keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684919/clinical-outcomes-and-complications-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-utilizing-conventional-plates-in-65-distal-radial-and-ulnar-fractures-of-miniature-and-toy-breed-dogs
#1
Takeshi Aikawa, Yuta Miyazaki, Taichi Shimatsu, Kyoko Iizuka, Masaaki Nishimura
OBJECTIVE:  This article aims to evaluate clinical outcomes and complications of distal radial and ulnar fractures in miniature- and toy-breed dogs treated with conventional bone plate fixation. METHODS:  Medical records (2001-2010) of miniature- and toy-breed dogs with distal radial and ulnar fractures repaired with open reduction and internal fixation utilizing conventional plates were reviewed. The inclusion criteria were body weight of <7 kg, fracture located in the distal antebrachium (distal-to-total radial length ratio < 0...
April 23, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684906/the-determination-of-pharmaceutically-active-thiols-using-hydrophilic-interaction-chromatography-followed-postcolumn-derivatization-with-o-phthaldialdehyde-and-fluorescence-detection
#2
Michal Douša
A rapid, precise and specific hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) combined with postcolumn derivatization using o-phthaldialdehyde and fluorescence detection was developed and validated for the determination of selected pharmaceutically active thiols. The analysis was carried out on a Diol HILIC column using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and solution of 10 mmol/L citric acid adjusted with 1-propylamine to pH 5.5 in ratio 75:25 (v/v) for separation of cysteine and homocysteine and in ratio 85:15 (v/v) for separation of N-acetyl-l-cysteine and captopril...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684838/-doing-it-for-real-now-the-transition-from-healthcare-assistant-to-newly-qualified-nurse-a-qualitative-study
#3
Jan Draper
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing international research and policy interest concerning the transition from student to newly qualified nurse (NQN). However, the influence of previous employment as a healthcare assistant (HCA) on students' experiences of this transition is comparatively under-researched. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of NQNs also employed as HCAs during their pre-registration education programme and how this prior and ongoing HCA experience influenced their transition experiences...
April 16, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684831/dis-integrating-cultural-difference-in-practice-and-communication-a-qualitative-study-of-host-and-migrant-registered-nurse-perspectives-from-new-zealand
#4
Margaret Brunton, Catherine Cook
BACKGROUND: Several earlier studies have provided evidence of the difficulties nurses have had adapting to foreign workplaces, however few have considered wider perspectives of the workplace communication environment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the viewpoints and experience of both New Zealand qualified nurses and internationally qualified nurses in managing communication within teams and the clinical practice context in an increasingly diverse healthcare workplace in New Zealand...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684824/a-review-of-human-biomonitoring-in-selected-southeast-asian-countries
#5
REVIEW
Zohar Barnett-Itzhaki, Marta Esteban López, Naveen Puttaswamy, Tamar Berman
Rapid development and industrialization in Southeast (SE) Asia has led to environmental pollution, potentially exposing the general population to environmental contaminants. Human biomonitoring (HBM), measurement of chemical and/or their metabolites in human tissues and fluids, is an important tool for assessing cumulative exposure to complex mixtures of chemicals and for monitoring chemical exposures in the general population. While there are national HBM programs in several developed countries, there are no such national programs in most of the SE Asian countries...
April 20, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684812/quantitative-evaluation-of-the-matrix-effect-in-bioanalytical-methods-based-on-lc-ms-a-comparison-of-two-approaches
#6
Piotr J Rudzki, Elżbieta Gniazdowska, Katarzyna Buś-Kwaśnik
Liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS) is a powerful tool for studying pharmacokinetics and toxicokinetics. Reliable bioanalysis requires the characterization of the matrix effect, i.e. influence of the endogenous or exogenous compounds on the analyte signal intensity. We have compared two methods for the quantitation of matrix effect. The CVs(%) of internal standard normalized matrix factors recommended by the European Medicines Agency were evaluated against internal standard normalized relative matrix effects derived from Matuszewski et al...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684796/-they-told-me-all-mothers-have-worries-stillborn-mother-s-experiences-of-having-a-gut-instinct-that-something-is-wrong-in-pregnancy-findings-from-an-international-case-control-study
#7
Jane Warland, Alexander E P Heazell, Tomasina Stacey, Christin Coomarasamy, Jayne Budd, Edwin A Mitchell, Louise M O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: To describe and explore 'gut instinct' that something was wrong in women who identified that they experienced gut instinct during pregnancy. METHOD: A case-control study utilising an international web-based questionnaire. Stillborn cases (n = 146) and liveborn controls (n = 234) answered the gut instinct question within 30 days of the pregnancy ending. Of those, 84 cases and 27 controls also provided qualitative comment data. Descriptive statistics were used for the question, with a fixed option and summative content analysis was used to analyse the comment data...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684770/affiliate-stigma-and-its-association-with-quality-of-life-among-caregivers-of-relatives-with-mental-illness-in-singapore
#8
Yunjue Zhang, Mythily Subramaniam, Siau Pheng Lee, Edimansyah Abdin, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Binte Shafie, Restria Fauziana, Binte Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong
Affiliated stigma often refers to internalized stigma among family members of stigmatized individuals. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between affiliate stigma and quality of life (QOL) among primary caregivers of individuals with mental illness undergoing treatment at the Institute of Mental Health, Singapore. Three hundred and fifty caregivers were recruited for the study. The World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) and Family Stigma Scale (FSS) were administered to the primary caregivers of patients with mental illness...
April 13, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684719/interhelical-interactions-between-d92-and-c218-in-the-cytoplasmic-domain-regulate-proton-uptake-upon-n-decay-in-the-proton-transport-of-acetabularia-rhodopsin-ii
#9
Jun Tamogami, Takashi Kikukawa, Keisuke Ohkawa, Noboru Ohsawa, Toshifumi Nara, Makoto Demura, Seiji Miyauchi, Tomomi Kimura-Someya, Mikako Shirouzu, Shigeyuki Yokoyama, Kazumi Shimono, Naoki Kamo
Acetabularia rhodopsin II (ARII or Ace2), an outward light-driven algal proton pump found in the giant unicellular marine alga Acetabularia acetabulum, has a unique property in the cytoplasmic (CP) side of its channel. The X-ray crystal structure of ARII in a dark state suggested the formation of an interhelical hydrogen bond between C218ARII and D92ARII , an internal proton donor to the Schiff base (Wada et al., 2011). In this report, we investigated the photocycles of two mutants at position C218ARII : C218AARII which disrupts the interaction with D92ARII , and C218SARII which potentially forms a stronger hydrogen bond...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684679/comparing-ex-vivo-and-in-vitro-translocation-of-silver-nanoparticles-and-ions-through-human-nasal-epithelium
#10
Jonathan L Falconer, Jeremiah A Alt, David W Grainger
Silver nanomaterials are widely used in clinically approved devices, consumer goods, and over-the-counter nutraceutical products. Despite the increase in silver nanomaterial research, few investigations have specifically distinguished the biological effects resulting from silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) versus silver ions released from AgNPs. This is in part, due to the complex analytical methods required to characterize silver ion release from AgNPs in biological media. This study sought to analyze silver ion release from AgNPs in biological media, compare silver transport from soluble AgNO3 and AgNPs through ex vivo full thickness sinus human tissue explants and human nasal epithelium and determine fractional AgNP internalization by human nasal epithelial cells...
April 14, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684669/the-impact-of-associated-injuries-and-fracture-classifications-on-the-treatment-of-capitellum-and-trochlea-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Shu-Kun He, Long Xu, Jin-Hai Guo, Jing-Ping Liao, Ting-Wu Qin, Fu-Guo Huang
BACKGROUND: Capitellum and trochlea fractures are truly rare and the treatment is not fully appreciated. So we evaluate the impact of associated injuries and fracture classifications on elbow functional outcomes after open reduction and internal fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Ovid Medline, and the Cochrane Library were searched from January 1, 1974 to January 1, 2017. All English literature with the treatment of capitellum and trochlea fractures by open reduction and internal fixation were included...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684650/the-social-network-of-international-health-aid
#12
Lu Han, Mathias Koenig-Archibugi, Tore Opsahl
International development assistance for health generates an emergent social network in which policy makers in recipient countries are connected to numerous bilateral and multilateral aid agencies and to other aid recipients. Ties in this global network are channels for the transmission of knowledge, norms and influence in addition to material resources, and policy makers in centrally situated governments receive information faster and are exposed to a more diverse range of sources and perspectives. Since diversity of perspectives improves problem-solving capacity, the structural position of aid-receiving governments in the health aid network can affect the health outcomes that those governments are able to attain...
April 7, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684627/bioadhesives-for-internal-medical-applications-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Wenzhen Zhu, Yon Jin Chuah, Dong-An Wang
Bioadhesives such as tissue adhesives, hemostatic agents, and tissue sealants have gained increasing popularity in different areas of clinical operations during the last three decades. Bioadhesives can be categorized into internal and external ones according to their application conditions. External bioadhesives are generally applied in topical medications such as wound closure and epidermal grafting. Internal bioadhesives are mainly used in intracorporal conditions with direct contact to internal environment including tissues, organs and body fluids, such as chronic organ leak repair and bleeding complication reduction...
April 20, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684626/multi-scale-structural-design-and-biomechanics-of-the-pistol-shrimp-snapper-claw
#14
Shahrouz Amini, Maryam Tadayon, J Q Isaiah Chua, Ali Miserez
The Arthropoda, the largest phylum of the Animal Kingdom, have successfully evolved to survive various ecological constraints under a wide range of environmental conditions. Central to this survival are the structural designs developed in their exoskeletons and their raptorial appendages for protection and hunting. One such example, the pistol shrimp, is a shallow-water crustacean that is well-known for its aggressive hunting behavior, using its snapper claw to trigger the nucleation of cavitation bubbles that strike targets...
April 20, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684625/nanomechanics-and-ultrastructure-of-the-internal-mammary-artery-adventitia-in-patients-with-low-and-high-pulse-wave-velocity
#15
Zhuo Chang, Paolo Paoletti, Steve D Barrett, Ya Hua Chim, Eva Caamaño-Gutiérrez, Maria Lyck Hansen, Hans Christian Beck, Lars Melholt Rasmussen, Riaz Akhtar
The collagen-rich adventitia is the outermost arterial layer and plays an important biomechanical and physiological role in normal vessel function. While there has been a lot of effort to understand the role of the medial layer on arterial biomechanics, the adventitia has received less attention. In this study, we hypothesized that different ultrastructural and nanomechanical properties would be exhibited in the adventitia of the internal mammary artery (IMA) in patients with a low degree of arterial stiffening as compared to those with a high degree of arterial stiffening...
April 20, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684555/morphology-of-hindwing-veins-in-the-shield-bug-graphosoma-italicum-heteroptera-pentatomidae
#16
Paavo Bergmann, Sandra Richter, Nina Glöckner, Oliver Betz
Light, fluorescence, and electron microscopy were applied to cross sections and -breakage and whole-mount preparations of the anterior hindwing vein of the shield bug Graphosoma italicum. These analyses were complemented by investigations of the basal part of the forewing Corium and Clavus. The integration of structural, histological, and fluorescence data revealed a complex arrangement of both rigid and elastic structures in the wall of wing veins and provided insights into the constitution of transition zones between rigid and elastic regions...
April 20, 2018: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684544/the-international-childhood-cardiovascular-cohort-i3c-consortium-outcomes-study-of-childhood-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-adult-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-design-and-recruitment
#17
Alan R Sinaiko, David R Jacobs, Jessica G Woo, Lydia Bazzano, Trudy Burns, Tian Hu, Markus Juonala, Ronald Prineas, Olli Raitakari, Julia Steinberger, Elaine Urbina, Alison Venn, Cashell Jaquish, Terry Dwyer
Although it is widely thought that childhood levels of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors are related to adult CV disease, longitudinal data directly linking the two are lacking. This paper describes the design and organization of the International Childhood Cardiovascular Cohort Consortium Outcomes Study (i3C Outcomes), the first longitudinal cohort study designed to locate adults with detailed, repeated, childhood biological, physical, and socioeconomic measurements and a harmonized database. I3C Outcomes uses a Heart Health Survey (HHS) to obtain information on adult CV endpoints, using mail, email, telephone, and clinic visits in the United States (U...
April 20, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684513/adult-chiari-i-malformations-an-analysis-of-surgical-risk-factors-and-complications-using-an-international-database
#18
Abhiraj D Bhimani, Darian R Esfahani, Steven Denyer, Ryan G Chiu, David Rosenberg, Ashley L Barks, Gregory D Arnone, Ankit I Mehta
BACKGROUND: Chiari I malformations are common in adults, and a frequent procedure in neurosurgical practice. Despite a number of studies, to date there is no consensus about the indications or surgical technique for this common condition. Growing emphasis on value-based care has emphasized reduction of readmissions and reoperations, and is particularly relevant in Chiari, which has traditionally been associated with a high complication rate. OBJECTIVE: To provide a contemporary surgical profile of risk factors and complications for Chiari I malformations in adults...
April 20, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684486/contribution-of-transposable-elements-in-the-plant-s-genome
#19
REVIEW
Mahbod Sahebi, Mohamed M Hanafi, Andre J van Wijnen, David Rice, M Y Rafii, Parisa Azizi, Mohamad Osman, Sima Taheri, Mohd Faizal Abu Bakar, Mohd Noor Mat Isa, Yusuf Muhammad Noor
Plants maintain extensive growth flexibility under different environmental conditions, allowing them to continuously and rapidly adapt to alterations in their environment. A large portion of many plant genomes consists of transposable elements (TEs) that create new genetic variations within plant species. Different types of mutations may be created by TEs in plants. Many TEs can avoid the host's defense mechanisms and survive alterations in transposition activity, internal sequence and target site. Thus, plant genomes are expected to utilize a variety of mechanisms to tolerate TEs that are near or within genes...
April 20, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684368/order-of-draw-practices-in-venous-blood-sampling-at-clinical-biochemistry-departments-in-the-danish-health-care-system
#20
Katja Kemp Jacobsen, Ida Brandt, Anne Vindahl Christensen, Bjørk Anine Rimsø, Camilla Julie Krøier, Michelle Sørensen, Julie Smith, Kathrine Overgaard Foss Jensen, Jeppe Madura Larsen
BACKGROUND: Deviation in blood collection procedures is a central source of preanalytical variation affecting overall analytical and diagnostic precision. The order of draw of venous sampling is suspected to affect analytical results, in particular for coagulation analysis. Here we compare the procedures in venous blood sampling among clinical biochemistry departments to assess the uniformity of order of blood draw and adherence to international guidelines in the Danish health care system...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
9997
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"