillywhite
Sports trauma frequently involves insult to oral soft and hard tissues resulting in loss of tooth structure and tooth loss. Multiple sporting equipment's are employed to prevent irreversible damage to oro-facial structures, and to reduce the overall cost of treatment. However in the undesired consequence of loss of oral structures, multiple treatment options are utilized to restore, esthetics, comfort and function. Osseointegrated implant supported rehabilitation of oral structures in trauma cases provides highly predictable treatment outcomes along with preservation of remaining tissues...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035689/oral-health-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Yvonne C Y Chau, Kelly Y C Lai, Colman P J McGrath, Cynthia K Y Yiu
This study assessed and compared oral health and oral-health behaviours among children with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study included 31 children, 12-18 yr of age, with ADHD and 31 age- and gender-matched children without ADHD. Clinical data were recorded by a trained and calibrated examiner for caries, traumatic dental injuries, periodontal health, tooth wear, and salivary function. A questionnaire was also given to parents or caregivers about the oral health habits and behaviours of these children...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032199/does-dental-trauma-in-the-primary-dentition-increases-the-likelihood-of-trauma-in-the-permanent-dentition-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Marília Leão Goettems, Letícia Coutinho Brancher, Catiara Terra da Costa, Maria Laura Menezes Bonow, Ana Regina Romano
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this longitudinal study was to assess the likelihood of children suffering traumatic dental injuries in the permanent dentition subsequent to traumatic dental injuries in their primary dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted in Pelotas, Brazil. Children were assessed in 2007, when they were aged 2-5 years, and in 2013, at which time, they were aged 8-11 years. Data collection included interviews with parents and clinical oral examination for dental trauma and occlusion...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000272/initial-and-long-term-crestal-bone-responses-to-modern-dental-implants
#12
REVIEW
Tomas Albrektsson, Bruno Chrcanovic, Per-Olov Östman, Lars Sennerby
Successful osseointegration is the result of a controlled foreign body reaction to dental implants. Osseointegrated implants have demonstrated excellent long-term survivability, although they may be subject to limited marginal bone loss. Marginal bone loss during the first few years after implant placement seldom represents disease, but is instead the result of an adaptive bone response to surgical trauma and implant loading. It is not uncommon for implants with early marginal bone loss to enter a long-lasting state of bone stability...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981973/dental-trauma-ho-ho-hospitalised
#13
D Kay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976494/clinical-factors-and-expenditures-associated-with-icd-9-cm-coded-trauma-for-the-us-population-a-nationally-representative-study
#14
Clara E Dismuke, Kinfe G Bishu, Samir Fakhry, Rebekah J Walker, Leonard E Egede
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on annual healthcare expenditures both per person and for the US population associated with trauma, as identified by ICD-9-CM codes. METHODS: This paper employed a two part model to estimate the unadjusted and adjusted annual per individual expenditures and population burden of trauma exposure for the US population, using a nationally representative survey of medical care expenditures. In addition, we estimated a logit model to examine the demographic and comorbidity factors associated with the likelihood of experiencing trauma...
December 15, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974970/dental-considerations-in-anaesthesia
#15
Vaibhav Sahni
Dental trauma as a result of anaesthesia practice is a relevant issue concerning morbidity and litigation. The investigator aimed to consolidate pertinent information on this issue to aid in the redressal of such an occurrence. A review of this relevant literature alongwith the author's suggestions towards the management of the various kinds of dental trauma sustained as a result of anaesthesia practice is presented.
December 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960046/radiographic-evidence-of-traumatic-injuries-to-primary-incisors-without-accompanying-clinical-signs
#16
Gideon Holan, Elizabeth Yodko
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In epidemiological studies, traumatic dental injuries in children are usually determined from clinical signs or parents' reports. Radiographs are used in dental trauma centers but not in field surveys. The aim of this study was to evaluate the proportion of patients who present with radiographic evidence of trauma without any clinical signs of a history of TDI. METHODS: The prevalence of traumatic dental injuries was assessed from the records of 674 pre-school children at their first visit to a private dental practice...
December 13, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957283/treatment-and-restoration-of-adult-dentoalveolar-trauma-a-clinical-case-report
#17
Blanca Serra-Pastor, Miguel Penarrocha-Diago, María Penarrocha-Diago, Rubén Agustín-Panadero
Adult dentoalveolar trauma most often occurs in the context of sports activities and traffic accidents. Coronal fractures are the most common type of lesion, followed by tooth luxation. We present the case of a 25-year-old woman who suffered alveolar bone damage and coronal fractures of the upper incisors, with extrusive luxation of the right central incisor, as the result of a fall. On the first visit, manual reduction of the buccal plate was carried out under local anesthesia, with repositioning of the right central incisor and splinting to the neighboring teeth...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943537/interdisciplinary-approach-to-education-preparing-general-dentists-to-manage-dental-trauma
#18
Janice Townsend, Brett King, Richard Ballard, Paul Armbruster, Kent Sabey
The traditional dental curriculum presents limited opportunities for students to evaluate and treat patients with acute dental trauma. In an effort to increase student experiences, faculty at a dental school initiated and taught an interdisciplinary trauma course from 2014 to 2016. This course was elective, offered in the final year of dental school, and combined student-led and faculty-led case-based discussions of management of traumatic dental injuries with hospital trauma call shadowing. Modifications of the course were made based on student feedback...
November 4, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939740/influence-of-atopy-in-the-outcome-of-avulsed-and-replanted-teeth-during-5-years-of-follow-up
#19
Liliane Roskamp, Ulisses Xavier da Silva Neto, Everdan Carneiro, Luiz Fernando Fariniuk, Vania Portela Ditzel Westphalen
INTRODUCTION: The goal of replantation after dental avulsion is to maintain the tooth in its socket. Presence of vital periodontal ligament cells on the root surface of the replanted tooth and the immunologic status of the patient are factors that protect against root resorption. It is known that dental constituents play an active role in root resorption by inducing specific and non-specific immune responses; however, little information exists regarding the influence of the acquired immune response on replantation...
January 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932406/diagnostic-concordance-between-skeletal-cephalometrics-radiograph-based-soft-tissue-cephalometrics-and-photograph-based-soft-tissue-cephalometrics
#20
Riccardo Nucera, Antonino Lo Giudice, Mirea Bellocchio, Paola Spinuzza, Alberto Caprioglio, Giancarlo Cordasco
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the diagnostic concordance between skeletal cephalometrics and soft-tissue cephalometrics in identifying facial lower third characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared a skeletal cephalometric analysis (SCA) to a soft-tissue analysis performed on cephalometric radiographs (rSTCA) and to one performed on profile photograph (pSTCA). Ninety-six pre-treatment digital lateral cephalometric radiographs and 96 digital profile photographs were randomly selected for this study (patients' mean age: 18...
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Orthodontics
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