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Asiatic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993954/obesity-alleviating-potential-of-asiatic-acid-and-its-effects-on-acc1-ucp2-and-cpt1-mrna-expression-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-sprague-dawley-rats
#1
P Rameshreddy, V V Sathibabu Uddandrao, Parim Brahmanaidu, S Vadivukkarasi, Ramavat Ravindarnaik, Pothani Suresh, K Swapna, A Kalaivani, Parimi Parvathi, P Tamilmani, Ganapathy Saravanan
The present study evaluated the effects of asiatic acid (AA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid from Centella asiatica on lipid metabolism parameters in a rat model of obesity induced using a high fat diet (HFD) for 42 days. AA (20 mg/kg body weight [BW]) was administered orally once daily for 42 days, and an orlistat-treated group of rats (10 mg/kg BW) was included for comparison. Changes in BW, blood glucose levels, insulin resistance and leptin, adiponectin, amylase, and lipase levels in the blood; lipid profiles of plasma; liver antioxidants levels; and acetyl CoA carboxylase(ACC), uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2), and carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT1) mRNA expression were observed in the experimental rats...
October 9, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930619/asiatic-acid-nullified-aluminium-toxicity-in-in-vitro-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Mashoque Ahmad Rather, Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Thamilarasan Manivasagam, Jegadeesan Nataraj, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Saravana Babu Chidambaram
Aluminium (Al) is a ubiquitously distributed environmental toxicant that lacks biological functions; however, its accumulation in the brain has been demonstrated to be linked to several neuropathological conditions particularly Alzheimer's disease (AD). Asiatic acid (AA), a triterpene extracted from Centella asiatica, has been reported to cross the blood brain barrier and also displayed antioxidant and neuroprotective activities. The present study was aimed to explore the neuroprotective effect of AA against aluminium maltolate (Al(mal)3) induced neurotoxicity by assessing cell viability, mitochondrial membrane potential, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), DNA damage and apoptosis (Hoechst and dual staining, comet assay; expressions of pro-apoptotic, anti-apoptotic and signaling indices) via AKT/GSK-3β signaling pathway in SH-SY 5Y  neuroblastoma cells...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930532/neuroprotective-role-of-asiatic-acid-in-aluminium-chloride-induced-rat-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Mashoque Ahmad Rather, Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Thamilarasan Manivasagam, Mathiyazahan Dhivya Bharathi, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Gilles J Guillemin
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, characterized by memory loss, cognitive impairment and personality disorders accompanied by diffuse structural abnormalities in the brain of elderly people. The current investigation explored the neuroprotective potential of asiatic acid (AA), a natural triterpene of Centella asiatica on aluminium chloride (AlCl3) induced rat model of AD. Oral administration of AlCl3 (100 mg/kg b.w.) for 42 days significantly elevated the levels of Al, activity of acetyl cholinesterase and expressions of amyloid precursor protein, amyloid beta1-42, beta and gamma secretases, glial fibrillary acidic protein, ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1, interleukins -1β, 6, 4, 2, tumor necrosis factor alpha, inducible nitric oxide synthase, nuclear factor- k beta and cyclooxygenase-2 in the hippocampus and cortex  compared to the control group...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924162/insights-into-the-functionality-of-endophytic-actinobacteria-with-a-focus-on-their-biosynthetic-potential-and-secondary-metabolites-production
#4
Ajit Kumar Passari, Vineet Kumar Mishra, Garima Singh, Pratibha Singh, Brijesh Kumar, Vijai Kumar Gupta, Rupak Kumar Sharma, Ratul Saikia, Anthonia O' Donovan, Bhim Pratap Singh
Endophytic actinobacteria play an important role in growth promotion and development of host plant by producing enormous quantities of novel bioactive natural products. In the present investigation, 169 endophytic actinobacteria were isolated from endospheric tissues of Rhynchotoechum ellipticum. Based on their antimicrobial potential, 81 strains were identified by 16rRNA gene analysis, which were taxonomically grouped into 15 genera. All identified strains were screened for their plant growth promoting attributes and, for the presence of modular polyketide synthases (PKSI, PKSII and nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) gene clusters to correlate the biosynthetic genes with their functional properties...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861174/protective-effect-of-asiatic-acid-in-an-experimental-cerulein-induced-model-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-mice
#5
Wenqin Xiao, Weiliang Jiang, Kai Li, Yangyang Hu, Sisi Li, Li Zhou, Rong Wan
Asiatic acid (AA), a triterpenoid derived from the medicinal plant Centella asiatica, is considered to have anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic and anti-tumor effects, but its effects in acute pancreatitis (AP) are unknown. Our purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of AA in a mouse model of cerulein-induced pancreatitis. We evaluated AA in an experimental model of AP induced in mice by six hourly intraperitoneal injections of cerulein 50 µg/kg. Mice were pretreated with vehicle or AA 50 mg/kg 2 h before the first cerulein injection...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856520/asiatic-acid-ameliorates-doxorubicin-induced-cardiac-and-hepato-renal-toxicities-with-nrf2-transcriptional-factor-activation-in-rats
#6
Sarika M Kamble, Chandragouda R Patil
Asiatic acid (AA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid, is a key phytoconstituent of Centella asiatica. AA is a patented as a cytotoxic substance, and it exerts cytotoxicity against Hep3B, Hela and MCF-7 cell lines. However, pentacyclic triterpenoids also modulate the expression and transcriptional activities of Nrf2 and exert cytoprotective effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of AA on the doxorubicin (DXR)-induced organ toxicities and expression of the Nrf2. DXR toxicity was induced by a single intravenous injection of 65...
August 30, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835498/structural-transitions-of-the-conserved-and-metastable-hantaviral-glycoprotein-envelope
#7
Ilona Rissanen, Robert Stass, Antra Zeltina, Sai Li, Jussi Hepojoki, Karl Harlos, Robert J C Gilbert, Juha T Huiskonen, Thomas A Bowden
Hantaviruses are zoonotic pathogens that cause severe hemorrhagic fever and pulmonary syndrome. The outer membrane of the hantavirus envelope displays a lattice of two glycoproteins, Gn and Gc, which orchestrate host cell recognition and entry. Here, we describe the crystal structure of the Gn glycoprotein ectodomain from the Asiatic Hantaan virus (HTNV), the most prevalent pathogenic hantavirus. Structural overlay analysis reveals that the HTNV Gn fold is highly similar to the Gn of Puumala virus (PUUV), a genetically and geographically distinct and less pathogenic hantavirus found predominantly in northeastern Europe, confirming that the hantaviral Gn fold is architecturally conserved across hantavirus clades...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791824/anti-enterococcal-activities-of-pentacyclic-triterpenes
#8
Dorota Wojnicz, Dorota Tichaczek-Goska, Kamila Korzekwa, Marta Kicia, Andrzej Hendrich
BACKGROUND: Asiatic (AA) and ursolic (UA) acids are widely studied phytochemicals, but their antimicrobial properties are still poorly understood. Therefore our research has focused on their activity against uropathogenic Enterococcus faecalis strains. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to determine the influence of AA and UA on the growth, cell morphology, virulence factors and biofilm formation by E. faecalis strains. MATERIAL AND METHODS: AA and UA were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766764/bioactive-triterpenes-from-the-root-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-bunge
#9
Nguyen Huu Tung, Kensuke Nakajima, Takuhiro Uto, Nguyen Thanh Hai, Dinh Doan Long, Tomoe Ohta, Shigeru Oiso, Hiroko Kariyazono, Yukihiro Shoyama
Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) is a well-known medicinal herb in the oriental medicine. The current study on bioactive triterpenoid in the root of S. miltiorrhiza led to the isolation of a new highly hydroxylated ursane-type triterpene, urs-12-ene-2α,3β,7β,16α-tetraol (1) and five known ones including 2β-hydroxypomolic acid (2), maslinic acid (3), asiatic acid (4), ursolic acid (5), and oleanolic acid (6). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses and comparison with literature data...
September 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754470/oleanane-ursane-and-quinone-methide-friedelane-type-triterpenoid-derivatives-recent-advances-in-cancer-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Jorge A R Salvador, Ana S Leal, Ana S Valdeira, Bruno M F Gonçalves, Daniela P S Alho, Sandra A C Figueiredo, Samuel M Silvestre, Vanessa I S Mendes
Natural pentacyclic triterpenoids (PTs) have been often reported to exhibit a wide range of biological activities. Among them, the anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities are the most studied. Over the last two decades, the number of publications reporting the anticancer effects of PTs has risen exponentially, reflecting the increasing interest in these natural products for the development of new antineoplastic drugs. Among of the most investigated PTs regarding their anticancer properties are oleanane-, ursane and friedelane-types, including oleanolic, glycyrrhetinic, ursolic and asiatic acids, and celastrol, among others...
July 14, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738247/asiatic-acid-inhibits-lps-induced-inflammatory-response-in-human-gingival-fibroblasts
#11
Chunbo Hao, Buling Wu, Zhiming Hou, Qi Xie, Tianan Liao, Tao Wang, Dandan Ma
Asiatic acid, a triterpenoid component isolated from Centella asiatica (L.) Urban, possesses antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, we aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of asiatic acid both in vivo and in vitro. HGFs or RAW264.7 cells were treated with asiatic acid 1h before LPS treatment. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. The levels of PGE2, NO, IL-6, and IL-8 were detected by ELISA. Protein expression levels were detected by western blot analysis. In vivo, asiatic acid significantly inhibited LPS-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression levels in gingival tissues...
July 21, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736552/asiatic-acid-exhibits-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-activities-against-lipopolysaccharide-and-d-galactosamine-induced-fulminant-hepatic-failure
#12
Hongming Lv, Zhimin Qi, Sisi Wang, Haihua Feng, Xuming Deng, Xinxin Ci
Inflammation and oxidative stress are essential for the pathogenesis of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). Asiatic acid (AA), which is a pentacyclic triterpene that widely occurs in various vegetables and fruits, has been reported to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of AA against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and d-galactosamine (GalN)-induced FHF and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Our findings suggested that AA treatment effectively protected against LPS/d-GalN-induced FHF by lessening the lethality; decreasing the alanine transaminase and aspartate aminotransferase levels, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α production, malondialdehyde formation, myeloperoxidase level and reactive oxygen species generation (i...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733880/effect-of-asiatic-acid-on-the-ang-ii-at1r-nadph-oxidase-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-renovascular-hypertensive-rats
#13
Putcharawipa Maneesai, Sarawoot Bunbupha, Upa Kukongviriyapan, Laddawan Senggunprai, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan, Parichat Prachaney, Poungrat Pakdeechote
Asiatic acid, a triterpenoid compound derived from Centella asiatica, has been demonstrated to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The present study evaluated the effects of asiatic acid on hemodynamic alterations, renin-angiotensin system (RAS), oxidative stress, and inflammation in 2K-1C hypertensive rats. Renovascular hypertension was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats and treated with vehicle, asiatic acid (30 mg/kg/day), or captopril (5 mg/kg/day) for 4 weeks. We observed that 2K-1C hypertensive rats exhibited hemodynamic alterations such as high blood pressure, heart rate, hindlimb vascular resistance, and low hindlimb blood flow...
July 21, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716424/molecular-cloning-of-an-ester-forming-triterpenoid-udp-glucose-28-o-glucosyltransferase-involved-in-saponin-biosynthesis-from-the-medicinal-plant-centella-asiatica
#14
Fernanda de Costa, Carla J S Barber, Yeon-Bok Kim, Darwin W Reed, Haixia Zhang, Arthur G Fett-Neto, Patrick S Covello
Triterpene saponins include bioactive compounds with structures consisting of triterpene aglycones (sapogenins) and one or more sugar moieties linked through acetal or ester glycosidic linkages at one or more sites. Centella asiatica (L.) Urban is a medicinal plant that contains bioactive ursane-type saponins, such as madecassoside and asiaticoside. In this work, glucosylation of triterpenoids in C. asiatica was investigated starting with plant extracts. An enzyme capable of glucosylating asiatic and madecassic acids was partially purified...
September 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700628/asiatic-acid-protects-against-cognitive-deficits-and-reductions-in-cell-proliferation-and-survival-in-the-rat-hippocampus-caused-by-5-fluorouracil-chemotherapy
#15
Pornthip Chaisawang, Apiwat Sirichoat, Wunnee Chaijaroonkhanarak, Wanassanun Pannangrong, Bungorn Sripanidkulchai, Peter Wigmore, Jariya Umka Welbat
The chemotherapy drug, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), has been reported to cause cognitive impairments in cancer patients. The drug also reduces cell proliferation and survival in the brain. Asiatic acid (AA) is a triterpene compound found in Centella asiatica that can protect against reduction of neurogenesis in the hippocampus and memory deficits induced by valproic acid (VPA). In the present study, we investigated the preventive effects of AA on the deficits in spatial working memory and cell proliferation and survival caused by 5-FU chemotherapy in a rat model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686797/asiatic-acid-enhances-survival-of-human-ac16-cardiomyocytes-under-hypoxia-by-upregulating-mir-1290
#16
Kai Wu, Min Hu, Zejin Chen, Feixiang Xiang, Guojian Chen, Weihong Yan, Qing Peng, Xiaoping Chen
Asiatic acid (AA) could attenuate ischemia/reperfusion induced myocardial apoptosis through upregulating the Akt/GSK-3β/HIF-1α pathway. HIF-3α is a negative regulator of HIF-1α, whose mRNA is a potential target of miR-1290. AA could upregulate miR-1290 in non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells. This work aimed to investigate whether AA could inhibit hypoxia induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis through regulating the miR-1290/HIF3A/HIF-1α axis. The AC16 human myocardial cell line cultured under normoxic or hypoxic conditions was treated with various doses of AA for 24 h...
September 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586016/protective-effects-of-asiatic-acid-in-a-spontaneous-type%C3%A2-2-diabetic-mouse-model
#17
Wen Sun, Guangyuan Xu, Xuan Guo, Guangbin Luo, Lili Wu, Yi Hou, Xiangyu Guo, Jingxin Zhou, Tunhai Xu, Lingling Qin, Yixin Fan, Li Han, Motlalepula Matsabisa, Xuesheng Ma, Tonghua Liu
Asiatic acid (AA) has been demonstrated to exhibit anti-diabetic activity. However, the mechanisms and underlying signaling pathways remain to be elucidated. The present study was performed to confirm the protective effect of AA and demonstrate its ability to regulate the phosphatidylinositol 3‑kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/glycogen synthase kinase‑3β (GSK‑3β) signaling pathway in db/db mice. Db/db mice fed on a high‑fat diet were used to model diabetes mellitus. Modeled mice were divided randomly into the model control, pioglitazone hydrochloride tablet (PH) and AA groups...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584443/annotation-of-gene-sequence-and-protein-structure-of-brinjal-eds1
#18
Soumya Sharma, Sarika Jaiswal, Sunil Archak
Enhanced Disease Susceptibility1 (EDS1) is a nucleo-cytoplasmic protein, known to be a key regulator of plant basal defense and effector-triggered immunity. Sequence of a single copy brinjal EDS1 gene (SmEDS1) was mined from draft brinjal genome assembly. The extracted sequence was found to be incomplete and polished with the help of transcriptome sequence data. Full-length SmEDS1 gene is 4.5kb long having three exons that coded for 1.8kb mRNA. SmEDS1 protein is a 602 amino acid long protein consisting of Lipase3 and EP domain regions...
2017: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553006/determination-of-mycotoxins-alkaloids-phytochemicals-antioxidants-and-cytotoxicity-in-asiatic-ginseng-ashwagandha-dong-quai-panax-ginseng
#19
Anna Filipiak-Szok, M Kurzawa, E Szłyk, M Twarużek, A Błajet-Kosicka, J Grajewski
Mycotoxins and selected hazardous alkaloids in the medicinal plants (Panax ginseng, Angelica sinensis, and Withania somnifera) and dietary supplements were determined. Purine alkaloids were found in majority of samples; however, isoquinoline alkaloids were less abundant than indole. The predominant alkaloids appear to be caffeine (purine group), harman (indole group) and berberine (isoquinoline). Examined medicinal plants and dietary supplements were contaminated by mycotoxins (especially ochratoxin A 1.72-5...
2017: Chemické Zvesti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488233/p2x7-participates-in-intracerebral-hemorrhage-induced-secondary-brain-injury-in-rats-via-mapks-signaling-pathways
#20
Zunjia Wen, Binbin Mei, Haiying Li, Yang Dou, Xiaodi Tian, Meifen Shen, Gang Chen
This study aimed to study the role of P2X7 in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced secondary brain injury (SBI) and the underlying mechanisms. An autologous blood injection was used to induce ICH model in Sprague-Dawley rats, and cultured primary rat cortical neurons were exposed to oxyhemoglobin to mimic ICH in vitro. siRNA interference and over-expression of P2X7, agonists and antagonists of P2X7, p38 MAPK and ERK were exploited. The protein levels were assessed using Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining...
August 2017: Neurochemical Research
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