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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454294/parents-and-early-adolescents-self-efficacy-about-anger-regulation-and-early-adolescents-internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-a-longitudinal-study-in-three-countries
#1
Laura Di Giunta, Anne-Marie R Iselin, Jennifer E Lansford, Nancy Eisenberg, Carolina Lunetti, Eriona Thartori, Emanuele Basili, Concetta Pastorelli, Dario Bacchini, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Maria Gerbino
The present study examines whether early adolescents' self-efficacy beliefs about anger regulation mediate the relation between parents' self-efficacy beliefs about anger regulation and early adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problems. Participants were 534 early adolescents (T1: M age = 10.89, SD = .70; 50% female), their mothers (n = 534), and their fathers (n = 431). Families were drawn from Colombia, Italy, and the USA. Follow-up data were obtained two (T2) and three (T3) years later. At T1 and T3, parents' self-efficacy beliefs were self-reported and internalizing and externalizing problems were assessed via mothers', fathers', and early adolescents' reports...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454293/health-professions-faculty-beliefs-confidence-use-and-perceptions-of-organizational-culture-and-readiness-for-ebp-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-survey
#2
Kerry A Milner, Holly B Bradley, Tammy Lampley
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is an essential skill and ethical obligation for all practicing health professions clinicians because of its strong association with improved health outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that faculty who prepare these clinicians lack proficiency to teach EBP. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe; 1) health profession faculty beliefs about and confidence in their ability to teach and implement EBP, 2) use of EBP for education, 3) organizational culture and readiness for EBP; and to determine whether relationships exist among these variables...
February 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454257/infants-agent-individuation-it-s-what-s-on-the-insides-that-counts
#3
Hernando Taborda-Osorio, Erik W Cheries
Adults and preschool-aged children believe that internal properties are more important than external properties when determining an agent's identity over time. The current study examined the developmental origins of this understanding using a manual-search individuation task with 13-month-old infants. Subjects observed semi-transparent objects that looked and behaved like animate agents placed into box that they could reach but not see into. Across trials infants observed objects with either the same- or different-colored insides placed into the box...
February 14, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454241/frailty-and-life-course-violence-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#4
Cristiano Dos Santos Gomes, Catherine McLean Pirkle, Maria Vitoria Zunzunegui, Dimitri Taurino Guedes, Juliana Fernandes De Souza Barbosa, Phoebe Hwang, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of frailty in older adults in the IMIAS population, to examine associations between lifelong domestic violence and frailty and possible pathways to explain these associations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 2002 men and women in the International Mobility in Aging Study, aged between 65 and 74 years old living in five cities of Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), and Manizales (Colombia)...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454194/diagnostic-and-treatment-services-for-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-pnes-a-survey-of-health-professionals-in-urban-china
#5
Xin Tong, Dongmei An, Markus Reuber, Qin Zhang, Dong Zhou
PURPOSE: This study is intended to provide an overview of diagnostic and treatment services for patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) across China. METHODS: Using a questionnaire devised by the PNES Task Force of Neuropsychiatry Commission of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), we conducted a survey among Chinese health professionals at the Sixth Advanced International Course: Clinical Epileptology. Descriptive analyses were performed...
January 31, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454187/investigating-the-time-dependent-zeta-potential-of-wood-surfaces
#6
Livius F Muff, Thomas Luxbacher, Ingo Burgert, Benjamin Michen
This work reports on streaming potential measurements through natural capillaries in wood and investigates the cause of a time-dependent zeta potential measured during the equilibration of wood cell-walls with an electrolyte solution. For the biomaterial, this equilibration phase takes several hours, which is much longer than for many other materials that have been characterized by electrokinetic measurements. During this equilibration phase the zeta potential magnitude is decaying due to two parallel mechanisms: (i) the swelling of the cell-wall which causes a dimensional change reducing the charge density at the capillary interface; (ii) the transport of ions from the electrolyte solution into the permeable cell-wall which alters the electrical potential at the interface by internal charge compensation...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454135/short-term-outcomes-following-posterior-cervical-fusion-among-octogenarians-with-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-a-nsqip-database-analysis
#7
Caroline E Vonck, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Thomas T Bomberger, Edward C Benzel, Jason W Savage, Iain H Kalfas, Thomas E Mroz, Michael P Steinmetz
BACKGROUND: Context: Degenerative changes in the cervical spine occur in an age-dependent manner. As the U.S. population continues to age, the incidence of age-dependent, multi-level, degenerative cervical pathologies is expected to increase. Similarly, the average age of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) will likely trend upward. Posterior cervical fusion (PCF) is often the treatment modality of choice in the management of multi-level cervical spine disease. Although outcomes following anterior cervical fusion for degenerative disease have been studied among older patients (aged 80 years and older), it is unknown if these results extend to octogenarian patients undergoing PCF for the surgical management of CSM...
February 14, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454064/rna-based-micelles-a-novel-platform-for-chemotherapeutic-drug-loading-and-delivery
#8
Yi Shu, Hongran Yin, Mehdi Rajabi, Hui Li, Mario Vieweger, Sijin Guo, Dan Shu, Peixuan Guo
RNA can serve as powerful building blocks for bottom-up fabrication of nanostructures for biotechnological and biomedical applications. In addition to current self-assembly strategies utilizing base pairing, motif piling and tertiary interactions, we reported for the first time to build RNA based micellar nanoconstruct with a cholesterol molecule conjugated onto one helical end of a branched pRNA three-way junction (3WJ) motif. The resulting amphiphilic RNA micelles consist of a hydrophilic RNA head and a covalently linked hydrophobic lipid tail that can spontaneously assemble in aqueous solution via hydrophobic interaction...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453931/comparison-of-return-to-pre-injury-sport-after-10-mm-size-bone-patellar-tendon-bone-bptb-versus-8-mm-hamstring-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-retrospective-study-with-a-two-year-follow-up
#9
Rimtautas Gudas, Rokas Jurkonis, Alfredas Smailys
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with 10 mm diameter BPTB (bone-patellar tendon-bone) autograft versus 8 mm HT (hamstring tendon) autografts, to compare the ability to restore pre-injury sports activities and reduce revision risk after these procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS A prospective clinical review was performed to compare results of patients who underwent primary anatomical ACLR with 10 mm BPTB autografts with patients who underwent 8 mm diameter HT autografts, between January 2011 and January 2014...
February 17, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453924/the-world-health-organization-who-versus-the-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-group-iadpsg-diagnostic-criteria-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-and-their-associated-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#10
Nurul Iftida Basri, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Shuhaila Ahmad, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Lim Pei Shan, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Nor Azlin Mohd Ismail
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of GDM using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria in our population. We further compared the incidence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in women diagnosed with GDM using these criteria and determined whether the IADPSG criteria is suitable in our population. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted at our antenatal clinic involving 520 patients from 1st February 2015 until 30th September 2017...
February 17, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453909/a-headspace-gas-chromatography-method-for-isopropanol-determination-in-warfarin-sodium-products-as-a-measure-of-drug-crystallinity
#11
Ziyaur Rahman, Sohail Akhtar, Akhtar Siddiqui, Anthony B Ciavarella, Agnes Nguyenpho, Patrick J Faustino, Mansoor A Khan
Coumadin® a nd s everal generic products of warfarin s odium (WS) contain the crystalline form (clathrate) in which WS and isopropanol (IPA) are associated in a 2:1 molar ratio. IPA is critical in maintaining the WS crystalline structure. Physicochemical properties of the drug and drug product may change when the crystalline drug transforms to amorphous form. A headspace-gas chromatography (HS-GC) method was developed and validated for IPA determination in the WS drug product. n-propanol (NPA) was used as internal standard and the method was validated for specificity, system suitability, linearity, accuracy, precision, range, limits of detection and quantification, and robustness...
March 1, 2018: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453893/cbct-guided-evolutive-library-for-cervical-adaptive-imrt
#12
Bastien Rigaud, Antoine Simon, Maxime Gobeli, Caroline Lafond, Julie Leseur, Anais Barateau, Nicolas Jaksic, Joël Castelli, Danièle Williaume, Pascal Haigron, Renaud De Crevoisier
PURPOSE: In the context of adaptive radiation therapy (ART) for locally advanced cervical carcinoma (LACC), this study proposed an original cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-guided "Evolutive library" and evaluated it against four other known radiotherapy (RT) strategies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For 20 patients who underwent intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for LACC, three planning CTs (with empty [EB], intermediate [IB], and full [FB] bladder volumes), a CT scan at 20 Gy and bi-weekly CBCTs for 5 weeks were performed...
February 17, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453879/defining-outcomes-for-%C3%AE-cell-replacement-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-diabetes-a-consensus-report-on-the-igls-criteria-from-the-ipita-epita-opinion-leaders-workshop
#13
REVIEW
Michael R Rickels, Peter G Stock, Eelco J P de Koning, Lorenzo Piemonti, Johann Pratschke, Rodolfo Alejandro, Melena D Bellin, Thierry Berney, Pratik Choudhary, Paul R Johnson, Raja Kandaswamy, Thomas W H Kay, Bart Keymeulen, Yogish C Kudva, Esther Latres, Robert M Langer, Roger Lehmann, Barbara Ludwig, James F Markmann, Marjana Marinac, Jon S Odorico, François Pattou, Peter A Senior, James A M Shaw, Marie-Christine Vantyghem, Steven White
β-cell replacement therapy, available currently as pancreas or islet transplantation, has developed without a clear definition of graft functional and clinical outcomes. The International Pancreas & Islet Transplant Association (IPITA) and European Pancreas & Islet Transplantation Association (EPITA) held a workshop to develop consensus for an IPITA/EPITA Statement on the definition of function and failure of current and future forms of β-cell replacement therapy. There was consensus that β-cell replacement therapy could be considered as a treatment for β-cell failure, regardless of etiology and without requiring undetectable C-peptide, accompanied by glycemic instability with either problematic hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia...
February 17, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453857/psychosocial-student-functioning-in-comprehensive-dental-clinic-education-a-qualitative-study
#14
R Moore
INTRODUCTION: The aims were to describe first-year clinical dental students' psychosocial experiences in a known well-functioning comprehensive clinic teaching group (F+Grp) and a known dysfunctional group (Dys-Grp) and, thus, discover and describe phenomena related to psychosocial functioning of students. These groups were compared and contrasted regarding negative stress symptoms, perfectionism and coping with stress. METHODS: Eight female dental students (mean 26 years old), four in each group, were interviewed after the first clinical year about learning and emotional experiences...
February 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453817/endocrine-and-psychological-aspects-of-sexual-dysfunction-in-klinefelter-patients
#15
A Ferlin, R Selice, S Angelini, M Di Grazia, N Caretta, F Cavalieri, A Di Mambro, C Foresta
Klinefelter syndrome is a frequent cause of hypogonadism, but despite hundreds of publications on different aspects of Klinefelter syndrome, only a few studies dealt with sexual dysfunction. In particular, testosterone is critical for various aspects of sexual response, but its role on sexuality in Klinefelter syndrome patients is debatable and no studies have evaluated the efficacy of testosterone treatment on sexual dysfunction in these subjects. Furthermore, the impact of psychological and relational aspects on sexual function of Klinefelter syndrome subjects is poorly defined...
February 17, 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453752/satisfied-patients-after-shoulder-arthrodesis-for-brachial-plexus-lesions-even-after-20-years-of-follow-up
#16
M A J van der Lingen, S G C J de Joode, M G M Schotanus, B Grimm, F A van Nie, L A W M Speth, S K Samijo
PURPOSE: Patients with an upper brachial plexus lesion can suffer from dysfunction, joint deformities and instability of the shoulder. The goal of this study was to determine pain, shoulder function, patient satisfaction and muscle strength in shoulder arthrodesis in patients with an upper brachial plexus lesion more than 15 years after surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 12 patients with a brachial plexus lesion of mean age 46 years (27-61). At a mean of 19...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453749/lifelong-robbery-victimisation-and-mental-disorders-at-age-18-years-brazilian-population-based-study
#17
Joseph Murray, Natália Peixoto Lima, Ana Carolina Oliveira Ruivo, Andrea Ramírez Varela, Caroline Cardozo Bortolotto, Elma Izze da Silva Magalhães, Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite, Mariana Otero Xavier, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Seena Fazel, Gregore Iven Mielke, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
PURPOSE: Urban violence is a major problem in Brazil and may contribute to mental disorders among victims. The aim of this study was to assess the association between robbery victimisation and mental health disorders in late adolescence. METHODS: At age 18 years, 4106 participants in the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study were assessed. A questionnaire about history of robbery victimisation was administered, the Self-Report Questionnaire was used to screen for common mental disorders, and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess major depressive disorder and generalised anxiety disorder...
February 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453735/predictors-of-antegrade-flow-at-internal-carotid-artery-during-carotid-artery-stenting-with-proximal-protection
#18
Kei Harada, Kosuke Kakumoto, Shogo Oshikata, Kozo Fukuyama
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) with proximal occlusion effectively prevent distal cerebral embolism by flow arrest at internal carotid artery (ICA); however, the method can expose antegrade flow at ICA due to incomplete flow arrest. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of antegrade flow during CAS with proximal protection. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical and angiographic data among 143 lesions treated with CAS with proximal protection by occluding the common carotid artery (CCA) and external carotid artery (ECA)...
February 16, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453727/floating-flap-of-internal-limiting-membrane-in-myopic-macular-hole-surgery
#19
Kenji Yamashiro, Eri Kinoshita-Nakano, Toru Ota, Yoko Jingami, Isao Nakata, Hisako Hayashi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical results of macular hole (MH) in patients with high myopia treated with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) leaving the internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap floating in vitreous fluid at the edge of the MH. METHODS: Nine highly myopic eyes with MH of nine consecutive patients who underwent PPV were retrospectively evaluated. Three eyes were accompanied by retinal detachment (RD). ILM peeling was performed around the MH and some part of the ILM flap was left attached to the edge of the MH...
February 16, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453725/distribution-and-removal-of-organochlorine-pesticides-in-waste-clay-bricks-from-an-abandoned-manufacturing-plant-using-low-temperature-thermal-desorption-technology
#20
Xin Cong, Fasheng Li, Ryan M Kelly, Nandong Xue
The distribution of pollutants in waste clay bricks from an organochlorine pesticide-contaminated site was investigated, and removal of the pollutants using a thermal desorption technology was studied. The results showed that the contents of HCHs in both the surface and the inner layer of the bricks were slightly higher than those of DDTs. The total pore volume of the bricks was 37.7 to 41.6% with an increase from external to internal surfaces. The removal efficiency by thermal treatment was within 62 to 83% for HCHs and DDTs in bricks when the temperature was raised from 200 to 250 °C after 1 h...
February 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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